初二英语1--4单元讲析
学科名师讲座(1)
(九峰实验学校 何雪娟)
Chapter One
A Letter from a Pen-friend
• (一)综述
• 本单元的阅读部分是一个生活在英国的学生写给香
港笔友的一封英文信。学生对国外同龄孩子的生活
比较感兴趣,再加上他们对英文信形式不陌生。所
以,教师应充分利用学生的兴趣,通过比较不同的
学校生活进行教授。
• 本课的任务有两个:
• 学生通过对课文的学习。掌握一些核心词汇,例如:
pen-friend ,magazine,inch ,form等。
• 通过学习课文,了解英文信的结构,为writing部分
做准备
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(二)阅读目标
知识目标
学习课文中重点词、词组、句型和语法。
能力目标
通过阅读进一步掌握英文信的结构、格式。
情感目标
帮助学生学会与他人交流。
(三)教学方法
采用任务型教学法组织教学,通过听说训练、讨
论等具体活动,达到教学效果。
(四)重点和难点
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词汇学习
– 核心词汇
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magazine pen-friend foot inch hobby
own form
keen
keen on
physics ambition shut
probably
拓展词汇
rugby hockey top-right signature
postal code postal code
chess enclose
trainer idle
inaudible
actually geography
• 句型学习
• I would like to be your pen-friend.
• My ambition is to be an engineer.
Teaching Designs
• Pre-reading 八、九年级和六、七年级课本结构
体系完全不同,在这个阶段完成以下任务:
• ①介绍八、九年级课本结构特点,课文所涉及的
语法及有关阅读技巧
• ②先通过Brainstorm让学生说出自己最喜欢的运
动,然后通过P2练习A检测,并利用学生喜爱的
足球明星照片过渡到鼓励学生谈论对英国的了解,
同时教师向学生介绍一些有关英国的学校教育背
景知识,最后教师与学生分享阅读一封笔友的来
信(即课文)——与学生一起讨论英文信的组成
部分,为进入课文学习作好铺垫。
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While-reading
①听课文录音全文, complete Ex.E1( P6 )
②讲解课文:
A. 介绍英文信格式、地址写法及Newcastle
upon Tyne.
B.讨论文章四段大意.
C.猜词训练--根据上下文推测词意
D. 重点词汇及句式讲解
E.Consolidation and conclusion 指导学生
完成课文后的P5 Ex C2、Ex D。
• Post-reading
• 同时推荐学生阅读补充材料
• (视学生阅读能力定)
英文信格式、地址写法及Newcastle upon Tyne介绍
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(可以先画一个format of an imformal letter)
1.Sender’s address
2.Date
3.Dear______ (the name of the receiver)
4.Greeting (and/ or reasons for writing the letter)
For your close friends
How are you?/ How are
you getting on?/How are things with you?/ Hi/ I’ve
got some wonderful news for you.
For reply letters
It was great to hear from you.
For a new friend
My name is _____. I want to
be your pen-friend.
Apology
Sorry for not writing to you for so long.
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5.Main body of a letter, divided into paragraphs
6.Farewell message:
I’m looking forward to your letter.
Keep in touch!
Write to me when you have time.
Hope to hear from you soon.
7. Closing:
Love/ Much love / Best wishes /Bye for now
/Yours
8. The sender’s signature
• 注:英文信地址
• 中文习惯从小到大,邮政编码单独立项;英文信
是从小到大,邮编位于国家和城市之间。英国的
邮政编码由字母和数字构成,为5 至7位数。
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Middle Street
中街
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Walker
沃克
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Newcastle upon Tyne 纽卡斯尔 (=Newcastle,因位于Tyne河以北而得名)
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NE6 4BY
邮政编码
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England
英国
• 英文阅读理解涉及到词汇、句子、段落、语篇四
个层次的理解问题,关键在于真正读懂文章,所
以最根本的是对词汇的理解。初中英语学科教学
基本要求规定,学生能根据上下文推测词义,并
能不借助词典读懂含有3%生词的语言材料。在
8A 开始的每个Chapter中,都有一个阅读技巧
训练,教师要充分利用课本语言材料,结合书本
或配套练习,对学生进行专项阅读技巧指导。
• 在这篇课文中“Find the meanings” 根据上下
文猜测词意就是其中一个内容。
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• 1、根据构词法猜测词意 :前缀一般改变词
义,后缀一般改变词性。 前缀dis/un-表反
义词,如interesting/ uninteresting,
appear /disappear等;后缀- ment/tion表
名词,如develop/ development,
recite/recitation等;后缀-er、-or或-ist表
同源名词,如teach/teacher,visit/
visitor,,wait/ waiter,
science/scientist,art/ artist等。
• 2、根据文中举例猜测词义
• 常见的举例提示词有:for example, for
instance, such as
• 如:Today many young people spend a
lot of money on appliances, for
instance, washing machines,
refrigerators and color televisions.
• 如不知道appliances的意思,从文中举例
washing machines, refrigerators and
color televisions可以猜出该词的意思为
“家用电器”
• 3、根据上下文猜测词意
• I am keen on sports. I enjoy playing
rugby and badminton in the winter, and
tennis in the summer.
• 首先推测keen这个词的含义。从后面句子
enjoy这个词可以推测出am keen on 为喜
欢的意思。rugby这个词的意思从
badminton 、tennis可以推测它是一项球
类运动项目。
• 巩固练习:P4 C1
核心词汇
• magazine n.
a large, thin book with pictures,
usually published once a week or month 杂志
• pen-friend n.
someone you write letters to as a
hobby 笔友; 写信但未曾谋面的朋友
• foot n.
英尺( 长度单位, =30.48 厘米, 复数 feet。
1英尺=12 英寸。3英尺=1码。英寸叫做 inch, 码叫作
yard。)
• inch n.
英寸 ( =2.54 厘米 ); 复数 inches。
• hobby n.
an interest or activity such as
collecting stamps or making models; 业余爱好
• own v.
拥有
• form n.
形式; 种类; ( 需填写的 ) 表格;
( 人或物体的 ) 形状; 外形; 样子; ( 学校的 )
年级 ( 尤其指英国的中学年级 )
• keen a.
热心的; 渴望的; 敏锐的; 灵
敏的
• keen on
very interested in;
wanting to do something; 十分喜欢; 很
感兴趣
• physics n.
物理学; physicist n. 物
理学家
• ambition n.
wish or goal; 雄心;抱负
• shut v.
关闭; 关上
• probably ad.
几乎肯定;很可能;大
概;或许
• length n.
长度;long a. 长的
• birth n.
出生;诞生;birthday n.
生日
• actress n. 女演员;actor n. 男演员
扩展词汇
• rugby n.
( 英式的 )橄榄球运动 ( 两
队各13或15人参赛, 用手脚均可 )
• hockey n.
曲棍球 ( 球场叫作pitch )
• top-right a.
右上方的
• signature n.
签名;署名
• postal a.
邮政的;邮递的;post v. 邮
寄( 信件或包裹 )
• code n.
代码;密码;编码
• postal code n.
邮政编码
• chess n.
a common board
game( Note that games and activities
are often uncountable, and so they do
not take the indefinite articles a or an.)
