1. 在十字路口
at the crossing
2. 在左边 /右边
on the left / right
3. (与……)有共同之处
in common with
4. 确保;确定;查明
make sure
5. 去乘车,去坐车
go on rides
6. 好像……;似乎……
It seems like sth.
7. 愿意(做某事);感觉像……
feel like (doing) sth
8. 失败;落空
fall through
9. 在某方面进步很快
make rapid achievements in
10.检查;审阅;
go through
11.许许多多的
a world of
12. 向左 / 右转
turn left / right
13. 通往
lead to
14. 肢体语言
body language
15. 帮某人一个忙
give sb. a hand with
16. 与……联络
communicate with sb.
17. 把……传达给
communicate … to …
18. 因文化不同而不同
vary from culture to culture
19. 调查;检查;注视……内部
look into
20. 用……问候某人
greet sb. sith
21. 结束;通过;接通电话
get through
22. 情绪低落
feel down
23. 左右地;横向地
from side to side
24. 追上;赶上;找出
come up with
25. 忍不住做某事
can’t help doing
26. 结束做某事
end up doing sth
27. 从头到尾
from beginning to end
28. 编造
make up
29. 尽可能……
as … as possible
30. 围成一个圈
in a circle
31. 扯下;撕毁;拆毁
tear down
32. 把……按顺序放好
put … in order
33. 眼睛接触
eye contact
34. 挥手
wave one’s hand
musements such as dancing,
1. Big cities have many a________,
singing, listening to concert and so on.
2. My brother and I are in the m_______,
because
inority
more people are against us than with us.
3. When my uncle went abroad to live, he left me his
ouvenir
watch as a s_______.
ducated
4. All the boys and girls should be e_______(教育).
ollection
5. Though he is young, he has a large c________
of
stamps. There are over one thousand!
rockets
6. How many _______(火箭)
have you seen in the
museum?
revented us from
7. It was the heavy rain that p_______
getting here in time.
8. Three people were trapped on the island. A
helicopter
_________(直升机)
was sent to rescue them.
9. Stephen William Hawking is disabled, but he is a
iant
g_____
The tides( 潮 汐 ) are caused by the
ttraction
a_______(吸引力)
of the moon for the earth.
10.The football match between France and England
in the Europe Cup was so exciting that it
hrilled all the people who watched it.
t______
11. Our plane was delayed for hours and the wait
ndless
seemed e_______.
huttles
12.The United States has sent up space s_______
but no other countries can do so now.
ivided
13.The teacher d_______
us into four groups.
14.-What kind of film do you prefer, Little Tom?
artoon
- I like c________
film the best because we can
easily understand them.
15.If you stay away from your family for a long time,
omesick
you will be h______.
ragon though we often say it
16.No one has seen a d______
is the symbol of our Chinese people.
onservation of trees, or
17.There is a need for the c_________
there will soon be no forests.
18.When Robert fell off his bicycle, his only
njury
wisted
i_______
was a t______(扭)
ankle(脚踝).
imagination
19.If you have no __________(
想 象 力 ) , it is
impossible for you to learn art well.
nfair
1. It is u______
that women can’t get the same pay
as me when they do a same job.
anaged to
2. I worked a long time and at last I m_______
work out the maths problem.
3. The workers are t_____
earing down the old houses so
that a new school will be built here.
atted him on the
ently
4. The teacher g______(轻轻地)
p_____
shoulder to comfort him.
razy
5. Some people consider Li Yang’s “C_______
English” is useful for practicing speaking English.
6. The American s_______,
which means “I don’t
hrugs
know”.
7. Our room is not big enough, so we have to buy
olded such as tables,
some things that can be f_____,
chairs and even the bed.
8. Will you join them in buying the things if you see
many ________(顾客)
gathering?
customers
9. The girls ran fast so that they could get to the
place a_____
head of time.
10.In our country, people greet each other with a
andshake instead of with a kiss.
h_______
forefinger
11. Rubbing the t______
means
humb and _______(食指)
money in our country.
12.When you meet an older person, it is polite for
ow to him.
you to b____
13.I crossed the street to a______
meeting him,
void
but he saw me and came running towards me.
apping
14.The boy got our attention by t_____(轻敲)
a
pencil.
irm
15.The man said with a f_____(坚决的)
voice, “You
must not stay here.”
16.Moving one’s hand up and down with the p_____
alm
facing down means “Come here.”
17.Because of his strange clothes, he immediately
ocus
became the f______
of attention when he
entered the office.
