The Five Themes of
A Framework for Studying the
AP Human Geography
Theme 1: Location
• Where is It?
• Why is It There?
Two Types of
Absolute Location
A specific place on the Earth’s surface
Uses a grid system
Latitude and longitude
A global address
Absolute Location Examples
–Paris France is 48 North
Latitude and 2o East Longitude.
–The White House is located at
1600 Pennsylvania Ave.
Relative Location
• Where a place is in
relation to another
• Uses directional
words to describe
Relative Location Examples
• Lake Michigan is on the eastern side
of Chicago.
• North Carolina is one of the
Southeastern States
• Go 1 mile South on Avenue O and
turn left.
Theme 2: Place
Physical Characteristics
• Land Features
• Mountains, plains,
and plateaus
• Climate
• Bodies of Water
Theme 2: Place
Human Characteristics
Buildings and
• Cities
• What are the main
languages, customs, and
• How many people live,
work, and visit a place
Theme 3: Human
Environment Interaction
How do humans and the
environment affect
each other?
People . . .
• Adapt to Their Environment
• Modify Their Environment
• Depend on Their Environment
People . . .
• Adapt to Their Environment
• We adapt to the environment by wearing
clothing suitable for summer (shorts) and
winter (coats), rain and shine.
• Modify Their Environment
• People modify our environment by
heating and cooling buildings for comfort.
• Depend on Their Environment
• People depend on the Chicago River/Lake
Michigan for water and transportation.
Theme 4: Movement
The Mobility of
• People
• Goods
• Ideas
How Places are
linked to one
another and the
– Human Movement
• Trucks, Trains, Planes
– Information Movement
• Phones, computer (email), mail
– Idea Movement
• How do fads move from place to
TV, Radio, Magazines
Theme 5: Regions
What Places Have in Common
• Political Regions
• Landform Regions
• Agricultural Regions
• Cultural Regions
• How are Regions similar to and different from
other places?
– Formal Regions
• Regions defined by governmental or administrative boundaries
(States, Countries, Cities)
• Regions defined by similar characteristics (Midwest region,
Corn Belt, Rocky Mountain region, Chinatown).
– Functional Regions
• Regions defined by a function (newspaper service area, cell
phone coverage area).
– Vernacular/Perceptual Regions
• Regions defined by peoples perception (middle east, the
south, etc.)
Remembering the 5 themes
• If you can’t remembering what
they are just ask MR. HELP!!!
• M – Movement
• R – Regions
• HE – Human Environment
• L – Location
• P - Place

The Five Themes of Geography A Framework for …