国际象棋
• enclose v.
put inside 随信附上;
放入封套
• trainer n.
软运动鞋
• idle a.
懒惰的;空闲的
• inaudible a.
听不见的;不可闻的
• geography n.
地理学;
geographical a. 地理(学)的
• consonant n. 辅音;子音
• vowel n.
元音
• European n.
欧洲人;
• European a. 欧洲的;
• Europe n. 欧洲
• reference n.
参考;参阅
• reference book n.
参考书;工具书 ( 如
字典 )
• encyclopaedia n.
( 常以字母顺序排列
的 )百科全书
• directory n.
( 按字母顺序排列的 )
姓名地址录;号码簿
• alphabetical n.
字母表的;按字母顺序
的;alphabet n. ( 按顺序排列的 )一套字母;
字母表
• omen n.
预兆;征兆
• destined a.
命中注定的;destine v.
命定;注定;预定
• fortune n.
luck 运气;好运
• arrival n.
到达;抵达;arrive v. 到达;
抵达
• embassy n.
大使
• housekeeper n.
someone who is paid
to clean and organize your house and to
cook for you 管家
• China Drama Academy n.
中国戏剧学院
• idol n.
偶像
重点词组
• a letter from a pen-friend
来自笔友的一封信
• an address at the top-right corner
一个在右上方
的地址
• a postal code
一个邮政编码
• Newcastle upon Tyne
纽卡斯尔 ( =
Newcastle, 因位于Tyne 河以北而得名 )
• would like to
愿意;想
• tell sb. some things about…
告诉某人一些关
于……的事情
• about five feet tall
大约5英尺高
• work as…
以……为职业
• enjoy doing sth.
喜欢做某事
• be keen on
十分喜欢; 很感兴趣
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play rugby
打橄榄球
play chess
下国际象棋
play badminton
打羽毛球
write to
写信给……
tell sb. about sth.
告诉某人关于某事
look sth. up in a dictionary
在字典中查阅……
have never been there
从未到过那里
be born
出生( 于 )……
speak Chinese
说中文
a brother called Edwin
一个名叫埃德温的兄弟
Form One
中学一年级
walk to school
步行去学校
less than
小于
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not at all
sports field
a photo of mine
in the middle
best wishes
take a look at
at the end
all in
full name
leave school
家
根本不
运动场
一张我自己的照片
在中间
诚挚问候
看一看
在结尾处
疲劳; 疲乏到极点
全名
毕业; 离开学校; 放学回
Reading 重要句式
• 1.…and I would like to be your pen-friend. 并且,
我想成为你的笔友。
• Would like to 表示“想要、愿意”,有want to 之意
• --Would you like to go swimming with me?
• ---Yes, I’d like to.
• 2.I will tell you some things about myself.我将告诉
你一些与我有关的事情。
• Tell sb sth about…告诉某人关于…..的一些事情
• 3.I’m about five feet tall.我大约5英尺高。
• 我们可以用“数词+单位+形容词”来表示身高、体重、
长度、宽度、年龄等。如:
• Tom is eleven years old.
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4.My favourite hobby is playing computer games.
我最大的兴趣爱好是电脑游戏。在这个句子中,
playing computer games是动名词作表语。
5.Now my parents own a Chinese restaurant in
Newcastle.现在,我的父母在纽卡斯尔开有一家中国
餐馆。
own是动词,“拥有,占有”,与have 相近,但
own 更强调物品归属为某人自己。own 还可以作为
形容词放在所有格前面,如my own car
6.He works as an architect, in London. 他在伦敦
当建筑设计师。
work as… 以…..为职业
My uncle worked as a teacher in America last
year. 我叔叔去年在美国当老师。
• 7.I have a brother called Edwin. 我有的哥哥名叫艾德
温。
• call v. 称呼;取名;呼唤;打电话给……n. 叫,喊;
(一次)电话;通话 该句中的call作“称呼;取名”
解释,相当于with the name of…
• 8.I’m keen on sports. 我热爱运动。 be keen on =
like…very much= be interested in 特别喜爱,渴望,
热衷于。 后面跟名词短语或动名词。
• 9. I enjoy playing rugby and badminton in the
winter, and tennis in the summer.我喜欢在冬天打橄
榄球和羽毛球,在夏天打网球。
• enjoy 是欣赏、喜欢的意思,后跟名词或动名词,不接
不定式。enjoy 在表示“喜欢”的意思时,与
Like\love 同意,可以互相替代,但Like\love可跟动词
不定式,表示“想要去做……” ,” 喜欢去做…..” 的意
思。另,enjoy oneself=have a good time 过得快乐
• 10.My ambition is to be an engineer. 我
的理想是成为一名工程师。
• ambition n. 壮志,雄心,相当于strong
wish. to be an engineer是不定式作表语
• 11.I enclose a photo of myself and
some school friends. 随信附上一张我和
同学的照片。enclose是动词,“随信附寄”
的意思 ; a photo of myself 是一张有我
本人的照片,而a photo of mine 表示“我
拥有的照片中的一张”,强调的是“这是
我的照片”,但照片中有可能没有我。
特殊疑问词及不定冠词a/an的基本用法的简单教案
• 1.Daily talk .Ask Ss some questions using Whquestions .
• Who is your favourite star?
• Which subject do you like best?
• What’s your hobby?
• How do you go to school every day?
• How old are you?
• How many books do you read every year?
• 2. Leading in
• 在进行了短暂热身练习之后,教师有意识地将书中
Wh-questions及a/an 用法呈现给学生。
• Who针对“某人”提问,Who在特殊疑问句中可做主
语、宾语
• Which 后可跟名词,不跟名词时,只能用来指物,而
不能指人
• What针对“事物”提问,后可跟名词如:What size,
What time ,What day
• Where 针对“处所”提问
• When针对“时间”提问
• How常常用来针对“身体状况”“做事的方式”、“外
表”、“天气”等提问,如How old,How many,
How far,How long,How often, How much
• a/an用在单数可数名词前,a 用在以辅音音
素开头的单词前,而an用在以元音音素开
头的单词前。
• 1、 形容词修饰名词时,不定冠词放在形容
词前
• 2、可数名词单数前,表示一类事物或人中
的任意一个
• 3、表示一类人或,a/an不用翻译
• 4、有时用a/an表示one的含义, 也可用在
固定搭配中。
Consolidation
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I.Complete the questions with How +adj/adv.
1._______is the Oriental TV Tower? It’s 468 metres tall.
2.________ does the train to Beijing run? Every two hours.
3.________ is it from here to your school? It’s twenty minutes’
walk.
4._______ have you learned English? More than five years.
II. Put in what/ which/who.
1._______ is that lady’s name?
2.______way shall we go? Left or right?
3._____day is it today? Friday.
4._______is your favourite sport?
5.______is younger, Tom or Mike?
6.______is your nationality?
