Unit Fourteen
完形填空实战演习
第一篇
• Research shows that by using computers, students
become better problem solvers and better
communicators. Over a network, using 1 and sharing
files, students have the chance to collaborate and work
2 with other classmates, peers, and teachers.
1. A. letter
B. e-mail
C. book
D. message
2. A. alone B. forward C. together D. along
解析1:短文第一句话提到学生通过使用计算机提高了某些方面的能力,
如解决问题的能力和与人沟通的能力。下面又说学生通过什么方式在
网上与别人合作。既然是网上的合作,又已给出其中一个是共同享用
文件,另一个就应当是电子邮件了。Letter通常指的是通过邮局邮寄
的信件。Message通常指电话留言。选项B是正确的。
解析2:既然是与人合作,那肯定是一起工作了。选项C是正确的。
译文:研究表明,使用计算机会使学生提高解决问题和与人沟通的能力。
借助于网络,学生们用电子邮件和共享文件,有机会与同学,同龄人
甚至老师一起工作。
• Networking electronically can 3 learners create,
analyze, and produce information and ideas more 4
and efficiently.
3. A. help
4. A. hard
B. lead
B. easily
C. give
D. force
C. helpfully D. greatly
解析3: Lead sb. to do sth. 引导/带领某人做某事;force sb
to do sth. 强迫某人做某事;give sb. sth.给某人某物;
help sb. do/to do sth. 帮助某人做某事。选项A是正确的。
解析4:根据上下文,利用网络并以合作的方式,当然工作会
更容易、更有效。选项B是正确的。
译文:网络以电子的方式帮助学习者更轻松,更有效地创造,
分析,展示信息和观点。。 ’’
• Networking people “put the inspiring and usable set of
tools 5 reach of the mass of computer 6 ,
empowering them to 7 beyond simply processing
information to design, publish ,and express”(Melle,1996).
5. A. to
B. of
C. under
D. within
6. A. learners. B. programs C. users.
D. tools
7. A. go
B. went
C. do
D. did
解析5: within reach方便、在手边,固定词组。网络人在网络上放入很
多有用的工具,方便计算机使用者。选项D是正确的。
解析6:这篇短文讲的是计算机的使用者是如何利用计算机达到合作、沟
通的目的,而不是学习使用计算机的人(learner),更不是计算机的
程序或工具了。选项C是正确的。
解析7: go beyond超越,固定词组。power,名词,加前缀em-构成动
词,empower sb. to do sth., to 后接动词原形。这些工具可以使计算
机的使用者超越简单的信息分类层面。
译文:网络人‘‘将有激励性的,有诱惑力的以及有用的工具置入计算
机中以方便使用者,提高了计算机使用者的能力。他们不再仅仅处理,
发布,传递信息
• Through this 8 electronic access to the world around
them, students’ social awareness and 9 increase.
8. A. decreased
B. raised
9. A. confidence
C. convenience
C. fell
D. increased
B. consideration
D. conscience
解析8:计算机的使用和普及正处于上升趋势,因此,计算机及电子通道的
使用应是上升而不是下降,排除选项A和C。选项B,raise通常指位置
的升高,例如举起、站立等;也指条件的改善,声音的提高。而选项
D,increase 则指数字、水平的提高。因此,选项D是正确的。
解析9:根据上述对上下文的解释,这里应是指信心提高了。confidence信
心,consideration 考虑、关心,convenience 方便,conscience良心。
此题主要考查词汇的辩认。A是正确的。
译文:通过这种增长的通向世界的电子通道,学生们的社会意思和自信
心在提高。
• Networking 10 them from the limitations of 11 writing
tools that often inhibit and restrict writing processes.
10.A. free
B. frees
C. stop
D. stops
11.A. modern
B. contemporary
C. new
D. traditional
解析10.11:这两个空可先做后者。分析writing tools that
often inhibit and restrict writing processes这个句子。T
hat从句修饰写作工具是什么样的,说这样的工具常常是
inhibit and restrict了写作过程。两个动词并列,说明意思
属于同类。strict严格的,形容词,加前缀re-构成动词,
意思不会有大的改变(限制、约束)。前一个动词即使不
知道也不影响对这句话的理解(inhibit 抑制、约束)。再
看这个空的前面已有limitation(限制)说明后面的写作是
要限制作者的。由此断定,这种写作只能是传统的。第11
题选项D是正确的。再看第10题,与传统相对的
networking(网络)写作,这种写作使作者从传统的约束
中获得自由。排除选项C和D。Networking单数。选项B是
正确的。
网络使他们从传统的写作工具的束缚中解放出来。
• Learning is then 12 from a traditional passive-listening
exercise to an experience of discovery, exploration, and
excitement.
12. A. moved B. passed
C. transformed
D. transfer
解析12:根据上下文,网络的写作是由原来的被动变成了主动,因此,学
习得到了改善。选项C是正确的。再一个判断是根据语法,这里是被
动态,需要一个动词的过去分词,D选项被排除。剩下的两个就很容
易从字面的意义排除了。moved搬运,pass传递,transfer转移,
transform改善。
译文:学习也随之得到改善,从被动的听的练习到发现,探查,兴奋的经
历。
• Students can begin to 13 their full potential when 14
are empowered to contribute and collaborate as a team
to accomplish their writing tasks 15 effectively.
13. A. see
B. realize
14. A. he
B. it
15. A. better B. less
C. dream
C. they
C. more
D. develop
D. her
D. worse
解析13: 全文强调的是通过网络,学生增加了合作,也因此增强了信心,
提高了能力,同时意识到了自己潜在的能力。选项B是正确的。
realize意识到,see看到,dream梦想,develop发展。
解析14:这里指学生,因此应是they。选项C是正确的。
解析15:使用电子工具写作当然比传统的写作要更有效。副词effectively
的比较级用more。选项C是正确的。
译文:当学生们以团队的形式合作,投稿,并发表他们的作品时,他们
开始意识到自己的潜能。
第二篇
• Canada is the second largest country in the world in area,
although its __1__ is only some 25 million, most
___2____ in a 200-mile strip___3___ the southern
border.
1. A. people B. residents. C. population D. number
2. A. residing B. living
C. stay
D. inhabit
3. A. down
B. along
C. beside
D. near
解析1: 第一句说地域的大小,此句又提及两千五百万,断定
“population 人口”应为正确答案。选项C是正确的。people人,
residents居民。
解析2: reside居住,inhabit居住。二者指居住在某地,强调的是居住本
身,live in 生活,强调的是生活在某地。stay短期停留。选项B是正
确的。
解析3: 词空前用strip(带状),空后用南部边境。可以判断,应是沿着
这带。along表示沿线,沿着边境一带。选项B是正确的。down向下,
along 沿着,beside在旁边,near在附近。
• Over 25% of the ____4_____ number live in the three
main cities. The northern areas of the country are almost
uninhabited ____5____ for isolated settlements.
4. A. absolute
5. A. except
B. total
B. but
C. all
C. only
D. complete
D. besides
解析4:说到百分之几,应是总数的百分之几。选项B是正确的。absolute
完全的,total 总数的,complete 完全的。
解析5:按照文章的含义,强调北部几乎没有人居住,只有零星的散居者。
散居者不包括其中,用单词except(除……之外)表示。选项A正确
的。besides(除了),包括其中。
• 超过总人数25%的人生活在三大主要城市。加拿大北部地区几乎没有
人烟,除了一些零散的居民。
• Canada is ____6____ a rich country, and its national
_____7____ per capita is the fifth highest in the world,
but its economy in recent years has been rather
____8_____, because of the varied nature of what it
does.
6.A. fundamental B. widely C. overall
D. basically
7 A. product
B. resource C. production D. manufactures
8. A. seedy
B. patchy C. sporty
D. scratchy
解析6:按此段的大意,由于某些原因,近几年加拿大的经济不是很景气,
实际上,她的基础是雄厚的。这里应用副词。选项D是正确的。
fundamental基础的(形容词),overall全部的。
解析7: national production per capita人均国民产值。
解析8: seedy多种子的、破烂的,patchy凑合的、不调和的,spotty遍处
污点的,scratchy凑合的、发痒的。but转折,表示与前面提到的不一
样,选项B是正确的。表示经济状况不是很好。
译文: 加拿大基本上是一个富有的国家。她的人均国民产值排世界第五,
但近几年加拿大的经济则因为多种原因而不是很景气。
• Over the last three years, the Canadian economy has
been hard ___9____ by falling oil prices and by rising
US interest ___10____. This has ___11____ to a steep
fall in industrial production ---- by as much as a fifth since
1981.
