• 外国语学院
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
Unit 2
The Richest Man in
America, Down Home
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Contents
Objectives
• 外国语学院
Students will be able to:
• grasp theWarm-up
main idea andActivities
the structure of
the text;
Background
Information
• appreciate
the use of indirect
description
in portraying a person;
• grasp theReading:
key languageText
points A
and
grammatical
structures
in the text;
Writing
Strategy
• conduct a series of reading, listening,
speakingAssignment
and writing activities related
to the theme of the unit.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Warm-up Activities
Rich People I Know
Collect stories, news
reports, pictures, books,
or video clips of rich
people. Form groups of
three or four to share
what you have collected
and discuss what values
these rich people hold
dear.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
Who’s Who
• 外国语学院
Look at the following pictures.
Who are they?
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Robin Li
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 Li was born in Yangquan, Shanxi, China, where
he spent most of his childhood. Both of his
parents were factory workers. Li was the fourth
of five children, and the only boy among the five.
• He chose Peking University for college where he
studied information management for four years
and received a Bachelor of Science degree.
• In the fall of 1991, Li went to SUNY-Buffalo in
the US to study computer science towards a
Doctoral degree. He received his Master of
Science degree in 1994 after he had decided to
discontinue his PhD program work.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Robin Li
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 Robin has turned the company into the largest
Chinese search engine, with over 70% market
share, and the third largest independent search
engine in the world. In 2005, Baidu completed
its successful IPO on NASDAQ, and in 2007
became the first Chinese company to be
included in the NASDAQ-100 Index.
Quotations:
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Li Ka-shing
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 Nicknamed Superman, Asia’s richest and
most influential billionaire.
 Once a poor immigrant, got his start
selling plastic flowers in Hong Kong in
the 1950s.
 business centered on the conglomerate
Hutchinson Whampoa (telecom, port
services, real estate), now spans 41
countries and accounts for 13% of Hong
Kong’s stock market value.
 has invested more than $7 billion in Chinese
mainland and built 400 miles of roads and bridges.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Li Ka-shing
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 has given away over $500 million to
support education and health care
facilities in Asia.
Quotations:
• 信不等于亲人。
• 傲气不可有,傲骨不可无。
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Bill Gates
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 the richest of the rich.
 has topped the Forbes 400 list for
nine consecutive years since 1994
and is most likely to remain to be
the richest in the world in the years
to come.
 born in 1955 in Seattle, Washington.
had been shy and awkward, rarely
ventured out to parties even when
studying at Harvard University.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Bill Gates
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 founded the Microsoft Corporation
(1974), a computer software firm, with
Paul Allen.
 MS-DOS (Microsoft Disk Operating
System)
and
subsequent
programs
(including
the
Windows
operating
systems) made Microsoft the world’s
largest
producer
of
software
for
microcomputers.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Bill Gates
• 外国语学院
 Quotations:
There are people who don’t like
capitalism, and people who don’t
like PCs. But there’s no one who
likes the PC who doesn’t like
Microsoft.
 Your most unhappy customers are
your greatest source of learning.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Discussion
• 外国语学院
Do you know any stories of rich
people?
 How did they become rich?
 What values in them are the most
important factors contributing to
their success?

(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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Background Information
Sam Walton
Wal-Mart
Forbes
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
If judged by appearance, Sam Walton was a very
ordinary man. Sam Walton, an American retailing
executive, was born in 1918 in Oklahoma. He was
raised in the Depression years, and served in the
army during World War II. After 17 years of
operating franchise retail stores, he opened the first
Wal-Mart Discount City in Arkansas, in 1962.
Walton had a passion to compete and an appetite for
adventure. He devoted his life to expanding and
improving upon this concept. He was also a good
motivator of people, because he practiced what he
preached.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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Walton developed Wal-Mart into a chain of massive,
centrally controlled stores that were typically sited
in small towns and rural areas. The stores featured
heavy discounting, smaller profit margins than
usual coupled with higher-volume sales, and a
customer-oriented staff. Wal-Mart flourished, went
public in 1970, and by 1991 had become a
multibillion-dollar business and America’s largest
retailer with 1,700 stores. Walton, who stepped
aside as CEO of the company in 1988 but remained
active in its management, was by 1985 the
wealthiest person in the United States.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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He remained guided by the old-fashioned principles
of hard work, honesty, neighborliness and thrift.