18.______
Anger is a short madness.(怒是短暂的疯狂。
)
19.A ________(
衣 箱 ) is enough to take your
suitcase
clothes with you on holiday.
ccurred at five o'clock, but we
20.The accident o______
didn't know because we were sleeping then.
1. 作为……出名
famous as
2. 担当
act as
3. 扮演;表现
act out
4. 想做某事
intend to do sth
5. 取笑某人
make fun of
6. 玩文字游戏
play with words
7. 即使;尽管
even if / even though
8. 至少
at least
9. 公用;共有;共同之处
in common
10.追溯到;从……开始有
date back to / date from
11.利用;使用
make use of
12.存在于
13.朝另一个方向
14.认为,看法
15.开走
16.撞掉下来
17.拾起,捡起,接收,听到
18.挑选;找出
19.大吃一惊
20.当作(认作)是……
21.谈话;发言
22.对某人发怒,生某人的气
23.为……做准备
exist in
in the other direction
think of
drive off
knock off
pick up
pick out
in great surprise
look on / upon … as
do / did the talking
be angry with sb.
plan for sth.
24. 对……满意
be satisfied with
25. 确定无疑
with certainty
26. 准时做……
be in time for sth
27. 等待做……
wait to do sth
28. 使眼睛睁开 着
keep one’s eye open
29. 冲某人嚷
shout at sb.
30. 主动把某物给某人
offer sb. Sth
31. 引进;引来;吸收
bring in
32. 在二直世纪八十年代
in the 1980s
33. 依靠;依赖;取决于……
depend on
34. 既……又;不但……而且
as well as
35. 不是……而是……
not … but…
36. 缺少
be short of
37. 作为……而著名;以……著称
be known as
38. 代表;象征
stand for
39. 换句话说
in other words
40. 做实验
do experiments
41. 向……学习
learn from
42. ……的指南
a guide to sth
43. 反对;不利于;违背
go against
44. 年复一年;一年又一年地
year after year
45. 流传;传下去
pass on / down
46. 一代接一代
from generation to
generaton
1. Students often say that they need a man of
umour
h________
as their teacher so that the class is
interesting.
2. You will not know whether it is b______
or sweet
itter
if you don’t taste it yourself.
3. I think the newly-married c_______
will be very
ouple
happy because they love each other deeply.
4. She said she a_________(
感 激 ) my help.
ppreciated
A______,
ctually I don’t think I have done much for her.
5. Three beautiful girls are dancing on the s______
tage
before the audience.
6. Please read the d_________
carefully before you
irections
begin to use the machine.
7. Though John Smith has lived in Beijing for almost
ten years, he still speaks Chinese with an English
ccent
a______.
Clowns
8. _____(小丑)
often make people laugh.
9. The teacher is writing something on the
halk
blackboard with a piece of c______.
uffering
10.The boy was s________
from a fever, so he had
to go to see a doctor.
ilence
11. The students sat in s_______
because none of
them knew how to answer the question.
exists
12.His success ______(存在)
in his intelligence and
his way of studies.
13.If you think what he sings is wonderful, please
applaud
_______(鼓掌)
perate
14.-Do you know how to o_______
the machine?
-Yes, my father has taught me.
15.The car almost fell into the river. F_____(幸亏),
ortunately
it stopped just at the edge of the broken bridge.
16.I had thought she was a modern girl but she
radition in dress and manners.
followed family t______
17.I tried to work out the problem, but I was
onfused by all the noise.
c______
18.Richard is American, John is British — they have
ationalities
different n_______(国籍).
19.Mr Green, how can I speak f_______(
流利)
luent
English?
ertain
20.Mr Zhang, a c________
Ms Zhao is wanting you
on the phone.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
Ants, mosquitoes, flies are all i ________.
nsects
Our country ________(进口)
coffee from Brazil.
imports
tobacco
Can planting ________(烟)
make you rich?
eeded
He w________
out the books he didn't want so that
he could put some new ones on the shelf.
If you can’t solve the problem in this way, why don’t
you try to work it out with another m ethod
________?
You can plant some flowers and vegetables in the
g arden
________.
The ________(发现)
of oil on their land made the
discove
people ry
rapidly rich.
—— What is your native ________(产品)
in your home
produce
town?
—— Lichee, I think.
9. Bringing the farmland under ________(灌溉)
is the
irrigation
best way to increase the output of the grains.
10.P_________(
roduction 产 量 ) of computers has increased
double in the last few weeks.
11. -What is the function of the adjective, Mr Smith?
odifies
-Oh, it m________
the noun, used as an
attributive.
