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Book 1
Unit 3
Section A
Section B
Section C
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New Horizon College English
Preview
One form of communication that has a positive
influence on us is the act of deep caring. When
words fail and nothing else seems to work, a simple,
kind act of caring can change our lives, lift our
spirits and give us a model to follow – to live up to
for the rest of our lives. In this unit, we read three
stories that touch us deeply. They show how even
with personal problems, all of us, if we use our
courage, our imagining, and our giving nature, can
choose to make others' lives better. It's a noble lifegoal that: living our daily lives in a way that makes
life better for others. Why not do kind things for
others every day of your life? Do them without any
thought of gain for yourself, and see what happens.
You may be surprised and pleased with the result.
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Section A
Book
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Before Reading
Global Reading
More than I realized, Dad has
helped me keep my balance.
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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Section A A Good Heart To Lean On
Background information
1. New York City
2. Baseball
3. Ebbets Field
Warm-up questions
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Pre-reading activities
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New York City
It is the chief city and eastern port of the U.S.A. It
consists of five boroughs: Brooklyn, Manhattan,
the Bronx, Queens and Richmond, all except the
Bronx being on islands.
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The world trade center and
the empire state building
The statue of liberty
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Baseball
The national game
of the U. S. A.
There are two teams
of 9 players who use
a leather-covered
hard ball, a bat, and
padded gloves.
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pitcher
batter
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Ebbets Field
It is the stadium
built by and named
after Charlie
Ebbets, the owner
of the Brooklyn
Dodgers baseball
team.
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How do you feel when you
see
a disabled
person?
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Do you know any one who is
disabled ? If you do, talk about him /
her.
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Section A A Good Heart To Lean On
Helen Keller
Helen Keller was no longer able to see or hear after
she was sick at the age of 19 months. Her world was
totally dark and silent. Yet Helen Keller became a
teacher, writer and lecturer. She was inside the
hearts of millions of people.
How did this miracle happen? For the first six years
and nine months of her life she was almost like a wild
animal. Her father and mother could not control her.
She screamed and kicked because she wanted other
people to understand her. She wanted to
communicate with them but there was no way. Finally
Helen’s parents sent for a teacher. Her name was
Anne Mansfield Sullivan. And Helen Keller’s
education began.
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Section A A Good Heart To Lean On
Miss Sullivan had once been blind herself and she
was an extremely gifted teacher. She constantly
spelled out words in Helen’s hand. At first Helen didn’t
understand the connection between words and things.
But once she understood this connection she was
eager to learn everything. She couldn’t see or hear so
she learned by touch and feeling. Helen also learned
foreign languages: French, German, Latin and Greek.
She learned to write and speak. Helen always wanted
to do what other people did. She went to college and
her teacher went with her and helped her graduate
with honors.
Through her lectures and her writing Helen Keller
reached millions of people. Her life is an inspiration to
people everywhere.
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Section A A Good Heart To Lean On
Questions
1. When did Helen Keller become completely blind and deaf?
At the age of 19 months.
2. What was Helen like before Anne Mansfield Sullivan became
her teacher?
She was almost like a wild animal.
3.How did Helen manage to learn?
By touch and feeling.
4. How many foreign languages did Helen learn ?
What are they?
Four. They are: French, German, Latin and Greek.
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First Listening
Having ideas about a story before you read it is an
important reading skill. Please listen to a very short
piece of recording.
Second Listening
Now listen to the recording for the second time and try
to the best of your ability to answer the following
questions.
Before Reading
1. Why do you think people stared at the father and the
son?
2. What do you think a 'good heart' is?
Global Reading
3. What is the difference between how the son felt about
his father as a youth and how he feels many years later?
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After Reading
4. Now read the story below, How close did you come to
knowing the answers before you read the whole story?
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In this story, a son describes how shamed he
felt as a youth when he walked down the street
with his crippled father. The son did not like how
people stared at them. His father never let on that
he saw any of this. He was very active and
enjoyed life. He often took part in activities
through his son. Over time, the son learned that
his father had a good heart. His father has been
gone many years and the son is sorry he did not
tell him how much he admired him. Now, he often
remembers his father's example.
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Section A
Part
Paragraphs
Detailed Reading
Main ideas
1
Para 1-4
The father’s physical condition
and how he managed to get to
work, and the son’s feeling
2
Para 5-7
The son’s comment on the
father’s personality
3
Para 8-11
4
Para 12-13
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A Good Heart To Lean On
The father’s attempt to experience
things directly or indirectly
The son’s feeling and the
father’s influence on his son
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.
More than I realized, Dad has helped me keep my balance
1 When I was growing up, I was
embarrassed to be seen with my
father. He was severely crippled and
very short, and when we walked
together, his hand on my arm for
balance, people would stare. I
would inwardly struggle at the
unwanted attention. If he ever noticed
or was bothered, he never let on.
2 It was difficult to coordinate our steps --- his
halting, my impatient --- and because of that,
we didn’t say much as we went along. But as
we started out, he always said,” You set the
pace. I will try to adjust to you.”
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3
Our usual walk was to or from the subway on which
he traveled to work.
He went to work sick, and
despite nasty weather. He almost never missed a
day, and would make it to the office even if others
could not. A matter of pride.
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4 When snow or ice was on the ground, it was
1
impossible for him to walk, even with help. At such
times my sisters or I would pull him through the
Unit
streets of Brooklyn, N. Y., on a child’s wagon with
steel runners to the subway entrance. Once there,
3
he would cling to the hand-rail until he reached the
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lower steps that the warmer tunnel air kept free of
ice. In Manhattan the subway station was the
Global Reading
basement of his office building, and he would not
Detailed Reading
have to go outside again until we met him in
After Reading
Brooklyn on his way home.
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5
When I think of it now, I am amazed at how much
courage it must have taken for a grown man to
subject himself to such shame and stress. And at
how he did it --- without bitterness or complaint.
6
He never talked about himself as an object of pity,
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nor did he show any envy of the more fortunate or
1
able. What he looked for in others was a “good
heart”, and if he found one, the owner was good
Unit
enough for him.
7
Now that I am older, I believe that is a proper
3
standard by which to judge people, even though I
Before Reading
still don’t know precisely what a “good heart” is.
Global Reading
But I know the times I don’t have one myself.
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8
Unable to engage in many activities, my father
still tried to participate in some way. When a local
baseball team found itself without a manager, he
kept it going. He was a knowledgeable baseball fan
and often took me to Ebbets Field to see the
Brooklyn Dodgers play.
He liked to go to dances
and parties, where he could have a good time just
sitting and watching.
9
On one occasion a fight broke
out at a beach party, with everyone
punching and shoving.
