The Imperfect
Tense:
Irregular Verbs
p. 196
Realidades 2
Imperfect



Imperfect is used for habitual actions in the
past.
It tells what someone “used to do,” “would
do,” did “over and over”.
No specific point in time when the actions
started or finished.
Imperfect



Use for actions that happened repeatedly in
past.
Tener and vivir, for example, can describe
actions that are ongoing.
-er and –ir have the same endings, just as
they shared a set of endings in Preterite. Be
careful with accent marks here!
Imperfect


Although you can omit the subject pronoun
or noun with most verbs most of the time, it
is a good idea to use the subject with
Imperfect.
First person “yo” and third person “él, ella,
usted” look exactly alike! Pronouns make it
clear who used to do something.
ESTAR
estaba
estábamos
estabas
estabais
estaba
estaban
TENER
tenía
teníamos
tenías
tenías
tenía
tenían
VIVIR
vivía
vivíamos
vivías
vivíais
vivía
vivían
The Imperfect

There are three irregular
verbs in the imperfect: the
verbs IR, SER, and VER.
IR
iba
íbamos
ibas
ibais
iba
iban
SER
era
éramos
eras
erais
era
eran
VER
veía
veíamos
veías
veíais
veía
veían


Ten cuidado! Accent marks are very
important in writing verbs in Imperfect
Tense. Compare the nosotros forms of
these three irregular verbs:
ibamos eramos veiamos
IR
iba
íbamos
ibas
ibais
iba
iban
SER
era
éramos
eras
erais
era
eran
VER
veía
veíamos
veías
veíais
veía
veían
Preterite



The Preterite Tense tells what happened –
an action that occurred.
There are many irregular verbs in Preterite –
we will learn more in the coming months.
A Preterite action is completed, with
definite beginning and ending.
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