• The past perfect subjunctive (el pluscuamperfecto del
subjuntivo) is formed with the past subjunctive of haber
and a past participle.
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10.3–1
• The past perfect subjunctive is used in subordinate
clauses under the same conditions for other subjunctive
forms, and in the same way the past perfect is used in
English (I had talked, you had spoken, etc.). It refers to
actions or conditions that had taken place before
another past occurence.
Le molestó que los escritores no
hubieran asistido a su conferencia.
No era cierto que la galería hubiera
cerrado sus puertas definitivamente.
It annoyed her that the writers hadn’t
attended her lecture.
It was not true that the gallery had
closed its doors permanently.
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10.3–2
• When the action in the main clause is in the past, both
the past subjunctive and the past perfect subjunctive
can be used in the subordinate clause. However, the
meaning of each sentence may be different.
PAST SUBJUNCTIVE
PAST PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE
Esperaba que me llamaras. ¡Qué
bueno oír tu voz!
Esperaba que me hubieras llamado.
¿Qué pasó?
I was hoping you would call me. It’s
great to hear your voice!
I wished that you had called me. What
happened?
Deseaba que me ayudaras.
Deseaba que me hubieras ayudado.
I wished that you would help me.
I wished that you had helped me.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
10.3–3
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The past perfect subjunctive