He wasn’t
Before Reading
content to sit and watch, but he
Global Reading couldn’t stand unaided on the soft
sand. In frustration he began to shout,
Detailed Reading
“ I’ll fight anyone who will sit down with
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me! I’ll fight anyone who will sit down
with me! ”
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10 Nobody did. But the next day people kidded
him by saying it was the first time any fighter was
urged to take a dive before the fight began.
11 I now know he
participated in some things
through me, his only son.
When I played ball (poorly), he
“played” too. When I joined
the Navy, he “joined” too. And
when I came home on leave, he
saw to it that I visited his office.
Introducing me, he was
really saying, “This is my son,
but it is also me, and I could
have done this, too, if things
had been different.” Those
words were never said aloud.
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12
He has been gone many years now, but I think
of him often. I wonder if he sensed my reluctance to
be seen with him during our walks.
If he did, I am
sorry I never told him how sorry I was, how
unworthy I was, how I regretted it. I think of him
when I complain about trifles, when I am envious of
another’s good fortune, when I don’t have a “good
heart” .
13 At such times I put my
hand on his arm to regain
my balance, and say, “You
set the pace, I will try to
adjust to you.”
After Reading
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Section A A Good Heart To Lean On
A Good Heart to Lean On (title)
Meaning: A good heart to depend on for support and
encouragement. Notice that in this sense, "lean" is used
with the preposition "on".
lean on
The minister leaned on his advisers for support.
这位部长依靠他的顾问支持。
Before Reading
他们有困难时总寻求我们的支持
Global Reading
They always lean on us when they are in
trouble. 。
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Lean vi.
1. rest on sth. in a listing position for support 倚;靠
The old man leaned upon his stick.
那位老人倚着拐杖。
leaning against
有一架梯子靠在墙上
There is a ladder leaning against the wall.
2. be in a listing position; bend 倾斜;倾向;偏向
Don't lean out of the window.
别把身子探出窗外。
Just lean forward for a moment, please.
请向前靠一会儿。
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balance
n. 1. even sharing of weight; even; equal 平衡;均衡
Riders need a good sense of balance
骑马的人需要有良好的平衡感。
It‘s difficult to keep one’s balance on an icy street.
在结冰的街道上保持平衡是不容易的。
2. condition that exists when two opposites are equal
or in even lots or percents 均势, 平衡
Try to achieve a better balance between work and play.
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要努力使工作和娱乐更好地平衡。
This newspaper keeps a good balance in its
printing of different opinions.
这家报纸在发表各种不同的观点方面保持着良好的平衡。
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balance
v. 1. (cause to) be even and keep in balance
(使) 平衡, (使) 均衡
When you ride a bicycle you must learn to balance
学骑自行车必须学会保持平衡。
2. consider in relation to something else; compare
权衡;比较
You have to balance the positive points of living
in a big city against the negative ones.
你必须权衡居住在大城市的利和弊。
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More than I realized, Dad has helped
me keep my balance.
Keep my balance: keep the even or equal
state of my mind or feelings or body
translation
我没有完全意识到,
正是父亲帮助我保
持 心 理 平 衡 。
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severe
a. 1. very bad, intense, difficult, etc
非常恶劣的;紧张的;困难的
a severe headache
剧烈的头疼
旱灾日益严重。
The drought is becoming more and more severe.
2. strict or hard in thinking or treatment; using strict discipline
严格的;严肃的;严厉的
a severe punishment
严厉的惩罚
法官对小偷太严厉了吗?
Was the judge too severe on the thief?
severely
ad. in a severe or strict way 严格地;严厉地;非常恶劣地
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severely damaged
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punish sb. severely
严重损坏
严厉惩罚某人
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cripple
vt. 1. make a person unable to walk or move properly
because of damage to the back or legs 使跛;使残废
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crippled by disease
因患疾病而跛足的
crippled with pain.
因疼痛而走路一瘸一拐。
2. damage or reduce the strength of (sth.) seriously
严重地损坏;削弱
The ship was crippled by a storm.
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这只船被暴风雨严重损坏了。
The business has been crippled by losses.
这个公司由于亏损而停业。
n. [C] someone who is unable to use one or more of his
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body parts, esp. the legs 伤残人(或动物)
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inward
a. 1. located within; inside (esp. in the mind or spirit)
在内的;内部的(尤指在头脑中、精神上)
inward doubts
内心的怀疑
sb.'s inward nature
某人的内在本质
2. turned toward the inside 向内的
an inward curve
向内的弧线
inwardly
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ad. in mind or spirit
内心或精神方面
She was sad inwardly.
她不把痛苦表现出来。
He is rotten inwardly
他变质了。
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bother
vi. annoy someone by interrupting them 麻烦, 打扰
Danny, stop bothering me while I’m trying to work.
bother about doing / to do: take trouble 费力 尽心
Lot’s of people don’t bother to go through a marriage
ceremony these days.
如今许多人都懒得举行婚礼仪式。
let on
tell someone sth. that was intended to be a secret; reveal
泄露秘密
Don’t let on what I told you.
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coordinate
vt. cause (different parts, body parts, etc) to work
together very well
使协调
The plan was not very well coordinated
那项计划各部分协调得不好。
We must coordinate our efforts to
help people influenced by the flood.
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我们必须齐心协力去帮助遭受水
灾的灾民。
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halt
v. stop; interrupt
暂停;中断;中止
Work was halted when the machine broke down.
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机器出故障时,工作停了下来。
n. a stop or pause
暂停;中断;中止
The car came to a halt in time to prevent an accident.
汽车及时刹住, 避免了一场事故。
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由于罢工, 生产停顿了。
Production was brought to a halt by a strike.
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impatient
a. 1. unable to deal calmly with sth./sb. or to wait for sth.;
easily annoyed by sb./sth.; not patient
不能冷静地对待或等待的;易烦躁的;不耐心的
Don't be so impatient! The bus will be here soon.
别这样不耐烦!公共汽车很快就来。
be impatient with
你对她太不耐心了。她还只是个孩子。
Before Reading
You're too impatient with her. She's only a child.
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2. very eager to do sth. or for sth. to happen; anxious
急切的;渴望的
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The boys are impatient for the summer holidays to come.
男孩子们渴望暑假的到来。
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pace
n. 1. speed, esp. of walking or running(尤指走或跑的)速度
She slowed down her pace so I could keep up with her.
她放慢了速度,以便我能跟上她。
quicken one's pace
加快步伐
keep pace (with) (与)齐步前进(与)并驾齐驱
keep pace with times
跟上时代
The supply can hardly keep pace with the demand.
几乎供不应求
2. speed of progress or development, esp. of an activity
进步或发展的速度(尤指某项活动的速度)
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The pace of change in the computer industry is very fast.
After Reading
计算机工业发展变化速度很快。
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adjust
v. 1. (to) become or make suited (to new conditions); to change
使适应(新环境);适应
The former soldiers had difficulty in adjusting to
ordinary life.