Even after his death in 1992, those principles
continue to guide the company as it expands into
other countries and cultures.
After his death, his widow Helen and four children
are doing well on their own. With a collective net
worth of over $100 billion, they are ranked 7 to 11
in the Forbes World’s Richest People in 2003.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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Wal-mart is now ranked world NO.1 retailer,
followed by Carrefour. It was founded in 1962
with opening of first Wal-Mart store in Rogers,
Ark. by Sam Walton. In 2000, this supermarket,
with its annual turnover of US $160 billion, was
listed second in Fortune's top 500. Today, it has
more than 4,000 chain stores throughout the world.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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With its slogan "fair prices every day" and
"satisfactory service," Wal-mart has won a large
number of Chinese customers. Its first Chinese
store opened in Shenzhen in 1996. During the
following four years, it opened more stores in
Dongguan, Dalian, and Kunming. Compared with
Carrefour's daring move of opening 23 chain
stores in succession, Walmart appears
comparatively cautious.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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Three Basic Beliefs in Wal-mart
Sam Walton built Wal-Mart on the revolutionary
philosophies of excellence in the workplace,
customer service and always having the lowest
prices. Today's Wal-Mart facilities are still driven
by the Three Basic Beliefs that drove the very first
store :
Respect for the Individual
Service to Our Customers
Strive for Excellence
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
Forbes is an American publishing and media
company. Its flagship publication, the Forbes
magazine, is published biweekly. Its primary
competitors in the national business magazine
category are Fortune, which is also published
biweekly, and Business Week. The magazine is
well-known for its lists, including its lists of the
richest Americans (the Forbes 400) and its list
of billionaires. The motto of Forbes magazine is
"The Capitalist Tool." Its editor-in-chief is
Steve Forbes.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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In its November 27, 2000 edition it published one
listing the 50 ichest businessmen and women in
China, headed by Rong Yiren of CITIC with 1.9
billion dollars, followed in second place by Liu
Yongxing of the Hope Group with 1 billion
dollars. The richest businesswoman on the list
was Yang Lan of Sun Television, with 63 million
dollars.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Warm-up Questions
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Imagine you are a rich man ,or if you win a
lottery ticket---5000000 Yuan, how will you
spend all this money?
If you should become the richest man or
woman in China, what kind of life do you
think you would live?
Some people believe, “There is only one
success to be able to spend your own life
in your own way.” Do you agree? Give your
reasons.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Text Organization
• 外国语学院
Is there any natural dividing
lines separating the text into
parts?
The text can be divided into
three parts.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
The natural dividing lines: the text can be divided into 3
parts according to the blank lines between each parts:
• Part one
– The waiter was disappointed to find that the
Richest Man in America led so simple a life.
• Part two
– Being friendly, easy-going and never flashy,
Walton carries on like plain folks and never wants
any special treatment.
• Part three
– With the Wal-mart team in mind, Walton devotes
himself heart and soul to making the business a
great success.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Main Idea
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Despite his wealth, Sam Walton
remains down-home and devoted to
his team.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Scanning
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• Scan Text A and underline all the names
mentioned.
• Tell who these persons were and mark the
words they said.
• The quotations are chosen to serve certain
purposes. What do you think they revolve
around?
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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Sam: founder of
Wal-Mart, the
discount king
LL. 78~80 “The reason for
our success is our people and
the way they’re treated and
the way they feel about their
company.
They
believe
things are different here, but
they deserve the credit.”
Jamie: waiter at
Sam Walton's
birthday party
L.13“It
was
disappointment.”
Johnny: night
manager at the local
Wal-Mart
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
a
real
L.19 “He doesn’t want any
special treatment.”
• 外国语学院
Mayhall:
local
barber
Jim Gremp:
corporate
affairs
director
LL. 43~44 “… the only thing
strange about Sam Walton is that
he isn’t strange.”
LL. 50~54 “He may be the richest by
Forbes rankings, but he doesn’t know
whether he is or not -- and he doesn’t
care. He doesn’t spend much. He
owns stock, but he’s always left it in
the company so it could grow. But
the real story in his mind is the
success achieved by the 100,000
people who make up the Wal-Mart
team.”
