50 States
DEFINITION OF
GEOGRAPHY
ge·og·ra·phy
1 : a science that deals with the
description, distribution, and
interaction of the diverse
physical, biological, and cultural
features of the earth's surface
Source-Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary
2
IN PLAIN ENGLISH
Geography is the study of the
earth and everything on it.
3
K - Standards
•
Geographic Understandings SSKG1 The student will describe American culture
by explaining diverse community and family celebrations and customs. SSKG2
The student will explain that a map is a drawing of a place and a globe is a
model of the Earth.
•
a. Differentiate land and water features on simple maps and globes.
•
b. Explain that maps and globes show a view from above.
•
c. Explain that maps and globes show features in a smaller size.
•
SSKG3 The student will state the street address, city, county, state, nation, and
continent in which he or she lives.
st
1
Grade
•
SS1G1 The student will describe the cultural and geographic systems
associated with the historical figures in SS1H1a. SS1G2 The student will
identify and locate his/her city, county, state, nation, and continent on a
simple map or a globe. SS1G3 The student will locate major topographical
features of the earth’s surface.
•
a. Locate all of the continents: North America, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia,
Antarctica, and Australia.
•
b. Locate the major oceans: Arctic, Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian.
•
c. Identify and describe landforms (mountains, deserts, valleys, plains, plateaus, and
coasts).
nd
2
Grade
SS2G1 The student will locate major topographical features of Georgia and will
describe how these features define Georgia’s surface.
• a. Locate all the geographic regions of Georgia: Blue Ridge Mountains, Piedmont,
Coastal Plain, Valley and Ridge, and Appalachian Plateau.
• b. Locate the major rivers: Ocmulgee, Oconee, Altamaha, Savannah, St. Mary’s,
Chattahoochee, and Flint.
• SS2G2 The student will describe the cultural and geographic systems
associated with the historical figures in SS2H1 and Georgia’s Creeks and
Cherokees.
• a. Identify specific locations significant to the life and times of each historic figure on a
political map.
• b. Describe how place (physical and human characteristics) had an impact on the lives
of each historic figure.
• c. Describe how each historic figure adapted to and was influenced by his/her
environment.
• d. Trace examples of travel and movement of these historic figures and their ideas
across time.
• e. Describe how the region in which these historic figures lived affected their lives and
compare these regions to the region in which the students live.
3rd Grade
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SS3G1 The student will locate major topographical features.
a. Identify major rivers of the United States of America: Mississippi, Ohio, Rio
Grande, Colorado, Hudson.
b. Identify major mountain ranges of the United States of America: Appalachian,
Rocky.
c. Locate the Equator, Prime Meridian, and lines of latitude and longitude on a globe.
d. Locate Greece on a world map.
SS3G2 The student will describe the cultural and geographic systems associated with
the historical figures in SS3H2a.
a. Identify on a political map specific locations significant to the life and times of these
historical figures.
b. Describe how place (physical and human characteristics) had an impact on the lives
of these historical figures.
c. Describe how each of these historical figures adapted to and was influenced by
his/her environment.
d. Trace examples of travel and movement of these historical figures and their ideas
across time.
e. Describe how the regions in which these historical figures lived affected their lives
and had an impact on their cultural identification.
4th Grade
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
SS4G1 The student will be able to locate important physical and man-made
features in the United States.
a. Locate major physical features of the United States; include the Atlantic Coastal
Plain, the Great Plains, the Continental Divide, the Great Basin, Death Valley, the
Gulf of Mexico, the St. Lawrence River, and the Great Lakes.
b. Locate major man-made features; include New York City, NY; Boston, MA;
Philadelphia, PA; and the Erie Canal.
SS4G2 The student will describe how physical systems affect human systems.
a. Explain why each of the Native American groups (SS4H1a) occupied the areas they
did, with emphasis on why some developed permanent villages and others did not.
b. Describe how the early explorers (SS4H2a) adapted, or failed to adapt, to the
various physical environments in which they traveled.
c. Explain how the physical geography of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and
Southern colonies helped determine economic activities practiced therein.
d. Explain how each force (American and British) attempted to use the physical
geography of each battle site to its benefit (SS4H4c).
e. Describe physical barriers that hindered and physical gateways that benefited
territorial expansion from 1801 to 1861 (SS4H6a).
