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(全新版)大学英语 BOOK TWO
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Unit One
Ways of Learning
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Contents
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Objectives
Students will be able to:
Warm-up
Activities
• grasp the main idea and the structure of
the text;
Cultural Notes
• appreciate the differences between
comparison
and contrast
;
Reading:
Text
A
• master the key language points and
Writing
Strategy
grammatical
structures
in the text;
• conduct a series of reading, listening,
Assignment
speaking and writing activities related
to the theme of the unit.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
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Warm-up Activities
1.Read the following Chinese article which
describes two similar stories: child breaking
the window, talk about the parents’
different reactions to children’s behavior,
and then try to think about the different
ways of bringing up children in China and
America.
从两块玻璃看中西方家庭教育方式的差异
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Warm-up Activities
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A Practical Experiment
Two children are given hula hoops, a toy
they are unfamiliar with.
Angela learns to keep the hula hoop in motion by
moving her body in certain ways.
Jonathan explores the hoop and discovers it's big
enough to step through. He then balances the hoop
between two objects and practices kicking a ball
through the hoop.
How do you comment on these two outcomes?
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Warm-up Activities
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A Practical Experiment
Two children are given hula hoops, a toy they are unfamiliar with.
Both outcomes are good.
Angela learns a useful play skill.
Jonathan uses his hoop in a different, but equally
playful way.
Which one do you think is better in developing the
children’s creativity?
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Warm-up Activities
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A Practical Experiment
Two children are given hula hoops, a toy they are unfamiliar with.
Angela, because she followed the directions given, will have
a skill she can use anytime she wants to move her body in that
specific way. The outcome is limited to having followed directions
and mastered a particular skill.
Jonathan, on the other hand, had the experience of exploring
and discovering an item he was unfamiliar with. He used what he
learned about this circular-shaped object to solve a problem of
his own and incorporated (结合) the hula hoop as an innovative
solution to help him do something that he wanted to do -- kick a
ball through a target. Jonathan learned he could use his own
observation and exploration to learn about new objects.
What conclusion can you draw from this experiment?
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Warm-up Activities
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Discussion
about
the
film
"The
Treatment Gua Sha “ which reflects
cultural differences between China and
America
A Chinese couple settled down in America and
then ran into some difficulties resulting from
differences between oriental and occidental
culture.
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Warm-up Activities
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One aspect of cultural differences the movie
discloses is in education. Now watch several
episodes from the movie and discuss with your
partner the different attitudes of the Chinese
parents and the American parents towards bringing
up their children.
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Warm-up Activities
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Thoughts about this episode:
American education promotes freedom, respect,
equality, understanding. But China's education pays
more attention to the children's obedience to their
parents.
Chinese believe that scolding children and beating
children is an expression of love and it's good for
their development while Americans think it is a kind
of violence and abuse and a violation of human rights.
In China, if two
their child in the
show respect to
willing
kids fight, the parents will scold
presence of the other parents to
the other , even they are not
to
do
so.
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Cultural Notes:
education in the West
Much of the current debate over education
surrounds the extent to which learning should
be teacher-based or student-based. Which
of the two should decide what should be
learned, how it should be learned, and when
it should be learned? Comparing Western and
Asian methods of learning it is generally true
that western methods are more studentcentered, expecting students to discover
things for themselves rather than relying on
their teachers to tell them.
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Cultural Notes:
education in the West
An extreme version of the studentcentered approach can be seen at
Summer hill, a school in England
established by the educationist A.S.
Neil. There children have complete
freedom to decide what they are going
to learn and which lessons they will
attend. If they wish they need not
attend any at all.
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Cultural Notes:
education in the West
Mainstream education in England is
far more strict, demanding that children
should
attend lessons and follow a
national curriculum. The curriculum and
the importance of achieving good exam
results tend to reinforce a more
teacher-centered approach, as both
teachers and students find the pressure
of time leaves less opportunity for an
exploratory approach to learning.
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Text A: LEARNING, CHINESE
STYLE
Pre-reading Questions
Scanning
General Understanding
Further Understanding
Language Study
Vocabulary Review
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Pre-reading Questions
1. Do you agree with the following statements?
1) Play is the best way to learn.
2) Children develop life skills best through
formal program.
3) Children are naturally curious, inspired,
motivated learners, but sometimes the
enjoyment of learning can get lost in the
pressure to “succeed” in formal education.
4)
Parents
are
the
most
important
instructors to the children, so they should
give as much guidance as possible.
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Pre-reading Questions
2. If you find a 2-year-old boy is trying
to put a key into the slot, will you help
him immediately?