12.Do you know that potatoes are _______(根)
of the
roots
plant?
13.Do you often see the g______(
olden 金 色 ) sunlight at
dusk?
tied
14.The horse ______(绑)
to the pole is our neighbor’s.
uiding
15.The person g_______(领)
us to travel the park is a
young girl.
roverb says, “Don’t put all
16.You’d better do as the p_______
your eggs in one basket.”
17.I wish I could buy a house with a small g______
arden
where I could plant _________(向日葵)
and some
sunflowers
other flowers.
umped the well dry, and can
18.The villagers have p______
get no more water.
echnical
19.A t________(技术)
expert will come to our factory
to solve the problem tomorrow.
owing or planting crops, rough ground must
20.Before s_____
emoved
be cleaned and weeds must be r______(除掉).
1. 在东海岸
on the east coast of …
2. 在东海岸外
off the east coast of …
3. 被……包围
be surrounded by
4. 同样大小
the same size as
5. 以……而出名
be famous for
6. 例如
such as
7. 占有
take possession of
8. 从那时起
from that time on
9. 把……与……相比较
compare … with …
10.代表
stand for
11.没有礼貌
bad manners
12.大多数
the majority of
13.本族语
the native language
14.早年
at an early age
15.以……作为标记
be marked with
16.转向做……
turn to doing
17.在海边
by the sea
18.为……做好准备
prepare for
19.养鹿
keep / raise deer
20.靠……为生
live on
21.签署一个协议
sign an agreement
22.在空闲时间
in one’s free time
23.某物由……组成的
sth. be made up of
24. 定居新西兰
settle in New Zealand
25. 提到,淡到,涉及;参考
refer to
26. 关于,与……相比
in relation to
27. 未能做某事
fail to do sth
28. 和……接触,联系
contact … with …
29. 各种各样的
all kinds of
30. 因为……而出名
be famous / well known for
31. 因……而敬佩某人
admire sb. for …
32. 过去是
used to be
33. 擅长
be good at
34. 世界冠军
the world championship
35. 近在眉睫
close at hand
36. 最大声
at the top of one’s voice
37. 对……感激
be thankful / grateful to
38. 下决定
make a decision
39. 对钱吝啬
be mean with money
40. (天气)晴朗起来
clear up
41. 许诺
make a promise
42. 遵守诺言
keep one’s promise
43. 违背诺言
break one’s promise
44. 祝你成功
wish sb. success
45. 即将
be around the corner
46. 实现目标
reach one’s goal
47. 搭起帐篷
put up one’s tent
48. 把……拴在……上
tie … to …
49. 放弃
give up
50. 其余
the rest of
51. 辍学;退出;不参加
drop out
52. 在北极
on the North Pole
53. 毕业后
after graduation
54. 还有什么
what else
55. 身体健康
in good health
camping
1. We often go ________(宿营)
at the weekends on the
easide
s________
so as to watch the beautiful scenery of the sea.
2. My uncle will be married. Are you going to attend his
edding
w________
party?
old
3. ——Are you b________
enough to go out alone at midnight?
—— No. I don’t think I dare to.
urrounded by the enemy, they never
4. Though they were s__________
gave in.
onference
5. FIFA held a news c__________(会议)
to announce that
the 2006 World Cup would be held in Germany.
ettled
6. They phoned to tell me that they had s________
down in
the countryside and that they would come back to see me if
they had time.
oyage
7. They are on the v________
to Australia and it will take at
least two weeks.
ecretary
8. The head said that he would take me as his s________
to work for him so that he needn’t write and type
himself.
surface
ercent
9. About 70 p________
of the ________(表面)
of the
earth is covered by water.
10. How many paragraphs
_________(段落) are there in this article?
exported
11. Many raw materials are ________(出口)
to foreign
countries.
entral
12. The shops are in a c________
position in the city so
that people can do shopping easily.
Fishermen
13. _________(渔民)
are living by fishing in the sea.
eated
14. If it is h________,
water will change into steam.
ossession
15. This house is mine. That is to say, I am in p________
of the house.
ild today;it is neither hot nor cold.
16. The weather is m____
17. Look, on the grassland, there is a female sheep and five
ambs
l______(羊羔).
18. —— What will you do after you retire, Mr. Johnson?
cottage
—— I think I will build a ________(小屋)
in the
beautiful village and spend the rest of my life there.