5th Grade
•
•
•
•
•
•
SS5G1 The student will locate important places in the United States.
a. Locate important physical features; include the Grand Canyon, Salton Sea, Great
Salt Lake, and Mojave Desert.
b. Locate important man-made places; include the Chisholm Trail; Pittsburgh, PA;
Gettysburg, PA; Kitty Hawk, NC; Pearl Harbor, HI; and Montgomery, AL.
SS5G2 The student will explain the reasons for the spatial patterns of economic
activities.
a. Explain how factors such as population, transportation, and resources influenced
industrial location in the United States between the end of the Civil War and 1900.
b. Locate primary agricultural and industrial locations since the turn of the 20th
century and explain how factors such as population, transportation, and resources have
influenced these areas.
THE 5 THEMES OF
GEOGRAPHY
THE FIVE THEMES OF
GEOGRAPHY
•
•
•
•
•
Location
Place
Human-Environment Interaction
Movement
Regions
LOCATION
Where are we?
• Absolute Location
– A latitude and longitude
(global location) or a
street address (local
location).
– Paris France is 48o North
Latitude and 2o East
Longitude.
– The White House is
located at 1600
Pennsylvania Ave.
• Relative Location
– Described by landmarks,
time, direction or
distance. From one place
to another.
– Go 1 mile west on main
street and turn left for 1
block.
PLACE
What is it like there, what kind of place is it?
• Human
• Physical
Characteristics
Characteristics
• What are the main
languages, customs, and
beliefs.
• How many people live,
work, and visit a place.
• Landforms (mountains,
rivers, etc.), climate,
vegitation, wildlife, soil, etc.
HUMAN-ENVIRONMENT
INTERACTION
• How do humans and the environment affect
each other?
– We depend on it.
• People depend on the Tennessee River for water and
transportation.
– We modify it.
• People modify our environment by
heating and cooling buildings for comfort.
– We adapt to it.
• We adapt to the environment by wearing
clothing suitable for summer (shorts) and
winter (coats), rain and shine.
MOVEMENT
• How are people, goods, ideas moved from place
to place?
– Human Movement
• Trucks, Trains, Planes
– Information Movement
• Phones, computer (email), mail
– Idea Movement
• How do fads move from place to place?
TV, Radio, Magazines
REGIONS
• How are Regions similar to and different from other
places?
– Formal Regions
• Regions defined by governmental or administrative boundaries (States,
Countries, Cities)
• Regions defined by similar characteristics (Corn Belt, Rocky Mountain
region, Chinatown).
– Functional Regions
• Regions defined by a function (newspaper service area, cell phone
coverage area).
– Vernacular Regions (Not in your book)
• Regions defined by peoples perception (middle east, the south, etc.)
Remembering the 5 themes
• If you can’t remembering what they
are just ask MR. HELP!!!
• M – Movement
• R – Regions
• HE – Human Environment interaction
• L – Location
• P - Place
Quiz About
The Five Themes of
Geography
Click the bell to the left of the correct answer.
Applause will sound if the answer is correct.
A gong will sound if the answer is incorrect.
A key to the quiz follows the last slide.
You may continue answering each question until the
correct answer is found.
Click on the orange arrow key to progress through the quiz.
Question 1
Which of the following is NOT a
geography theme?
A. movement
B. human-environmental
interaction
C. region
D. people
19
Question 2
Which of the following is an example of
Human-Environmental Interaction?
A. getting the mail
B. watching TV
C. playing Gameboy
D. Rainforest Clearing
20
Question 3
Which of the following helped create the 5
Themes of Geography?
A. Geographica Institute
C. National Council for
Social Studies
B. National Geographic
Society
D. Social Studies Teachers of
America
21
Question 4
Which of the following is an example of PLACE?
A. Deep South
B. McDonalds
C. Dodge County Middle
School
D. Skating rink
22
Question 5
Which of the following is NOT an example of
Location?
A. Springfield, Missouri
B.
Dodge County Middle School
1103 Herman Ave
Eastman, GA 31023
C. Georgia
D. the hills
23
Question 6
Which of the following is an example of
region?
A. Georgia
B. South America
C. United States
D. The Midwest
24
Question 7
What is the name of a person who studies the earth and
everything on it?
A. Photographer
B. Cartographer
C. Geographer
D. Mapographer
25
Key
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1) D
2) D
3) B
4) A
5) B
6) D
7) C
26
Descargar

5 Themes of Geography - University of West Georgia