Empires of the World/
Medieval Europe
Regents Review #2
Ancient Greece
• Located in the
Balkan
Peninsula
______________.
Many different islands
situated in the
Mediterranean Sea
_________________.
• Main form of
government:
Democracy
________________
where citizens have a say
in the government.
However, citizenship was
limited to males over the
age of 25 who owned
land. This form of
government is found in
Athens
_________________.
Pillars
• Greek _____________
became the dominant
architectural idea. This
was used in the
Parthenon
_________________,
and influenced buildings
in the West (Lincoln
Memorial, White House,
etc)
• Greece was not
unified
__________________
due to the mountains in the
area. There were many
city-states
different ____________,
but the two prominent ones
Athens
were _______________
Sparta
and ________________.
Athens was the democracy
and thrived on trade due to
their location on the coast.
Sparta was
militaristic
___________________.
They conquered land and
fought against Athens.
• Athens and Sparta
eventually beat each other
up to the point where other
city-states became
powerful. One such citystate was Macedonia who
was led by
Alexander the Great
___________________.
Alexander conquered the
Middle East and Egypt,
uniting it under his rule. In
doing so, he created
Hellenistic Culture
___________________
a blending of Persian,
Greek, and Middle Eastern
cultures.
The Roman Empire
• Rome was located on the
Italian Peninsula
_________________,
and the peninsula is
centrally located in the
Mediterranean Sea
_________________.
This allowed Rome to
create an empire based
around the sea and
allowed them to control
trade across Europe.
• There were two dominant
forms of government in
Rome. For the first half of
its existence, Rome was a
republic
_________________.
Here, citizens elect
representatives to the
Senate
____________
to
make decisions for them.
For the second half,
Rome was ruled under a
dictatorship
________________,
led by the
Caesars
_________________.
• Rome created a large
empire on the European
continent and Northern
Africa. In order to maintain
control, they broke it into
sections controlled by
different men. In order to
help unify these areas, the
roads
Roman’s built _______
which linked these areas. It
allowed for trade to
flourish across these areas,
and allowed the
government to put down
rebellions in its provinces
by quickly moving troops
throughout.
architecture
• Rome is also remembered for its _______________.
Building upon the Greek pillars, the Romans used
arches
domes
_______________,
__________________,
and
aqueducts
______________________
to help move water to
their major cities. The best remembered Roman building
Colosseum
is the ________________________,
where Romans
were entertained.
Maurya Empire
India’s
• ______________
first empire, and last from about
325 BC to 200 AD. It’s greatest leader was
Asoka
________________,
who unified the empire. He built
roads to help unite the empire. The Maurya helped
math and science
establish India’s first _______________________,
where they made advances in math and science.
Gupta Empire
India’s
• ________________
second empire, and lasted from
300 AD to 535 AD. It’s greatest leader was
Chandra Gupta
____________________,
who helped unify the
empire. It also helped lead India into its greatest
Golden Age
__________________,
where advances were again
math and science
made in _____________________.
The Gupta were
the ones who created the modern numeral system.
The Han Dynasty
China’s
• _____________
first great empire. Most influential of
the Chinese dynasties. They ruled using a
centralized government
_______________________________,
where one
authority runs the government. In order to unite the
road system
empire, the Han used a major __________________.
To help maintain a centralized government and a highly
structured society, the Han encouraged people to follow
Confucius
the ideas of _______________________.
The Han
Silk Road
are the first to trade along the __________________
to Europe and the Middle East. They developed
gunpowder
____________________
and were among the first to
develop paper to use with books.
Medieval Europe
• When Rome fell, Western Europe splintered apart.
Groups of people stopped having contact with other
groups. Europeans needed to form new ways of
feudalism
government. To compensate, _________________
developed, where a lord or monarch exchanged land for
loyalty and military service. Men and women lived and
manor
worked on a ____________,
a large plantation owned
by their feudal lord. Here, everything anyone needed was
grown and built. Essentially, manors were small towns.
• Another result of the
collapse of Rome is the
development of the
Romance Languages
__________________.
These are languages who’s
root language is Latin, the
language of the Roman
Empire. These languages
are Spanish, French,
Portuguese, Romanian,
and Italian.
• Because Western Europe
was not unified under one
leader, a unifying power for
Europe was the
Roman
Catholic Church
___________________.
The Church became the
dominant power in Europe.
If you did not belong to
your local parish, you were
ostracized from society. In
order for a monarch to rule,
he or she needed the
support of the Church and
Pope.
• One way the Church exhibited
their power was through the
Crusades
____________.
These were
sets of ______________
Holy Wars for
approximately 200 years with
the goal of retaking the Holy
Muslims
Land from the __________.
Ultimately, these wars failed to
retake the Holy Land, but did
result in an increase in trade
between Europe and
The Middle East
_____________________.
From this increase in trade,
new ideas in
math and science
_____________________
were reintroduced to Europe.
• However, the Church began
losing power when the
Black Plague
__________________
struck Europe in the 1340’s.
As trade increased due to the
Crusades, contact with other
cultures increased. With this,
the Plague arrived from
China, and wiped out 1/3rd of
Europe’s population.
• Another result of this renewal of trade was the
Commercial Revolution
_____________________.
More and more goods
are traded, not only between Europe and the Middle
East, but also amongst townsfolk.
Job Specialization
________________________________
resulted
as different people specialized in different jobs. New
businesses
______________________
formed, and banking
began. From this, ____________,
and then
cities
nation-states
_______________________
formed.
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Empires of the World/ Medieval Europe