退役军人难以适应平民的生活。
The body quickly adjusts itself to changes in temperature.
人体很快自行调节以适应气温变化。
2. (to) change (sth.) by a small bit so that it will fit or be
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right for use; make regular
调整;校准;调准
adjust the focus of a camera
调整照相机的焦距
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我的眼镜需要校准。
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My eye glasses need adjusting.
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despite
prep. without being influenced by (the points mentioned)
尽管; 不管
Despite wanting to see him again, she refused to reply
to his letters.
尽管想再看到他,她仍然拒绝给他回信。
尽管天气不好,他们的假日仍然过得很愉快。
They had a wonderful holiday, despite the bad weather.
In spite of
We went out in spite of the rain.
He went to work sick, and despite nasty weather.
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He went to work even when he was ill, although the
weather was very bad.
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translation
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他生病或气候恶劣时也坚持上班。
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nasty
a. 1. unpleasant; horrible; disgusting
令人不快的;令人厌恶的
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She could never forget that nasty sight.
她永远也忘不了那令人作呕的情景。
2. unkind; hostile 不友善的;恶意的
What a nasty man!
真是个不怀好意的人!
Detailed Reading
Don't be nasty to your little brother.
After Reading
不要对你的小弟弟太刻薄。
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…and would make it to the office even if others could not.
…and would arrive in time at the office even if
others could not.
translation
他总是准点到办公室,尽管别人做不到。
make it
1. arrive in time
I think we’ll just make it. 我想我们会及时到达。
2. Succeed with efforts
It’s hard to make it to the top in the show business.
想在演艺圈出人头地,并非易事。
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even if
After Reading
We‘ll go tomorrow even if it rains. /即使
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Even if she‘s poor, at least she is honest. /尽管
although
即使, 虽然
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a child’s wagon with steel runners
A wagon or sleigh for children with thin, steel blades under it
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cling
vi. 1. (to) hold on tightly to sb./sth. 抱住;抓紧
passengers clinging to a boat
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紧紧抓住救生筏的幸存的人们
They clung to each other as they said goodbye.
他们告别时紧紧地拥抱在一起。
2. (to) be unwilling to let go of sth.; refuse to give sth. up
坚持;坚守;拒不放弃;抱定
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
to cling to an idea
坚持一种观点
She clung to the hope that he was still alive.
她抱定他仍然活着的希望。
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Section A A Good Heart To Lean On
Once there, he would cling to the hand-rail until he
reached the lower steps that the warmer tunnel air
kept free of ice.
Meaning: As soon as he got there, he would hold on
to the hand-rail for support.
translation
一到那儿,他就紧抓着扶手一直走下去,地铁里比较
暖和,下面的阶梯没有结冰。
once: as soon as
Once (they are) in bed, the children usually go to
sleep very quickly.
一上床,这些孩子通常很快就睡着了。
free of /from: without (sth or sb unwanted); safe
from; untroubled or not marked by 摆脱 免
The old lady is never free of (from) pain.
那位老妇人一直在遭受痛苦。
膳食免费供应。
Meals are provided free of charge,
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amaze
vt. fill (sb.) with great surprise or wonder使大为惊讶;使惊愕
He amazed everyone by passing his driving test.
他通过了驾驶员考试而令大家非常惊讶。
be amazed at /by
We were amazed at the change in how he looked.
我们对他外表的改变感到惊讶。
她的镇静自若令我吃惊。
I was amazed at / by her calmness.
You would be amazed (at / by) how difficult the job was.
你要是知道那件任务有多难, 你会大吃一惊的。
be amazed to do / that
After Reading
We were amazed to hear that she passed the test
without much difficulty.
听说她轻而易举地通过了考试, 我们都很惊奇。
I was amazed that you were leaving.
Quit
你要离开, 我很吃惊。
Detailed Reading
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subject (one / oneself) to v.
cause to experience or suffer 使 ...遭受
No one would willingly subject himself to such shame.
没人会心甘情愿受这种羞辱。
He had been subjected to punishment, but he
didn't tell the secret.
他受到严刑拷打, 但没泄露秘密。
Global Reading
The scientists subjected the product to a
number of severe tests.
Detailed Reading
科学家对这种产品进行了数次严格测试。
After Reading
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stress
n. 1. demands or worry (resulting from mental or body
problems, difficult situations, etc.)(由于精神、体力不
适或困境等造成的)压力;忧虑;紧张
the stresses and strains of modern life
现代生活的紧张和压力
2. special pushing or importance 强调;重视
He feels that there is not enough stress on drawing
at the school.
他认为学校对绘画重视不够。
vt. 1. give particular importance to; push 强调, 重视
He stressed the need of careful planning.
他强调要精心计划。
2. give force to (a word or word-part) when speaking
重读, 读重音
The word "machine" is stressed on its second
syllable. "machine"
这个词第二个音节读重音。
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complaint
n. 1. the act of saying that one is not satisfied or unhappy
抱怨;诉苦
You have no cause for complaint.
你没有理由诉苦。
2.a report of lack of satisfaction 控告;投诉;抱怨
She made a complaint about the noise.
她就噪音问题提出了投诉。
complain
vi. Say that one is not satisfied, that sth is wrong, that one
is suffering
发牢骚;抱怨;诉苦
complain (to sb) (about /of sth)
She complained to me of his rudeness / that he had
been rude to her.
她向我述说他的粗鲁 (他曾对她有过粗鲁行为)。
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When I think of it now, I am amazed at how much
courage it must have taken for a grown man to
subject himself to such shame and stress. And at
how he did it --- without bitterness or complaint.
Before Reading
Meaning: When I think of it now, I feel greatly
surprised at how much courage it must have
taken for an adult to experience such shame and
stress. And (I am amazed) at how he subjected
himself to shame and stress without bitterness or
complaint.
Global Reading
translation
Detailed Reading
After Reading
现在回想起来,我感到十分惊叹。像他那样一个成年人,得
有多大的勇气才能经受这样的屈辱和压力,而当时他却显得
毫无痛苦和怨言。
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envy
n. (of, at, towards) feeling of lack of worth caused by sb. else's
good fortune or success, esp. when one wishes this for
oneself
妒忌;羡慕
He couldn't hide his envy at my success.
他无法掩饰对我成功的妒忌。
His new car excited their envy.
他的新汽车令他们很羡慕。
Before Reading
vt. feel envy of (sb.) or at (sth.) 羡慕;妒忌
Global Reading
I have always envied your good luck
Detailed Reading
我一直羡慕你运气好。
After Reading
I don't envy him his money problems.
Quit
我可不羡慕他在金钱上碰到的难题。
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He never talked about himself as an object of pity, nor
did he show any envy of the more fortunate or able.
