Si clauses- second
and third conditionals
There are 3 different kinds of si clauses:
1. First conditional – likely situations –
present + present, future, and
commands
2. Second conditional – unlikely
situations– currently contrary –
imperfect (past) subjunctive +
conditional
3. Third conditional – impossible
situations – pluperfect subjunctive +
pluperfect subjunctive or conditional
Si clause type 2
 Unlikely or currently contrary situations
 The situation described is not currently
true, but the if the situation changes, the
result clause would be able to occur.
Si clause type 2
 The si clause requires past subjunctive
(sometimes called imperfect subjunctive)
and the independent clause is in the
conditional tense.
 Order of the dependent and independent
clause is unimportant.
Si clauses type 2
 Examples
If you went with us, we would eat there.
Si fueras con nosotros, comeríamos allí.
He would read the book, if he bought it.
Ếl leería el libro si él lo comprara.
Si clause – type 3
 The impossible si clause
 The condition clause (which starts with
si) requires the pluperfect subjunctive
while the result clause takes the
conditional perfect.
Si clause – type 3
 Before learning the pluperfect
subjunctive, here is what it is going to
look like.
 Examples in English.
If I had known, I would have gone with
you.
If you had told me, I would have bought the
book.
Si clause – type 3
Pluperfect subjunctive
(notice the word
“perfect” meaning it
will have haber
conjugated with a
past participle)
hubiera
hubiéramos
hubieras
hubierais
hubiera
hubieran
Si clause – type 3
 Examples in English.
If I had known, I would have gone with you.
Si hubiera sabido, habría ido contigo.
If you had told me, I would have bought the book.
Si me lo hubieras dicho a mí, yo habría
comprado el libro.
Practice
1. If you had called me, I would have
answered the phone.
2. If the game is here, I will go with you.
3. They would play the game, if you had it.
4. She would have opened the door, if you
had yelled.
5. We would drive the car, if my parents
bought it.
Answers
1. If you had called me, I would have
answered the phone.
Si tú me hubieras llamado a mí, yo habría
contestado el teléfono.
2. If the game is here, I will go with you.
Si el partido está aquí, yo iré contigo.
More answers….
3. They would play the game, if you had it.
Ellos jugarían el juego, si tú lo tuvieras.
4. She would have opened the door, if you
had yelled.
Ella habría abierto la puerta, si tú hubieras
gritado.
More answers…
5. We would drive the car, if my parents
bought it.
Nosotros manejaríamos el carro, si mis
padres lo compraran.
Con tú = contigo
Con mí = conmigo
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Si clauses