9. A. influence B. hit
C. pushed
D. hammered
10. A. jobs
B. founds C. rates
D. industries
11. A. caused
B. moved C. amounted D. led
解析9: has been done,这里应用动词的过去分词构成被动语态,排除
选项A。influence左右、影响,这是名词;hit 打击;pushed促进;
hammered打、锤炼。文章的本意是说经济由于某些原因受到打击或
影响,排除选项。选项B是正确的。hammer表示的是用东西捶打。
解析10: interest rate利率。选项C是正确的。
解析11: cause sth.引起某事,move移动,amount总计、等于,lead to
导致。加拿大的经济由于某些原因而受重创,从而导致了什么结果。
选项D是正确的。
译文: 过去的三年中,加拿大经济由于油价的下跌和美国利率的上升而
受到重创,导致了工业产值的陡降---相当于1981年的五分之一。
• Some __12__ now think Canada is on the ___13____ to
discovery, though more cautious spirits say that no
___14____ can be expected until there is a __15___to
lower interest rates in the USA.
12. A. economists B. scholars C. Canadians D. scientists
13. A. line
B. period
C. time
D. road
14. A. uplift
B. cheer
C. future D. improvement
15. A. tendency B. shift
C. lift
D. hike
解析12:对于经济上的评论应为经济学家,而不是别的领域的或泛指的。
解析13: On the road to recover/success正在复苏/成功、走向复苏/成功,
是一个短评。选项D是正确的。
解析14: Though表示转折,该词后面所提的前面不一致。前后两组人的
看法是不一样的:不可能指望有所改善(improvement)。Uplift上升。
解析15:上下文的意思是:加拿大的经济改善,要靠美国方面的利率
调整。Shift转变、调整。选项B是正确的。
译文:一些经济学家认为加拿大的经济正在复苏,但比较谨慎的观点认
为如果美国的利率不下降,加拿大的经济不会有所改善。
第三篇
•
Hawaii, the youngest state of the USA, is different in
many ways from the mainland states. The Hawaiian
people are a mixture of the ___1____ Hawaiians and
many immigrants who arrived____2____.
1. A. local
B. original
C. folk
D. migratory
2. A. later
B. first
C. earlier
D. last
解析1:从mixture和immigrants两词可以看出此句的意思是说,夏威夷当
地的人是由两部分人组成的。一是移民,二是最初就生活在这儿的
人。所以,选项B是正确的。local当地的,也会包含移民过来的人。
folk表示民间的,不合题意。
解析2: Who引导定语从句,修饰它前面的名词。既然是immigrants,肯
定是后来移居到这里的人。所以选项A是正确的。
译文:夏威夷,这个美国最年轻的州,与大陆其他的州有很多不同的地
方。夏威夷的居民是由最初的夏威夷人和后来的移民组成。
•
When the first pineapple plantations____3_____ in
Hawaii in the 1900’s, there were not enough people
living on the islands to do all the work. ___4____more
came: the Chinese, Japanese, and the Portuguese
were the main groups.
3. A. planted
B. would plant
C. were being planted
D. had been planted
4. A. When
B. That.
C. So.
D. Though
解析3:这里考查的是语态和时态,种植园的开垦应是有人来做的,因此,
语态应为被动态。按照后半句的意思,当时人手不够,说明是在做
这件事的时候,应当是现在进行时。这个事件发生在过去,因此应
用被动语态的过去进行时。选项C是正确的。
解析4:这里表示一个因果关系。上面提到人手不够,许多外国人纷纷移
民来此。选项C是正确的。
译文: 在二十世纪初,人们开垦菠萝种植园时,住在这的人数不够从事
这项工作,所以来了很多的人。中国人,日本人,葡萄牙人最多。
• For many years, Hawaiians customs were looked down
on or ___5____. Now there is new pride in the old ways.
Children are learning the __6____language and the
traditional songs and dances. At the University of Hawaii
there is a great deal of interest in the history of the
islands and the culture of the ____7____.
5. A. respected B. admired C. damaged D. ignored
6. A. Chinese B. Hawaiian C. Japanese D. Portuguese
7. A. past
B. today
C. America D. other countries
解析5:此空前面有一个词组“瞧不起(look down on)”,后面的一句又说如今
对旧的方式又有新的自豪感(pride)。所以这里应选择与自豪相反的词,排
除选项A和B。原文并未提及原有的生活方式遭到破坏,选项C是排除。
解析6:既然原有的方式重新受到重视,传统的歌舞也在学校里讲授,学生要学
的语言肯定也是当地的语言。选项B是正确的。
解析7:同样,对夏威夷岛屿的历史也感兴趣了,以及这个岛屿过去的文化。此
处不可能是当今的文化,也不可能是美国或其他国家的文化。这里强调的是
对夏威夷过去传统文化的重新认识。选项A是正确的。
• Visitors to the islands ____8____ to see the island
paradise as it ____9____to be. Large numbers of
tourists from the Mainland____10_____ in Hawaii daily.
8. A. enjoy
B. willing
C. want
D. are like
9. A. are used B. was
C. used
D. would
10. A. approach B. arrive
C. reached
D. stay
解析8:此空后面是to do sth。排除选项A:enjoy doing sth;此空前没有系动词,
排除选项B:be willing to do sth。 be like 意为“像”。选项C是正确的。
解析9: be used to sth 习惯于某事,used to do sth 过去常常做某事,be to do
sth 将要做某事,would do 过去将来时。这篇文章通篇讲的是夏威夷过去的
传统文化如何重新受到重视。因此,这里应指的是过去常常发生的事。
解析10: approach走近、靠近,arrive in/at(a place)到达某地,reach(a
place)到达某地,stay短期住。选项A和D逻辑上不符。原文空后有介词in,
故选项B是正确的。
译文:到岛上来的旅游者想看的也是岛屿伊甸园过去的样子。每天都有大陆众多
的游客进入夏威夷。
• Signs of modern tourism are ___11_____.Honolulu and
its suburbs, a quiet area of about 250,000 thirty years
___12_____, is now a crowded area of 800,000
residents and ___13____.
11. A. somewhere B. anywhere C. nowhere D. everywhere
12. A. before
B. ago
C. over
D. near
13. A. tourists
B. immigrants C. people D. crowds
解析11:前面说大量的旅游者涌入夏威夷,后面又说原来安静的地方现在很拥挤,
到处都是旅游的人。旅游的标志到处都是。选项D是正确的。
解析12:在确定的数字后,表示……以前,用ago。选项B是正确的。
解析13:这一段讲的是夏威夷旅游业的繁荣。这个岛屿的人口,肯定两种人相加:
当地居民和旅游者。选项A是正确的。
译文:现在旅游的标志到处都是。火奴鲁鲁和他的郊区在30年前,是一个拥有
250000人口的安静的地方。现在却成了拥有 800000居民和旅游者的拥挤的
地方了。
• As you drive around the island of Oahu, you can find
some of the beaches are closed___14_____ the public,
and more and more tourist resorts are being built in
areas that were unspoiled. Hawaiians___15____ about
what will happen to the old way of life.
14. A. for
B. from
C. toward
D. to
15. A. wonder
B. think
C. puzzle
D. worry
解析14:表达对……关闭用close to。选项D是正确的。
解析15:根据上下文,对如此多的度假胜地的建设,对于沙滩的关闭,当地人很
担心,不知未来的生活会是怎样的。选项D是正确的。
译文:你若开车环绕欧胡岛,你会发现许多的海滨已经停止对公众开放了。越来
越多的海滨度假胜地在这块还没有遭到破坏的区域建设起来。夏威夷人担心
就旧有的生活方式将发生变化。
第四篇
•
Shirley Allen loved to sing and play the piano. She
studied music in college. Her dream was to become a
1 or singer.
1.
A. pianist
B. professor
C. clerk
D. supervisor
解析1:前面说Shirley Allen喜欢唱歌、弹钢琴,并且学的就
是音乐。所以她的梦想肯定是钢琴家或歌手。选项A是
正确的。
• Everything 2 when she was 20 years old. She
became sick with typhoid fever and almost died. Doctors
gave her 3 to help her get well, but the medicine
4
her to become totally deaf.