19. This school is m________
for boys, so there are only
ainly
a few girls in it.
cattle
20.The ________(牛)
are in the shed, and three head of
them are John’s.
admired
1. The man __________(钦佩) Napoleon so much that he
wanted to join his army.
ull
2. That is a d__________
film and I think we have to leave
the cinema.
helter
3. It is going to rain so we have to find a s__________
to
protect us from the rain.
raduation from college, she found a
4. After her g__________
indergarten where she can teach the
job in a k__________,
children much.
egretted
5. It’s so cold inside the hall. I r__________
that I had
not taken my overcoat with me.
hreatened
6. The man t__________
to beat the boy if he stole
again.
romised
7. My father p__________
to buy me a bike as my
birthday present and he did so.
enerous
8. Don’t be so __________(吝啬).
Be g__________
mean
when you try to help your friend.
ottom of the page. Do
9. Look at line 3 from the b________
you understand the sentence?
heerful
10. He is c________(快乐)
though he is ill.
orkdays
11. Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday are w________
while on Saturday and Sunday you can rest.
12. People often call one who wins the first place
hampion
c_______.
13. Cars on the free way must run above the speed of
iles an hour.
70 m______
ishonest
14. He is so d________(不诚实)
that he often tell lies.
ear
I couldn’t b_______
his lying.
scholarships
15. For a few, ___________(奖学金)
were sources of
support.
nspired
16. I was i_________(激励)
to work harder than ever
before.
17. Do you know that the Polar Bear lives in a cold
climate
________(气候).
other
18. Don’t b________
your father. He is trying his best
to solve the difficult problem.
discipline
19. The soldiers showed perfect ________(纪律)
under the fire of the enemy.
1. 遵循指示
follow the instructions
2. 好处与坏处
advantage and disadvantage
3. 在我看来
in my opinion
4. 浪费金钱
a waste of money
5. 利用
make use of
6. 因为……而出名
be famous for
7. 许多
a number of
8. 由……制成
be made of
9. 保护……免受……伤害
protect … from
10. 阻止……做……
stop / prevent … doing …
11. 因……向……要钱
charge some money for
something
12. 以平局告终
end in a draw
13. 记住
have (bear) sth in mind
14. 不容置疑
there is no doubt that
15. 违背
go against
16. 支持某人的看法
support one’s opinion
17. 违法
break the laws
18. 喧闹
make a noise
19. 哭泣
in tears
20. 从事于
work on
21. 入睡
fall asleep
22. 因为十年的辛劳
because of ten years of hard work
23. 过去的几年
in the past few years
24. 宁愿做
would rather do
25. 邀请某人做
invite sb to do
26. 毕竟
after all
27. 拜访某人
call on sb.
28. 试穿
try on
29. 玩得很高兴
have a good time
30. 还清
pay off
31. 日日夜夜
day and night
32. 一件珠宝
a piece of jewllwry
onduct
1. Students must c___________(做)
e_____________
xperiments
when they study physics or chemistry.
2. If you are feeling cold, you needn’t take off your
g______
loves to protect your hands.
3. Do you know why l_________
ightning comes into sight before
t__________
comes into our ears?
hunder
4. Which do you prefer to use to wash your hair, soap or
hampoo
s__________?
andkerchief to
5. People now use paper instead of a h__________
clean their faces.
proved
6. Einstein’s theory __________(证明)
to be true at last.
7. Don’t worry about anything! Everything is under
ontrol
c__________!
electric
8. Do you have an __________(电)
fan to cool in summer?
harp
9. Can you give me a s__________
knife so that I can cut
tring
off the s__________(细绳)?
10. The __________(震惊)
news came that on March 11
hocking
over 200 people were killed in Spain.
11. There is no d__________
that men are stronger than
oubt
women.
onclusion
12. After many experiments, Galileo drew a c__________
that light things drop onto the ground at the same time
as heavy things if no air holds them back.
ense
13. Generally speaking, the s__________
of touch of a
blind man is better than that of a healthy one.
14. The days from Monday to Friday are often considered
orkdays
to be the w________
15. The plane couldn’t fly because there were something
engines
wrong with two of its ________(发动机).
asten
16. If you drive a car, you must f_________
your safety
belt.
dvantage
17. Mary speaks good English, but she has an a________
because her mother is English.
harged
18. The boss has c________
100 dollars for this beautiful
coat.
tore
19. The girl was so angry that she _______(撕)
the letter
into pieces.
shock
20.It is a __________(震惊)
to all that his secretary has
stolen the money.
1. We don’t understand the meaning of the sentences. So
xplained
my teacher has e__________
them to us again and
again.
esides English?