Meaning: He never talked about himself as an object of
being pitied and he did not show any envy of the more
fortunate or able-bodied (= strong and active) people either.
translation
他从不说自己可怜,也从不表现出对那些比他幸运或健康的
人的羡慕。
"Nor" is used here to introduce a second negative
statement. Notice the use of the past auxiliary "did" and the
reversed order between "did" and the subject "he".
I have never been to Paris, nor has my wife.
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Quit
我从未去过巴黎, 我妻子也没去过。
the +adj.= the + adj. +n.
The rich should help the poor.
富人应该帮助穷人。
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What he looked for in others was a “good heart”, and if
he found one, the owner was good enough for him.
a "good heart": this phrase is used to refer to the kind,
honest and generous nature of a person.
translation
他从别人那儿寻找的
是一颗 “好心”。
一旦找到了, 那人在
他心目中就是个大好
人
。
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Now that I am older, I believe that is a proper
standard by which to judge people, even though I
still don’t know precisely what a “good heart” is.
translation
现在我长大成人了,我开始相信这正是判断一个人的恰
如其分的标准,虽然我还没有确切理解什么是 “好心”。
“wh +to do” is a very common English structure
I don't know which way to go to reach the nearest branch
of the City Bank
He was not able to explain how to go on with the experiment.
Now (that)
It is used to talk about the effect of an event or change. It
means because (something has happened) or since 既然
Now (that) John has arrived, we can begin.
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既然约翰来了, 我们可以开始了。
Now (that) she's found him, she'll never let him go.
既然她找到了他, 就决不会放他走了。
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But I know the times I don’t have one myself.
Meaning: But I know the times when I don't have
a "good heart" myself.
The day I arrived was Thursday.
The day that I arrived was Thursday.
The day when I arrived was Thursday.
The day on which I arrived was Thursday.
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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engage
v. 1. (in) (cause sb.) take part in or be occupied in sth.
(使)从事;(使)忙于
be engaged in business 经商
I have no time to engage in telling stories.
我没有时间闲聊。
2. employ sb.; hire sb.
雇用;聘用
She was engaged as a teacher.
她被聘作教师。
Before Reading
Global Reading
3. use or attract (sb.'s thoughts, time, etc.)
使全神贯注;引起(注意);占用(时间)
Detailed Reading
The woman's problem engaged our feelings.
After Reading
那个妇女所处的困境引起了我们的同情。
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Unable to engage in many activities, my father still
tried to participate in some way.
Although he was unable to engage in many activities,
my father still tried to participate in a certain manner.
. In English adjectives or adjectival phrases are often
used, especially at the beginning of a sentence, to show
reason, concession, etc.
Anxious for a quick decision, the chairman called for
a vote.
主席急于快速作出决定, 要求投票表决。
Global Reading
Rather nervous, the man opened the letter.
Detailed Reading
After Reading
. 那个人很紧张地拆开了信。
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in some way: in a certain manner
in a way : to some degree
in no way: not at all
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He is a clever man in some way.
在某种意义上讲, 他是个聪明人。
In a way, he is right in saying so.
在某种程度上讲, 他这样说是对的。
Before Reading
You can in no way allow this situation to continue.
Global Reading
你决不能允许这种情况再继续下去。
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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He liked to go to dances and parties, where he could
have a good time just sitting and watching.
He liked to go to dances and parties, where he could enjoy
himself by just sitting and watching.
have a good (hard, difficult, etc.) time doing
I had a hard time finding you.
我费好大劲才找到你。
She had a difficult time persuading him to accept the job.
Before Reading
她好不容易劝说他接受了那份工作。
Global Reading
In Spain she had a good time swimming and sunbathing on the beach.
Detailed Reading
在西班牙, 她又游泳又在海滩上晒太阳, 过得很愉快。
After Reading
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occasion
n. 1. [C] particular time (at which an event takes place)
(事件发生的)特定时刻;时机
on one occasion
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曾经;有一次
I've met him on several occasions.
我曾经见过他几次。
2. [C] suitable or right time (for sth.); opportunity
(适当的)时机;机会
This is not an occasion for fun and games.
这可不是寻开心的时候。
I'll buy one if the occasion arises.
如果有机会我就会买一个。
break out
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Quit
begin suddenly and often violently
爆发, 突然发生
A fire broke out in the basement of the building.
在大楼的地下室发生了火灾。
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He wasn't content to sit and watch, ...
Meaning: He wasn't happy or satisfied just by sitting and
watching.
be content to / with: be willing to or be satisfied
I am not content with beautiful dreams: I want beautiful
realities.
我不满足于美丽的梦想, 我要的是美丽的现实。
Before Reading
Global Reading
He's perfectly content to live in a simple room and to
paint pictures all day.
Detailed Reading
身居陋室, 整日作画, 他对此已完全心满意足了。
After Reading
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aid
n. [U] help
legal aid
first aid
帮助;援助;救护
法律援助
(医生未来之前对伤患所做的)急救
She came quickly to his aid.
vt. give support to, help
帮助, 援助
We were greatly aided in our research by the help
from the police.
警方给我们的调查帮助很大。
unaided
a. without help; by one's self 无助的;独力的
Detailed Reading
by one's unaided efforts
After Reading
Quit
她急忙赶来帮他。
以独自的努力
He is unable to walk unaided. 他不能独力行走。
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In frustration ...
Meaning: in annoyed disappointment and without
satisfaction. 绝望地 ,沮丧地
She screamed out in frustration.
她绝望地尖声大叫。
Mary watched in frustration as her team lost yet again.
当她的队再次失败时, 玛莉沮丧地观望着。
Before Reading
In relief
Global Reading
In surprise
Detailed Reading
In astonishment
After Reading
In fun
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kid
v. 1. make fun of (sb.)
开玩笑
"No kidding! I wonder why I was getting wet!"
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"别开玩笑!我纳闷为什么我身上湿了。"
2. deceive (sb.), esp. through playing; fool 欺骗;哄骗
Don't kid yourself. It won't be so easy.
不要自欺欺人-- 那事可不容易。
Before Reading
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Detailed Reading
After Reading
n. a child or young person ... 小孩或年轻人
How are your wife and kids?
你的夫人和孩子都好吗?
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urge
vt. 1. try hard or repeatedly to persuade (sb.) 力劝
He urged us to go.
他力劝我们去。
“Don't give in now,“ she urged.
"不要现在就让步,"她竭力劝道。
2. encourage or excite sb. to do sth. 鼓励;催促;鞭策
The manager urged his staff on to greater efforts.
经理督促全体职员更加努力。
n. a strong wish or need 强烈愿望, 迫切需求
I had a sudden urge to tell the boss the whole truth.
我突然产生一种强烈愿望, 想把全部真相告诉老板。
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dive
n. 1. (American slang) pretending to be struck down to the
ground in boxing (美俚)(拳击中)假装被击倒
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Taking a dive is an effective trick to fool your
boxing mate.