2. A. differed
B. confused C. changed
D. mixed
3. A. suggestion B. advice C. medicine D. prescription
4. A. allowed
B. tempted C. convinced D. caused
解析2:后面说,在她20岁的时候生了场大病,所以一切都改变了。differ
from与……不同,sth confuse sb某事把某人弄糊涂,be confused 被
弄糊涂,mix搅和、混合。这些选项意义不对,搭配不对,选项C是正
确的。
解析3:后面提到药物给Shirley Allen带来了什么。所以,这里医生给的应
是药,而不是建议或处方(prescription)。选项C是正确的。
解析4: tempt引诱,convince使信服,allow允许,cause造成、致使。后
半句说Shirley Allen彻底聋了,可以断定,服药的结果是耳聋。或说,
她的耳聋是药物造成的。选项D是正确的。
• She could no longer 5 the music which she had
always loved.
• Shirley would never give 6 playing the piano, but she
did decide to change 7 . She transferred to Gallaudet
University and studied English.
5. A. write
B. hear
C. perform
D. remember
6. A. in
B. off
C. back
D. up
7. A. attitude B. careers C. friends
D. cloths
解析5:既然是耳聋了,肯定是听不到了。Shirley Allen再也听不到她一直
深爱着的音乐了。选项B是正确的。
解析6:前面提到她学习的是音乐,并想当歌手或钢琴家。后面的but转折,
说她还是决定改变。所以这句中的would never强调与改变相反的事:
弹钢琴。因此,这里应是永远不会放弃。give back归还,give in屈服,
give off放出,give up放弃。选项D是正确的。
解析7:从后面所说,Shirley Allen转学,由原来学习音乐改为学英语,可
以断定Shirley Allen不放弃弹钢琴,但她还是要改换专业,选项B是正
确的。
• In 1966 Shirley 8 from Gallaudet and looked for a job.
She wanted to be independent.
• She was asked to work at Gallaudet University as a 9
supervisor. Shirley supervised young women who lived
on campus during the school year. She also taught
English. Somehow she found time to 10
graduate
school at Howard University in Washington, D.C.
8. A. graduated B. studied
C. trained
D. gained
9. A. security
B. traffic
C. library
D. dorm
10. A. attend
B. describe C. search
D. find
解析8:前面提过Gallaudet是所大学,后面又说找工作。可见,这里是说
Shirley Allen从这个大学毕业后就找工作使自己独立。选项A是正确的。
解析9:后面说她的工作是管理住校的女学生。那么她的头衔应是宿舍管
理员。选项D是正确的。
解析10: attend出席、参加,graduate school研究生院。加入研究生院的
学习。选项A是正确的。
•
In 1972, Shirley received her M.A. degree in counseling
11 that institution.
• Always ready for a new challenge, Shirley became a
professor at National Technical Institute for the Deaf
(NTID) in 1973 and she was also the
12 black and
deaf teacher on campus.
11. A. at
B. from
C. in
D. out
12. A. mere
B. just
C. very
D. only
解析11:在哪个学院获得学位或从哪个学校毕业用介词from。选项B是正
确的。
解析12: mere仅仅的、纯粹的,very恰恰(超强调作用),just仅仅、正
好,only唯一的。选项D是正确的。
• NTID is located in Rochester, New York. This college
offers 13 and hard-of-hearing students technical and
professional training.
• This 14 woman became the first black deaf female in
the world to receive her Ph. D in 1992, the 15 degree
in education from the University of Rochester in New
York.
13. A. students B. teachers C. deaf
D. Shirley
14. A. strict
B. athletic C. wealthy D. amazing
15. A. high
B. higher
C. highest
D. much higher
解析13: offer sb sth为某人提供某事。空后是有听力障碍的人,由and连
接,可以断定and前也应该是某种人。根据上下文,应是失聪的人。
选项C是正确的。
解析14:后半句说她是世界上第一位获得博士学位的黑人失聪女性。
Shirley Allen肯定是一个非同一般的人。strict严格的,athletic运动的,
wealthy富有的,amazing令人惊异的。选项D是正确的。
解析15:博士学位是教育的最高学位,用最高级,并且最高级前用定冠词。
选项C是正确的。
第五篇
• Los Angeles has planted 2,000 rubber trees down the
middle of one of its main streets. These trees do not 1
rubber. They are, 2 , made of rubber. Mr Joe Dynamo,
a spokesman for Los Angeles 3 council, explained the
reasons. He said:
1. A. invent B. do
C. produce
D. create
2. A. in fact B. eventually C. practically D. as a matter
3. A. country B. state
C. city
D. county
解析1: invent发明,create创造,produce生产。根据前面所说,种植的
是橡胶树,因此应是“生产”橡胶。选项C是正确的。
解析2:种的是橡胶树却不能生产橡胶,这里是解释原因。用“事实上in
fact”解释,所种的不是真的橡胶树。选项A是正确的。
解析3:洛杉矶是一个城市的名字,council是政府机构。所以,这里应指
的是市政府,而不是国家、州或县政府。选项C是正确的。
• “These 4 are representative of our virtual society. We
have polystyrene grass on our golf 5 . We have nonmilk powder 6 our coffee.
4. A. plants
B. trees
C. rubber
D. streets
5. A. courses B. places
C. courts
D. playground
6. A. on
B. of
C. at
D. in
解析4: these肯定指的是前面所说的橡胶做的橡胶树。这段是用其他的例
子说明,其他的很多东西我们都用的是代用品,橡胶树当然也同样可
以。选项B是正确的。
解析5:高尔夫场地用course,golf course。选项A是正确的。
解析6:在咖啡里,用in。选项D是正确的。
• We 7
copies in plastic of old wooden furniture. We
have fiberglass tombstones. 8 shouldn’t we have trees
mad of rubber?”
• “At 50 miles an hour, 9 motorist will see any difference.
7. A. make
B. introduce C. build
D. set
8. A. What
B. How
C. When
D. Why
9. A. some
B. no
C. many
D. a few
解析7:根据上下文,这里指的是用不同的材料做家具。制作家具用make。
选项A是正确的。
解析8:前面举了几个例子说明很多东西都可用替代品来做,这里是问句
表示肯定。应用表示询问原因的词。选项D是正确的。
解析9:这里是说假树在某种条件下看不出来的。所以,应当选择表示否
定的词。选项B是正确的。
• And our preservation 10 will be lower. You give the
trees an annual rinse with detergent, and 11 them off
twice a year.
10. A. costs
11. A. sweep
B. price
B. wash
C. money
C. tidy
D. award
D. dust
解析10:下面讲了对真树要做很多的维护性工作,要有一定的支出。根据
这个含义,比较四个选项,选项A是正确的。用假树花费会低一些。
解析11:根据上下文,可以看出这里讲的是对假树的清洁工作:清洗和除
尘。sweep them off把树扫掉,wash them off把树洗掉,tidy整理。
都不符合文章含义。选项D是正确的。
• We 12 a lot of money because transplanting, pruning,
weeding and leaf-collection are all 13 .
12. A. waste
B. keep
C. save
D. store
13. A. essential B. accidental C. unnecessary D. necessary
解析12:根据上下文,清洁工作简单,也不用下面提到的修枝、移植等,
当然就省钱。选项C是正确的。
解析13:因为是假树、除草、扫落叶当然就没有必要了。选项C是正确的。
• And we have a 60-year 14 guarantee on each plant.
This is rationalization at 15 best.”
14. A. fade
B. non-fade C. die away D. everlasting
15. A. one’s B. its
C. their
D. the
解析14:因为是假树,所以可以保持在一定时间内不变色、枯萎。
Everlasting表示永久的,文章中已经给出具体的时间了,所以排除。
选项B是正确的。
解析15: at one’s best强有力的、全盛的。One’s表示它代表的事物,所
有格。应为its,这里it指的是rationalization(强辩、说明)。选项B
是正确的。
第六篇
• When all the people had assembled, the king,
surrounded by his court, 1 a signal. Then a door
beneath him opened, and the accused man stepped 2
into the arena. Directly opposite him were two doors,
exactly 3 and side by side.
1. A. give
B. gives
C. gave
D. given
2. A. down
B. out
C. in
D. away
3. A. alike
B. out
C. big
D. closed
解析1:因为叙述的是发生过的故事,用过去时。选项C是正确的。
解析2:门打开,肯定是“走出step out”一个人。选项B是正确的。
解析3:“门 door”后用逗号,后面的短语是进一步说明是什么样的门。空
前用exactly表示极为精确。四个选项中alike最合题意,说明两扇门是
一样的。选项A是正确的。
• It was the duty and the privilege of the 4 on trial to walk directly to
these 5 and open one of them. He 6 open either door he
pleased; he was subject to no 7 or influence.