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
Richard: Mayor of
Bentonville,
Arkansas
Gordon:
pastor of the
local church
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
LL. 22~24 “He is the
same man who opened
his dime store on the
square and worked 18
hours a day for his
dream.”
LL. 31~32 “… He
doesn’t have a set place.
At a church supper the
other night, he and his
wife were in back
washing dishes.”
• 外国语学院
Ferold:
retired
president of
Wal-Mart
Jim
Hendren:
company
lawyer
LL. 74~77 “He’d say, ‘That fellow
worked hard, let’s give him a little
extra.’ I had to change my way of
thinking when I came aboard.”
LL. 81~85 “I’ve never seen anyone yet
who worked for him or was around him
for any length of time who wasn’t better
off. And I don’t mean just financially,
although a lot of people are. It’s just
something about him -- coming into
contact with Sam Walton just makes you
a better person.”
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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Fill in the following table
what Jamie Beaulieu
imagined to see
a mansion/a palace
a Rolls-Royce
dogs with diamond collars
servants everywhere
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
what Jamie Beaulieu
actually saw
nice house, but not palace
an old pickup truck
a muddy bird dog
no servants
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Complete the summary
According to Jamie Beaulieu’s imagination,
Sam Walton, the richest man in the world,
should lead a lavish/luxurious life. What
he saw, however, proved that he was wrong.
It turned out that the billionaire, who
acquired
his
wealth
bystarting with a little dime store that grew
into a discount
chai
, carried
on in a very
way.
simple/frugal
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
外国语学院
In part 2 and part 3, we can see a character• sketch
of
the richest man in America. List some of his character
traits and the details that reveal those traits.
Character of
traits
Details
Free of importance waits in line like everyone else
to buy shells at the local WalMart;
has no reserved seat in church
friendly and easy- asks his employees to call him
going
by his first name
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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never flashy
generous
generous
steers clear of reporters,
dreamers, and schemers;
manages to keep himself off the
front page
attends sales meetings, the
executive pep rally
set up a college scholarship fund
and a disaster relief fund
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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Language Points
title: down home
synonyms:
para 5 carry on like plain folks
para 6 folksy ways
para 7 friendly, cheerful, a fine neighbor
who does his best to blend in,
never flashy, never throwing his
weight around
para 11 not a front-page person
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
Line 2 He imagine what surely awaited:
refer to CD-ROM
Line 3 mansion
synonyms:
house, building, chamber, villa, etc.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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Line 5 –Line 8 Then he was
off to the house, wheeling past the sleepy town
square in Bentonville, a remote Arkansas town
of 9,920, where Sam Walton started with a little
dime store that grew into a $6 billion discount
chain called Wal-Mart.
• Sentence Structure:
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
• wheel:
---She wheeled the bike/car into the garage.
---He was wheeled by the nurses into the
room.
--- It is against the rule for anyone
at/behind the wheel to call or receive a
phone call.
---前轮, 后轮
front wheel, rear/back wheel
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
• sleepy town
• remote: 摇控 遥远的将来 边远地区
~ control ~ future
~ country area
• discount 在一些在线书店 买书可打8.5折
Some online bookstores offer/give 15% discount
on their books.
• chain
~store hotel/restaurant ~ food ~
~ smoke/smoker
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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line 10 It was nice, but no palace
“no” here is to emphasize that the opposite
of a particular description is true.
---- If he has to do it all by himself, it will be
no bad thing (a good thing).
---- She is no fool.
--- He is no friend of mine.
Also refer to CD-ROM
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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line 12 He never spotted any servants.
refer to book1, unit 7, text A
line 14-line 15 Only in America can a billionaire
carry on like plain folks and get away with it.
• Only at the beginning introduce an inverted
sentence.
---只有在低温,禽流感病毒才能存活。所以吃煮
透的禽类产品是安全的。
Only at low temperature can bird flu virus
remain alive. So it is safe to eat well-cooked
poultry products.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
• folk (usu. pl): people in general
---他们是世上最好的人。
They are the best folks on earth.
~ songs, ~ music, ~ dance, ~ tales, etc.