Write a or an
• 1._____ old lady 2.______ hour
3.______uncle
4.________useful book
• 5._____S
6.______D
7.______100-word report
8.______cartoon
• 9.____taxi driver 10.______address
11.____honest man 12.______inn
• 13._____good time 14.______ airport
15._____Chinese restaurant
Chapter 2 A day in the life of WHIZ-KID
WENDY
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阅读目标
知识目标
学习课文中重点词、词组、句型和语法。
学习使用频率副词。
复习和巩固现在进行时的用法。
能力目标
能流畅地用口头和书面表达自己的常规生活。
能准确的表达不同职业的人的生活常规。
情感目标
学习温迪认真学习,努力工作的精神。
引导学生正确使用电脑,使之为学习和工作服务。
教学方法
课文的引入和现在进行时态的训练时可使用游戏教学法。
在课文教学中可采用任务型教学法,引导学生完成教学设计。
合作学习法完成说和写等部分的练习。
重点和难点
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词汇学习
核心词汇
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achieve v. get, receive, succeed in doing 达到, 获得
achievement n.
attend v. go to, be present 出席,参加
business n. company 买卖,生意,商业
busy a. businessman n.
discuss v. talk about 讨论
discussion n.
manager n. a person who controls a business or part
of it. 经理
manage n. management n.
• popular a. liked by many people 流行的, 受欢迎的
• responsible a. having the duty to do something 有责任的
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responsibility n.
• sale n. selling, the part of a business which tries to sell
the product 销售,卖
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sell (sold,sold) v. salesman n.
• continue v. go on 继续
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continuous a.
continuously adv.
• successful a. having succeeded 成功的
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succeed v. success n.
successfully adv.
• fail
v. not pass an exam or test 失败, 不及格
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failure n.
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核心词组:
be similar to
与… 不同
be different from 与… 相似
be responsible for 对… 负责
at breakfast
在早餐时
on the way to 在去…的路上
make a phone call to sb打电话给…
twice a week
一周两次
return to
返回到
life, luckily, sell, company, own, boring, simple,
grade, fail, exam,collect, return,, daily, expect,
duty,gain,usual, all of, at school, be responsible
for, at breakfast, on the way to…, be different from,
• 拓展词汇和词组
• whiz-kid, accountant, client, seldom,
assist, subtitle, musical, instrument,
in one’s own car, achieve A grades, fail an
exam, attend a club, in an hour or two
one of the top students,
• 句型学习
• I ‘m not old enough to drive, and so I have
a driver.
Teaching Designs
• Pre-reading
• 1. 复习已学过的关于职业的词汇。
• 2. 通过提问的方式,让学生描述日常生活
的活动和行为。
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I work in an office. I type letters and answer the phone.
(secretary)
I go to court and defend people for rights. (lawyer)
I work in a hospital and take care of sick people.
(nurse)
I work in a school and help people learn. (teacher)
You pay me when you buy something at the store.
(shop assistant)
I take care of sick animals. (vet)
I put out fires. (fireman/firewoman)
I wear a uniform and a badge. I help keep your
neighborhood safe. (policeman/policewoman)
I help keep your teeth clean. (dentist)
I deliver letters and packages to your home. (postman)
While-reading 这是本课的重点部分.
• ①通过阅读文章的题目、副标题以及文中插图,预测文章
内容。完成Ex B on page 18。
• ②第一遍阅读文章,要求学生根据上下文的内容和线索猜
测词意。
• ③第二遍通读全文, 理解文章意思,并完成Ex D, E
on page 21。提醒学生阅读时注意阅读方法的使用。比
如,在做Ex D时,使用scanning即跳读的方法寻找具体
问题的答案。在做时,使用skimming即略读的方法,注
意文章中的主题句和关键句。
• ④听课文录音全文.
• 重点词汇及句式讲解
Consolidation and conclusion 指导学生完成课文后的
P5 Ex C2、Ex D。
语法要点
• 1. A day in the life of…whiz.kid Wendy神童温迪一天的生活
• 关于life这个词,用法颇多。就life一词的用法简单叙述如下:
• 1)life作“生命(the active force that enables animals and plants
to continue existing)”解时,是个不可数名词。如:Animals and
plants have life.动物和植物是有生命的。
• 2)life作“性命(being alive)”解时,为可数名词,复数形式为
lives。如:
•
Jack saved Rose’s life,but he lost his.杰克救了罗丝一命,
但他献出了自己的生命。
• 3)life作“一生;终生(the time that you have been alive)” 解时,
也为可数名词。如:
•
Albert Einstein devoted his whole life to the study of
science.
•
爱因斯坦一辈子献身于科学研究。
• 4)life作“生活;生活方式(the way that you live)”解时,也为可
数名词。如:
•
We live a happy life today.
• 2. Wendy Wang,15 must be one of the top students in
Shanghai.
•
十五岁的王温迪肯定是上海的尖子生之一。
•
must除了表示“义务”或“责任”外,还常常用来表示
说话者对于十分有把握的事情的
•
“推测”。如:
•
He must be waiting for you inside the bank because
he’s not outside.
•
他一定是在银行里头等你,因为他不在外面。
•
如果说话者确定某事情不可能发生,则使用can’t。如:
•
This coat can’t be mine.It’s the wrong size.这件衣
服不可能是我的。尺寸不对。
•
在本句中,top是“excellent(极好的)”或“best(最好的)”
的意思。如:
•
She’s the top student in our class.
• 3. She’s already written several successful computer games.
•
她已经编写了好几套大获成功的电脑游戏。
•
①several是个限定词,是“几个,少许”的意思,往往表示
“两个以上”。它既可以作形容词,如:
•
Everyone works several hours each day.每个人每天工作几
个小时。(several修饰hours)
•
也可以作代词,如:
•
② Several of us decided to walk home.我们之中有几个人决
定步行回家。(several为代词,表示“我们中的几个”)
•
③ successful是个形容词,意为“成功的”,是由词根
success加后缀ful构成的。
•
The Chinese team got a successful attempt to climb the
Mount.
•
中国队成功攀登珠穆朗玛峰。
•
successful的同根词有:success名词,意为“成功”;
succeed动词,意为“(获得)成功”; successfully副词,意为
“成功地;顺利地”。
• 4.My father is the manager of the company,
and my mother is responsible for sales.
•
我爸爸是公司的经理,而我妈妈负责销售。
• ①manager是动词manage(办理,处理;管理;
经营)的名词形式,意为“经理;管理者”。
• 名词company也是“公司”的意思,与business
作可数名词时意思接近。如:
•
He is working in a shipping company.他在
一家运输公司工作。
• ②responsible是形容词,意为“有责任的,负责任的”。如:
•
Simon is a responsible boy.西蒙是个担得起责任的孩子。
•
responsible的反义词为irresponsible,意为“不负责任的,不
可靠的”。
•
be responsible for意为“对……负责(have the duty on)”,要
特别注意该词组中的介词搭配。如:
•
Who was responsible for the accident? 这宗意外应归咎于谁
呢?
• ③sale是动词sell(卖,出售)的名词形式。如:
•
Not for Sale!非卖品!
•
That house is on sale.那座房子待售。
•
sales常常用作表示“市场销售”,本文中的sales就为这个意
思。
•
sale还有“大减价”的意思,如:
•
The shoe shop is having a sale this week.这家鞋店本周减
价销售。
• 5. I always go to school in my own car。我总是
坐自己的车去上学。
•
在Chapter 1中,我们学习了own作动词,表示
“拥有”的用法,也谈到了一些own作形容词,
表示“自己的”的用法。在使用own作形容词时,
要特别注意own不可用于an 或the之后。不能说I
would like an own car,要说I would like my own
car或I would like a car of my own.
