CHAPTER 17
The West and the World:
Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
The West
Encounters and Transformations
Levack/Muir/Veldman/Maas
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
I. European Empires in the Americas and Asia
II. Warfare in Europe, North American and Asia
III. The Atlantic World
IV. Encounters Between Europeans and Asians
V. The Crisis of Empire and the Atlantic Revolutions
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
I. European Empires in the Americas and Asia
Muslim Empires
Ottoman, Safavid, Mughal
First overseas empires
Spanish, Portuguese
A. Britain
Emigrés
Puritans, 1630's
English Catholics
Quakers
George Fox
India
Factories:
Surat, 1612
Madras, 1640
Bombay, 1661
Calcutta, 1690
Captain James Cook (1728-1779)
1770, Australia
Botany Bay, 1788
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
I. European Empires in the Americas and Asia
B. France
French East India Company
Factories at Pondicherry, Chandenagar
Seven Years' War, 1756-1763
North Africa
Egypt, 1798-1801
Algeria
C. Dutch Republic
Use of force
1624, Brazil
Hudson River
New Netherland
New Amsterdam
1664, to England
> New York
Dutch East India Company
Batavia (Jakarta)
Factories
India, China, Japan
Cape of Good Hope, 1652
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
D. Spain
Height, c. 1650
Hierarchy
Councils
Charles III (1759-1788)
E. Portugal
First to colonize
India
Brazil
West Africa
Marquis of Pombal
Minister, 1755-1777
F. Russia
Catherine the Great (1762-1796)
Partitions of Poland, 1772-1795
Crimean, 1783-1792
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
II. Warfare in Europe, North American and Asia
A. New Motive
Mercantilism
England, Dutch Republic
wars, 1652-1675
transatlantic trade
English Navigation Acts
England v. Spain, 1655-1657
Jamaica to England, 1655
War of Jenkins' Ear, 1739
Havana for Florida
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
II. Warfare in Europe, North American and Asia
B. Anglo-French Military Rivalry
War of the Spanish Succession, 1701-1713
(Queen Anne's War)
Dynastic struggle
Treaty of Utrecht, 1713
Philip V (1700-1746)
War of the Austrian Succession, 1740-1748
Maria Theresa (1740-1780)
Frederick II (1740-1786)
takes Silesia
"King George's War"
1744, France and Spain v. Britain
C. Seven Years' War, 1756-1763
(French and Indian War, 1754-1763)
Treaty of Paris, 1763
D. The Revolutionary Wars, 1775-1815
American War of Independence, 1775-1783
French Revolution, 1792-1815
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
II. Warfare in Europe, North American and Asia
C. Seven Years' War, 1756-1763
(French and Indian War, 1754-1763)
Treaty of Paris, 1763
D. The Revolutionary Wars, 1775-1815
American War of Independence,
1775-1783
French Revolution, 1792-1815
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
III. The Atlantic World
A. The Atlantic Economy
Tobacco and coffee
B. The Atlantic Slave Trade
Differences
scale
racial
chattel slavery
1851, end to slave trade
Haiti, end to slavery, 1794
British Empire, by 1838
United States, 1863
Brazil, 1888
C. Cultural Encounters
Brazil
complex social hierarchy
Creoles, mestizos, mulattos
Exchange of ideas
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
III. The Atlantic World
A. The Atlantic Economy
Tobacco and coffee
B. The Atlantic Slave Trade
Differences
scale
racial
chattel slavery
1851, end to slave trade
Haiti, end to slavery, 1794
British Empire, by 1838
United States, 1863
Brazil, 1888
C. Cultural Encounters
Brazil
complex social hierarchy
Creoles, mestizos, mulattos
Exchange of ideas
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
IV. Encounters Between Europeans and Asians
A. Political Control of India
Factories
Developments, 1756-1856
British
Factory in Calcutta, 1690
Siraj-ud-Daulah, Nawab of Bengal
attacks Calcutta, Fort William
"Black Hole of Calcutta“
Robert Clive
1757, retakes Calcutta
Plassey
Siraj-ud-Daulah defeated, executed
Lord Dalhousie, 1848-1856
more states annexed
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
IV. Encounters Between Europeans and Asians
B. The Sepoy Mutiny, 1857
British East India Company ended
Victoria (1837-1901)
direct rule
C. Changing Attitudes
Height, c. 1750
study of Asian languages
admiration of Asian culture
Voltaire (1694-1778)
Confucianism
Thomas Raynal (1713-1796)
admires Indian political system
Art, architecture
chinoiserie
Brighton Pavilion
John Nash
Decline, late 18th century
concepts of race
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
V. The Crisis of Empire and the Atlantic Revolutions
A. The
D.
Spanish
American
America,
Revolution,
1810-1824
1775-1783
Quartering of British troops, 1763
Creoles
StampNapoleon
1807,
Act, 1765defeats Spain
Boston Tea Party, 1773
Símon
Bolívar
(1783-1830) 1776
Declaration
of Independence,
1819,
of Spanish
Treatydefeat
of Paris,
1783
Peru, independent 1824
B. TheBolivia,
Haitian 1825
Revolution, 1789-1804
Vincent Ogé
Argentina,
1816
lack of representation
"Free colored" rebellion, 1789
Chile,
1818revolt, 1791
> slave
Toussaint L'Ouverture
Columbia, 1819
Social revolution
Mexico, 1821
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
Chapter 17: The West and the World: Empire, Trade and War, 1650-1815
V. The Crisis of Empire and the Atlantic Revolutions
C. The Irish Rebellion, 1798-1799
Plantations
English Protestants, 16th century
Scottish Presbyterians, 17th century
Ulster
Catholic Rebellions
1641-1649, 1689-1690
Society of United Irishmen
Wolfe Tone
Protestants and Catholics
Ally with Defenders
Catholic peasants
Revolt, 1798
D. Spanish America, 1810-1824
Creoles
1807, Napoleon defeats Spain
Símon Bolívar (1783-1830)
1819, defeat of Spanish
Peru, independent 1824
Bolivia, 1825
Argentina, 1816
Chile, 1818
Columbia, 1819
Mexico, 1821
1801, end of Irish Parliament
joined to U.K.
Levack et al., The West: Encounters and Transformations
Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Longman, Copyright 2007
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