假装被击倒是骗过对手的有效方法。
2. act of going head first into the water 跳水
He made a dive from the bridge to save the
drowning child.
他从桥上跳进水里去抢救落水儿童。
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Quit
vi. throw oneself head first into the water 跳水, 潜水
The bird dived into the water to catch the fish.
那鸟潜入水中去抓鱼。
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But the next day people kidded him by saying it
was the first time any fighter was urged to take a
dive before the fight began.
take a dive: agree to lose a fight or game dishonestly or
to pretend defeat.
The phrase comes from professional boxing when one
boxer is paid in secret by gamblers to lose, so the
gambler can win their bets(赌注).
translation
得二天,人们对他开玩笑,说是第一次听到拳击手在开打
之前,就有人要求他到倒地服输。
After Reading
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When I joined the Navy, ...
Meaning: When I became a member of the Navy, ... .
Join the party
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join the army
He joined the army without first getting permission from
his parents.
他在未征得父母同意的情况下参了军。
join in: take part in some activity
We all joined in the singing.
我们一起唱起了歌。
Will all of you join with me in drinking a toast to the
success of this business!
请诸位和我一起为企业的成功干杯!
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on leave
spending time away from work or duty 休假
I'm in charge of the department when the
manager is on leave.
经理休假时, 由我主管本部门工作。
see to /see (to it) that
take care; make sure 照料; 务必做到, 务须
You ought to have your eyes seen to by a doctor.
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Quit
你应该让医生看一下你的眼睛。
Will you see to it that everyone gets a ticket for the concert?
请务必安排让每个人拿到一张音乐会的票,好吗?
See that you are not late again.
务请注意不要再迟到。
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Introducing me, he was really saying, ...
When he was introducing me, he was really saying, ...
In English, -ing verb phrases very often are used as
adverbials showing time, condition, reason, etc. without
using any conjunctions.
Hearing the sad news, the mother collapsed.
When she heard the sad news, ....
听到这一不幸消息, 母亲悲痛欲绝。
Before Reading
Global Reading
Knowing English well, he translated the article without
much difficulty.
Detailed Reading
Because he knows English well, ...
After Reading
因为英文好, 他翻译这篇文章易如反掌。
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and I could have done this, too,
if things had been different.
I could have done this, too, if I had not been
severely crippled like this
If he had studied hard last term, he would not have
failed in the final test.
要是上学期努力, 那大考他就不会不及格了。
If I had taken the doctor's advice and rested for a few
days, I should have completely recovered by now.
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
要是我听医生劝告, 休息几天, 我现在该完全恢复了。
After Reading
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reluctance
n. [U] not willing to do sth. 不愿;勉强
She made a great show of reluctance, but finally
accepted our offer.
她极力表示不愿意,但最后还是接受了我们的帮助。
He left us with some reluctance.
他很不情愿地离开了我们。
reluctant
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Quit
a. unwilling and therefore slow to work with sb., agree, etc.
不愿意的;迟迟不合作的;不同意的
a reluctant student
一个不愿上学的学生
She was very reluctant to admit the truth.
她很勉强地承认了事实真相。
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worthy
a. 1. having respect or careful thought 值得尊敬的;值得考虑的
a worthy cause 正义的事业 a worthy man 可敬的人
2. (of) owning sth. or to do sth.
值 得......的; 应......的;足以......的
Their efforts are worthy of your support.
他们的努力值得你们的支持。
She said that she was not worthy to accept the honor
they had offered her.
她说她不配接受他们所给予的荣誉。
unworthy
a. 1. not owning 不值得的;不配的
I am unworthy of such an honor. 我不配获这样的荣誉。
2. not suited to the nature of sb./sth.
(与......的身份、资格、性质)不适合的;不相称的
an act unworthy of a good citizen 正派公民不应有的行为
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... I am envious of
another's good fortune, ...
Meaning: I am feeling
envy at another's good
luck.
I am very envious
of your new job.
我十分羡慕你的新
工作。
After Reading
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If he did, I am sorry I never told
him how sorry I was, how
unworthy I was, how I regretted it.
translation
若他确实注意到
了,那我真惭愧
当时没能对他说
我是多么对不起
他,我是个多么
不孝的儿子,我
是多么后悔。
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Exercise
s
•Reading Aloud
•Translation
•Comprehension
of the Text
•Story Summary
•Vocabulary
•Text Structure
Analysis
•Grammar
•Structured Writing
Reading Aloud
I. Read the following paragraph aloud until you can say it
from memory.
He has been gone many years now, but I think of
him often. I wonder if he sensed my reluctance to be
seen with him during our walks. If he did, I am sorry I
never told him how sorry I was, how unworthy I was,
how I regretted it. I think of him when I complain
about trifles, when I am envious of another's good
fortune, when I don't have a "good heart."
At such times I put my hand on his arm to
regain my balance, and say, "You set the
pace. I will try to adjust to you."
Comprehension of the Text
II. Answer the following questions.
1. How did the writer feel to be
seen with his father when he
was young? And why?
He felt embarrassed to be seen with his
father, because his father was severely
crippled and very short.
2. What did the father always say
when he started out with his son?
His father always said, ”You set the pace.
I will try to adjust to you.”
He means that it is a matter of pride
for his father to have almost never
missed a day and have made it to
the office even when / if others
could not.
4. How did the father go to work when In very bad weather his father went to
work with the help of the writer and his
the weather was very bad?
sisters, who would pull their father
through the streets on a sleigh to
the subway station.
3. What does the writer mean by
"a matter of pride"?
Comprehension of the Text
5. Where did the father work?
6. What is the proper standard to
judge people by according to the
writer now he is grown up?
In an office building on top of a
subway station in Manhattan
Having a “good heart” is the proper
standard to judge people by.
7. The father was unable to take
part in many activities because he
was severely crippled. But he still
managed to participate in some way.
Could you give examples?
1. When a local baseball team fund
itself without a manager, he kept it
going. 2. He liked to go to dances
and parties, although he could just sit
and watch.
8. Why does the writer often think
of his father, now that his father has
been dead for so many years?
He now feels sorry about having
been reluctant to be seen walking
together with his crippled and short
father.
Vocabulary
III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below.
Change the form where necessary.
severely
amaze
urge
coordinate
envious
reluctance
inwardly
balance
occasion
complain
1. She smiled, but she was very angry_________
inwardly .
2. We were__________
to hear the news that the well-known
amazed
writer, in her late eighties, was still writing a book.
3. He translated not only from the English, but also,
occasion
on___________
, from the French.
4. The American couple__________
complained about
the high cost of visiting Europe.
Vocabulary
severely
amaze
urge
coordinate
envious
reluctance
inwardly
balance
occasion
complain
urged
5. He had repeatedly ________
her to come to the United
States to join him, but she was still reluctant.