•
常用的与own有关的短语有:
• of one’s own拥有(belonging completely to
oneself) I’ve got a room of my own.我有属于
自己的房间。
• on one’s own独立地;无人相助(without help)
She got the job on her own.她自己找到了这份
工作。
• on one’s own独自(alone)
• She lives on her own.她独自居住。
• see…with one’s own eyes亲眼所见
• I saw this accident with my own eyes
yesterday.我昨天亲眼见到了那起事故。
• 6. I am not old enough to drive, and so I have
a driver.
• 因为我的年龄还小,不能开车,所以我请了一
名司机。
•
enough的用法如下:
•
enough作形容词,修饰名词:
•
We wanted to play football but we didn’t
have enough players.
•
我们早就想踢足球了,但人手不够。
• enough作代词,单独使用:
•
I’ve got some money but not enough to buy a
car.我有点钱,但还不够买车。(此处的 enough相当
于enough money)
•
enough作副词,修饰形容词或方式副词:
•
He didn’t get early enough to catch the early bus。
他起得不够早,没赶上早班车。
• not…enough to do sth.的句式可以和too…to do
sth.(太……以至于不能做……)的句式相互转化。上
句即可改写为:
•
I am too young to drive a car.我太年轻,还不能驾
车。
• 7. I sometimes make phone calls to clients on the way
to school.
•
有时在上学路上我会和客户通电话。
• ①make phone calls to sb。可以简单地说成call sb.,
telephone sb.或phone sb.。
• ②0n the way to…是“在去……的路上”的意思,on
the way to school意为“在上学路上”。又如:
• I met Ann on the way to work.我在上班的路上碰到
了安妮。
•
但是,在表示“在回家路上”时,则不能加to,即on
the way home,同样的用法还有on the way here(在来
这里的路上)和on the way there(在去那儿的路上)
• 8. …but some of my work is boring because it is too
simple for me.。……但是学校的一些功课对我而言
太过简单,因此有点乏味。
•
① boring是形容词,意为“无趣的;乏味的”。又
如:
•
I watched a boring film yesterday.我昨天看了部
沉闷的电影。
•
boring的近义词是uninteresting(无趣的;令人厌倦
的)。
•
bored是“厌倦的;感到乏味的”。如:
•
I’m bored.There’s nothing to do at home.我无
聊透了,待在家里没事做。
• ②“too+形容词+for somebody/something”表示
“太……而不适合……”的意思。如:
•
I was too tired for a long walk that day.我那
天太累,走不了那么远的路。
• 9. I usually achieve A grades in all my
subjects.我的各科成绩通常都是A。
• achieve是动词,意为“获得”,“得到”,与
get(得到,获得)的意思相近。又如:
•
He hopes to achieve all his aims as soon as
possible.他希望尽快达到所有目标。
• 10. About twice a week my driver collects me
from school。
•
大约一周两次,司机会到学校来接我。
• 在本文中,collect意为“接”,意思与pick
up(接走)相近。例如:
• Today it is his turn to collect the children from
school in the community.
• 今天轮到他把孩子们从社区学校接回去。
• collect也常常解释为“收集,搜集”等,例如:
•
He collected a lot of valuable stamps.他收
集了许多有价值的邮票。
• 11. After school I usually attend a club.放学后,
我通常会参加兴趣小组的活动。
• attend是个动词,意为“参加,出席”。如:
• attend school上学 attend a lecture听讲座
attend(at)a wedding出席婚礼
• attend和其他几个单词或短语的意思接近。有
必要在此做一个简单的区分:
• 比较:attend,take part in,join与enter for
• 这四个单词或短语都有“参加”的意思。attend指的是参加会
议,一般指出席某种正式场合;take part in往往指的是参加某
种活动;join往往指加入某一级组织或某种团体;
• enter for指的是报名参加某种运动或比赛项目。如:
• Leaders from different countries all over the world attended
the 2001 APEC in Shanghai.
• 来自世界不同国家的领导人出席了在上海举行的2 0 01年亚太
经合组织会议。
• I will take part in the coming spots meeting.我将参加马上举
行的运动会。
• My brother joined the army last year.我弟弟去年参军了。
• Simon will enter for the high-jump.西蒙将会报名参加跳高。
Language一般现在时的基本用法的
归纳整理
• Simple present tense(一般现在时)
•
1. 一般现在时的含义
• (1)现在的事实,如:
•
My hair is long.我留长发。(目前是长发,但
过去或将来可能不是。)
• (2)经常发生的行为动作,如:
•
Simon plays football after school.西蒙放学后
踢足球(这个动作经常在放学后发生。)
• (3)真理、基本事实或常见现象,如:
•
The Earth goes around the Sun.地球绕着太
阳转.(地球绕太阳转是永恒不变的真理。
•
•
•
•
2. 一般现在时的结构
一般现在时的肯定句结构
I/You/We/They want food.He/She/It wants food.
I work in a shop.My brother works in a
bank.我在商店上班,我哥哥在银行上班.
• Linda lives in London.Her parents live in
Scotland.
• 琳达住在伦敦,她的父母住在苏格兰。
• It rains a lot in winter.冬天雨水很多。
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
一般现在时的否定句结构
I/You/We/Theydo not/don’t want food.He/She/It
does not/ doesn’t
Sue drinks tea but she doesn’t drink coffee.苏喝茶,
但她不喝咖啡。
We don’t watch television very often.我们不常看电
视。
The weather is usually nice.It doesn’t rain very
often.天气总是不错。不常下雨。
Gerry and Linda don’t know many people.盖瑞和
琳达认识的人不多。
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
一般现在时的一般疑问句结构及其肯定、
否定回答
Do I/you/we/they want food?Does
he/she/it want food?
Yes,I/you/we/theydo.he/she/it does.
No,I/you/we/theydo
not/don’the/she/itdoes not/ doesn’t
• --Do you play tennis?你打网球吗?
• ---No,I don’t.不,我不打。
• --Does George work hard? 乔治工作努力
吗?
• ---Yes.he does.是的,他挺努力的。
• [小结] 在肯定句中,若人称为第三人称单
数,则后面的行为动词需要加s,构成否定
句和疑问句时,助动词要选用does,而不
是do。
• 3. 第三人称单数后行为动词加S的规则。
•
• 一般单词加s walk----walks以辅音字母加y结尾的
单词去y变i加es fly---flies以 s,ch,sh或x结尾的单
词加es catch---catches部分以o结尾的单词加es
go---goes do---does
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
一般现在时专项练习
I. Choose the best answers
The light in Mrs White’s bedroom is still on, she usually __________ late.
A. work
B. works
C. worked
D. working
My father __________ his own car, so he has to go to work by bus.
A. have
B has
C. doesn’t have D. has no
Wendy __________ to the pop songs.
A. enjoy listening
B. enjoys to listen
C. enjoy to listen
D. enjoys listening
The young man _________ TV 3 hours a day.
A. watch
B. watches C. watched
D. watching
Jack never has lunch in the office, _________?