• get away with: do sth. wrong or risky
without being caught or punished
---这孩子应受到惩罚。 你不应放任让他撒谎。
The child ought to be punished. You shouldn’t let
him get away with telling lies.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
• blend in/into: mix harmoniously
--- What he said reinforced my determination to
blend in with/blend into my surroundings.
--- 中大南校区有些新建筑与环境不大协调。
Some new building in the south campus of
Zhongda could not very well blend in.
--- Please blend the sugar, eggs, and flour.
---- This is an excellent team, with a nice blend of
experience and youthful enthusiasm.
n.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
line 31 “Look, he is just not that way. He doesn’t
have a set place.”:
refer to CD-ROM
fixed
line 36-37 It buried the Forbes list at the bottom
of page 2: refer to CD-ROM
line 45 hold to: keep to
---After considering various alternatives, we
decided to hold to our original plan.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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line 48 on the run:
continuously active and moving about; try
to avoid being captured
---- He has to be on the run from one office
to another to get the permit to open a
take-away restaurant.
--- 他被警察追得东躲西藏的。
He is on the run from the police.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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line 48: steer clear of: keep away from
--- General conversation should steer clear
of topics such as income and age.
--- 使我们惊喜的是,他正冲向终点,把别
的选手都甩在后面。
To our amazement, he is heading for the
finishing line, steering clear of all the
other runners behind.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
line 53 But the real story in his mind is ---:
But what is always on his mind is ---
line 54 make up: form the whole of (sth.)
---现在,中大由三个校区组成。
Now three campuses make up zhongda.
(Zhongda is made up of three campuses
now.)
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
line 55 --- for Friday sales meetings, -----The use and sale of marijuana remain illegal.
--- We did not reach our summer sales targets.
---- She is the sales manager here.
--- She found a job in sales.
* sale: when you sell sth.
sales: the total number of products sold during
a particular period of time / the part of
company that deals with selling products .
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
line 59 No one admits to feeling the least bit
silly
• admit to doing
• the least bit: refer to unit 1
----他们一点也不感到内疚。
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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line 60 ---as laid down ---: as established
lay down:
officially establish a rule, or officially state the
way in which sth. must be done
--- The school authorities have issued a new
booklet laying down regulations for students.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
line 61 get ideas into the system from the
bottom up
• paraphrase the sentence
• system: 1)set of ideas, theories,
principles, etc. according to which sth. is
done
--- Most of the teachers are doing research
work, trying to find a good system of
teaching English.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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2) group of things or parts working
together as a whole
--- Manned space vehicles have life-support
systems designed to meet all the physical
needs of the crew.
line 62 cut prices and margins to the bone:
refer to foot-note on page 35
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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line 63 Employees with one year on
board —: refer to foot-note on page 36
line 77 come/get aboard: (AmE, infml) join
---- This is her second promotion since
coming aboard.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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line 63 option: 1) (in business) an agreement or
contract that gives sb. the right to buy or sell
sth. such as property or shares at a future date
--- With cash, stock options and the promise of
vast resources, Microsoft has attracted faculty
elites to its research centre.
2) sth. you can choose to do
--- she has the
option of entering graduate school or starting
her professional career.
• optional course compulsory course
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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line 72 --- , and the like:
and other things of the same sort
--- Many students are also keeping fit
through jogging, weight training, and the
like.
--- Always carry your passport, money and
the like with you while you are traveling
abroad.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
line72-73: He believed in cultivating ideas and
rewarding success.
• believe in
--- They believe in Christianity.
--- She believes in eating only one thing
in each meal.
• reward
--- If you do well in the final exam, I will reward
you with a trip to Tibet.
--- It is rewarding for a teacher to his/her
students making progress.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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• cultivate
--- You should cultivate the habit of
listening to what you are told.
--- He cultivates the sort of people who
can be useful to him in his business.
--- The remote area has barely been
cultivated for decades.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
line 75-76 --- who was stunned at such generosity
after the stingy employer he left to join WalWart: refer to CD-ROM
line 79 the way they’re treated:
how they’re treated
When “the way” is followed by a defining
relative clause, this clause can be either a “that”
clause or a clause beginning with “in which”.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
For example, you can say “the way she told
the story”, “the way that she told the
story”, or “the way in in which she told
the story”. There is no difference in
meaning.
