HAGA AHORA: 12 DE SEPTIEMBRE
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VOCABULARIO
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VOCABULARIO
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EL SUBJUNTIVO
¿Qué es subjuntivo?
- The subjunctive is not a tense; rather, it is
a mood.
- Tense refers to when an action takes
place (past, present, future), while mood
merely reflects how the speaker feels
about the action.
- The subjunctive mood is rarely used in
English, but it is widely used in Spanish.
LOS MODOS VERBALES:
El Modo Indicativo
El Modo Imperativo
El Modo Subjuntivo
9
El Modo Indicativo
Habla de hechos
Habla de certidumbre
Habla de la realidad
El Modo Subjuntivo
Expresa la duda
Expresa los deseos
Expresa la incertidumbre
Cosas irreales
Cosas contrarias a la
realidad
10
SUBJUNCTIVE BEING USED IN ENGLISH:
The doctor
recommends that he
take the pills with
food.
I doubt that he will
make it next year.
If I were a rich man, I
wouldn't have to
work hard.
So far, you have studied
verb tenses in the
indicative mood. The
indicative mood is
used to express
factual information,
certainty, and
objectivity.
indicative: Usted va al
Perú en diciembre.
You are going to Peru in
December.
INDICATIVE
No dudo que usted va al
Perú en diciembre.
I don't doubt that you are
going to Peru in
December.
In the above sentence, the
clause "no dudo"
introduces a quality of
certainty, -- the speaker
has no doubt, so the
indicative mood is used
in the second clause
(va) as well as the first
(no dudo).
SUBJUNCTIVE
Dudo que usted vaya al
Perú en diciembre.
I doubt that you are going
to Peru in December.
In the above sentence, the
clause "dudo"
introduces a quality of
uncertainty, -- the
speaker does have
doubt, so here the
subjunctive mood is
used in the second
clause (vaya).
El presente
del subjuntivo
13
FORMING SUBJUNCTIVE:
3 Steps:
1. Start with the yo form present indicative.
2. Then drop the -o ending.
3. Finally, add the following endings:
ar verbs:
er/ir verbs:
e
emos
a
amos
es
éis
as
áis
e
en
a
an
PRÀCTICA
mirar
comer
PRÀCTICA
vivir
*salir*
PERO….ESOS 6 6 IRREGULARES
JUST THINK ABOUT………. DISHES
D ar
dé, des, dé, demos, deis, den
I r
vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayáis, vay
S er
sea, seas, sea, seamos, seáis, sean
H aber
haya, hayas, haya, hayamos, hayáis, hay
E star
esté, estés, esté, estemos, esté, estén
S aber
sepa, sepas, sepa, sepamos, sepáis, sep
18
LOS SEIS IRREGULARES
dar
ir
LOS SEIS IRREGULARES
ser
haber
LOS SEIS IRREGULARES
estar
saber
SUBJUNCTIVE
The subjunctive mood is used to express
everything except certainty and objectivity:
things like doubt, uncertainty, subjectivity,
etc.
Yo dudo que usted vaya al Perú en diciembre.
I doubt that you are going to Peru in December.
INDICATIVE
John goes to the store.
I know that John goes to the
store.
(The clause "I know" tells us
that the speaker feels that it
is a certain, objective fact
that John goes to the store.)
There is no doubt that John
goes to the store.
(The clause "there is no
doubt" tells us that the
speaker feels that it is a
certain, objective fact that
John goes to the store.)
SUBJUNCTIVE
I want John to go to the store.
(The clause "I want" tells us that the
speaker feels that there is uncertainty
as to whether John goes to the store.)
I hope that John goes to the store.
(The clause "I hope" tells us that the
speaker feels that there is uncertainty
as to whether John goes to the store.)
It is possible that John will go to the
store.
(The clause "it is possible" tells us that
the speaker feels that there is
uncertainty as to whether John goes to
the store.)
It's good that John goes to the store.
(The clause "it's good" alerts us that
the speaker is about to express a
subjective opinion.)
It's important that John goes to the
store.
(The clause "it's important" alerts us
that the speaker is about to express a
subjective opinion.)
So…to be subjunctive, there
must be 2 clauses which each
have a different subject.
One clause will be indicative and
one clause will be subjunctive.
CLAUSES
a main clause of
certainty
+ a second clause
=_______________
Indicative
(since the sentence
will be reporting
something certain.
a main clause w/o
certainty
+a second clause,
=_________________
subjunctive
(since the sentence will
not be reporting
something certain.)
1. Corta los.
2. Da uno a un compañero.
3. Siguen las instrucciones.
REPASO DE SUBJUNTIVO:
3 Steps:
1. Start with the yo form present indicative.
2. Then drop the -o ending.
3. Finally, add the following endings:
ar verbs:
er/ir verbs:
e
emos
a
amos
es
éis
as
áis
e
en
a
an
REPASO DE SUBJUNTIVO
Palabras:
W
E
I
R
D
O
Ejemplos:
P. 9 #1 EN LOS LIBROS
Escriben oraciones originales usando el subjuntivo con
estos frases:
1. trabajar
2. leer mucho
3. comer bien
4. aprender mucho
5. asistir a la universidad
6. recibir bueans notas
7. hacer el trabjo
8. poner todo en orden
9. salir bien en todo
10. ser bueno
1.Voy a calificar!!
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Capítulo 1 - Madison County Schools