THE ROMAN EMPIRE AND AUGUSTUS
CAESAR
SSWH3 The student will examine the political,
philosophical, and cultural interaction of Classical
Mediterranean societies from 700 BCE to 400 CE.
a. Compare the origins and structure of the Roman
Empire.
b. Identify the ideas and impact of important individuals;
include Julius and Augustus Caesar.
THE ROMAN EMPIRE
 The Roman Empire
 the post-Republican period of ancient
Roman civilization
 autocratic form of government
 large territorial holdings around the
Mediterranean in Europe, Africa, and
Asia





The first two centuries of the Empire were a period of unprecedented
stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana ("Roman Peace")
reached its greatest expanse during the reign of Trajan (98–117 AD)
Christians rose to power in the 4th century, during which time a system of
dual rule was developed in the Latin West and Greek East
. After the collapse of central government in the West in the 5th century,
the eastern half continued as what would later be known as the Byzantine
Empire.
Because of the Empire's vast extent and long endurance, the institutions
and culture of Rome had a profound and lasting influence on the
development of language, religion, architecture, philosophy, law, and
forms of government in the territory it governed, particularly Europe, and
by means of European expansionism throughout the modern world.
 Capitals:
 Rome until AD 286, with other political
centers
 Constantinople from 330, with a Western
counterpart in Milan
REFERENCE MAP, NOTE
CAPITALS
 Language(s):Latin; Greek; various local
languages
 Religion: pluralistic, pantheon of Roman gods
(borrowed from Greece with name changes;
Imperial cult (worship of emperor as a god;
after 380, Christianity
 Government: Autocracy,Emperor
 Legislature: Roman Senate
AUGUSTUS
CAESAR
 63 BC – 14 AD;
EMPEROR, 27 BC14 AD
 founder of the
Roman Empire and
its first Emperor









The reign of Augustus initiated an era of relative peace known as the Pax
Romana (The Roman Peace)
Despite continuous wars or imperial expansion on the Empire's frontiers
and one year-long civil war over the imperial succession, the
Mediterranean world remained at peace for more than two centuries
Augustus dramatically enlarged the Empire, annexing Egypt, Dalmatia,
Pannonia, Noricum, and Raetia, expanded possessions in Africa,
expanded into Germania, and completed the conquest of Hispania
reformed the Roman system of taxation
developed networks of roads
established a standing army
established the Praetorian Guard
created official police and fire-fighting services for Rome
rebuilt much of the City during his reign.
 http://www.videopediaworld.com/video/17
886/Ancient-Civilizations-Rise-of-theRoman-Empire
 http://www.5min.com/Video/Learn-aboutthe-Roman-Empire-38365068
Descargar

THE ROMAN EMPIRE AND AUGUSTUS CAESAR