3. Do you remember how your parents
taught you in your childhood? Did they
like to teach you by holding your hand?
4. Which way did you prefer when you
were in trouble with one of your toys
in your childhood, turning to your
parents for help or exploring by
yourself ?
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Scanning
Scan Text A and decide whether the
following statements are True or
False.
1. Benjamin was worried that he couldn’t
put the key into the slot. ( False )
 Benjamin was not bothered at all.
2. In the Chinese hotel servant’s opinion,
the parents should guide Benjamin to
insert the key. ( True )
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Scanning
3. The author and his wife didn’t care whether
Benjamin succeed in inserting the key.(
)
True
4. For the Westerners, learning should take
place by continual careful shaping and molding.
(False )
The Chinese think that learning should
take place by continual careful shaping and
molding.
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Scanning
5 . Chinese teachers hold the opinion
that skills should be acquired as early
as possible, while American educators
think that creativity should be acquired
early. ( True )
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General Understanding: Main
idea
It would be ideal if we can strike
a balance between the Chinese
and the Western learning styles.
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General Understanding: Part Division
of the Text
anecdote
that
the
Part 1 (Lines 1-32 ):The
Chinese hotel servant helped Benjamin to
place the key is to introduce the topic of
the text.
Part 2 (Lines 33-97): The author’s thoughts
about different approaches to learning in
China and the West.
Part 3 (Lines 98-102 ): In the form of a
question, the author gives a suggestion of
a more rational approach to fostering
creativity and basic skills.
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Further Understanding:
For Part 1
1. How does the author
introduce the topic of the text?

There are several ways to 1. Stating the topic
directly.
introduce a theme.
2. Posing a question.
3. Quoting a
In this text, the author
famous saying.
4. Relating an
introduces the topic by the keyanecdote or an
slot anecdote.
incident.
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Further Understanding:
2. How different is the attitude of the couple
from that of the hotel servant toward
Benjamin’s efforts in inserting the key
into the slot?

The couple: let Benjamin explore and
enjoy himself
Hotel servant: help his hand and taught
him how to insert the key
correctly
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Further Understanding:
Part two
3. Sum up the contrast between Chinese
and Western ways to learn to fulfill a task.

Chinese: show a child how to do, or
teach by holding his hand
Western:teach a child to rely on himself
for solutions to problems
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Further Understanding:
Part two
4.Sum up the contrast between Chinese and
Western attitudes toward creativity and
basic skills.
Giving priority to developing skills at
Chinese: an early age, believing that
creativity can be promoted over
time.
Western: Putting more emphasis on fostering
creativity in young children, thinking
that skills can be picked up later.
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Further Understanding:
Part three
5. There are many ways to end an essay.
How does the author end the text?
A) Repeating the main points previously
stated.
B) Proposing a solution.
C) Quoting from some book or person.
D) Predicting future development.
E) Making a suggestion in the form of
suggestion. √
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Introductory Paragraph
1. reflect on a visit to China and gives
his thoughts on different
approaches to learning…
reflect on: consider carefully;
give an idea of
Journaling provides you with a way to
reflect on what is happening to you.
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give one’s thoughts on: express
one’s opinion of
Joe has never hesitated to give us
his thoughts on the computer
games we make here.
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approach: n./v.
the act of
coming near
or nearer
The approach of spring
brings
warmer weather and more rain.
The old professor is very strict
begin to
with his students, but he is consider
very or
friendly and easy to approach.
deal with
He approached the difficulty with
great thought.
begin to
consider or
deal with
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2.(Line 3)…while studying arts education in…
有些表示时间、地点、条件、方式或让步
的从句中,如果谓语含有动词 be, 主语又和句
子的主语一致,或者主语是it,常可把从句中
的主语和谓语的一部分(特别是动词be)省略
掉:
---Look out for cars when (you are) crossing
the street.
---When/If taken according to the
instructions, the drug has no side effects.
---Although three years old already, he was
not able to walk without support.
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2.(Line 3)…while studying arts education in…
有些表示时间、地点、条件、方式或让步
的从句中,如果谓语含有动词 be, 主语又和句
子的主语一致,或者主语是it,常可把从句中
的主语和谓语的一部分(特别是动词be)省略
掉:
---Look out for cars when (you are) crossing
the street.
---When/If taken according to the
instructions, the drug has no side effects.
---Although three years old already, he was
not able to walk without support.
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--He hurriedly left the room as though(if)
angry.
--I’ll have the letter copied if (it is)
necessary.