2. What other languages do you know b________
uthor
3. ——Do you know the a________
of “Hamlet”?
——Yes, it’s written by Shakespeare.
rettier
4. She looks much p________
with red coats than blue
ones.
rehearsing
5. The director and the actors were _________(排练)
the
perform
play again and again because they would ________(上演)
it the next evening.
clone
6. Many people consider that it is not right to _____(克隆)
a human being.
diamond
7. Mother bought me a beautiful _________(钻石)
ecklace
n_________
as my birthday present.
ecognized the man?
8. —— Have you r_________
—— Yes. We were in the same class only three years ago.
9. ——Who had taken the book?
ystery
——It was a m_________(谜).
10. The teacher stopped to drink some water and then she
ontinued to give her lessons.
c_________
palace
11. The king is living in the ________(宫殿)
which looks
very beautiful.
xactly four o'clock, not one minute more nor
12. It is e______
one minute less.
outline
13. He drew the _________(轮廓)
of a house on the paper.
osquitoes
14. M___________(蚊子)
often bite people in the evening.
15. How can you consider that I can’t pay off the
ebts
d______?
I am quite able to pay back what I have
borrowed from you.
ositive answer? I really
16. Why can’t you give me a p________
want to know “Yes” or “No”.
uality but it is not
17. This new model is of high q________
expensive.
18. ——Where are you going?
——Oh, there goes the bell. I am going to listen to the
ecture given by Dr. Li.
l_______
arn
19. He worked day and night, trying to e_______
much more
money.
20.He went into his room on the second floor through the
adder because he had left his keys in
window with a l______
his room.
1. 来自,起源于
come from
2. 庆祝节日
celebrate festival
3. 穿衣,打扮
dress up
4. 进行野餐
go on picnic
5. 聚齐;聚会
get together
6. 信任
believe in
7. 还有;而且
as well as
8. 同时
at the same time
9. 与……相似
be similar to
10. 尽力做
do one’s best to do
11. 赠送
give away
12. 下车
get off
13. 太多;非常
too much
14. 为自己;独立地;亲自地
for oneself
15. 和某人分享某物
share (in) sth. with sb.
16. 诈骗某人;开某人玩笑
play a trick on
17. 邀请某人吃晚饭
invite sb. to dinner
18. 换句话说;换言之
in other words
19. 收容;领悟;欺骗
take in
20. 轮到某人做某事
It’s one’s turn to do sth.
21. 参加……的请帖
an invitation to
22. 活着的人;健在者
the living
23. 必须;不得不
have got to
24.吃……作早餐
have … for breakfast
25.一日三次服这个药
take this medicine three times a day
26.跟上
keep up with
27.增强体质
build one’s body
28.运转顺利
function well
29.从……选择
choose from
30.经常、时而
now and then
31.把……切成碎片
cut … into pieces
32.把……混合
be mixed with
33.最好做
had better do
34.提议;建议
make a suggestion
35.少许;有点;稍微
a bit / a little
35. 对……有益
be good for
36. 对……有害
be harmful to
37. 有……方面花费
spend … on
38. 平衡的饮食
a balanced diet
39. 数量适中
in the right amounts
40. 适用于某人或某物
go for sth. or sb.
ymbol
1. People often consider The Red Cross the s________
of
the medicine.
ighting or ________(冲突)
conflicts
2. No f________
are allowed on Peace
Day.
pinion
robably
3. In my o________,
the boy will p________(可能)
come to
do the job because he likes it so much.
4. On the Double Ninth Festival, we Chinese often
onour our ________(祖先).
ancestors
h_______
5. To my great j________,
our class won the first place in
oy
the competition.
issing
cheeks
6. You will find that k________
each other’s ________(面
颊) is a custom in East Europe.
saluting
7. The soldier is ________(敬礼)
to every officer who goes
into the room.
generation
8. Is there a ___________(代)
gap between you and your
parents?
principles
9. What are the ________(原则)
of the Spring Festival?
10. Oh, I never thought you would bring me so many
ifts
birthday g________.
Thanks!
espect their teachers and their
11. Students should r________
parents.
invitation
12. Have you got an ________(请柬)
to her wedding party?
ations
13. The United N________
must try their best to keep the
peace of the world.
14. The football fans held a celebration
_________(庆祝会) to show
their pleasure.
urpose
15. He went to town with the p________(目的)
of buying a
new television.
parade
16. The Olympic Games begin with a ________(行进)of
all
the competing nations.
ommercial college teaches things that would be
17. A c_________
useful in business.
ajor subjects when you
18. ——What were your m______
studied in the college?