4. A. person
B. king
C. people
D. lady
5. A. door
B. doors
C. audience
D. signals
6. A. should
B. would
C. must
D. could
7. A. push.
B. direction C. heading
D. guidance
解析4: On trial处于审讯中。根据上下文,选项A是正确的,其他的选项
都不合理。
解析5:这里让打开其中一扇。门是需要打开的,而且上面说过是两扇门。
所以,选项B是正确的。
解析6: Should,would,must所表示的应该、愿意、必须都不合题意。
根据空后面所说,他可以根据自己的意愿开任何一扇门,表示可能性。
选项D是正确的。
解析7:根据上下文,开哪扇门完全没有依据,也没有任何的指点。选项D
是正确的。
•
If he opened the one, there came out of it a hungry tiger, the 8
and most cruel that could be found, which 9 sprang upon him and
tore him to pieces as a punishment for his guilt. 10 , if the accused
person opened the other door, out of it came a 11 lady, and to this
lady he was immediately married, as a reward of his innocence.
8. A. fiercest
B. wild
C. softest
D. weak
9. A. immediately. B. usually
C. sometimes D. frequently
10. A. Therefore.
B. Though C. But.
D. When
11 .A. little
B. angry
C. beautiful
D. old
解析8: And后面是最高级,空前有定冠词,也应是最高级,其意义应与
and后面的词相近,因为前面说老虎出来了,可以想象其场面。选项
A是正确的。
解析9:饥饿的老虎冲出来,肯定会立即扑向这个人。选项A是正确的。
解析10:前面讲了如果开了一扇门,可能出来的是老虎,其结局会很惨。
而另外的一扇门出来的则是美女。两扇门的打开会有完全不同的结果。
所以这里应用转折词,选项C是正确的。
解析11:后面说,如果门里出来的是女人则表明这个人是无罪的。这个女
人则是对他的奖赏,那么这个女人应该是美丽的。选项C是正确的。
• This was the 12 method of administering justice. Its perfect
fairness is obvious. The criminal could 13 know out of which door
would come the lady; he opened either he pleased, without having
the slightest 14 whether, in the next instant, he was to be
devoured or married. So the accused person was instantly 15 if
guilty, and, if innocent, he was rewarded on the spot.
12. A. criminal’s
B. king’s
C. lady’s
D. tiger’s
13. A. even
B. also
C. especially D. not
14. A. interest
B. belief
C. idea
D. reason
15. A. punish
B. punishing C. punishes
D. punished
解析12: Administering justice执法。这就是国王如何判断有罪与无罪的
方法。选项B是正确的。
解析13:用否定式。因为前面已经说过,受审的人并不知道哪扇门会走出
老虎,哪扇门会走出美丽的姑娘。选项D是正确的。
解析14: idea主意、迹象、想法。受审的人没有丝毫的主意下一步他会怎
样。选项C是正确的。
解析15:空前已有了was,并且,“受到惩罚”应用被动态。选项D是正
确的。on the spot 当场、现场。
第七篇
•
What do we mean by a perfect English pronunciation?
In one 1 there are as many different kinds of English
as there are speakers of it. 2 two speakers speak in
exactly the same 3 .
1. A. meaning
B. sense
C. case
D. situation
2. A. Not
B. No
C. None.
D. Nor
3. A. type
B. form
C. sort
D. way
解析1: in one sense:固定搭配,“从某种意义上说”/
解析2:谓语的否定形式前置。“No two speakers speak…”
即“two speakers do not speak…”。
解析3: the same way:“同样的方式”/
•
We can always hear differences 4 them, and the
pronunciation of English 5 a great deal in different
geographical 6 .
4. A. between
B. among C. in
D. within
5. A. changes
B. varies
C. shifts
D. alters
6. A. areas
B. parts
C. countries D. spaces
解析4: between用于两者之间(的差别)。
解析5: vary in …指“在……方面的变化”。
解析6: parts:着重于指“部分”;spaces:着重指“空间
地方”;“areas”着重“区域”。
•
How do we decide what sort of English to use as a 7 ?
This is not a question that can be 8 in the same way
for all foreign learners of English.
7. A. direction B. guide
C. symbol
D. model
8. A. given
B. responded C. satisfied D. answered
解析7: direction:“方向”;guide:“向导”;symbol:
“象征,符号”;model:“模型,典型”。
解析8:“answer”对应前面的“question”。
•
9 you live in a part of the world 10 India or West
Africa, where there is a long 11 of speaking English for
general communication purposes, you should 12 to
acquire a good variety of the pronunciation of this area.
9. A. Because
B. When
C. If
D. Whether
10. A. as
B. in
C. like
D. near
11. A. custom
B. use
C. tradition
D. habit
12. A. aim
B. propose C. select
D. tend
解析9: if引导条件状语从句。
解析10:这是需要的介词,只有“like”符合题意,意为
“像……一样”,A若为“such as”也对。
解析11: a long tradition of…“……的悠久传统”。
解析12: tend to :“倾向于……,易于……”。
•
•
It would be a 13 in these circumstances to use as a
model BBC English or 14 of the sort. On the other
hand, if you live in a country 15 there is no
traditional use of English. You must take as your model
some form of native English pronunciation. It does not
matter very much which form you choose. The most
effective way is to take as your model the sort of
English you can hear most often.
13. A. fashion B. mistake C. nonsense
D. possibility
14. A. everything B. nothing C. anything
D. things
15. A. where
B. that
C. which
D. wherever
解析13: It would be a fashion…“这将是一种时尚……”。
解析14: anything of the sort:“任何这种类型的东西”。
解析15:这里状语从句需要的是关系副词引导定语从句修饰
“a country”。
第八篇
•
How many different kinds of emotions do you feel? You may be 1
to find that it is very hard to specify all of them. Not only are
emotional feelings hard to describe in words, but also they are
difficult to 2 . As a result, two people rarely agree on all of them.
However, there are a number of 3 emotions that most people
experience.
1. A. shocked B. astounded C. surprised D. bewildered
2. A. list
B. recognize C. arrange
D. understand
3. A. necessary B. vital
C. essential D. basic
解析1: surprised“意外的”;shocked:“震惊的”;bewildered:“迷
惑的”;astounded:“震惊的”。
解析2: list:“列举”。
解析3: basic emotions:基本情感。
•
When we receive something that we want, of something happens
4 we like, we usually feel joy or happiness. Joy is a positive and
powerful emotion, 5 for which we all strive. It is natural to want
to be happy, and all of us search for happiness. As a general 6 ,
joy occurs when we reach a 7 goal or obtain a desired object.
4. A. if
B. what
C. that
D. when
5 A. one
B. the one
C. very one
D. only one
6. A. practice B. rule
C. law
D. sense
7. A. desired B. desirous
C. prospective D. fascinated
解析4: something不定代词必须由that引导定语从句。
解析5: the one指代上文提及的“a positive and powerful emotion”。
解析6: as a general rule:习惯用语“通常地,一般而言”。
解析7: desired:“渴望的,希望实现的”与下半句“a desired object”
相呼应。
•
8 people often desire different goals and objects, it is
understandable that one person may find joy in repairing an
automobile, but also 9 another may find joy in solving a math
problem. Of course, we often share 10 goals or interests and
therefore we can experience joy together. This may be in sports, in
theatres, in learning, in raising a family, or of 11 being together.
8. A. For.
B. When
C. Since
D. Being
9. A. however B. if
C. while
D. even though
10. A. same
B. common
C. positive D. different
11. A. just
B. purely
C. right
D. even
解析8: Since:“既然”,连词引导状语从句。For:作为连词时一般不
用于句首。
解析9: while作连词时,表示“然而,但是”的转折关系。
解析10: share common goals:“有共用的理想/目标”,习惯用法。
解析11: just:“仅仅,不过”的意思,仅仅聚在一起。
• When we have difficulty in obtaining desired objects or reaching
desired goals we experience 12 emotions such as anger and grief.
When little things get in our way, we experience 13 frustration or
tensions. For example, if you are dressing to go out 14 a date,
you may feel frustration when a zipper breaks or a button falls off.
