Capítulo 4A El Imperfecto – Conjugación There are 2 past tenses in Spanish: Preterite Ayer caminé al mercado. Imperfect Cada día caminaba al mercado. Preterite – expresses completed past actions: Ayer caminé al mercado. Imperfect – expresses the past, but does not indicate specifically when the event or condition began or ended: Cada día caminaba al mercado. Los verbos regulares -ar verbs -aba -abas -aba -ábamos -abais -aban •The first and third person are alike. Subject pronouns can be used for clarification. llevar – to carry, wear llevaba – I wore, was wearing, used to / would wear llevábamos – we wore, were wearing / used to wear llevabas – you wore, were wearing, used to wear llevabais – you wore, were wearing / used to wear llevaba – he, she, you polite wore, was or were wearing / used to wear llevaban – they or you wore, were wearing / used to wear. El chico llevaba una chaqueta. -er and –ir verbs - ía - ías - ía - íamos - íais - ían The first and third person are alike. Subject pronouns can be used for clarification. volver- to return volvía – I returned, was returning, used to / would return volvías volvía volvíamos volvíais volvían Los vecinos volvían tarde. * Notice that the “o” in volver does not stem–change. dormirse – to fall asleep me dormía – I fell asleep, was falling asleep, used to/would fall asleep te dormías se dormía •The verbs that are reflexive will continue to be reflexive in the imperfect tense. nos dormíamos os dormíais se dormían Yo siempre me dormía antes de las nueve. The imperfect tense is used to express: 1. Ongoing past action 2. Repeated, habitual action 3. Long standing situation The imperfect tense is used to express: 1. ongoing past action Miraban la televisión cuando Paco llamó. They were watching TV when Paco called. Escribía una carta cuando saliste. I was writing a letter when you left. 2. repeated or habitual action Siempre comíamos en esa restaurante. We always ate / used to eat / would eat at that restaurant. Tomaba café todos los días. I drank / used to drink / would drink coffee every day. 3. long-standing situation Vivía en Costa Rica. I lived, used to, was living in Costa Rica. Estudiaba en ese colegio. I studied, used to, was studying at that school. The imperfect verb había (haber) is the past tense of hay and equivalent to: There was There were Había un mexicano en la clase. Había dos montañas rusas en el parque. Does not change for the plural. Ahora clase, vamos a practicar. Ciao.