—— Oh, they were physics, electricity and English.
imilar to the one you have. Don’t
19. My new dress is s_______
take the wrong one!
cycling
20.What will you do at weekend? We will go ________(骑
车).
stomachs
1. Do you know that a worker ant has two _________(胃)?
nergy
2. Young people always have more e_________
than the
old.
3. Doctors advise us not to eat fruit which is not
ipe
r_________.
4. Don’t give me meat any more. I am on a d_________.
iet
leepy
5. If you are s_________,
you had better go to bed.
6. The car doesn’t f_________
unction well; I think you’d better
have it repaired.
rganic
7. O_________
vegetables are those that are grown
hemicals that can be harmful to human
without c_________
environment
beings or the __________(环境).
oft
8. I think children should drink the s_________
drink
such as coca, sprite.
uscles
9. When you walk, you exercise your leg m_________.
mineral
10. If you are thirsty, I have some ________(矿)
spring
water for you.
lenty of water
11. The doctor told me to drink p________
fever
because I had a _______(发烧).
ingredient
12. Can you tell me the _____________(成分)
of ice
cream
poonfuls
13. You must take at least three s___________
of
medicine if you want to get better.
digests
14. Porridge ________(消化)
easily.
eel
15. Apples have red or green p________.
ixture
16. This drink is a m_________
of three different sorts.
ecipe
17. In the r_________,
it says that I must use two eggs
and some tomatoes.
18. Doctor, I think I have got a headache. Can you
examine
_________(检查) me?
19. When I was home, mother had already prepared
t________
asty
food for me.
balance
20.We must do what we can do to keep the ________(平
衡) of nature.
完型填空其实是一种很好的综合性题型,它不仅考查
学生对所学词汇、语法等基础知识的综合运用能力,而且
考查学生的阅读能力;不仅考查学生的知识背景,而且考
查学生的逻辑推理能力。它是一种综合考查学生语言能力,
特别是语篇层次上交际能力的较难题型。
为了提高综合语言能力,我们在复习中从以下几个方
面着手:
(1)要求重视英语语法和英语短语、惯用法的搭配知识。
(2)丰富自己的词汇知识和扎实的辨义能力。
(3)掌握阅读技巧,提高语篇理解能力。
(4)学会正确的逻辑推断方法,锐化自己的思维。
(1)要求学生重视英语语法和英语短语、惯用法的
搭配知识。一个人的语法知识越丰富,阅读速度就越快,
对文章的理解就越全面、深刻。完形填空不直接考查语
法,但它通过检查理解程度,间接地考查语法知识。习
语和惯用法的搭配要作为一个语言整体来记忆,平时阅
读要不断锤炼自己的辨析能力。
(2)丰富自己的词汇知识和扎实的辨义能力。在
阅读中要注意这么几个方面:词义相近,差异何在;
词形相仿,区别何在;意义近似,用法如何。当然,
单词的语法知识是基础中的基础。
(3)掌握阅读技巧,提高语篇理解能力。完型填
空的主旨在于考查阅读理解能力,这种能力要靠平时
的科学训练才能取得。学会成组视读、略读和寻读,
这就加快了阅读速度;善抓语篇的关键词、关键句、
主题句和结论句,这就有助理解整篇文章。
(4)学会正确的逻辑推断方法,锐化自己的思维。逻辑
思维能力有助于对文章深层次意义的理解,从而更易
完成“完形”的任务,恢复文章的原貌。要顺利推知
未知信息,必须加强泛读以拓宽自己的知识面。
做完型填空试题,切忌边看短文,边选答案,因为这
样解题易脱离上下文孤立地看句子,从而产生错误。
一般地说,解答完型填空题我们要求学生应遵循以下