12. A. bad
B. unpleasant
C. uneasy
D. negative
13. A. little
B. unnecessary C. less
D. minor
14. A. on
B. in
C. for
D. to
解析12: negative:“消极的”,对应上文中的“a positive…emotion”。
解析13: minor:“较少的,少数的,次要的”对应前文的“little things”。
解析14: go out for a date:“出去赴约会”。
• The more difficulty you have in reaching a goal, the more frustrated
you may feel and the more angry you may become. If you really
want something to happen, and you feel it 15 happen, but
someone or something stops it, you may become quite angry.
15. A. will.
B. shall
C. should
解析15: should表示“应该……”的意思。
D. would
第九篇
• Even a careful motorist may have the misfortune to commit a
motoring 1 . In due course, having received a summons(传票),
he will appear in a police-court. In the court, the motorist hears his
name called by the clerk of the court, and comes forward to 2
himself. The magistrate(地方法官)then calls for the policeman
who 3 the offender and asks him to give evidence.
1. A. offence
B. crime
C. mistake
D. accident
2. A. identify
B. report
C. prove
D. defend
3. A. arrested
B. punished C. scolded
D. charged
解析1: commit an offence:“犯规,违章”;commit a crime:“犯
罪”;commit a mistake“犯错误”。
解析2: identify oneself:“查验某人的身份”。defend oneself:“为自
己辩护”。
解析3: charge:“指挥,控告”;accuse:“控诉,起诉”;arrest:
“逮捕”。
• The officer takes the oath to tell the truth, the whole truth, and
nothing but the truth. He also is expected to give an account 4
what happened when the offence was committed and to mention
any special circumstances. For instance, the offence 5 partly due
to the foolishness of another motorist. It would be unwise for the
accused motorist to exaggerate this. It will not help his case to try to
blame 6 for his own mistake.
4. A. about
B. for
C. of
D. in
5. A. should have been
B. must have been
C. may have been
D. could have been
6. A. someone else
B. something else
C. other someone
D. another someone
解析4: give an account of sth.“描述某件事”。
解析5: should have been:“本应该”;could have been:“本来可
以”;must have been:“肯定是”,may have been“可能应该”。
解析6:考查固定搭配someone else:“其他人”。
• The magistrate, 7 hearing that some other motorist is involved,
will doubtless say:“What is being done about this
man?”“Case coming up later this afternoon,” may 8 be the
answer.
•
9 you are guilty, it is of course wise to plead and apologize for
committing the offence and 10 the court’s time.
7. A. on
B. as
C. to
D. in
8. A. as well
B. well
C. as well as
D. just
9. A. If
B. Unless
C. Although
D. While
10. A. taking on
B. taking in
C. taking over
D. taking up
解析7:考查“onV-ing”结构,意为“一……就……”。
解析8: may well:“很可能”。
解析9:根据上下文的语意及逻辑关系,“If”引导的条件状语从句为正确
答案。
解析10: take on:(1)雇用;(2)呈现,显现;take in:(1)吸收;
(2)欺骗;take over:接管;take up:(1)占用(2)从事。
• Magistrates are not heartless and a motorist may be lucky enough to
hear one say:“There are mitigating circumstances, 11 you
have broken the law and I am obliged to impose a fine. Pay five
pounds. Next case”. 12 many offences, if you wish to plead guilty
you may do so by post and avoid 13 the court at all.
11. A. since
B. as
C. but
D. if
12. A. For.
B. As.
C. Like
D. To
13. A. attending
B. to attend
C. attend
D. having attended
解析11:能与“and”对应同时出现在一个句子中的并列连词只能是“but”,
其他几个选项都是主从复合句连词,不能与“and”并用。
解析12: for many offences:“对许多违规情况而言”。
解析13:“avoid doing”的固定搭配用法。
• Some short-tempered people forget that both policemen and
magistrates have a public duty to 14 and are rude to them. This
does not pay and rightly so! A magistrate will not let off an offender
15 because he is respectable, but the courteous(有礼貌的)
lawbreakers may certainly hope that the magistrate will extend to
him what tolerance the law permits.
14. A. act
15. A. slightly
B. perform
B. particularly
C. carry
C. exactly
解析14: perform a public duty:“执行公务”。
解析15: merely:“仅仅,只不过”相当于“only”。
D. implement
D. merely
第十篇
• From childhood to old age, we all use language as a means of
broadening our knowledge of ourselves and the world about us.
When humans first 1 , they were like newborn children, unable to
use this valuable tool. Yet once language developed, the
possibilities for human kind’s future 2 and cultural growth
increased.
1. A. generated
2. A. attainments
B. evolved
B. feasibility
C. born
D. originated
C. entertainments D. evolution
解析1: evolved:“进化,发展”;generated:“生殖,发展”,born:
“诞生”不能作为谓语动词。originated:“发端,起源”。
解析2: attainments:“成就,功绩”;feasibility:“可行性,可能性”;
entertainments:“娱乐,消遣”;evolution:“进化”。
• Many linguists believe that evolution is 3 for our ability to produce
and use language. They claim that our highly evolved brain provides
us 4 an innate(天生的) language ability not found in lower
organisms. Proponents(支持者)of this innateness theory say that
our 5 for language is inborn, but that language itself develops
gradually, 6 a function of the growth of the brain during childhood.
Therefore there are critical biological times for language
development.
3. A. essential
B. available
C. reliable
D. responsible
4. A. for
B. from
C. of
D. with
5. A. potential
B. performance C. preference
D. passion
6. A. as
B. just as
C. like
D. unlike
解析3: be responsible for:“为……负责的”属于固定搭配,引申为
“影响,导致”。
解析4: provide sb. with sth.:“向某人提供某物”。
解析5: potential:“潜力”;performance:“施行、履行”;
preference:“喜好,偏爱”;passion:“激情”。
解析6: as:“作为,当作”,原句的意思是:“语言本身作为童年时期
大脑生长的一种功能,……”。
• Current 7 of innateness theory are mixed; however, evidence
supporting the existence of some innate abilities is undeniable.
8 ,more and more schools are discovering that foreign languages
are best taught in 9 grades.
7. A. reviews
8. A .In a word.
9. A. various
B. reference
B. In a sense.
B. different
C. reaction
C. Indeed
C. the higher
D. recommendation
D. In other words
D. the lower
解析7: reviews:“评论,论文”;reference:“参考”;reaction:
“反应”;recommendation:“推荐”。
解析8: indeed在此处的意思是“甚至”,符合此句中表递进的关系。
解析9:联系下文中“young children often…”可知这里应填“the lower”:
“低年级的”。
• Yong children often can learn several languages by being 10 to
them, while adults have a much harder time learning another
language once the 11 of their first language have become firmly
fixed.
10. A. revealed
11. A. regulations
B. exposed
B. formations
C. engaged
C. rules
D. involved
D. constitutions
解析10: be exposed to:“接触到,暴露于”固定搭配。
解析11: rule:“规则,规定”;regulation:“规定”;formation:
“构成”;constitution:“宪章”。
•
12 some aspects of language are undeniably innate, language
does not develop automatically in a vacuum. Children who have
been isolated from other human beings do not possess language.
This demonstrates that 13 with other human beings is necessary
for proper language development.
12. A. Although
13. A. exposition
B. Whether
B. comparison
C. Since.
C. contrast
D. When
D. interaction
解析12:分析前一分句与后一个分句的语意,我们可以推知这里需要一个
表示转折关系的连词,Although:“虽然”正符合题意。
解析13: interaction:“相互作用,相互影响”,其他几个选项不符合语
意。
• Some linguists believe that this is even more basic to human
language 14 than any innate capacities. These theorists view
language as imitative, learned behavior. 15 ,children learn
language from their parents by imitating them. Parents gradually
shape their child’s language skills by positively reinforcing precise
imitations and negatively reinforcing imprecise ones.
14. A. acquisition
15. A. As a result
B. appreciation C. requirement
D. alternative
B. After all
C. In other words D. Above all
解析14: acquisition:“获得,获取”与“developments”相对应。
解析15: In other words:“换言之”,固定搭配;As a result:“结果
是”;After all:“毕竟”;Above all:“首先地”。
第十一篇
• Henry’s job was to examine cars crossed the frontier to make sure
that they were not smuggling anything into the country. Every
morning, except weekends, he 1 see a factory worker coming up
the hill towards frontier, pushing a bicycle with a big load of old straw
on it. When the bicycle 2 the frontier, Henry used to stop the man
and make him take the straw off and 3 it.
