Effective Public Speaking
Leadership Certification
Level 1
Three Types of Public Speaking
1. Speeches that inform
•
•
•
•
•
Explain
Report
Describe
Clarify
Define
2. Speeches that persuade
Designed to convince
or influence beliefs
or attitudes
3. Speeches that entertain
Use humour to influence an
audience
Goal: to warm audience up
Three main speaking styles
• Cool presenter
• Hot presenter
• Dull presenter
Four basic methods of delivery
•
•
•
•
Reading a manuscript verbatim
From memory
Speaking impromptu
Speaking extemporaneously
Know Your Audience
Make up of Audience
•
•
•
•
•
Superiors
Peers
Team members
Special interest groups
Mixed groups
Time to Outline
•
•
•
•
Gather materials
Examples
Statistics
Testimony
Build the Body First
Three things you do during the intro.
• Get attention
• Startle the audience with
an arresting statement
• Arouse curiosity
The Conclusion
Two Purposes
• Let the audience know
you are ending
• Reinforce central idea
Two versions of speaking Outline
Ineffective
More Effective
I.
A.
B.
1.
2.
3.
1840-1860
World Anti-Slavery Convention
Seneca Falls convention
Lucretia Mott
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Declaration of Sentiments
I.
1840-1860
A. World Anti-Slavery Convention
B. Seneca Falls convention
1. Lucretia Mott
2. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
3. Declaration of Sentiments
II.
A.
1900-1920
National American Woman
Suffrage Association
Founding
Objectives
NineteenthAmendment
Campaign
Ratification
II.
1900-1920
A. National American Woman
Suffrage Association
1. Founding
2. Objectives
B. Nineteenth Amendment
1. Campaign
2. Ratification
1.
2.
B.
1.
2.
Tips for using visual aids:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Avoid chalkboards
Prepare visuals in advance
Prepare them large enough
Display them to be seen
Avoid passing aid among audience
Display aids only while discussing
them
Tips for using visual aids(cont):
•
•
•
•
Talk to audience, not visual aid
Practice with visual aid
Real objects make good visuals
Computer presentations
Flubs ‘N Things
Body language
• Verbals
• Tone of Voice
• Non Verbals
7%
38%
55%
Eye Contact
Speaker
Section 1
Section 2
Section 3
The speaker has three major sections to make eye contact with
Speaker
Section 1
Section 5
Section 2
Section 3 Section 4
Audience
The larger the audience, the more sections you need to establish for effective eye contact
Lag Time
•
•
•
•
Slow speaker
Average speaker
Fast speaker
Can listen to
80-90 wpm
100-150 wpm
Up to 170 wpm
450-600 wpm
We can THINK 5 times faster than we can talk!
Practice!
Practice!
Practice!
•
•
•
•
Prepare speaking outline
Practice aloud
Polish & refine delivery
Present under similar conditions
Purpose of an Introduction
• Build enthusiasm for speaker
• Build enthusiasm for topic
• Establish a welcoming
atmosphere
• Boost credibility of speaker
Points to Remember
• Check facts for
accuracy
• Adapt remarks to
occasion
• Adapt remarks to
audience
• Create a sense of
anticipation
Room Setting
Speaker
Audience members should be able to easily see the speaker and visual aids the speaker presents.
Podium
Audience
Audience
Audience
Audience
Audience
Seating Arrangement
(Screen or Blank Wall – elevated if possible)
Overhead Projector
◙
X
☻☻☻☻
☻☻☻☻☻
☻☻☻☻☻☻
Registration Table
Back of Room
Conference Style
Visual
display
leader
Refreshments/
displays
U-Shaped Style
Visual
display
leader
Refreshments/
displays
Visual display
leader
Refreshments/
displays
Circle Style
Pod Style
Visual
display
leader
Refreshments/
displays
Visual display
leader
Refreshments/
displays
Classroom Style
Visual display
leader
Refreshments/
displays
Chevron Style
“The outside appearance is frequently an
index to the mind, and we should be careful
what signs we hang out for the world to judge
of our faith.” (MYP p346)
Your aim when in public is to present a
picture of poise, and quiet serenity.
Guidelines for appropriate dress
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Avoid that wrinkle
Dress traditionally
Wear a dress or business suit
Empty pockets
Leave hand bag at your seat
Use of colour
Necklines
Tailored look gives more
authority
• Choose comfortable shoes
Using a podium
• Do not put hands on it
• Do not lean on it
• Check podium height
When using a
microphone
•Don’t use a hand held mike
•A lapel or lavalier mike is ideal
•Prepare as if you had no mike
•Adjust mike before speaking
•Stand close enough to benefit
•Don’t allow mike to block fact
•Be careful with “p” or “th”
sounds
•Beware of other noises
You can reduce stage fright by
• Preparation & rehearsing
• Deep breathing
• Mind Control
75%
12%
10%
Tips for overcoming fear
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Pick your own subject matter
Follow the “as if” principle
Put on a happy face
Think positively
Picture your audience as friendly
No apologies
Pray again, again, and again
Descargar

Effective Public Speaking