6. Government officials visited the flood area on Thursday
coordinate the relief efforts.
morning to__________
7. He finally agreed to sign the agreement, but with
some_____________
.
reluctance
8. I don't think I'm ___________of
your success
envious
at your present job.
Grammar
IV. Fill in each of the blanks in the following sentences
with a suitable preposition or adverb.
1. Everyone in the class is expected to participate ___
in these discussions.
Off /out
2. It's a long trip; we'll have to start __________
early and start back for
home in the afternoon.
on leave from the Navy.
3. He is home ____
up in Tokyo; that's why she speaks excellent Japanese.
4. She grew ___
to it that this letter gets posted today?
5. Will you see ___
out .
6. I was in a nightclub in New York, when a fire broke ____
to the idea of being a junior
7. It has been hard to adjust ____
clerk but now I'm getting satisfaction from work.
to
8. No one would willingly subject himself ____
such treatment.
Grammar
VI. Study the two models and rewrite each of the
following sentences with a shorter adverbial clause:
Model 1: Once it had been finished, the task seemed quite simple.
Once finished, the task seemed quite simple.
Model 2: When he was a small child, he lived in a mountain village.
When a small child, he lived in a mountain village.
1. Though she understood no
Chinese, the American girl was
able to communicate with the
other students in her class.
Though understanding no Chinese,
the American girl was able to
communicate with the other
students in her class.
2. Once you have left the museum,
you must buy another ticket to
re-enter.
Once having left the museum, you
must buy another ticket to re-enter.
Grammar
V. Combine the following sentences using the conjunction even though:
1. He borrowed my laptop computer. I told him not to.
2. It was an exciting game. No goals were scored.
3. He was treated exactly like all the workers. He had just joined the
company.
4. They gave money to Project Hope. They themselves
were not rich by any standard.
5. There was never enough money to support his family.
He was hard-working and did two
jobs at the same time.
Grammar
VI. Study the two models and rewrite each of the following
sentences with a shorter adverbial clause:
3. When you are doing the writing
exercise for this course, you
should remember that you are
writing according to specific
structure.
When doing the writing exercise
for this course, you should
remember that you are writing
according to specific structure.
4. The problem was a continuous worry
to me until it was finished.
until finished, the problem was a
continuous worry to me.
5. The young man was listening to
music over the radio all the time
while he was working at the
computer.
while working at the computer,
the young man was listening to
music over the radio all the
time
Translation
VII. Translate the following sentences into English.
1. 既然你计划移居加拿大, 那你必须努力适应寒冷的气候。
Now that you are planning to move to Canada, you must try to adjust
to a cold weather.
2. 他承诺帮助我们买下那幢房子, 但有点勉强。
He promised to help us to buy the houses, but with a little reluctance.
3. 这是一次重要的会议, 请务必不要迟到。
This is an important meeting. Please see to it that you are not late for it.
4. 他是个有经验的商人; 他做国际贸易已有好几年了。
He is an experienced businessman; he has engaged in
foreign trade for quite a few years
5. 她力劝我接受那个新职位, 虽然那职位报酬并不优厚。
She urged me to accept the new post, although the job is
not very well paid.
Translation
VIII. Translate the following passage into Chinese.
He has been gone many years
now, but I think of him often. I
wonder if he sensed my reluctance
to be seen with him during our
walks. If he did, I am sorry I never
told him how sorry I was, how
unworthy I was, how I regretted it. I
think of him when I complain about
trifles, when I am envious of
another's good fortune, when I
don't have a "good heart."
At such times I put my hand on
his arm to regain my balance, and
say, "You set the pace. I will try to
adjust you."
如今父亲已去世多年,但我时
常想起他。不知他当时是否留意在
我们同行时,我不愿意被人看到。
若他确实注意到了,那我真惭愧当
时没能对他说我是多么对不起他,
我是个多么不孝的儿子,我是多么
后悔。而现在,每当我因一些琐事
而怨天尤人的时候,每当我嫉妒别
人运气比我好的时候,每当我没有
一颗“好心”的时候,我就会想起
他。
每逢此时,我就设想我将手
搭在他的臂上,重新找回自己
的平衡,我会说:“你按
你的步速走,
我跟着你。”
Story summary
IX. Choose the best answer from each pair of answers in the
following passage:
When I was _1_ up, I didn't want to be seen
1.grew / growing
with my_2_ crippled, very short father. He
2.severe / severely
would lean _3_ me but it was difficult to _4_
3. to /on 4.continuous/coordinate
our steps as his were halting and mine smooth. 5.Inward /inwardly
People stared at us and _5_ I battled this _6_
6. unwanted /wanted
attention. If he was bothered _7_ this, he
7. by / of
never _8_. He _9_ me set the pace and he
8.let go/let on 9.lets/ let
adjusted to me. _10_ we walked to the
10.Unusually / usually
subway which he took to work even when
11.sickly / sick
_11_. Once there, he would cling _12_ the
12.on / to
13.lowest / lower
hand-rail until he got to the _13_ steps. I am
amazed _14_ his courage for subjecting
14.with / at
himself _15_ the shame. He never invited pity 15.with / to
16. did he /he did 17.of /with
for himself, nor _16_ show envy _17_ the
18. able / unable
more _18_ . I don't know _19_ what a good
heart is but I know when I don't have one and 19. precisely / possibly
that my father _20_.
20.does / did
吉林大学远程教育课件
大学英语
(第十九讲)
主讲人 : 董 岩
学 时:60
Text Structure Analysis
A Paragraph of a General Point Supported by Examples
The story includes some paragraphs in which the writer starts with
a general point and then presents a number of examples to support
his point. Look at one of the paragraphs.
Para. 11
I now know he participated in some things through me, his only
son. When I played ball (poorly), he "played" too. When I joined
the Navy, he "joined" too. And when I came home on leave,
he saw to it that I visited his office. Introducing me, he was
really saying, "This is my son, but it is also me, and I
could have done this, too, if things had been
different." Those words were never
said aloud.
Text Structure Analysis
A Paragraph of a General Point Supported by Examples
A general point:
I now know he participated in some things through me, his only son.
Example 1:
When I played
ball (poorly), he
played too.
Example 2:
When I joined
the Navy, he
joined too.
Example 3:
And when I came home on
leave, he saw to it that I visited
his office. Introducing me, he
was really saying, This is my
son, but it is also me, and I
could have done this, too, if
things had been different.
Those words were never said
aloud.
Text Structure Analysis
X. Now fill in the same kind of chart for Paragraph 8, identifying the
general point and the examples to support it.
A general point:
Unable to engage in many activities, my father still tried to
participate in some way.
Example 1:
When a local baseball team
found itself without a manager,
he kept it going. He was a
knowledgeable baseball fan and
often took me to Ebbets Field to
sees the Brooklyn Dodgers play.
Example 2:
He liked to go to dances and
parties, where he could have a
good time just sitting and
watching.