A. has he
B. does he C. hasn’t he
D. doesn’t he
All of her family _________ in her business these years.
A. works
B. work
C. working
D. will work
Key:B C D B B B
• II. Fill in the blank with the verbs in their proper forms:
• Fred __________ (not eat) hot dogs for breakfast.
• Who __________ (collect) the children from school
every afternoon.
• He and I _________ (help) the teacher to clean the
office three times a week.
• _____________ his mother __________ (teach)
maths at the public school?
• Sandy sometimes ____________ (miss) the 7:30 a.
m. underground.
• 6. The house __________ to Mr Green.(belong)
• Key: 1. doesn’t eat 2. collects 3. help 4.
Does…mother 5. misses 6. belongs
• III. Rewrite the sentences as required:
• May usually makes a phone call to her family at the
weekend. (改一般疑问句并否定回答)
• The students like talking about the cartoon characters
after class. (改一般疑问句并肯定回答)
• Wendy attends a computer club meeting on Friday
afternoon.(改否定句)
• We have lessons during the summer holidays. (改否
定句)
• Mike always gets an A in Chinese. (划线提问)
• The class teacher has a meeting once a week. (划线
提问)
Chapter3 Dealing with trouble
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
阅读目标
知识目标
学习课文中重点词、词组、句型和语法。
能力目标
掌握英语日记格式和地址写法。
情感目标
教育学生遇到突发事件,要沉着冷静,有勇有谋。
教学方法
采用任务型教学法组织教学,通过听说,讨论等具体活动,达到教学
效果。
• 重点和难点
• 词汇学习
– 核心词汇
• argue (v )争吵,争论
empty (a.) 空的
crowd (n) 人群
stare (n)&(v) 瞪视,
盯着看
notice (v) 注意到
follow (v) 跟从,跟
随
• action (n) 行为,举动
report (v)&(n) 报
道,报告
• dial (v) 拨号
rob (v) 抢劫
detail (n) 细节
steal (v) 偷 (steal--stole—stolen)
拓展词汇
• argument (n)争吵
purse (n) (女用)
钱包
robbery (n.) 抢劫案
handcuffs (n) 手
铐
noisily (ad)吵闹地
railing (n) 栏杆
permission (n)许可
aboard (adv) 在
船上,到船上(火车上,飞机上等)
definitely (ad)明确地
词组
• shout at 对…大喊
deal with 处理、
应付
• hold out 端出、伸出发行
wait for 等候、
等待
• stare at 瞪着…看
women tourists 女
游客(复数)
• go on 发生
at first
起先
• hurry aboard 匆忙上船
run away 逃跑
• go down onto the ferry 走下到渡船上
• be afraid of 害怕
get off 下(船)车
• well done 干得好
shop assistant 营
业员
Teaching Designs
• Pre-reading
• 1. 利用图片或其他方法学习新单词.
• 2.通过讨论报纸上的抢劫案件引发学生的讨
论.并且学习有关单词.
While-reading
• ①听课文录音全文回答有关问题, 如:
•
1. Where did the robbery happen?
• 2 .How did Paul report the robbery?
• 3 . Paul and his father didn’t get on
the man’s ferry, did they?
• 4 .What number did his father dial?
• 5 .What do you think of Paul’s father?
etc.
• ②讲解课文:
• A. 介绍英文日记格式、地址写法: 当日天气,日期
正文(过去时)
• 注:
1. 英文日记时间
• 时间写在全文的 top-right corner.一般“星期,日/月/年”
或“星期,月/日/年”
• 2.一般日记讲述一天的活动,因此一般过去时经常出现
在日记中。
• B.讨论文章四段大意,猜词训练--根据上下文推测词意
• C. 重点词汇及句式讲解
• D.Consolidation and conclusion 指导学生完成课文后的
P35 E。
Chapter 3中猜测词义的方法
• 1、根据构词法猜测词意 :后缀ment/tion,-ing表名词,如argue/argument
think/thinking, rail/railing等;后缀-er、-or
或-ist表同源名词,如rob/robber,act/
actor, visit/ visitor,report/reporter,tour/
tourist,art/ artist等;。
• 2、根据上下文猜测词意(Page 34 C 1)
• Find these words in Paul’s diary on
page 33. Read the words around them
and choose the best meanings.
• 1. an argument
• A) when a big crowd of people are all talking noisily
• B) when people do not agree about something and get
angry
• 2. aboard
• A) onto a ship or boat
• B) onto a piece of wood or cardboard
• 3. strange
• A) funny, amusing
• B) different, unusual
• 4. to report
• A) to give information about sth.
• B) to do sth. against the law
• 5. a robbery
• A) when someone hits or kills a person
• B) when someone steals something
词汇精讲
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1 argument (n)争吵,争论
eg. This afternoon we heard a big argument.
argue (v)争论 argue with sb about/on sth
eg. Don’t argue with such a man.
2 empty (adj) 空的(反义full)
e.g. There is nothing in my hand. It is empty.
empty (v) 倒空,使…空
e.g. He emptied everything out of his bag..
3 crowd (n) 人群 a crowd of people(一群......)
eg. He walked through the crowd.
crowded (adj) 拥挤的 be crowded with…挤满…的
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
4 stare (at sb/sth) 瞪视,盯着看
e.g. It’s rude to stare at others.
5 purse (n) (女用)钱包
e.g. She carried her purse in her handbag.
6 follow (v) 跟从,跟随
e.g. The boy followed his father out.
7 aboard (adv) 在船上,到船上(火车上,飞机上等)
e.g. Be careful when you step aboard the ferry.
区别:abroad (adv) 到国外,在国外 go abroad
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8 action (n) 行为,举动
eg. It will be late if we don’t take action
quickly..
act (v) 行动,表演
eg. She acted well in the film.
active (adj) 积极的
eg. He is always active in class..
activity (n) 活动
eg. We have many activities at school.
actor (n.)男演员 actress (n.)女演员
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
9 dial (v) 拨号 (dial(l)ed)
eg.You can dial 110 if you want to call the
police.
10 robbery (n) 抢劫案 a bank robbery
rob (v) 抢劫 ( robbed---robbed)
robber (n) 抢劫犯
11 report (v)&(n) 报道,报告
eg. If there is any accident, you must
report it to the headmaster.
reporter (n) 记者 成绩单
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
11 railing (n) 栏杆
eg. These railings stop people from falling
into the river.
12 detail (n) 细节 discuss the details of a plan
13 handcuff (n) 手铐
戴着手铐be in handcuffs
eg. The police put handcuffs on the man. He
was in handcuffs.
14 steal (v) 偷 (steal---stole—stolen)
e.g. My bicycle was stolen when I was in the
shop
•
•
•
•
•
:(adv.) on or into a ship, boat, aeroplane
bus or train
: (n.) a quarrel; an angry
disagreement
: act, behave in a certain
situation ; handle a problem or person
: (v.) select the numbers on a
telephone ; make a phone call
: (n.) wooden or metal barrier like
a door, but usually in a wall or fence
outside a building
•
•
•
•
•
•
______: (n.) two strong metal things which
police put around the wrists of prisoners
: (v.) move or do something quickly
: (v.) see something; to become aware
of it
: (n.) a small bag in which we keep
money
: (n.) metal bars which keep you out of
an area
: (v.) tell someone something, in an
official way
•
•
•
•
•
______: (n.) the act of robbing somebody
: (v.) look at someone or something
with great interest, with one’s eyes wide
open
: (v.) take something which is not
yours; be a thief
: (adj.) unusual, puzzling
: (n.) a problem or difficulty of some
type
Teaching
procedures
一般过去时基本用法
•
Ask students about their activities
yesterday to review the past form
which they can use
T: What did you do yesterday?
