Unit 10 Air Travel I. • • • • Teaching Aims: By the end of this unit, students are required to: A. Know the information about air travel B. Understand how to make book flight tickets. C. Master continuous and Perfect Continuous Tense of Verbs. D. Grasp the words or phrases in the texts II. • • • • • Teaching Contents: —Reading Ⅰ:Getting to the Airport —Key Words —Phrases —Useful Structure —Grammar: Continuous and Continuous Tenses of Verbs Time Allocation: 10-12 Periods Ⅳ. Teaching Procedure: Ⅲ. • • • • • (ⅰ). Background Information: History of flight Impact of air travel on human life Airline industry in China Air travel tips （ⅱ）. Structure of Reading I Part I (Paragraph 1-9) There are two types of people and the early – airport people always have something to bother him, but the late-airport people seem never to worry about anything. Getting to the Airport Part II (Paragraph 10-29) The writer always gets on the plane first, but gets his luggage last and he can’t get the best seat no matter how early he arrives because someone else has already booked it. Part III (Paragraph 30-31) Conclusion: The early-airport person and the lateairport person always marry together. (ⅲ).Language Focus: 1.determine: verb [+ obj.] 1) to discover the facts about sth.; to calculate sth exactly. 测定, 找出（某未知事物）; E.g. We produced a business plan to determine how much capital we would need. It is too soon to determine whether the advertisement has been successful. 2) to officially decide sth. 确定（某事物）; 决定 E.g. A date for the meeting has yet to be determined. The investigation will determine if the company is a monopoly. 2. stroll: 1). vi. to walk a short distance slowly or lazily, esp. for pleasure 散步;溜达；漫步 E.g. I used to stroll along the beach on Sundays. 2). n. a slow relaxed walk E.g. We went for a stroll in the park. 3. be about to do: If you are about to do something, you are going to do it very soon. If something is about to happen, it will happen very soon. E.g. The film was about to start. We were just about to leave when Jerry arrived. Work was about to start on a new factory building. Cf. not be about to do sth. informal Used to emphasize that you have no intention of doing something E.g. I've never smoked in my life and I'm not about to start now. 4. justice: n. right and fair behavior or treatment 公 平; 公正; 正义 E.g. Children have a strong sense of justice. His people came to him, demanding justice. Antonym: INJUSTICE bring sb to justice arrest, try and sentence (a criminal) 使 （犯人）归案受审 5. reward: 1). n. [C,U] a thing that you are given or money that you receive for working hard, doing sth. good, etc. 报酬; 酬金 E.g. The firm offers financial rewards to motivate its employees. The reward system recognizes effort as well as achievement. a big/high/low/rich reward cash/financial/material rewards to earn/get/win a reward to offer/provide a reward 2). verb [+ obj.] reward sb. (with sth.) (for sth/for doing sth.) 给某人报酬; 奖赏某人 E.g. Managers were rewarded with cash bonuses for reaching their targets. The market rewards creativity and innovation. The committee is investigating the use of share options to reward senior managers. 6. punish: vt. To punish someone means to make them suffer in some way because they have done something wrong. 处罚或惩罚某人 E.g. Smacking is not an acceptable way of punishing a child. It's unfair to punish a whole class for the actions of one or two students. My parents decided to punish me by withdrawing financial support. punishment n 处罚; 受罚 7. ulcer: n. An ulcer is a sore area on the outside or inside of your body which is very painful and may bleed or produce an unpleasant poisonous substance. E.g. stomach ulcers胃溃疡 8. to the bone: 1). You use to the bone to indicate that you are very deeply affected by something. E.g. I feel chilled to the bone. 2). If something such as costs are cut to the bone, they are reduced to the minimum possible. E.g. Shops cut prices to the bone in the January sales. close to the bone a remark, statement etc that is close to the bone is close to the truth in a way that may offend someone E.g. His jokes were a bit close to the bone. 9. do sth. three/four … times: 做某事三次/四次 E.g. He did it many times, but every time he failed. round: n. a group of events that are part of a longer series. E.g. He’s through to the second round of interviews. a third round of peace talks the Government's latest round of expenditure cuts the first/final/next/qualifying etc round 10. guy. n. A guy is a man. (INFORMAL) E.g. Dave's a nice guy when you get to know him. Jake's a real tough guy. fall guy (fall guys): If someone is the fall guy, they are blamed for something which they did not do or which is not their fault. (INFORMAL) 替罪羊;替死 鬼 E.g. He claims he was made the fall guy for the affair. wise guy (wise guys): If you say that someone is a wise guy, you dislike the fact that they think they are very clever and always have an answer for everything. (INFORMAL) 自作聪明的人;自命不凡的人 11. abuse: verb, noun 1). vt. [+ obj] to use power or knowledge unfairly or wrongly. 滥用;妄用 E.g. They were accused of abusing their dominant market position by overcharging for software. 2). n. [U,C] the use of sth. in a way that is wrong or harmful. E.g. What she did was an abuse of her position as manager. The authority has powers to investigate accounting abuses. 12. wimp: n. If you call someone a wimp, you disapprove of them because they lack confidence or determination, or because they are often afraid of things. (INFORMAL) 懦弱 的人 E.g. The more she called her husband a wimp, the more timid he became. 13. saunter: vi. If you saunter somewhere, you walk there in a slow, casual way. E.g. He came sauntering down the road with his hands in his pockets. 14. pay off: 1). pay sb off: to pay sb what they have earned and tell them to leave their job. 付钱打发人走 E.g. The crew were paid off as soon as the ship docked. 2). pay sth off: to finish paying money owed for sth. 