--They will put the plan into practice as
quickly as possible.
--If asked to give an answer, he would
become angry.
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3.(Line 4) But one of the most telling
lessons… in difference … came not in the
classroom but in the lobby…
Paraphrase:
But one of the most effective and
impressive lessons in difference…took
place not in the classroom but in the
lobby…
Or: I learned one of the most impressive
lessons in difference …not in the
classroom but in the lobby…
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4. (Line 7) The key to our room was
attached to a large plastic block…
attach: fasten,connect or join (one
thing to another )
Attach sth. to sth else.
--Usually you should attach a recent
photograph to your application
form when you apply for a position.
--Attached to this letter you will find
a copy of the document you asked
for.
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attach importance/significance etc to sth:
attach blame to sb. for sth.
--The company always attach great importance
to the quality of products and services,
strictly carrying out international quality
standards.
--More importance in the form of fund should
be attached to the development of
mandatory education.
--We cannot attach blame to him for all this;
we made a wrong decision at the wrong time.
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5. (Lines 8-9) …a guest was encouraged to
turn in the key, …
turn in: hand in; give back; return; go to
bed
--It is a poor piece of work you have
turned in.
--You have to turn in the uniform when
you leave the army.
--It is a healthy habit to turn in early and
get up early.
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6.(Line 10) …the key had to be positioned
carefully to fit into it. 你得留神把钥匙放准
位置才能塞进去
fit in/into: take the right space or time in
sth.(cause to) be suitable for sth.
--I can’t fit the toy into the box; it is
crammed.
--The secretary managed to fit the
appointment into the president’s schedule.
--Any new buildings must be fitted into the
existing appearance of the city.
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7. (Line13) Because of his tender age
and incomplete understanding of the
need to position the key just so, he
would usually fail.
Paraphrase: Because he was so
young and didn’t quite know that
he should position the key
carefully to fit into the narrow
key slot, he would usually fail.
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8. Benjamin was not bothered in the least.
not… in the least: not at all; by no means;
far from; not the least bit; anything but;
not the least
--She is not ugly in the least. (她一點也不難看)
--She is not ugly at all.
--She is by no means ugly.
--She is anything but ugly.
--She is far from ugly.
--I tried to convince them, but they were not
the least interested/ not interested in
the least.
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9.(Lines15-17) He probably got as much
pleasure out of the sounds the key made
as he did those few times when the key
actually found its way into the slot.
译文:他从钥匙声响中得到的快乐大概跟他偶
尔把钥匙成功地塞进槽口而获得的快乐一样
多。
--In those days, I drank as much beer as I
could, and put on a lot of weight. I had a
big belly then.
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--He has won as many Olympic gold medals as
five.
Not so much A as B 与其说;倒不如说
--Mariah Carey is not so much an actress as a
singer.
10. (Line 20) phenomenon (pl.phenomena)
phenomenon: sth that happens or exists
and that can be seen or experienced
natural/historical/social phenomenon
--Language is a social and cultural phenomenon.
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11.(Line 20-22) Any Chinese staff member
would…, noting his lack of initial success,
attempt to assist.
译文:饭店里任何一个中国工作人员若在近
旁,都会过来看着本杰明,见他初试失败,
便会试图帮忙。
注:本句中分词短语noting his lack of
initial success用做时间状语:
--Seeing those pictures, he couldn’t help
thinking of those memorable days they
spent together.
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initial: first; of or at the beginning
--Their initial burst of enthusiasm died
down when they realized how much
work the job involved.
assist: help
assist sb. with/in doing sth;
assist sb. to do sth.
--You will be employed to assist in the
development of new equipment.
--The professor was assisting his
students to prepare their project.
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12. (Line 25) …as if awaiting a thank you—and
on occasion would frown slightly, as if
considering us to neglect our parental duties.
await: wait for ( “await” is more
formally used in writing)
--He had been anxiously awaiting her reply
ever since he wrote two weeks before.
on occasion: now and then 有时,间或
on one occasion: once 有一次,曾经
on the occasion of: at the time sth
happens在…..之际
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neglect: give too little attention or care to sth.
--neglect one’s meals and sleep 废寝忘食
--Don’t neglect to lock the door when you leave.
Cf. Neglect; ignore; omit三词均有“忽略、遗
漏”之意。
neglect:指对职责义务或应做之事未给予足够注意;
忘记可能是有意或无意的。
--Those who neglect their duties should be
punished.
--Why do you always neglect the traffic
regulations?
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ignore: 指忽视不顾,强调故意不理会,有
时还含有固执地拒绝之意
--When I saw Tom, I stopped to greet him, but he
ignored me and walked on.