S: I went to…/ bought…
• Leading in
• Ask students to find out the certain rule on
the past form
①-ed
• ②-d
• ③-ied
• ④-双写+ed
• ⑤不规则的
More practice:
• dial, stare, show, notice, move, carry, stop,
look, drop, begin, buy, break, put, cost,
put , come, run, get, leave, pay, say, stay,
teach, can, do, drive, fall, give, speak,
steal, take, go, do, see, follow, tell, think,
help, use, talk
• Understanding the grammar by more
practice:
• T: Later Paul told his friend Julia about the
robbery. Here are some of Julia’s
questions and Paul’s answers. Fill the
gaps with one or more words.
• Model: P38
•
•
•
•
A: Did you hear the argument?
B: Yes, I heard the argument.
A: Did you see the robbery?
B: No, I did not see the robbery.
• Consolidation
练习册14,15
Chapter4. Number:Everyone’s
Language
•
•
综述
本单元的阅读部份是关于数字的几篇短文。对
学生来说, 有些内容是熟悉的, 有些则是新
鲜的。教师应充分利用学生的已有知识和兴趣
来引导学生进行阅读。对于基数词和序数词,
因为学生在小学和中预时已经学过,比较熟悉,
教师应通过对数字运算及数字游戏来加深同学
对数词的印象,进而引入对加、减等较陌生数
学符号的教学,由浅入深。本篇阅读中还出现
了一些核心词汇如: amazing, be made up
of 等,也是本篇的教学重点。
• 本课的任务有两个:
• 学生通过对课文的学习。掌握一些核心词
汇,例如,amazing, be made up of等。
• 通过学习课文,了解数, 能用英语讲述基
本的数学运算。
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
阅读目标
知识目标
学习课文中重点词、词组、句型和语法。
能力目标
通过阅读进一步了解数字, 同时能掌握基数词,
和序数词的用法。
情感目标
通过对数字、符号等学习,唤起同学对数学这门
学科的浓厚兴趣。
教学方法
采用任务型教学法组织教学,通过听说,讨论等
具体活动,达到教学效果。
• 重点和难点
• 词汇学习
– 核心词汇:
• accurate, amazing,angle, at least, be made up
of,brain, calculate, calculator, consist of,
develop, divide, electronic, especially, even,
figure, following, human, invent, invention, odd,
powerful, program, time, copy, decision, fellow,
not at all
• 拓展词汇:
• abacus , bead, calculation, compasses, decimal,
fraction, lifetime, living, measure, multiply,
percentage, protractor, represent, square root,
subtract, announcement, gift, wrongly, graph
• 句型学习
• Abacuses are so fast and accurate
that people still use them today.
• Shakuntala’s brain took fifty seconds
to find the answer
教学设计(Teaching Designs)
• Pre-reading
• 1)复习以前学过的数词,通过游戏使学生
对数词有一个熟悉的过程
• 2)通过brainstorm 和图片来引进一些加,
减,等较难的单词,通过这些符号的学习加
深对数词的学习,从而达到对本课的理解。
同时和平时的数学课联系向学生介绍
• While-reading
• 老师与学生一起走进数字世界.同时初步了解整篇
课文的布局
• ①讲解课文: A. 通过图片引入单词
•
B 接下来的环节是Further
understanding of the text。 学生在这一环节里,
可以用新的单词和句型来讲述文中的数字的形成、
计算机和电脑。这个设计安排既可以回顾课文的
主要内容,还可以看出学生的理解是否准确,很
多精彩的智慧火花会在这一刻出现。
•
C 讨论文章四段大意
•
D. 重点词汇及句式讲解
•
E.Consolidation and conclusion
指导学生完成课文后的P50 Ex C1、C2,C3.
课文提问及重点句型的介绍
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Ask questions according to the text :
In what way, did people all count in the same way?
what did people write in many different ways?
Who invented the zero?
Why was the zero a very important invention?
Which is one of the first calculating machines?
How do people describe the abacuses?
Why do we say computers are very powerful?
Is a human brain more powerful than a computer? Why ?
• 课文讲解
• at least 意为“至少”,“无论如何;不管怎样”。如:
• He has waited for you at least 30 minutes.他等了你至
少30分钟
• You might at least answer. 你不管怎样该给个答复。
• at least 的反义词是at most(至多;最多)
• language是名词,意为“语言”。 language 的搭配是
speak a language。如:
• People in different countries speak different
languages。不同国家的人说不同的语言。
• language的常用搭配还有:
• An official language 官方语言 spoken/oral language
口语
• The Chinese language 汉语 written language 书面语
言
• 2 In ancient times, people wrote numbers in many different
ways, as these pictures of the number 6 show.古时候,人们以
不同的方式书写数字,正如那些表示数字6的图片所示。
• Ancient 是形容词,意为“古代的”,“很久以前的”。又如:
• The ancient Chinese wore different clothes from the modern
Chinese.
• 中国古人与现代人穿的衣服完全不同。
• Ancient 的反义词是modern (a 现代的;现代化的)
• times 与time 不同,前者表示“某个时代”,而后者表示“时
间”。如:
• In Shakespeare’s times, not many people could read.
• 在莎士比亚时代,没有多少人认识字。
• Times 的近义词是age (n 时代)
• In ancient times 是“在古代”,“很久以前”的意思。我们也
可以用long go, long, 或 once upon a time来表示“从前”或“很
久以前”之意。
本例中,as 是个介词,意为“正如”,“像……一样”。又如:
• She works in the same building as my sister 她和我妹妹在同一
大楼上班。
• 3. However, they nearly all counted in the same way—in
tens.
• 然而,它们的计数方式都是一致的—十进制。
• Nearly是个副词,表示“大约”,“接近”,“差不多”的意
思。又如:
• I’m nearly 16,it’s my birthday next week.我就快16岁了,下个
礼拜是我生日。
• Almost 与nearly 意思相近,当与动词、副词、形容词及名词连
用时,可互换,如:
• It’s nearly lunchtime =it’s almost lunchtime。 快到午饭时间了。
• 但Almost 可以和no 、none 、never 、nothing 等不定代词连用,
而nearly 则不可;nearly 常用在含有not 的否定句中,而almost
则不可与not 单独连用。如:
• There’s almost no water left in the bottle.瓶子里水快没了。
• It is not nearly so pretty as it was before 这远不及以前漂亮了。
• 4.The system of numbers that nearly everyone uses
today consists of the numbers from 1 to 9 and 0(zero).
今天几乎所有人使用的数字系统都包含从1到9和0这十
个数字。
• Consist of 是“包括”,“由……组成”的意思。
consist 没有被动语态,因此不可以说成is consisted of。
如:
• The class consists of 22 boys and 18 girls.