1. A. should
B. would
C. might
D. must
2. A. arrived
B. appeared C. came
D. reached
3. A. show
B. load
C. untie
D. loose
解析1: would:可用于表示过去经常做某事,相当于“used to”。
解析2: arrived常与at/in搭配;appeared:“出现”是不及物动词;
came常与to/at搭配,也是不及物动词,能带宾语的只有D: reached。
解析3: show:“表演,展示”;load:“装载”;untie:“解开,松
开”;loose:“松的,自由的”。
•
Then he would examine the straw very carefully to see 4 he could find
anything, after which he would look in all the man’s pockets before he let
him tie the straw up again. The man would then put it on his bicycle and go
off down the hill with it. Although Henry was always 5 to find gold or
jewelry or other valuable things hidden is the straw, he never found 6 ,
even though he examined it very carefully.
4. A. that
B. where
C. how
D. whether
5. A. lucky
B. expecting
C. suspecting
D. insisting
6. A. nothing
B. something
C. everything
D. anything
解析4: that在引导宾语从句时不作任何句子成分;where作为疑问副词,
引导宾语从句时在句中充当地点状语,how是疑问副词;whether一
般引导间接引语。
解析5: insist in(doing)sth:“坚持做某事”;lucky:“幸运的”,在
此处不符合逻辑;suspect:“怀疑”,常跟that引导的从句或不定式
的复合结构;expect可带不定式,表示“希望,估计”的意思。
解析6: nothing与句中的“never”不能并用在此句中。something不用于否
定句或疑问句;everything不符合题意,故都可排除。
• He was sure that the man was 7
something, but he was not
able to imagine what it could be.
• Then one morning, after he had looked 8 the straw and emptied
the factory worker’s pockets 9 usual, he 10 to him, “Listen, I
know that you are smuggling things 11 this frontier.
7. A. cheating
B. smuggling
C. stealing
D. pushing
8. A. through
B. thoroughly
C. upon
D. on
9. A. then
B. more
C. as
D. like
10. A. cried
B. said
C. ordered
D. told
11. A. cross
B. behind
C. across
D. into
解析7: cheating:“欺骗”,smuggling:“走私,逾运”;stealing:
“偷盗”;pushing:“推动”。
解析8:考查动词与介词的搭配,look on:“旁观”;look upon:“视为,
对待”;look through:“翻阅,检查”。
解析9: as usual:“像往常一样”。
解析10: cried常与out 连用“大声喊”;say(sth.)to sb.:“对某人讲
(某事)”;ordered:“命令”;tell:“告诉”,从后面语意知,
Henry’s口气不是很强硬,所以不用order。
解析11:考查介词的区别用法,cross是动词;behind:“在……后面”;
across:“穿过,跨越”;into:“进入……”。
• Won’t you tell me what it is that you’re bringing into the country so
successfully? I’m an old man, and today is my last day on the 12 .
Tomorrow I’m going to 13 . I promise that I shall not tell 14 if
you tell me what you’ve been smuggling.” The factory worker did not
say anything for 15 . Then he smiled, turned to Henry and said
quietly:“Bicycles.”
12. A. job
B. work
C. case
D. duty
13. A. return
B. retreat
C. retire
D. rest
14. A. everyone
B. someone
C. no one
D. anyone
15. A. long time
B. period
C. moment
D. some time
解析12: job:一般指具体性的工作;work:指抽象的工作,不可数;
case:“案例,情况”;duty:“职责,责任”;on duty:“值班,
当班”;off duty:“下班”。
解析13:相同前缀动词辨析。return:“返回”;retreat:“撤退,撤
回”;retire:“退休”;rest:“休息”。
解析14:考查不定代词的用法。everyone:“每一个人”;someone:
“某人”,用于肯定句;no one:“没有人”;anyone:不确指某
人,指“任何人”,用于否定句或疑问句。
解析15: a long time是固定搭配,其中的不定冠词“a”不能省略;period:
“期间”一般用复数;moment需要与不定冠词“a”搭配使用;some
time表示“一会儿”。
第十二篇
• During the Olympic Games, people from all over world
come together in peace and friendship. The first Olympic
Games that we have 1 of was in Greece in 776 B. C.
The games lasted one day. The only 2 in the first
thirteen Olympic Games was a race. Men ran the length
of the stadium. In 1896 the games were 3 again in
Athens, Greece.
1. A. books
B. history
C. records
D. publications
2. A. event
B. activities C. sport
D. play
3. A. held
B. took
C. set
D. planned
• The Greeks 4 a new stadium for the competition. 311
5 from thirteen countries 6 in many events. The 7
became national heroes. After 1896, the games were
held every four years during the summer in different
cities around the 8 . In 1908, in London, England, the
first gold 9 were given to winning athletes.
4. A. made
B. built
C. did
D. started
5. A. people
B. players
C. teams
D. athletes
6. A. fought
B. against
C. lasted
D. competed
7. A. failures B. winners
C. athletes D. players
8. A. country B. universe C. world
D. area
9. A. medals B. price
C. money
D. title
• The Olympic Winter Games 10 in 1924 in. Chamonix,
France. Athletes competed in 11 events such as skiing,
ice skating and ice hockey. Today, the Winter Games
take place 12 four years. Until recently, Olympic
competitors could not be 13 athletes. All of the
athletes in the Olympic Games were amateurs. Today,
14 , many of the Olympic athletes are professionals
who play their sports 15 money during the year. Some
people disagree with this idea.
10. A. held
11. A. summer
12. A. any
13. A. professional
14. A. whereas
15. A. for
B. began
B. spring
B. other
B. amateur
B. however
B. by
C. took
C. winter
C. between
C. special
C. whoever
C. with
D. joined
D. fall
D. every
D. ordinary
D. whenever
D. out of
第十三篇
• “My name is Jim Shelley and I’m an addict (有瘾的
人)……”
•
With these words I began to 1 the problem, the
problem of my telephone addiction. I used to call people
2 , from the moment I woke up to the time I went to
sleep. I waited to be phoned. I want to phone. Just one
more call.
•
It started socially--- a few calls each day. It seemed
3 just a quick chat. Gradually though, the situation got
worse. Soon it was 4 use, until finally, addiction.
1. A. face
B. find
C. accept D. notice
2. A. now and then B. all the time C. at home D. at work
3. A. polite
B. important C. fine
D. special
4. A. frequent
B. regular
C. unusual D. particular
• And it began to affect my 5 . During the day I would
disappear for 6 call. If I couldn’t make a call, I spent the
whole time waiting for the phone to ring. Getting more
and more anxious, in the end, I would ring someone,
then someone else, 7 myself just one more call.
5. A. friends
6. A. a quick
7. A. forcing
B. study
B. a secret
B. telling
C. family
C. an expected
C. giving
D. work
D. an extra
D. limiting
• I was phoning people and leaving messages to make
sure 8 calls would see me through the day. I used to
arrive at friends’ homes and before the door was closed,
go straight for the phone with the 9 “Is it OK if I just
use the phone……?”At work, I became 10 when my
fellow workers tried to 11 me from using the phone.
And one day I hit my boss (with the phone).
8. A. long
B. immediate C. enough D. surprising
9. A. saying
B. demands
C. wish
D. words
10. A. careful B. mad
C. determined D. helpless
11. A. save
B. reduce
C. protect
D. stop
• Finally the police caught me 12 a phone box that had taken my
last one pound coin, and I was 13 to see a psychiatrist(心理医
生).
• I haven’t 14 a phone in the house for three weeks now, and it’s
several days since I used a phone box. I try not to watch TV
because there are 15 people on it making phone calls. My name
is Jim Shelley and I am an addict.
12. A. destroying B. using
13. A. offered
B. guided
14. A. missed
B. had
15. A. always
B. just
C. stealing
C. ordered
C. received
C. more
D. emptying
D. reminded
D. fixed
D. different
第十四篇
• Nobody wants to be 1 . Unfortunately our bodies can
develop problems. When we aren’t 2 , our bodies tell
us. Sometimes a part of our body hurts. When a part of
our body 3 , we say we have aches and pains. We
can have aches and pains 4 different parts of the body.
1. A. sleep
B. bad
C. cold
D. sick
2. A. healthy
B. good
C. health
D. fat
3. A. hurt
B. hurting
C. hurts
D. have hurt
4. A. at
B. in
C. on
D. with
• We call some simple 5 problems “aches.” For example,
we can have a headache, a toothache, and earache, a
backache 6 a stomachache. Other simple problems
are not 7 aches, so we describe them in different ways.