四个步骤。
(1)通读全文,理解大意。
(2)边读边想,
(3)瞻前顾后,
(4)重读全文,
(1)通读全文,理解大意。文章都有中心议题和中心
内容。通读全文,才能全局在胸,理清思路。抓住文章
的主线,展开解题思路,可使思维朝着正确的方向发展。
在阅读中要特别注意提示句,并尽量记忆关键词、句,
力求把文章内容串连起来。
(2)边读边想,初选试填遵循词不离句、句不离文
的原则,用平时积累的英语语法和语言知识及根据文
中语义、逻辑和搭配的需要推测选项。在选择的过程
中要先易后难;对少数难题,可暂定答案,在复读全
文后分析推敲。
(3)瞻前顾后,寻觅启示获得信息的来源有以下几
个方面:首句提供的信息;通读全文获得的信息;已
补充完整的句子提供的信息;后文提供的信息;平时
积累的日常常识和背景知识提供的信息。对上述信息
全面考虑,寻找启示,选择选项。
(4)重读全文,校核答案重读信息完整的文章,
进一步加深对文章的理解。根据文章的中心思想与各
段落之间、前句与后句之间的内在逻辑关系,检查文
章的整体性,也可以从语法、惯用法和固定搭配等方
面进一步验证所选答案,修改不合理部分。
阅读是理解的前提和手段;理解是分析、加工和
处理信息,是阅读的目的和结果。因此,做阅读理解
题时,学生可以先看题目,然后再看文段,这样带着
问题去阅读就更有目的性,也可以先看完文段,然后
再做题,从宏观上把握文段的大意,还可以将两者结
合起来,边看边做,边做边看,至于哪一种方法更实
用,学生可以根据自己的实际情况来选用。
略读法
略读法是快速阅读中的一种方法,通常又称为浏
览。略读的关键是在能抓住文章要点的前提下以个人
最快的速度阅读,主要目的是获得足够的信息以便准
确地回答有关文章主旨和大意的问题。利用略读法做
阅读时,要特别注意文章首尾两段,因为文章的第一
段往往点明文章的主题,或中心思想,或作者的意图,
而文章的最后一段则常常总结归纳或重述文章的主要
内容。要学会寻找文章段落的主题句,这是高效省时
抓住段落大意的一条捷径,同时也是准确理解全文大
意的有效途径,因为把整篇文章的每段主题句的意思
综合起来实际上就是全文的中心思想。另外,文章的
主题句有时可能会出现在段落中间或结尾,学生必须
运用略读法快速准确地找到它。
查阅法
学生从文段中获得所需的具体信息,可以不需要阅读
整篇文章,而只需找出可能包含所需信息的部分,然后加
以阅读就行,这种方法就是查阅法。查阅法主要是获得具
体的信息,回答具体的问题,即测试中的细节问题,它常
常与5W和1H,即Who,What,When,Where,Why和
How有关,有时跟具体的数字如长度、宽度、高度、距离、
大小、尺寸等有联系。学生在使用查阅法时,应该注意文
章的结构和顺序排列,文章的结构有的是按时间顺序排列,
有的是按空间顺序排列,有的是按逻辑顺序排列。弄清楚
文章的排列顺序能帮助考生在阅读和回答问题时做到高效
省时,准确无误。要注意提高阅读的速度和解题效率,学
生必须学会用眼睛扫读的本领,在最短的时间内找到所需
的信息,要把注意力集中在与所需信息直接相关的词语上,
以便迅速做出正确选择。
根据上下文判断词义法
学生应该有意识地积累英语单词,没有一定量的
英语单词作基础和保障,英语的听、说、读、写、译
等各项技能都无从谈起。学生可以根据“词不离法”
的原则,把一个生词放在具体的句子语境中记忆。另
外还可以采用下列方法积累单词:转换法(同一个单词
可能同时具备名词、动词、形容词、副词等词性)、词
缀法(在某个单词前面或后面加一些词缀,可能改变单
词的词性和词意,使之成为一个新单词)、派生法、合
成法等,也可以从影视广播和报刊杂志中获得英语词
汇。
同义互释法
所谓同义互释,就是在阅读的时候从备选项中找
出与原文意思相同或相近的词、词组或短语,它们在
意思上相同或相近,可以互相解释,互相替换,这种
阅读方式叫做同义互释法。它是英语阅读理解的常见
方法之一,在高考中有些深层理解或者判断推理的问
题可以采用同义互释法。同义互释的测试题在各地模
拟试题和高考中多次出现。
判断推理法
短
文
改
错
明白考什么?
 三种能力:发现错误的能力、分析判
断能力、纠正错误的能力
 七个考点:①冠词的使用②名词复数
③介词、连词的作用④形容词、副词
的等级⑤动词时态、形态、语态⑥词
语的准确应用与句子结构⑦语境与逻
辑关系
复习目标
一.熟知短文改错的热点和难点
1.一致性问题
2.词意的重叠
3.语境和逻辑关系
1.一致性问题
(1) 主谓一致:
(’02.NMET) Now my picture and the prize is hanging
in the library. are
(2) 时态一致:
(’00.NMET) I remembered her words and calm down
calmed
(3)名词的单复数问题:
(’03-85) Their word were a great encouragement to
me. words
(4) 代词的性,数,格一致
(’00- 86)The day before the speech contest English
teacher talked to me my
^
(5)语意一致
(’02-84) The food was expensive and the service
was good. but
2. 词义的重叠
(’00-95) Whenever I see them and I will often think
of my English teacher. often
3. 语境和逻辑关系
(’01-85)… What things are in other homes, I wonder.
