The Five Themes of Geography
By Miss K. Rice
Revised by Mr. K. Buege
The 5 Themes of Geography
1. Location
2. Movement
3. Region
4. Place
5. Human/ Environment Interaction
(HEI)
6. 5 Themes of Geography video
Theme # 1: Location
Where is it??
Location:
• There are two types of LOCATION!!
• Absolute (its exact location on the Earth)
• Relative (its location in relation to other
places)
Absolute Location:
• Absolute Location is found by
using…
• Two specific line types
• Latitude
• Longitude
Absolute Location:
• Latitude Lines
AKA (Parallels)
Latitude lines are drawn from:
East to West
Latitude lines measure:
North to South
Absolute Location:
• The Major Line of LATITUDE is the:
• Equator
• It splits the Earth into:
• the Northern and
Southern Hemispheres
Define Hemisphere:
• Half of a globe
(in our case the Earth)
Absolute Location:
• Other important lines of LATITUDE:
• 22 1/3 * North = Tropic of Cancer
• 22 1/3 * South = Tropic of Capricorn
• They are important because:
They get the most direct
sunlight making these areas
the hottest places on Earth
Absolute Location:
• Other important lines:
• 66 1/2 * North = Arctic Circle
• 66 1/2 * South = Antarctic Circle
They are important because:
These areas get the least amount
of sunlight. Part of the year
there is no sunlight and the
other part of the year there
is no darkness.
Absolute Location:
• Longitude Lines
AKA (Meridians)
Latitude lines are drawn from:
North to South
Latitude lines measure:
East to West
Absolute Location:
• The Major Line of LONGITUDE is the:
• Prime Meridian
• It splits the Earth into:
• the Eastern and
Western Hemispheres
Absolute Location:
30*N
15*W
45*S
45*E
30*S
60*W
15*N
30*E
30*N
60*W
45*N
45*E
60*S
60*W
60*N
30*W
30*S
15*E
60*S
75*E
Relative Location:
• Location in relation to other places
Figure out where Texas is in relation to
other states/countries
• Question related to theme of location:
“Where is this place
located and how has
its location affected it?”
Theme # 2: Movement
• How are people linked together?
Movement:
• Movement describes how…
• How people in one area contact
people in other areas
Movement:
• The world is constantly changing,
and places are affected by the
movement of:
– People
– Goods
– Ideas
– Physical forces
How is this place
changing and why?
Theme # 3: Region
• What does it have in common?
Region:
• A region describes:
• Areas that have something in
common
Or
An area that has one or more features that make it different
from surrounding areas.
• Examples of physical regions include climates;
vegetation zones; biomes; general physical areas, such
as mountains; and specific physical areas, such as the
Rocky Mountains.
• Examples of cultural regions include Scandinavia, Latin
America, and the Bible Belt.
• Examples of global regions include areas with similar
soil types, religions, climates, languages.
• Examples of local regions include school districts,
newspaper-circulation areas, and zip code and zoning
areas.
Region:
• Regions are fundamental organizing units of geography.
• Geographers use regions to give order to the earth’s
surface.
• We organize space into regions every day. Every time we
refer to an area by saying:
– “I’m going downtown” or “down South,” or “I’d like to live in that
neighborhood,” we are using the concept of regions.
· How would you know you had left one region
and entered another?
· What characteristics make one region
different from another?
· How do you determine the boundaries
of a region?
Theme # 4: Place
What is it like?
Every place is unique and has its own
personality and character.
Examples:
weather
plants and animals
history
people
Place:
Place:
What are the unique
features of this place?
Place:
Place:
Each PLACE on Earth has it own:
DISTINCT CHARACTERISTICS
Two types:
Human
Or
Physical
(something that makes it different than any other place in
the world)
????????????????????????????????
• What is the difference between
Location & Place?
What is the difference between
Location & Place?
Location: 5* S , 68 * W
What is the difference between
Location & Place?
Place: Describe
Human/Environment Interaction:
• How do we interact with our environment?
HEI:
• What is an environment?
–Natural Surroundings
• Human/Environment Interaction
explains:
–How people use and change their
environment
HEI:
• The environment influences how:
• We live
• Example: What is
the environment
like and how does it
affect the people who
live there
HEI = Global Warming
• Global Warming
could be an example of
how we affect the environment
HEI = Global Warming
1979
2005
What is happening because of global warming?
Location:
A
I
Location:
Location:
Q A
A
II
Q
Q
Can you place the
geographic
term
with
Can you
place
the
the
correct
geographic term with
geographic
the theme!?!?
correct
geographic theme!?!?
Geographic
Themes
Geographic
Geographic
Themes
Themes
Region:
C Region:
F
K
C
F
K
Movement:
Movement:
D
D
L
L
M
M
Equator
a) Equator
Building
roads
b) Building
roads
Southwest
Asia
c) Southwest Asia
Visiting
another
country
d) Visiting
another
country
On island
an island
e) On an
Western
f) Western
US US
A very
climate
g) A very
hothot
climate
Planting
crops
h) Planting
crops
longitude
i) longitude
Place:
E
G
OPlace:
P E
G
O
P
Human/Environmen
t Interaction:
B
Human/Environmen
Human/Environmen
H
tt Interaction:
Interaction:
J
B
B
N
H
H
J
J
N
N
Cutting
j) Cutting
down
down
forests
forests
Your
k) Your
neighborhood
neighborhood
Changing
l) Changing
youryour
address
address
Written
m) Written
letters
letters
Building
n) Building
new new
houses
houses
Areas
o) Areas
withwith
little little
rainfall
rainfall
Swiss
p) Swiss
chalets
chalets
& high
& mts
high=mts
Switzerland
= Switzerland
Texas
q) Texas
is south
is south
of Oklahoma
of
Location:
Can you place the
geographic term with
the correct
geographic theme!?!?
Geographic
Themes
Place:
Region:
Movement:
a) Equator
b) Building roads
c) Southwest Asia
d) Visiting another country
e) On an island
f) Western US
g) A very hot climate
h) Planting crops
i) longitude
Human/Environmen
t Interaction:
j) Cutting down forests
k) Your neighborhood
l) Changing your address
m) Written letters
n) Building new houses
o) Areas with little rainfall
p) Swiss chalets & high mts
= Switzerland
q) Texas is south of
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The Five Themes of Geography