--- The information highway will have an
unimaginable impact on the way people
communicate with each other.
• also do ex. on p.47
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
line 80 ---but they deserve the credit.
• deserve
--- They deserve a better salary for the job they
do.
--- Mary deserves a reward for her efforts.
• credit:
--- They claim all the credit for themselves and
shift all the blame on others.
--- You have to earn enough credits to graduate.
--- credit card
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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Key words, phrases, and structure
• Words and phrases:
p.43, words and phrases to drill
• Structures:
1.Inverted sentence beginning with
“only”
2.Clause introduced by “the way”
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
Text Analysis
The author adopts the use of indirect
description in portraying a person to
make the character portrait convincing.
1. Quotation
lines 78-80: “the reason – they deserve
the credit.”
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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From townsfolk and colleagues:
Jamie Beaulieu: waiter at Sam Walton’s
birthday party
Jonnie Baker: night manager at the local WalMart
Richard Hoback: Mayor of Bentonville,
Arkansas
Gordon Garlington: pastor of the local church
John Marshall: local barber
Jim Von Gremp: corporate affairs director
Ferold F.Arend: retired president of Wal-Mart
Jim Hendren: company lawyer
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
2. anecdote:
This is how the text begins. Waiter Jamie
Beaulieu had anticipated a lavish mansion at
the Waltons, only to find an ordinary-looking
household. This lures readers to go on.
other anecdotes: Sam Walton forgot his wallet
and insisted on fetching it to pay the local
barber; he lost 4 straight games after a WalMart employee asked him a question about
pricing.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
3. examples:
Sam Walton is a folksy guy;
He is a generous employer
4. contrast:
Jamie Beaulieu’s anticipation and the
reality he later found out reveal Sam
Walton’s down-home characteristics.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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Keys to the Exercises
Parts
Paragraphs
Main Ideas
Part one
Paras 1-4
The waiter was disappointed to find
that the Richest Man in America led
so simple a life.
Part two
Paras 5-13
Being friendly, easy-going and
never flashy, Walton carries on like
plain folks and never wants any
special treatment.
Part three
Paras 14-22
With the Wal-Mart team in mind,
Walton devotes himself heart and
soul to making the business a great
success.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Character Traits
• free of selfimportance
• friendly and easygoing
• never flashy
•
•
•
•
•
• hard working
• generous
•
•
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
Details• 外国语学院
waits in line like everyone else
to buy shells at the local WalMart;
has no reserved seat in church
asks his employees to call him
by his first name
steers clear of reporters,
dreamers, and schemers;
manages to keep himself off the
front page
attends sales meetings, the
executive pep rally
set up a college scholarship fund
and a disaster relief fund
• 外国语学院
Vocabulary
I. 1.
1) local
3) deserved
5) system
7) Remote
9) open up
11) retire
13) reserved
15) cultivate
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
2) headlines
4) folks
6) steer clear of
8) get away with
10) hold to
12) rally
14) qualify
• 外国语学院
• 2. 1) These serious problems deserve careful
consideration in restructuring our educational systems.
• The college is liable to stop her scholarship because of
her failure in the final examination.
• San Francisco is, by all accounts, a city easy to fall in
love with.
• Snow White received such bad treatment from her
step-mother that she had to flee from her home.
• The United States, Canada, and Mexico make up North
America.
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• 外国语学院
• 3. The principal's daughter didn't receive special
treatment from her teachers. She was re• warded for her excellent performance. When she
graduated from high school in 1998, she had straight A's
and scholarship offers from some of the most famous
universities in the country.
• Our boss is fully aware that his employees feel a lot of
loyalty to the company because they are treated right.
Besides a handsome pay check and a stock option, he has
laid down a system under which employees are granted
stock for their retirement.
• You are liable to be offered a discount or a reduction on
things you buy at the local supermarket on weekends.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
II. Collocation
1. about
2. for
3. at/on
4. into
5. with
6. to
7. from
8. with
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
III. Usage
1. a savings account
2. arms race
3. a goods train
4. communications equipment
5. a sales tax
6. a customs officer
7. a current affairs program
8. a clothes shop
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
Structure
1.1) Only by rewarding success can you bring
out the best in your employees.