--A teacher should not ignore any question that
his students may ask him.
omit: 指因专注或疏忽而忘记谋事,这种失
误可能是有意或无意的,它还可指删除不利
或不必要的东西。
--He should not omit to visit the museum.
--The third part of the book may be omitted.
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13. (Line 28)
relevant: directly connected with the
subject (opposite: irrelevant)
be relevant to sth.
--What experience do you have that is
relevant to this position?
--Only a few people feel the debate
about the cloning of human beings is
relevant to their daily lives.
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14. pattern: investigate sth.,
investigate + wh clause
--Police are still investigating how the
accident happened.
--We assure you that your complaint will
be fully and properly investigated.
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15. (Line 30) and to throw light on Chinese
attitudes toward creativity.
Paraphrase: and to help to explain how
the Chinese think look at creativity of
the students.
throw light on sth: help to explain or
understand.
--The report in the newspaper throws
light on the death of the pop star.
--These facts throw new light on the
matter.
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16. (Line 34) With a few exceptions …
exception: sb/sth. that a comment or
statement does not include
--Without exception all our youngsters
wanted to leave school and start
work.
--There is an exception to this
grammatical rule.
--We all laughed, with the exception of
Maggie.
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Collocation(搭配)
--with many/few exceptions 有很多/少例外
--without exception
毫无例外;一律
--with the exception of 除…之外
--make an exception of 把…作为例外
--make no exceptions
不容许有例外;
一视同仁
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17. (Line 36) …which is the ultimate purpose of
approaching the slot, … to realize the
desired action on his own.
ultimate: last; considered as an origin
or base; greatest
--After many defeats, the war
ended for us in ultimate victory.
--The ultimate responsibility lies
with the president.
--The sun is the ultimate store of
power.
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on one’s own: without anyone’s help; alone
--Children should be given opportunities
to solve problems on their own.
--The child was left on her own for hours
as her mom had to deal with the
emergency.
--I’d rather not go to the dance on my
own. I do wish you’d come with me.
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18. (Line 39) He may well get frustrated…
may well: fairly likely
--Your job may well involve traveling.
= It is fairly likely that your job involves
traveling.
19. (Lines 42-45) ---both of which
accomplishments can (and should) in due
course be modeled for him as well.
译文:这两件事到时候同样可以(也应该)
示范给他看。
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in due course: at the proper time;
eventually
---After they were engaged, the wedding
followed in due course/time (经过一定时
间;到适当时候).
---Your book will be published in due course.
---Be patient. You will get your promotion in
due course.
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20. (Line 51-54) So long as the child is
shown exactly how to do something—
whether it be placing a key in a key
slot,…--he is likely to figure out
himself how to accomplish such a task.
“whether it be placing a key in a key
slot”
In formal English, the subjunctive
mood is used occasionally in whetherclause.
--The ceremony will, whether it be fine
or rain, be held as scheduled.
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so long as: as long as; if; on condition that
--So long as Chen Shui-bian sticks to his
separatist stance of “one country on each
side,” his so-called peace proposals will be
nothing but lies to deceive the Taiwanese
people and the international community.
--The material on this website may be freely
reproduced and distributed, so long as it
is used strictly for educational or
research purposes.
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he is less likely to figure out himself:
it is less possible for him to work out or
understand by thinking
figure out: work out; understand by thinking;
calculate
--I can’t figure her out—she is a mystery to
me.
--We must figure out the causes of the
problem we try to find a solution to it.
--The accountant is trying to figure out the
tax.
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21. (Lines 54-55) …view life …as a series of
situations …
view(…as): consider; look at; regard; think
about
--Many of the leading international companies
view China as a lucrative market with a
growing economy.
--As the man and his wife grow older they view
their future with anxiety, because they had
saved very little money.
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make up for: repay with sth. good,
compensate for
--Her husband bought her a present to
make for for quarrelling with her the day
before.
22. (Line 59) In retrospect, it became clear
to me that…
in retrospect: in reflection
--In retrospect, I wish I had chosen biology
as my major.
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23. (Line 64-65) Instead, they guided him
with extreme facility and gentleness in
precisely the desired direction.
译文:相反, 他们极其熟练地、温和地把他
们引向所要到达的确切的方向。
extreme: (adj.) very great
(n.) the furthest possible point
--The woman screamed with extreme fear
at the sight of the snake.
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--I know I always say that you eat too much,
but there is no need to go to the other
extreme.
--The film is not very good, but some critics
have gone to the extremes, saying that it
is the worst of the decade.