How
(’00-88)… but it didn’t matter that I would win or not.
whether
二.动词常见错误
1) 一般过去时与一般 现在时错用。
2) 第三人称单数形式错用。
3) And 前后动词时态不一致。
4) 主谓不一致。
5) 缺少谓语动词(尤其缺be动词)。
6) Use to do错用
7)主动与态与被动语态错用
Examples 1
a) I am happy with any programme but the others
spent a lot of time arguing. (NMET99) spend
____
b) They did
___ not want me to do any work at home;
they want me to devote all my time to my
studies.(NMET2001) do
c)She liked it very much and reads it to the class.
(NMET03-84) read
____
Examples 2非谓语动词的常见错误
非谓语动词重点:不定式,动名词作主语,宾语,
and 连接的不定式或动名词前后一致(尤其距离
较远时),现在分词和过去分词的区别等。
a) They will do all they can make sure that I get a
^
good education.(’01--78) to
b)Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I
was learning to express ….(’03—81) talking
三.名词的常见错误
形容词错用名词。如 important—importance,
different—difference,difficult---difficulty,
interesting (interested)---interest,surprised
(surprising)---surprise
单复数名词错用。
a) We often watch football match
____ on TV
together.(NMET97) matches
b) I’ll get good marks in all my subject.(NMET2001)
____
subjects
四.形容词,副词,代词的错误
(1)修饰联系动词及名词用形容词;(2)修饰实义动词,形
容词,过去分词及整个句子用副词;
a)I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully
________ time together.(NMET99)
wonderful
________ there are too many people in my family.(NMET99)
b)Unfortunate,
Unfortunately
代词
1,人称代词及不定代词的错用:
c)The three of them
__ were very excited..(’02--79)
us
d) The main problem was that I always thought in Chinese and tried
____ into English.(’03--78) everything
to translate anything
2, 缺少人称代词的错误
e)The day before the speech contest English teacher talked to
^
me.(NMET2000) my
五.语境(句意,文意)及逻辑错误
1,…but it didn’t matter that
___ I would win or
not.(NMET2000) whether
2,When I was on the stage the next day, I felt so nervous as
__
I shook like a leaf.(NMET2000) that
3,…she was smiling ___
but nodding at me.(NMET2000) and
4, Now, I can’t watch much
a few years ago I
\ television butmuch
used to watch it every night.(NMET99) \
解题基本思路:
一.以句为单位,找行中错误,每行必有一个
判断(错词、多词、少词和正确),而判断的
依据一定是上下文,最小单位是一个完整的句
子。
二.以篇为单位,找句中错误。许多时候,就
某一行或某一句单独而言常常难以判断其是否
正确,错误何在,而必须以全篇为一整体才可
对该句,进而对该行作出判断。
答题策略
( 一 ) 三个原则;四个注意
1. 一三六原则
2. 改动最少的原则
3. 保持原意的原则
答题策略
注意:
1. 以句子为单位
2. 行首与行尾的关系
3. 上下文的逻辑关系
4. 符号的准确性
答题策略
( 二)
试题容易在以下几个方面设置错误
1.多词: 常见于介词,助动词,代词,冠词,
不定式符号,比较级 的叠用
2. 缺词: 虚词是一个重要方面
3. 错词: 动词,名词,形容词和副词,习惯法,
上下文的逻辑关系
(三) 通读全文,复核答案
Dear Elli,
I’m a senior student. I like making friend with
76. ____
people and I do my best to get on well for everyone.
77. ____
But in last week I found that one of my friends
78. ____
wrote in her English diary that she dislikes me.
79. ____
He doesn’t want to be my friend any more. Now
80. ____
she has started making fun of me because of I’m
81. ____
fat. I am kind to her but why can’t she be friend
82. ____
towards me? My other problem is trying to lose weight. 83. ____
Do I do more exercises? Use pills? And do you
84. ____
know any other way?Please give me some advices.
85. ____
Yours,
Mary
76. friend→friends 77. for→with 78. 去掉 in 79. dislikes→disliked
80. He→She
81. 去掉第二个of 82. friend→friendly
84. And→Or
85. advices→advice
83. √
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