For example, we can have a sore throat, a sore leg or a
sore toe.
5. A. healthy
B. health
C. well
D. fat
6. A. and
B. as well as C. nor
D. or
7. A. talked
B. spoken
C. seen
D. called
• “Pain” is another word that we use to 8 a problem. We
can have a pain in the chest, a pain in the shoulder or
pain 9 the back. A pain is strong. Also, a pain hurts in
a specific place. When aches and pains aren’t too 10 ,
we can 11 medicine in the drugstore. Usually small
aches go away quickly.
8. A. describe B. tell
C. talk
D. speak
9. A. at
B. on
C. in
D. over
10. A. light
B. serious
C. series
D. heavy
11. A. sell
B. buy
C. get
D. have
• When pain is more serious, we 12 to visit the doctor
(or the dentist). The doctor asks us what our symptom
(症状)are. The doctor may 13 do tests or X-rays to
14 what is wrong. Then he or she will tell us 15 .
12. A. having B. had
C. have
D. has
13. A. must
B. should to C. not but must D. have to
14. A. believe B. know
C. talk
D. say
15. A. to do what
B. what to do
C. what should they do D. they to do what
第十五篇
• Tracy Wong is a well-known Chinese-American writer.
But her writing skill was something she picked up by
herself. After her first 1 , teaching disabled children,
she became a part-time writer for IBM. 2 , writing
stories was simply a 3 interest. Tracy sent three of her
stories to a publisher(出版商). Interested, they
immediately suggested that she put them together to
make a single one long 4 and paid Tracy a 15,000
advance. “A pretty money,” said the publisher, “for 5
writer.”
1. A. duty
B. effort
C. job
D. task
2. A. Instead B. Normally C. Certainly D. Then
3. A. general B. deep
C. personal D. lively
4. A. film
B. story
C. program D. article
5. A. a foreign B. a popular C. an unusual D. an unknown
• 6 Tracy’s characters(人物)are interesting, her
stories sometimes 7 readers uneasy::those about
the supernatural. “My mother believed I could 8 the
afterlife world,” she told a close friend. “She used to have
me speak with my grandmother, who died many years
ago.”
6. A. Now that
B. Even though
C. Just because
D. Except that
7. A. find
B. turn
C. leave
D. hold
8. A. make up B. connect with
C. control
D. explain
• “Can I ? I don’t think I can,” Tracy said with a laugh. “But
I do have 9 when things come to me for no reason.”
Once, she was wondering how to complete a 10 set in
ancient China. Suddenly the doorbell rang. It was a
FedEx delivery man, with a copy of a book on Chinese
11 . It came without her having 12 it.
9. A. events
10. A. description
11. A. cooking
12. A. known
B. chances
B. painting
B. history
B. sent
C. feelings
C. scene
C. play
C. realized
D. moments
D. talk
D. medicine
D. ordered
• Though she has published 10 books, Tracy has
remained 13 by her fame. She lives in the same 14
she lived 27 years ago---although in a more comfortable
home. There’s more room for joy in her life---and it
wasn’t just 15 .
13. A. unchanged B. excited C. determined D. unmoved
14. A. life
B. city
C. house
D. way
15. A. writing
B. reporting C. luck
D. fun
第十六篇
• A high school history teacher once told us, “If you make
one close friend in school, you will be most fortunate. A
true friendship is someone who stays with you for life.”
1 teaches that he was right. Good friendship is just not
easily 2 .
• It is possible that we simply do not stay in one place long
enough for a true friendship to 3 .
1. A. Knowledge B. Book C. Teacher
2. A. understood B. formed C. realized
3. A. design
B. intend C. develop
D. Experience
D. produced
D. appear
• However, we can be 4 disagreement on the need for
each of us to think carefully about the kind of friendship
we want.
• To most of us, 5 are considered very important, but we
need to have clear in our minds the kinds of friendship
we want. Are they to be close or 6 at arm’s length? Do
we want to share ourselves or do we want to walk on the
surface? For some people, many friendships on the
surface are 7 enough and that’s all right.
4. A. no
B. any
C. not
D. none
5. A. experiences
B. relationships
C. friendships
D. expectations
6. A. taken
B. left
C. given
D. kept
7. A. that
B. very
C. quite
D. not
• But at some point we need to make sure that our
expectations are the same as our friends’ expectations.
The sharing of 8 experience including our tears as
well as our dark dreams is the surest way to deepen
friendships. But it must be undertaken(进行)slowly
and 9 only if there are signs of interest and action
10 .
8. A. good
B. ordinary
9. A. carried through
C. carried on
10. A. by turns B. in return
C. social
D. personal
B. carried out
D. carried away
C. in turn
D. in answer
• What are some of the 11 of friendship? The greatest is
the attraction to expect too much too soon. Deep
relationships 12 time. Another “major difficulty” is the
selfishness to think one “possesses” the other, including
his time and attention. 13 , friendships require actions
in return.
11. A. difficulties
C. disadvantages
12. A. cost
B. spend
13. A. Differently
C. Similarly
B. differences
D. advantages
C. take
D. pay
B. Fortunately
D. However
• In other words, you must give as 14 as you take.
Finally, there is a question of taking care of. Unless you
spend reasonable time together, talking on the phone,
writing letters, doing things together, friendship will die
15 .
14. A. many
15. A. of
B. much
B. from
C. often
C. out
D. possible
D. away
第十七篇
• Shirley Allen loved to sing and play the piano. She
studied music in college. Her dream was to become a 1
or singer.
• Everything 2 when she was 20 years old. She became
sick with typhoid fever and almost died. Doctors gave
her 3 to help her get well, but the medicine 4 her to
become totally deaf. She could no longer 5 the music
which she had always loved.
1. A. pianist
B. professor C. clerk
D. supervisor
2. A. differed
B. confused C. changed D. mixed
3. A. suggestion B. advice
C. medicine D. prescription
4. A. allowed
B. tempted C. convinced D. caused
5. A. write
B. hear
C. perform
D. remember
• Shirley would never give 6 playing the piano, but she
did decide to change 7 . She transferred to Gallaudet
University and studied English. In 1966 Shirley 8 from
Gallaudet and looked for a job. She wanted to be
independent.
6. A. in
B. off
7. A. attitude
B. careers
8. A. graduated B. studied
C. back
C. friends
C. trained
D. up
D. clothes
D. gained
• She was asked to work at Gallaudet University as a 9
supervisor. Shirley supervised young women who lived
on campus during the school year. She also taught
English .Somehow she found time to___10____graduate
school at Haward University in Washington, D.C. In1972,
Shirley received her M.A. degree in counseling 11 that
institution.
9. A. security
10. A. attend
11. A. at
B. traffic
B. describe
B. from
C. library
C. search
C. in
D. dorm
D. find
D. out
• Always ready for a new challenge, Shirley became a
professor at National Technical Institute for the Deaf
(NTID)in 1973 and she was also the 12 black and
deaf teacher on campus. NTID is located in Rochester,
New York. This college offers 13 and hard-of-hearing
students technical and professional training.
12. A. mere
13. A. students
B. just
B. teachers
C. very
C. deaf
D. only
D. Shirley
• This 14 woman became the first black deaf female in
the world to receive her Ph. D in 1992, the 15 degree
in education from the University of Rochester in New
York.
14. A. strict
15. A. high
B. athletic
B. higher
C. wealthy
C. highest
D. amazing
D. much higher
第十八篇
• Sometimes I feel that being the mother of three small
children is like operating a large circus(马戏团). 1
afternoon last week, my three sons were playing
peacefully in the back yard, 2 the ball from one to
another. I jumped at the chance to talk to one of my
friends 3 the phone, but before I 4 to the phone, I
could tell the boys had begun to quarrel with each other
about something.
1. A. Certain
B.A
C. Some
D. One
2. A. catching
B. throwing C. beating
D. playing
3. A. through
B. in
C. on
D. by
4. A. went
B. came
C. reached
D. got
• I rushed out to 5 peace, but before I got there Charles
had__6___ a rock at Mark, and hit him in the eye. By the
time I got to the backyard, they had begun to 7 about
this. Even David, the oldest boy, who won’t usually fight
with anybody about 8 ,was involved.