Text Structure Analysis
A Paragraph of a General Point Supported by Examples
Para. 8
Unable to engage in many activities, my father still tried to
participate in some way. When a local baseball team found
itself without a manager, he kept it going. He was a
knowledgeable baseball fan and often took me to
Ebbets Field to see the Brooklyn Dodgers play.
He liked to go to dances and parties, where
he could have a good time just
sitting and watching.
Structured Writing
Look at the outline and the sample paragraph of a general point
supported by examples.
Outline:
A general point: the English/special interest/weather
Examples:
1) a foreign visitor/conversation/with an Englishman/at a loss/ where to
begin/a safe subject/encourage the most reluctant/to enter a discussion
2) the English/given half a chance/ talk about/weather/at length
Sample paragraph
It is a well-known fact that the English have a special interest in their
weather. If a foreign visitor wants to start a conversation with an Englishman
or woman but is at a loss to know where to begin, he would do well to
mention the state of the weather. It is a safe subject, which will encourage
even the most reluctant of Englishmen to enter into a discussion.
People would say that given half a chance, Englishmen would
talk about the weather at length.
Structured Writing
XI. Now try to write your own paragraph, which starts with a general
point with some examples to support it. Here are some general points
for you to choose from as topics for your own paragraph. One of the
topics has a detailed outline that you can follow if you want to.
General point: Sandy has a good ear for beautiful music.
Examples:
1) the music with a clear rhythm
2) the music has a message
3) the words in the music /beautiful
More topics for you to choose from:
online learning is best for me
a good language learner
新
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Book
1
Unit
3
Section B
The Right Son
at the Right Time
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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Book
1
Unit
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Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
Reading skills
Reading for the Key Ideas in Sentences
The particular reading skill
introduced for this unit is reading
for the key ideas in sentences. We
are reading for information and the
ability to find out the key ideas of
sentences is of great importance to
us.
Although a sentence may give
a great deal of information, it
usually offers one key idea.
Readers must be able to find key
ideas in order to understand
sentence meanings clearly.
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Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
Here is how to find key ideas in sentences:
1. Ask who or what the sentence is about.
2. Ask what the person or object is doing or
what is happening to the person or object.
3. Learn to separate minor details from the
main idea.
In finding out the key ideas for
sentences, it is of primary importance
to separate the key ideas from the
details which would tell us about when,
what kind, where. These are important
only in the sense of supporting the key
idea, but they are not the key idea of a
sentence.
If you focus on the key idea of a
sentence only, just ignore the details, it
is easier to see the key idea.
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
Here, we would pick up some sentences from Passage A
to find out the key ideas of the sentences.
1) He was severely crippled and very short, and when we
walked together, his hand on my arm for balance,
people would stare. (Para. 1, Passage A)
Key idea:. He was crippled
2) It was difficult to coordinate our steps - his halting,
mine impatient - and because of that, we didn't say
much as we went along. (Para. 2, Passage A)
Key idea: It was difficult to coordinate our steps.
3) 3) When I think of it now, I am amazed at how much
courage it must have taken for a grown man to subject
himself to such shame and stress. (Para. 5, Passage A)
Key idea: I am amazed at his courage.
4) On one occasion a fight broke out at a beach party, with
everyone punching and shoving. (Para. 9)
Key idea: A fight broke out.
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
XII. In the space provided after each sentence, write
the key idea of that sentence. Look at the example.
Example:
Someone at the hospital called the Red Cross office
in Brooklyn, and a request for the boy to rush to
Brooklyn was sent to the Red Cross director of the
North Carolina Marine Corps camp. (Para. 2, Passage
B)
Key idea: A message was sent to find the son.
1. They found the young man walking through some
marshes in a military exercise. (Para. 3, Passage B)
Key idea: They found the man.
2. He was rushed to the airport in time to catch
the sole plane that might enable him to reach his
dying father. (Para. 3, Passage B)
Key idea: He reached the airport in time.
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
3. The medicine he had been given because of the
pain from his heart attack made his eyes weak and
he only dimly saw the young man in Marine Corps
uniform standing outside the oxygen tent. (Para. 5,
Passage B)
Key idea: The old man saw the young man (his son).
4. Nights are long in hospitals, but all through the night
the young Marine sat there in the dimly-lit ward, holding
the old man's hand and offering words of hope and
strength. (Para. 6, Passage B)
Key idea: The young man sat by the old man the whole night
5. Two days later a message came in from the North
Carolina Marine Corps base informing the Brooklyn Red
Cross that the real son was on his way to Brooklyn for his
father's funeral. (Para. 14, Passage B)
Key idea: A message came saying the real son was arriving.
吉林大学外语教学中心制作
Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
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Book
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Unit
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Before Reading
part
paragraph
1
Para.1-3
An elderly man fell ill suddenly and
he was eager to see his son. “The
son” was found and was made to
reach his dying father.
2
Para.4-8
In the hospital, “the son” tried his
best to offer his love and
encouragement to the dying man.
3
Para.9-15
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Main idea
“The son” is not the real son, but he
became the right son at the right time.
After Reading
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
The Right Son at the Right Time
The story began on a downtown
Brooklyn street corner. An elderly
man had collapsed while crossing
the street, and an ambulance
rushed him to Kings County
Hospital. There, when he came to
now and again, the man
repeatedly called for his son.
From a worn letter located in
his pocket, an emergency-room
nurse learned that his son was a
Marine stationed in North Carolina.
Apparently there were no other
relatives.
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
Someone at the hospital called
the Red Cross office in Brooklyn,
and a request for the boy to rush
to Brooklyn was sent to the Red
Cross director of the North
Carolina Marine Corps camp.
Because time was short - the
patient was dying - the Red Cross
man and an officer set out in an
army vehicle. They found the
young man walking through some
marshes in a military exercise. He
was rushed to the airport in time
to catch the sole plane that might
enable him to reach his dying
father.
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
.
It was dusk when the young Marine walked into the
entrance lobby of Kings County Hospital. A nurse took
the tired, anxious serviceman to the bedside.
"Your son is here," she said to
the old man. She had to repeat the
words several times before the
patient's eyes opened. The
medicine he had been given
because of the pain from his heart
attack made his eyes weak and he
only dimly saw the young man in
Marine Corps uniform standing
outside the oxygen tent. He
extended his hand. The Marine
wrapped his strong fingers around
the old man's limp ones, squeezing
a message of love and
encouragement. The nurse brought
a chair, so the Marine could sit by
the bed.
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
.
Nights are long in hospitals, but all through the night
the young Marine sat there in the dimly - lit ward,
holding the old man's hand and offering words of hope
and strength. Occasionally, the nurse urged the Marine
to rest for a while. He refused.