• 这个班级是由22个男生和18个女生组成的。
• Consist of 与be made up of意思相近。因此,上句也可
改写为:
• The class is made up of 22 boys and 18 girls.
• 这个班级是由22个男生和18个女生组成的。
• 5.The Indians first invented and developed the 1 to 9
system of numbers.
• 印度人最早发明并建立了从1到9的数字系统。
• 动词invent 是“发明”,“创造”之意。如:
• Who invented the bicycle? 谁发明了自行车?
• 与之相关的派生词有:
• inventor n.发明者;发明家
• Thomas Edison was a great inventor in the American
history.
• 托马斯`爱迪生是美国历史上一位伟大的发明家。
• Invention n.发明,发明物
• Invention作“发明”解时,是不可数名词。如:
• The invention of telephones and telegrams made the
world different.
• 电话与电报的发明使世界不同以往。
• Invention 作“发明物”的解时,是可数名词。如:
• His 6000 inventions included the electric light, the
phonograph.
• 动词develop 为“发展”,“开发”之意,如:
• Some children develop more slowly than others.有的儿
童比其他儿童发育得慢。
• Develop的派生词有:
• Development n.发展:
• The development of modern science and technology
makes people lead a more enjoyable life.
• 现代科技的发展使人们享受更幸福的生活。
• Developed a.发达的
• The USA is a developed country。美国是发达国家
• Developing a.发展中的
• China is a developing country.中国是发展中国家
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
动词calculate是“计算”之意。如:
Can you calculate how much the holiday will cost?
你能否计算一下度个假要花多少钱?
calculator n.计算器
calculation n 计算;计算题
解释为“计算”时,calculation为不可数名词。如:
Perhaps you have made a mistake in your calculation.
你方可能计算有误。
解释为“计算题”时,calculation为可数名词,如:
All these calculations are based on the data you have
provide.
• 所有计算结果都是根据你们提供的数据做出的。
• calculating a.计算的;与计算有关的
• calculating machine 计算机calculating businessman精
明的商人
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
accurate是形容词,意为“准确的,精确的”
accurate的派生词有:
accurately ad.正确地,精确地 accuracy n.精确性,正确度
so …that…是“如此……以至于……”的意思,它所引导的是结
果状语从句。如:
The desk is so heavy that I can’t carry it.课桌太重了,我搬不
动。
动词represent是“代表”的意思,又如:
we chose a committee to represent us 我们选出一个委员来
代表我们。
representative是represent的名词形式,是“代表,代理
(人)”的意思。
In a flash 是“在一瞬间”的意思,相当于very quickly。
Whole 在本例中是个形容词,意为“整个的”,“全部的”。
又如:
She ate the whole cake 她把整个蛋糕都吃了
Whole还可以作名词用,意为“整体”。“全体”常见的搭配有:
As a whole 整体来看
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
介词against在本文中是“对着;对立”的意思。又如:
They played against a football team from another village.
他们跟另一个村的足球队比赛
此外,against还可以用来表达如下含义:
不喜欢;反对
Many people are against the plan 很多人都反对这个计划
此时它的反义词为for,即表示赞成。
防止;预防
Have you had an injection against the disease ?你注射过这种疾病的预防
针了吗?
靠着;倚着
put the cupboard against the wall 把这个橱柜放在靠墙的地方。
Some people call the brain a living computer 有人把人脑称为“活电脑”
Living一词为形容词,解释为“活着的”“健在的”,又如:
Some people say he is the greatest living writer.有人说他是健在的最伟大
的作家。
alive,和living这两个词有时会被混淆。以下简述一下它们的区别:
通常情况下,alive作表语(be alive),而living一般放在名词前作定语用。
如:
that great man is still alive 那个伟人依然活着
all living things一切生物
•
•
•
•
•
•
Change the following sentences
This maths problem is too difficult to work out.
The camera is too expensive for her to buy.
Tony is old enough to go to school.
The hole is too small for the dog to go into.
These vegetables are fresh enough for us to like
to eat.
• The school is too far away for Peter to go on foot.
• The music is too soft for him to hear.
• The bird is too high for us to see.
•
•
•
•
•
Rewrite sentences
1. I spent two days doing this job.
2. Tommy paid 25 yuan for this shirt.
3. Sandy spent 135 dollars on this bicycle.
4 The students of Class Four spent two
hours finishing their homework.
• 5. Fangfang paid 100 yuan for all of the
books.
Chapter 4 Language
•
•
•
Teaching Designs
Lead –in :Warming up /Present cardinal
numbers and ordinal numbers/Present
Imperative sentences
Practice: Understanding cardinal
numbers, ordinal numbers and
Imperative sentence/ Doing more
practice
•
•
•
•
•
•
Teaching procedures:.
1. Do quick responses to introduce
imperative sentence
Read the sums in English
Ask the students to look at the screen and
ask them to read the sums in English and try
to use different ways to express
2. Leading in
在进行了短暂热身练习之后,教师介绍书中
基数词最基本的构成方式
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
其他的基数词构成方式
1) 21---99 先说“几十”, 再说“几” 中间加连字号:
e.g.:
23----twenty-three
89---eighty-nine
2)101----999:先说“几百”, 再加and,再加末两位数(或末位
数)
e.g.:
223----two hundred and twenty-three
809—eight hundred and nine
3)1,000以上的数:先从后向前数,每三位数加一“,”,第
一个“,”号前为thousand, 第二个“,”号前为million, 第三个
“,”号前为billion,(美式)或thousand million(英式),然后一
节一节表式
e.g.:
1,001---one thousand and one
9,743—nine thousand, seven hundred and
forty-three
750,000,000---seven hundred and fifty million
• 4)序数词一般以与之相应的基数词加词尾th构成, 有特别的地
方:
• A: one-first
two—second
three-third
five—fifth
eight-eighth
nine-ninth
•
twelve-twelfth
• B: 以-ty结尾的词,要先变y为I,再加-eth
• e.g.: twenty—twentieth
forty—fortieth
• C: 以one, two, three, five, eight, nine 收尾的多位数词要照第一
条变
• e.g.: twenty—twenty-first
ninety-nine—ninetyninth
• D: 序数词主要用作定语,前面一般要加定冠词(或物主代词)
• 5) 分数词:是以基数词和序数词合成的,基数词代表分子序数
词代表分母,除了分子是“1”的情况外,序数词都要用复数
• Consolidation
• A: 填入适当的基数词或序数词:
– There are___________ days in a week.
– Sunday is the ___________ day of the week.
– September is ____________ month of the year.
– A clock has __________ or_________ hands.
– Summer is the ___________season of a year.
– Classes begin at___________(8:00) o’clock.
– We are in Class_________ Grade__________.
– My school’s telephone number
is___________(59374865)
• 选择题
• 1. Now class, please open your books and turn to______________
• A , 32 pagesB, page 32
C, 32nd page D, pages 32
• Mr. White was born____________.
• A, on June 28, 1968
B, in 28 June, 1968
• C, in 1968, June 28
D, on June 28, in
1968
• 3. A: How many people will come to Beijing for the Olympic Games in 2008.