24.(Line 69) ---so much so that he would
happily come back for more.
so much so that: to such an extent that
--Some parents spoil their children, so much
so that they never ask them to do any
housework.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Languages study
• 外国语学院
25. (Lines70-71) The idea that learning should …applies
equally to the arts.
译文: 学习应通过不断的精心塑造与引导而得以实现,
这一观念同样使用与艺术。
apply: 1) be relevant (to sb./sth.); have an effect on
apply to sb./sth.
2) write a letter or fill in a form to ask formally
for sth. apply for sth; apply to do sth.
--The new pension arrangements only apply to
people born after 1970.
--At the interview the manager asked me how
many jobs I had applied for before I was
offered that one.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Languages study
• 外国语学院
26. (Line77)…we learned from their
parents that they worked on
perfecting their craft…
work on/at: try very hard to improve
or achieve something
--Sophia needs to work at/on her
typing speed.
--John came back ahead of time to
continue working on his thesis.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Languages study
• 外国语学院
27. (Lines 79-83) In term of attitudes to
creativity there seems to be a reversal
of priorities: young Westerners making
their boldest departures first and….
译文:从对创造力的态度来说,优先次序似
乎颠倒了:西方的年轻人先是大胆创新,然
后逐渐深谙传统;而中国的年轻人则几乎离不
开传统,但是,随着时间的推移,他们同样可
以发展到具有创新的境界。
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
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• 外国语学院
priority:
1) sth. that must be done before anything
else;
2) sth. that holds a high place among
competing claims
--Earning enough money to support himself
and his family is his priority in his life.
--This business school will give priority to
English and computer studies.
--Priority should be given to the needs of the
students.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Languages study
• 外国语学院
making their boldest departures: doing
sth. different from the established
rule of tradition.
27. (Lines 82-83)
be inseparable from: cannot be taken
away from
--Science and technology development in
China is inseparable from that in the
rest of the world and the progress of
world science and technology also needs
China's contribution.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Language study
• 外国语学院
evolve: develop gradually
evolve into/from
--The story evolves into a violent tragedy.
--Popular music evolved from folk songs.
--The government’s favorable policies
made it possible for them to evolve
from a traditional department store
into a new kind of Concept Store.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Language study
• 外国语学院
28. (Lines 85-87) The contrast between our
two cultures can also be seen in terms of
the fears we both harbor.
译文: 我们两种文化的差异也可以从我们各
自所怀的忧虑中显示出来。
harbor: 1) (v.) keep secretly in mind;
cherish a negative feeling
2) (n.) a place of shelter for ships
--He harbored thoughts of revenge against
his stepfather in his childhood.
--Ships stayed in the harbor during the
storm.
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Languages study
• 外国语学院
29. (Lines 86-91) Chinese
teachers…,on the other hand, …
on the one/other hand: as one
point in the argument/as an
opposite point in the argument
--One the one hand, we have good
reason to feel pleased with our
progress. On the other hand, we
mustn’t get complacent.
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promote: 1) help to grow or develop
2) advance sb. in position or rank
3) bring goods to public notice in
order to increase sales
--to promote understanding and friendship
between the two countries.
--He was promoted to deputy president last
week.
--They put some ads in the paper to promote
their new product.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Languages study
• 外国语学院
30. (Lines 95-96) …its reliance on previous
achievements is all too apparent (the
“standing on the shoulders of giants”
phenomenon).
all too: very; to a degree more than enough
--We're all too eager to see the new design
of the car.
--People in Florida are all too familiar with
hurricanes.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Languages study
• 外国语学院
the “standing on the shoulders of
giants” phenomenon:
Paraphrase: When we stand on the
shoulders of giants, we are able to see
farther and reach what we desire.
Likewise, by relying on previous
achievements we make innovations and
breakthroughs possible.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Languages study
• 外国语学院
31. (Line 98) Assuming (that) (conjunction):
This phrase is used when you talk about
an event or situation that might happen,
and what you will do if it happens:
assuming that: suppose that
--Assuming that we all work at the same
rate, we should be finished by January.
--Assuming that you get a place at a
university, how are you going to finance
your studies?
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Languages study
• 外国语学院
32. (Lines 100-102) Can we gather, …, a superior way to
approach education, perhaps striking a better
balance between the poles of creativity and basic
skills?
译文:我们能否从中美两个极端中寻求一种更
好的教育方式,它或许能在创造力与基本技能
这两极之间获得某种较好的平衡?