付清（债务等） E.g. We paid off our mortgage after fifteen years. 15. make a fuss: 1). If you make a fuss or kick up a fuss about something, you become angry or excited about it and complain. (INFORMAL) 强烈地不满 E.g. I kick up a fuss if my wife wants to spend time alone. 2). If you make a fuss of someone, you pay them a lot of attention and do things to make them happy or comfortable. 对某人[某事物]过于注意 E.g. When I arrived, my nephews made a big fuss of me. 16. on board: 1) on a ship, plane, or spacecraft= aboard在船上; 在飞 行器上 E.g. There are 12 children on board the ship. 2) involved with something or working for an organization be, come, stay, etc. on board; bring, have, keep, etc. sb on board E.g. Supporters of the treaty say that it will be necessary to have the United States on board. He came on board in the late Sixties and spent two decades with the agency. It’s good to have you on board (= working with us). They wanted to bring someone more mature on board to help with sales and marketing. 17. on top of: 1). in control of a situation; knowing about a situation. E.g. You need to stay on top of technological changes. 2). in addition to sth. E.g. These job cuts come on top of the 500 redundancies already announced. 18. show up: 1). informal to arrive, especially at the place where someone is waiting for you= turn up到达或出现 E.g. Seth showed up, apologizing for being late. We had 200 people show up for our seminar. 2). show sth. up 揭发 to make it possible to see or notice something that was not clear before E.g. The sunlight showed up the marks on the window. to be easy to see or notice E.g. Use a light color which will show up on a dark background. 3). show sb. up因举止失当使某人羞与为伍 to make someone feel embarrassed by behaving in a stupid or unacceptable way when you are with them E.g. She says I showed her up in front of her friends when they came to the house. 19. crush: vt. To crush something means to press it very hard so that its shape is destroyed or so that it breaks into pieces. 压碎；压坏；压扁 E.g. His leg was crushed in the accident. Two people were crushed to death in the rush to escape. crush a rebellion/uprising/revolt etc 镇压叛乱/起 义/反叛 crush sb.'s hopes/enthusiasm/confidence etc 使 某人的希望/热情/信心/破灭 20. no matter how/whether/what etc.: 无论，不管 E.g. No matter what you do, never lose heart. Recently, I feel tired no matter what I do. No matter how many difficulties are there, nothing can stop our advance. No matter whether these figures are accurate, we have to recheck them. 21. conspiracy: n. a secret plan made by two or more people to do something that is harmful or illegal阴谋; 谋叛;共谋 E.g. They were charged with conspiracy to murder. He believes there probably was a conspiracy to kill President Kennedy in 1963. 22. ultimate: 1). adj. happening at the end of a long process 最后 的；最终的 Synonym: FINAL E.g. our ultimate goal / aim / objective / target We will accept ultimate responsibility for whatever happens. The ultimate decision lies with the parents. 2）. most extreme; best, worst, greatest, most important, etc. 最大的；极限的 E.g. This race will be the ultimate test of your skill. Silk sheets are the ultimate luxury. 3）.n. the ~ in sth (informal) the best, most advanced, greatest, etc. of its kind. 终极；顶点；极限 E.g. the ultimate in modern design 23. counter: n. a long flat surface in a shop/store, bank, etc. where customers are served. 柜台 E.g. Please ask at the information counter for a free brochure. the assistant behind the counter goods displayed on a counter 24. under the counter ：goods that are bought or sold under the counter are sold secretly and sometimes illegally. E.g. under-the-counter deals It's risky, but you can get alcohol under the counter. 25. over the counter: drugs, medicines etc that are bought over the counter are ones that you can buy in a shop without a prescription from a doctor. 非处方药 26. make it: to succeed in getting somewhere in time for something or when this is difficult E.g. If we run, we should make it. 27.out of/short of breath: If you are short of breath, you find it difficult to breathe properly. You can also say that someone suffers from shortness of breath.上 气不接下气 E.g. She felt short of breath and flushed. Any exercise that causes undue shortness of breath should be stopped. 28.stumble: vi. to hit your foot against sth while you are walking or running and almost fall. 绊脚,绊倒 E.g. In her hurry she stumbled and spilled the milk all over the floor. 29.guts: [plural] informal the courage and determination you need to do something difficult or unpleasant. 胆量；决心 E.g. It takes guts to start a new business on your own. have the guts (to do sth) E.g. No-one had the guts to tell Paul what a mistake he was making. 30.snap： vi./vt. speak or say (sth) in a sharp (usu angry) voice 厉声说（话）（通常指生气时） E.g. He never speaks calmly just snaps all the time. snap back: If markets, currencies or prices snap back, they recover quickly. E.g. The dollar snapped back almost immediately. There is room for the market to snap back. snap sb. up: to act quickly in order to employ a person. E.g. He was snapped up by a rival bank. snap sth. up :to buy sth. quickly, for example because it is cheap or you think it will increase in value. E.g. Shoppers have been snapping up bargains at the New Year sales. Fund managers snapped up the issue. Investors are snapping up properties in order to rent them out. 31.argue: to disagree with someone in words, often in an angry way E.g. We could hear the neighbors arguing. argue with E.g. Gallacher continued to argue with the referee throughout the game. argue about E.g. They were arguing about how to spend the money. argue over E.g. The children were arguing over which TV programme to watch. 32.in advance: before the time that is expected; before sth. happens.事先 E.g. The rent is due one month in advance. The Director would not discuss the report in advance of its release. You have to order 24 hours in advance of your chosen delivery time.