•
B: _____________________
• A, Million of B, Millions of
C, Two millions of
D, Two million of
• 4. A: Li Lei, which is ______________ day of a week?
•
B: Thursday, I think.
• A, fifth
B, the fifth
C, five
D, the five
• 5. She had leaned _____________ by the end of last term.
• A, eight hundred English words
B, eight hundreds English
words
•
C, eight hundred English word
D, hundreds of English
words
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
6. He wrote _________ letter to his parents yesterday.
A, a 800 words B, an 800-word
C, an 800-word’sD, a 800-word
7. It’s a ___________ walk from my school to home
A, twenty minute’s
B, twenty minutes
C, twenty minutes’
D, twenty-minute
8. ___________ of the earth___________ covered with water.
A, Seventh-tens …….are
B, Seventh-tens …..is
B, Seven-tenths-------is
D, Seven-tenths ……are
9. I didn’t think it easy for a young girl to finish so much work
in____________.
A, two days’ time
B, two-days time
C, two days time
C, two days time
10. The famous profess lives on____________ floor in Block___________.
A, four…5 B, four…. 5th C, the fourth…5
D, the fourth…. 5th
Oxford English 8A
Chapter 4
Numbers:
Everyone’s
language
Ten little Indian boys
①One little, two little, three little Indians
Four little, five little, six little Indians
Seven little, eight little, nine little Indians
Ten little Indian boys
②……hundred Germans--Ten hundred German girls.
③……thousand Russians--Ten thousand Russian boys.
④……million Chinese--Ten million Chinese children.
A puzzle
I know what you write …
What number? …………
+×@#+=$%+√^&*+!%&$!#+×
^+ &+}÷|(&%#?>:”*§-÷4^%&
Yeah, I’ve got it.
Do you want to know how I can…?
Name the pictures, signs and numbers
–
0.79
¾
+
36.5
°

=

28 %
look and answer
六6 Ⅵ
 IIIIII
I am a superman
I have the best memory
two one
① 119
120one 114
117 110
119
120
114
117
110
② 208080
210800
200080
218080
two one
zero zero
eight zero
208080
210800 200080 218080
six 7789
five five three
③ 6353
6553seven
7889 eight eight
6353nine
8779
6353 7789
6553 7889
6353 8779
One
three
nine
four
eight
④ 139 32464870 139 23644807 139 48702364
seven zero two three six four
139 32464870
139 23644807
139 48702364
Guess the price
How much does it/do they cost?
¥9,000
10,000
¥???
¥9,999
888
551 <<¥¥1000
¥800
¥500<< ¥???
650
¥61 < ¥100
¥10 < ???
is/equals
2(
+
)3=5
plus
8(
– )5=3
minus
3(
 ) 7 = 21
multiplied by
Read the sums
•
•
•
•
•
4 + 7 = 11
3+5–2=6
6×3÷9 = 2
15 ÷5 ×2 = 6
6 ×7 ÷3 + 1 – 5 =
10
18 (
)6=3
divided by
instructions
statements
▲Add 2 and 6
▲ 2 plus 6 equals …
▲ Subtract 2 from 6
▲ 6 minus 2 equals …
▲ Multiply 2 by 6
▲ 2 multiplied by 6 equals …
▲ Divide 6 by 2
▲ 6 divided by 2 equals …
A game
work out “24 count card”
Listen to the instructions and
choose the right answer
1).
3).
84
5).
33
7).
80
$75
21
56
49
17
75% 75º
43
65
23
5
9). 2
1.6
12
11). 2565 3881
12). 13A
30A
1
2
66
2). 2.66
4). 2
1
8
26%
32
6).
0.75
8). 90º
90%
10). 9
2
6
1
9
11
2566 2881
2565 2881
138
13). 1.8%
80%
Who wins?
Everyone wins!
Howthe
long
is the Great
Wall?and
What’s
population
of Shanghai?
People
6900km
9.536 /
6800km
kmof( animals
6600km
12.78
/
16.73 /6700
a18.37
lot
million)
live on land.
We know that
about _______
of the earth
is water.
What’s
the
average
temperature
Thetall
area
of
China
isfor9,600,000
3/4 Tower
2/3 ?
How
long
did
it takePearl
Shenzhou
Vkm²
How
is
Oriental
TV
January
in
Shanghai
?
It manned
coversin
nearly
____
of
the
world’s
area
of land.
spaceship
to
circle
the
earth
on
one
orbit?
1/4
2/5
368m
386m
468m
486m
0.5.5%
5 ˚C
5 ˚C
2.minutes
5 ˚C
3. minutes
5 ˚C
6.6%
8.6%
15.5%
70 minutes
801.minutes
90
100
A puzzle
I know what you write …
What number? …………
+×@#+=$%+√^&*+!%&$!#+×
^+ &+}÷|(&%#?>:”*§-÷4^%&
Yeah, I’ve got it.
Do you want to know how I can…?
Let me tell you now……
{ 〔(
+1)
×2 +3 〕 ×2 – 10
} ÷4 =
Homework
Finish off the exercises in “ More practice” on p.60
1.
2. Do Grammar Practice Book p.25
3. Write a paragraph with the help of the line graph
(see the example on p. 58 of your book)
Foreign tourists coming to our city
Numbers of the
tourists
10000
7500
5000
2500
0
1999
2000
2001
Year
2002
2003
1. Ancient numbers
2. The system of numbers
3.Calculating machines
Abacuses
Electronic calculators
Computers
Brain against computer
Do a calculation
•
•
•
•
•
•
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
9+6
15-7
3x8
18/2
4+11
12-4
7) 15+5
8) 7-4
9) (14+4)/2
10) (19-9)x4
Do a calculation
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9+6=15
15-7 =8
3 x 8 =24
18/2=9
4+11=15
12-4=8
5x6=30
22/2=11
Pair work:
A: How much is nine plus
six?
B: Nine plus six equals
fifteen.
Let’s read!
Let’s read!
Let’s read!
Read one by one!
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1) 209
2) 490
3)1056
4) 2,000
5) 35,614
6) 300,000
7) 3,000,000
8) 1,425,632
9) 1.4
10) 0.43
11) 8.153
12) 45.78
13) 2nd
14) 55th
15) 31st
16) 5/6
17) 1/10
18) ¾, 1/2
Do a quiz!
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1.Is China the biggest country in the world?
How big is our country?
2. How long is the Yangtze River?
3. When is our National Day? When was the New China born?
4. When was Nanpu Bridge built? How long is it?
5.What’s the address of us school?
6. What is the population of China?
7.How tall is the Oriental Pearl TV Tower?
8.Which mountain is the highest in the world? How high is it?
9.What degree is our body temperature?
10. How tall is Yao Ming?
11.When were you born?
Do a survey
• There are ___ students in our class. ___%
of us are girls and ___ % of us are boys.
___ of us were born in ___.The average age
is ___ years old. The tallest student is
___cm and the shortest one is__ cm. The
heaviest student is ___kg and the lightest
one is ___kg. The average weight is
___kg.About ___ of the students live at
school. They go home at weekends.___ of
the students go home every day. ___ of us
go to school by bike.___ of the boys like ball
games.
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Chapter 2 A day in the life of WHIZ