Superior : (no comparative) better, more
powerful, more effective than a similar
person or thing, especially one that you are
competing against
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
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Opposite: inferior
Pattern: be superior to
be inferior to
--Your computer is far superior to mine.
--This product is superior to any other product
on the market.
--The conditions of Beijing University and
Tsing-Hua University are not inferior to those
of foreign ones, in some respects they are even
stronger than those of the best schools of
foreign countries.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
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Vocabulary Review
被系在…上
be attached to sth.
探索行为
exploratory behavior
偶尔
on occasion
父母的责任
parental duties
提示,阐明
throw light on sth
最终目的
an ultimate purpose
要做的动作
a desired action
所希望的结果
a desirable result
关键;至关重要的时刻
a critical point
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
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Vocabulary Review
养儿育女的价值观
rearing
弥补某种错误行为
回想起来
善意的
极其熟练而温和地
and gentleness
适用于
发展到,进化到
发展提高创造力
值得追求的目标
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
the value of child
make up for a misdeed
in retrospect
well-intentioned
with extreme facility
apply to sth/sb
evolve (from) to
promote creativity
worthwhile goals
• 外国语学院
Vocabulary Review
1. William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania,
_______ defended the right of every citizen
to freedom of choice in religion.
2. D (tender嫩的, 年
A peculiarly B indifferently C幼的;温柔的)
vigorously\ A.D
inevitably 1. C (vigorously用力地) mild温和的
•3. D (effective有效的) \ C.
2. She cooked the valid
meat [律]有效的
for a longin time
so, 有根
as to
effect
据的,
make it ___ enough
to正当的
eat.
A mild
B light C slight D tender
3. They took ___ measures to prevent poisonous
gases from escaping.
A fruitful B beneficial C valid D effective
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Vocabulary Review
4. While admitting that this forecast was ___
uncertain, the scientist warned people to make
preparations against bad weathers.
5. C (neglecting忽视)\ D. discard
A somehow
B somewhere C somewhat D anyway
丢弃, 抛弃
4. CHe
(somewhat
= kind of)hard day and night, ___his
5.
kept working
\health.
A. somehow莫明其妙地, 以某种方
式; B. somewhere在某处; D. anyway
A omitting B missing C neglecting •6.DCdiscarding
(to)
无论如何,总之
6. The biologist corresponds with his counterparts
in order to learn about matters relevant ___
his own research.
A for
B with
C to
D of
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
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Vocabulary Review
7. The director was ___ of the way
we were doing the work.
8. D (view景色, 风景;观点,
见解) C doubted
A sympathetic
B critical
A. vision视力\觉; 先见之明; 想象力, 幻想,
D\幻影,
curious
景象.
7. BAlthough
(be critical of
8.
I不满)
don’t like the location
\ A. sympathetic to
of the 合意的,
house,
I still bought it
有同情心的,
赞成
的because of the beautiful ___
through the window.
A vision B look C picture D view
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
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Writing Strategies
1. Ways of introducing a theme:
---by posing a question
---by quoting newspaper
---by beginning with an imagined
argument
---by using an anecdote or an
incident
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Writing Strategies
2. Ways of Comparing Things
Contrast and comparison:
A contrast brings out the
differences between two or more things
of the same kind, while a comparison
the similarities between them.
Comparison and contrast can be
examine one
organized in two major ways:
examine
subject
two
One-side-at-a-time method
thoroughly
subjects
at the
then start
sameand
time,
Point-by-point method discussing
the other.
them
point by point.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
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Writing Strategies
Read the first sentence of both Para
6 and Para 7, and decide what method
of comparison and contrast is used
here.
One-side-at-a-time method.
The writer
Read from Para 11 to Para
13. discusses
Which
the Chinese attitude
method of comparison and
contrast is
toward learning first
used here?
and then discuss the
Western/American
Point-by-point method.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
attitude toward
you can find
words
learning
like “Chinese” and
“Westerner” or
“American” or “the
West in each
• 外国语学院
Writing Strategies
:
Useful Expressions for Comparison and Contrast
Comparison
Contrast
like
unlike
the same as
in contrast to
alike
different from
similar
less
likewise
whereas
and, as well as
however
also, too
but
just as, as do/did/does
as opposed to
both
on the other hand
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Writing Strategies
3. Ways of concluding an essay
--by restating the main points previously
mentioned;
--by proposing a solution;
--by using a quotation from some book or
person;
--by predicting future developments
--by giving a simile
--by making a suggestion (in the form of
question)
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Assignment
Write a 200-word essay
about two different cities you
know in China, using the writing
strategies of comparison and
contrast you have learned in this
unit.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Vocabulary
I-1. (Page 14) Fill in the gaps with
words…
1) insert
2) on occasion
3) investigate 4) In retrospect
5) initial
6) phenomena
7) attached
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Vocabulary
I-1. (Page 14)
8) make up for
9) is awaiting
10) exception
11) not…in the
least
12) promote
13) working on
14) in due course 15) emerged
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Vocabulary
I-2. (Page 15) Rewrite each sentence…
1) There is a striking contrast between the standard of
living in the north of the country and that of the
south.