5. A. keep
6. A. thrown
7. A. quarrel
8. A. nothing
B. make
B. hit
B. talk
B. something
C. get
C. beaten
C. worry
C. anything
D. have
D. stricken
D. fight
D. any thing
• First, I 9 them stop fighting, and then I examined
Mark’s eye. I decided that it wasn’t going to develop into
a black eye, but I felt that they should 10 at least a
little for 11 they had done. “I’m going to 12 to your
father about this when he comes home tonight,” I said.
9. A. told
10. A. suffer
11. A. fight
12. A. tell
B. ordered
B. punish
B. that
B. speak
C. let
C. criticize
C. things
C. report
D. made
D. beat
D. what
D. inform
• “He and I will think of how to punish you.” Things were
13 quiet after that for about half an hour, and then
Charles 14 a glass in the kitchen, and at almost the
same 15 , Mark fell out of the apple tree.
13. A. pretty
14. A. bet
15. A. moment
B. much
B. hit
B. second
C. very much
C. broke
C. minute
D. a lot
D. struck
D. hour
第十九篇
• It is the policy of keeping Africans inferior, and separate
from Europeans.
• They are to be kept separate by not being allowed to live
as citizens with rights in 1 towns. They may go to
European towns to work, but they may not have their
families there They must live in “Bantustans”, the native
areas. They are not to 2 with Europeans by sitting in
the 3 cafes, waiting-rooms, compartments of trains,
seats in parks.
1. A. European B. British
C. African D. American
2. A. deal
B. combine C. cope
D. mix
3. A. other
B. black
C. same
D. luxurious
• They are not to bathe from the same beaches, go to the
same cinema, play on the same game field or in the
same teams.
• Twelve percent of the land is 4 for the Africans to live
and farm on, and this is mostly dry, poor mountainous
land. Yet the Africans are three-quarters of the people.
They are 5 to go and work for the Europeans, not only
because their lands do not 6 enough food to keep
them, but also 7 they must earn money to pay their
taxes.
4. A. amounted B. counted C. left
D. utilized
5. A. determined B. about
C. expected D. forced
6. A. rise
B. possess C. store
D. grow
7. A. for
B. as
C. because
D. perhaps
• Each adult African man has to pay £1 a year poll-tax,
and ten shillings a year tax for his hut. 8 they go into
European areas to work they are not 9 to do skilled
work; they are hewers (砍伐者) of wood, and their wage
is about one-seventh of 10 a European would earn for
the same kind of work.
8. A. Since. B. When
C. Unless
D. After
9. A. allowed B. assumed C. encouraged D. returned
10. A. which
B. how
C. what
D. that
第二十篇
• The Red Cross is an international organization which
cares for people who are in 1 of help. A man in a
Paris hospital who needs blood, a woman in Mexico who
was injured 2 earthquake, and a family in India 3
lost their home in a storm may all 4 by the Read Cross.
1. A. lack
2. A. in
3. A. where
4. A. be aiding
B. short supply
B. at
B. in which
B. be aided
C. needing
C. when
C. that
C. aid
D. need
D. by
D. whom
D. aided
• The Red Cross exists in almost every country 5 the
world. The world Red Cross organizations are
sometimes called the Red Crescent, the Red Mogen
David, the Sun, and the Red Lion. All of these agencies
share a common goal of trying to help people in need.
• The idea of forming an organization to help the sick and
6 during a war started with lean Henry Dunant.
5. A. around
6. A. wounding
C. wounded
B. on
C. within
D. of
B. wound
D. being wounded
• In 1859, he observed how people were suffering on a
battlefield in Italy. He wanted to help all the wounded
people 7 of which side they were fighting for. The most
important result of his work was an international treaty
8 the Geneva Convention. It 9 prisoners of war, the
sick and wounded, and other citizens during a war.
7. A. regardless B. regarding C. regarded D. with regard
8. A. to call
B. calling
C. and calling D. called
9. A. pretends B. protests C. protects D. provides
• The American Red Cross was set up by Clara Barton in
1881. Today the Red Cross in the United States provides
a number of services for the public, such as helping
people in need, teaching first aid, 10 water safety and
artificial respiration, and providing blood.
10. A. to demonstrate
C. demonstration
B. demonstrating
D. demonstrates
第二十一篇
The use of nuclear power has already spread all over the
world. 1 , scientists still have not agreed 2 what
should be done with the large amounts of waste material
that tends to crease every year.
1. A. Moreover.
C. Therefore.
2. A. to
B. with
B. However.
D. Otherwise
C. on
D. in
• Most waste materials are 3 of simply by placing them
somewhere, But nuclear waste must be 4 with great
care. It gives off dangerous radiation and will continue be
deadly for hundreds, thousands even millions of years.
How should we get 5 of such waste material in such a
way 6 it will not harm the environment? Where can we
safely distribute it?
3. A. drained
C. composed
4. A. dealt
B. coped.
5. A. hold
B. grasp
6. A. as to
B. as
B. discharged
D. disposed
C. handled
D. processed
C. rid
D. free
C. so that
D. that
• One idea is to put this radioactive waste inside a thick
container, which is 7 dropped to the deep bottom of
the ocean. 8 some scientists believe that this way of
discarding nuclear waste could kill fish and other living
things in the oceans or interfere 9 their growth.
7. A. then
8. A. Still.
9. A. with
B. even
B. But.
B. for
C. therefore
C. Thereby
C. in
D. only
D. And
D. at
• Another way to remove nuclear waste is to send it into
space, to the sun, where it would be burned. Other
scientists suggest that this polluting material be buried
thousands of meters under the earth’s surface. Such
underground areas must be free of possible earthquakes.
Advances are being made. But it may still be many years
10 this problem could finally be settled.
10. A. until
B. after
C. before
D. unless
第二十二篇
There are two factors which determine an individual’s
intelligence. The first is the sort of 1 he is born with.
Human brains differ considerably, some being more
capable than others. 2 no matter how good a brain he
has to begin with, an individual will have a low level of
intelligence 3 he has opportunities to learn.
1. A. parents
2. A. But.
3. A. if
B. date
B. Still.
B. unless
C. brain
C. For
C. though
D. society
D. And
D. when
• So the second factor is what happens to the individual--the sort of 4 in which he is brought up. If an individual
is handicapped environmentally, it is likely that his brain
will fail to develop and he will 5 attain the level of
intelligence of which he is capable. The importance of
environment in determining and individual’s intelligence
can be 6 by the case study of the identical twins, Peter
and John.
4. A. situation
C. environment
5. A. always
B. never
6. A. denied
C. demonstrated
B. atmosphere
D. community
C. nearly
D. surely
B. disproved
D. ignored
• When the twins were three months old, their parents
died, and they were placed in 7 homes. Peter was
brought up by parents of low intelligence in an enclosed
community with few educational 8 . John, 9 , was
educated in the home of well-to-do parents who had
been to college.
7. A. remote
B. distant
8. A. possibilities
C. opportunities
9. A. therefore
C. consequently
C. separate
D. similar
B. faculties.
D. responsibilities
B. but
D. however
• This environmental difference continued until the twins
were in their late teens, when they were given tests to
measure their intelligence. John’s IQ was 125, twentyfive points higher than the 10 and forty points higher
than his identical brother.
10. A. ordinary
B. common
C. usual
D. average
第二十三篇
“Thank you” means you recognize someone has done
something for you. So we thank people all day 1 even
for the 2 things. If a waiter brings you a cup of tea, you
say “Thank you”. When you make payment for your food
and get your change, you say “Thank you” to the 3 .
1. A. about
B. long
2. A. smallest
C. most important
3. A. waiter
B. principal
C. over
D. round
B. largest
D. most unimportant
C. customer
D. postman
If someone shows your way in the street, you say “Thank
you”. If someone 4 you to dinner, you say: “Thank you,
I’d love to.” However, that’s OK. Too much expressions
of gratefulness will make people feel uncomfortable and
gives a sense of 5 thanks which does not 6
gratitude but insincerity.
4. A. demands B. orders
C. orders
5. A. empty
6. A. tell
C. meaningful D. violent
C. show
D. direct
B. grateful
B. signify
D. invites
For example, if your neighbor spends two hours of his
time 7 you repair your car, you will say “Thank you, I
really feel grateful for your help.” But one or two phrases
of that 8 is enough. If you go on and on 9
statements about his kindness, he will feel not thanked
but 10 and will not be happy to help you again.
7. A. to help
B. helping
C. on helping D. helped
8. A. sort
B. style
C. variety
9. A. by
B. through C. with
10. A. annoyed B. hated
C. satisfied
D. type
D. to
D. disturbed
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