• Only by working at evenings and weekends
was Mary able to complete the report by the
deadline.
• Only when I myself became a mother did I
realize the value of my parents' advice.
• Only after they had finished watching the
football game did they begin to prepare for the
math examination.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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• 2. 1) The young woman described to the
policemen the way the man ran up to her and
grabbed the
• bag from her hand.
• All the people working for Sam Walton admire
the way he manages Wal-Mart and the way he
treats his employees.
• The neighbors were disgusted at the way he
talked to his old father.
• It's amazing the way the eight-year-old boy
managed to stay so calm when he faced the
emergency.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
I. Cloze
1. cheerful
3. executive
5. reward
7. loyalty
9. qualified
11. folks
(A)
2. threw his weight around
4. treatment
6. cultivate
8. stock
10. scholarships
12. local
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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(B)
1. from
2. their
3. spent
4. away
5. Through
6. to
7. built
8. who
9. led/lived
10. it
11. millionaires 12. then
13. answer
14. wealth
15. by
16. character
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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II. Translation
• George was on the run since the moment he came
aboard. He was always cheerful and devoted himself
heart and soul to his work. Because of his excellent
performance he was promoted to CEO. From then on
he tried hard to blend in with the workers and never
threw his weight around. He also laid down/
introduced a reward system to encourage the workers
to work hard. He believed that loyalty and hard work
would greatly contribute to the success of the
company. By all accounts he was an outstanding chief
executive officer.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
Text B
• New Words
additional
a. added; extra 附加的,另外的
e.g. An additional charge is made for heavy
bags
call in
ask to come to help in a difficult situation 叫…
进来,召来
e.g. We must confront the future with optimism.
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• confront
vt. face (sth.) and try to deal with it 勇敢地面
对,正视
e.g. We must confront the future with
optimism.
• factor
n. fact, circumstance, etc. that helps to produce
a result 因素
e.g. His friendly manner is a factor in his
rapid success.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
• in one's opinion
it's one's view 在…看来,…认为
e.g. In the financial controller's opinion, a
raise in salary will increase the total cost.
naturally
ad. 天生地,天然地
e.g. She was naturally shy.
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• 外国语学院
• project
n. (plan for a) scheme or undertaking 计划;
规划;工程
e.g. The government has begun a project to
increase the size of the harbor.
• relate
vt. connect, associate 将…联系起来
e.g. I related his bad mood to a lack of sleep.
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• 外国语学院
• resolve
vt. find a solution to (sth.) 解决
e.g. They have resolved most of their
difficulties.
• take on
undertake; decide to do 从事,承担
e.g. He agreed to take on the new job.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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• appeal to
be attractive or interesting to (sb.) 有吸引力,
使感兴趣
e.g. The book will appeal only to a very
limited public.
• conduct
v. undertake, carry out 从事,进行;主持
e.g. She's conducted the firm's financial
affairs for years.
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• 外国语学院
• crisis
(crises) n. time of great danger or difficulty 危
机
e.g. We hope we can survive this time of
crisis.
former
a. of an earlier time 以前的
e.g. She's back to her former self again.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
• involve
vt. cause (sb.) to take part in sth.; include 使卷
入,使参与;包括
e.g. Several high ranking officials were
involved in the scandal.
• of one's choice
自己选择的
e.g. You may either accept or reject his
proposal, anyway it's all of your own choice.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
• range
n. 范围;幅度;一系列
e.g. The subject is outside my range.
• replace
vt. provide a substitute for (sb./sth.) 更换
e.g. These tires are badly worn and should
be replaced.
• select
vt. choose 选择
e.g. Which of them did you select for the job?
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
• tremendous
a. very large or great 巨大的,极大的
e.g. The storm caused a tremendous amount
of damage.
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
• 外国语学院
Comprehension Check
• l.c
2. b
3. a
• Language Practice
1. Replace
3. Selected
5. Conducted
7. additional
9. confronted
11. crisis
13. resolve
15. appeals to
17. In the opinion of
19. Factors
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
4. d
5. d
6. c
2. take ... on
4. involved
6. range
8. tremendous
10.call... in
12. naturally
14. related
16. former
18. of their choice
20. project
• 外国语学院
(全新版)大学英语 BOOK Two
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