2) Natural fiber is said to be superior to synthetic fiber.
3) The city’s importance as a financial center has
evolved slowly.
4) His nationality is not relevant to whether he is a
good lawyer.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Vocabulary
5) The poem by a little-known sixteenth
century Italian poet have found their way
into some English magazines.
I-3. Complete the following, using the
words…
1) be picked up
can’t accomplish
exaggerating
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Vocabulary
3) two extremes
2) somewhat
assist
the performance
on the other hand
have neglected
are valid
they apply to
a superior
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Vocabulary
II. Confusable Words
1. continual,
2. principal, principle
continuous
1) principal
1) continual
2) principal
2) continuous
3) continual
4) continuous
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
3) principle
4) principles
5) principal
III. Usage: Subject and
Subject Emphasizers
1. themselves
2. himself
3. (by) herself/ on her
own
4. itself
5. ourselves
6. (by) yourself/on your
own
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
1. Join each pair…using “so much so that”:
1) Simon’s ill---so much so that he can’t get out
of bed.
2) She herself believed in freedom, so much so
that she would rather die than live without it.
3) Piles of work have kept us busy---so much
so that we can’t manage to have a holiday this
year.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
4) Many contestants later failed drug tests, so
much so that the race had to be rerun.
2. Complete…, using “assuming (that) …”:
1) Assuming (that) this painting really is a
Picasso, how much do you think it is worth?
2) Assuming (that) the proposal is accepted ,
where are going to get the money?
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
3) All we have to do is to explain the problem to
her, assuming, of course, that she is prepared
to listen.
4) Even assuming (that) smokers do see the
health warnings, I doubt they’ll take any
notice.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
3) All we have to do is to explain the problem to
her, assuming, of course, that she is prepared
to listen.
4) Even assuming (that) smokers do see the
health warnings, I doubt they’ll take any
notice.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
I. Cloze
(A)
(1) contrast
(2) exaggerating
(3) priority
(4) on the other hand
(5) promoting
(6) pick up
(7) assist
(8) accomplish
(9) on occasion
(10) neglecting
(11) worthwhile
(12) superior
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
I.
Cloze
(1) to
(3) others
(5) without
(7) about
(9) They
(11) right
(13) in
(15) worth
(B)
(2) affect/influence
(4) each/them
(6) controlled
(8) value
(10) little
(12) but
(14) what
(16) and
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
II. Translation
Translate the following passage, using…
summarize
accomplish
relevant
enormous
critical
worthwhile
priority
on the one hand
on the other hand
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Key to Exercises
Comprehensive Exercises
• 外国语学院
我以为总结一下学习英语的经验是值得一试
的。这里,我想谈谈三个相关的问题。
首先,大量阅读应被视作学习过中的重点,因
为我们是通过阅读获取最大量语言输入(language
input)的 。其次,尽可能多背熟一些好文章也十
分重要。一方面,死记硬背(rote learning)确实无
甚裨益,但另一方面,在真正理解的基础上的熟
记肯定对我们有好处。大脑中储存了大量很好的
文章,我们在用英语表达自己思想的时候,就会
觉得容易多了。最后,我们应把所学到的东西用
到实践中去,这是至关重要的。通过多读、多写、
多听、多说,我们就能完成提高英语水平的任务。
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Comprehensive Exercises
我以为总结一下学习英语的经验是值得一
试的。这里,我想谈谈三个相关的问题。
I consider it/think it is worthwhile
trying/to try to summarize our experience
in learning English. Here I would like to
make three relevant points.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Comprehensive Exercises
首先,大量阅读应被视作学习过中的重点,
因为我们是通过阅读获取最大量语言输入
(language input)的。其次,尽可能多背熟一些好
文章也十分重要。
First, extensive reading should be taken
as a priority in the process of learning,
because it is through reading that we get the
most language into. Next, learning by heart
as many well-written essays as possible is
also very important.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Comprehensive Exercises
一方面,死记硬背(rote learning)确实无甚裨益,
但另一方面,在真正理解的基础上的熟记肯定对我
们有好处。
On the one hand, rote learning is indeed of
little help, but on the other hand, learning by
heart with a good understanding will
certainly be of benefit/do good to us.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Comprehensive Exercises
大脑中储存了大量很好的文章,我们在用英语表达
自己思想的时候,就会觉得容易多了。
With an enormous store of excellent essays in
our heads, we will find it much easier to
express ourselves in English.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Comprehensive Exercises
最后,我们应把所学到的东西用到实践中去,这是
至关重要的。通过多读、多写、多听、多说,我们
就能完成提高英语水平的任务。
Finally it critical we should put what we have
learned into practice. By doing more reading,
writing, listening and speaking, we will be
able to accomplish the task of improving our
English.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Comprehensive Exercises
Whole Passage:
I consider it/think it is worthwhile
trying/to try to summarize our experience in
learning English. Here I would like to make
three relevant points.
First, extensive reading should be taken
as a priority in the process of learning,
because it is through reading that we get the
most language into. Next, learning by heart
as many well-written essays as possible is
also very important
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Key to Exercises
Comprehensive Exercises
On the one hand, rote learning is indeed of
little help, but on the other hand, learning by
heart with a good understanding will
certainly be of benefit/do good to us. With an
enormous store of excellent essays in our
heads, we will find it much easier to express
ourselves in English. Finally it critical we
should put what we have learned into
practice. By doing more reading, writing,
listening and speaking, we will be able to
accomplish the task of improving our English.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Unit 1: Text B
Children and Money
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Text Structure
• 外国语学院
The text can be divided into 3 parts:
Part 1. (Paras 1-3):
Managing the children’s own money is
a problem for both the parents and
the children themselves.
Part 2. (Paras. 4-6):
How the writer’s “bank” work to help
his children manage their own money.
Part 3. (Paras.7-8)
If children are given control over
their own funds, they will become
shrewd managers of their own finances.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Banking Terms
• 外国语学院
open a saving account
开立储蓄帐户
interest rate
利率
principal
本金
compound interest
利滚利;复利
cash
现金
deposit
n./v.
存款
an annual rate of
年利率超过70%
more than 70 per cent
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
Banking Terms
• 外国语学院
make deposits/withdrawals
存/取款
credit n./v.
(把记入)贷
款(方)
the law of supply and demand 供需规律
the supply of money 现金供应
printed statements 打印帐单
make withdrawals on demand 随时取款
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Other useful expressions:
1. give sb. access to sth.(L5): cause sb. to
be able to use sth.
2. would just as soon do sth.(L23):
would rather
3. or rather (L25): more exactly or truly;
it would be better to say
4. Set up an account(L31): open an account
5. keep track of (L32): keep oneself informed
about sth/sb.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
6. be in operation (L39): be working or in
effect
7. burn…into (L40): cause…to be
8. start out as (L63): begin as
9. throw away one’s money (L64):
spend one’s money
carelessly
10. cajole sb. into/out of doing sth.(L66):
persuade by praise or
deceit
11. end up doing sth.(L67): finish in a
particular place or way
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
12. Give sb. leeway (L72): give sb.
Additional time, space,
money,etc. that allows a
chance to succeed in doing
sth. 给…留有余地
13. adopt a long-term perspective (L76):
look at sth. from the longterm point of view 有长远眼
光
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Comprehension Check
Choose the best answer for each of the
following:
1. C
2. C
3. D
4. A
5. C
6. B
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Translation
Translate into Chinese the underlined sentences:
1. 孩子们在糖果、电子游戏上的花费之大令家长
们十分震惊(或者更确切地说,孩子们的超支
行为似乎是在竭力仿效父母,这让家长们十分
震惊)于是家长便设法把孩子们的钱存起来不
让用。
2. 以复利(利滚利)计算,年息达到70%以上。
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
3. 他们使用自己的资金我不加任何限制,不 做任
何盘问,我还根据要求随时提供打印的帐单。
4. 教育孩子们看问题要有长远目光的唯一途径,
就是让孩子们近期内便能尝到某种甜头,从
而激励他们去那样做。
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Language Practice
Fill in the gaps with words or phrases listed on
Pages 21-22.
1. adopt
2. account
3. plus
4. ended up
5. furthermore
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
6. fund
7. annual
8. keeping track of
9. pace
10. intends
11. on demand
12. devise
13. perspective
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
14. undoubtedly
15. fell apart
16. protest
17. access
18. resources
19. deposit
20. from your point of view
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
• 外国语学院
Thank you very much!
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK ONE
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