Whenever the nurse came into the
ward, the Marine was there, but he
paid no attention to her and the night
noises of the hospital - the banging of
an oxygen tank, the laughter of the
night staff exchanging greetings, the
cries and moans and breathing of
other patients. Now and then she
heard him say a few gentle words.
The dying man said nothing, only held
tightly to his son through most of the
night.
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
.
It was nearly dawn when
the patient died. The Marine
placed the lifeless hand he
had been holding on the bed,
and went to inform the
nurse. While she did what
she had to do, he smoked a
cigarette, his first since he
got to the hospital.
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Quit
吉林大学外语教学中心制作
吉林大学远程教育课件
大学英语
(第二十讲)
主讲人 : 董 岩
学 时:60
新
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Book
1
Unit
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Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
.
Finally, she returned to the nurse's station,
where he was waiting. She started to offer words
of sympathy, but the Marine interrupted her. "Who
was that man?" he asked.
"He was your father," she answered, startled.
"No, he wasn't," the Marine replied. "I never
saw him before in my life."
"Why didn't you say something when I took
you to him?" the nurse asked.
"I knew immediately there'd been
a mistake, but I also knew he
needed his son, and his son just
wasn't here. When I realized he
was too sick to tell whether or not
I was his son, I guessed he really
needed me. So I stayed. "
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
With that, the Marine turned and
exited the hospital. Two days later
a message came in from the North
Carolina Marine Corps base
informing the Brooklyn Red Cross
that the real son was on his way to
Brooklyn for his father's funeral. It
turned out there had been two
Marines with the same name and
similar numbers in the camp.
Someone in the personnel office
had pulled out the wrong record.
But the wrong Marine had become the right son at
the right time. And he proved, in a very human way,
that there are people who care what happens to
their fellow men.
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An elderly man had collapsed while
crossing the street, ...
an old church 古老的教堂
an old / elderly lady 年长的女士
a senior lady
While discussing the matter, they started to argue in a
very loud voice.
讨论这个问题时, 他们竟然高声争吵起来。
Before Reading
When young, he lived in a very poor mountain village
in northwestern China.
Global Reading
年轻时, 他住在中国西北部一个十分贫穷的山村里。
Detailed Reading
As soon as finished, the job seemed too easy for them.
After Reading
一旦完成, 这件工作对他们来说似乎太容易了。
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
collapse
vi.1. (of a person) fall down (and usu. become unconscious)
because of illness, tiredness, etc.(指人)病倒;累倒;昏倒
A policeman collapsed from the smoke.
Book
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一位警察被浓烟熏倒了。
2. break into pieces and fall down or in suddenly 倒塌;塌陷
The whole building collapsed.
整个大楼倒塌了。
The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow.
屋顶被积雪压塌了。
n.1. the act of collapsing 倒塌, 塌陷
The storm caused the collapse of the building.
暴风雨使那幢建筑物倒塌了。
2. a sudden and complete loss of strength or will 昏倒; 崩溃
He suffered from a collapse of the body after long days
of hard work.
由于许多天长时间的艰苦工作他累倒了。
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Section B The Right Son at the Right Time
now and again
sometimes
不时地, 有时候
We do meet now and again, but not regularly.
我们有时候确实见面, 但不是定期会面。
every now and then
Before Reading
now and then
Global Reading
once in a while
Detailed Reading
at times
After Reading
occasionally
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call for
demand; ask for
要求,需要
The relatives and friends of the dead man called for
an investigation.
死者的亲友要求调查。
This sort of work calls for a lot of patience.
Before Reading
Global Reading
这种工作需要极大的耐心。
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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... a Marine stationed in North Carolina.
Meaning: a Marine who was staying in North Carolina
for military duty.
station
to put (a person) into a certain place especially for
military duty. 安置,派驻
Before Reading
During most of my time in the army, I was
stationed in Germany.
Global Reading
在陆军服役期间, 我大部分时间驻扎在德国。
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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sole
a.1. one and only; single
惟一的;独一无二的;仅有的
He is the sole one remaining after the accident.
他是这次空难惟一幸存的人。
2. belonging to or limited to one person or group; not shared
(某人或某公司)专用的;独占的;不公用的
Before Reading
We have the sole right to sell this chain of goods.
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
我们有独家出售这一系列货物的权利。
After Reading
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enable
vt.1. make (sb.) able to do sth. by giving him the
necessary power or means
(通过授予必要的权利和手段)使能够;使可以
This pass enables me to travel half-price on trains.
这张通行证使我能够以半价乘火车旅行。
A dog's ears enable it to hear the least sound.
狗的耳朵使它能听到极细微的声音。
Before Reading
2. make (sth.) possible 使成为可能
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
The meeting will enable more international working
together.
这次会议将能促进更大的国际合作。
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extend
v.1. lay or move out (the body or a limb) at full length
伸开;展开(身体或四肢)
He extended his hand to the new worker.
他伸手同新雇员握手。
The athlete extended her arms out sideways.
体操运动员平伸双臂。
2. make sth. longer or larger (in space or time)
使(在空间或时间上)伸展;扩大;加大
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Can you extend your visit a few days longer?
你能多停留几天吗?
After Reading
Could you please extend the credit for me?
Quit
能为我延长信贷期限吗?
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limp
a.1. lacking strength or energy 无力的;没精神的
He gave me a limp handshake.
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他的握手软弱无力。
The flowers looked limp in the heat.
花在热天显得很蔫。
2. not straight or firm 柔软的;软弱的
This young man is wearing a limp grey sweater.
Before Reading
Global Reading
这个年轻人穿着一件柔软的灰色运动衫。
vi. walk with a halting step, one foot or leg moving
Detailed Reading
less well than the other 一瘸一拐地走
After Reading
He hurt his foot and limped to the door of the classroom.
Quit
他伤了脚, 一瘸一拐地走到教室门口。
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squeeze
v.1. press on (sth.) from opposite sides or all sides
压;挤;榨;紧握
To squeeze one's hand is a sign of liking or
sympathy, etc.
紧握某人的手是一种爱慕或同情的表示。
The company was squeezed by the reduced sales.
这家公司由于销售减少而处于财政困难压力之下。
2. force (oneself/sb./sth.) into, through, etc. a narrow
gap or limited space
用力使进入(通过)狭窄或有限的空间;挤入;挤过
There were already four people in the lift, but he
managed to squeeze in.
电梯里已经有了四个人,但他还是设法挤了进去。
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pay no attention to
take no notice of
不注意, 没加注意
The boy failed in the examination because he
had paid no attention to the teacher in class.
那男孩考试没及格, 他上课不听老师讲课。
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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staff
n.1. a group of assistants working together in a business,
etc. answering to a manager or person in charge
工作人员
I have a staff of ten.
我有10名员工。
We need more staff in the office.
我们办公室需要更多的工作人员。
Before Reading
2.掌权的人;做管理工作的人(与学生和工人相对)
Global Reading
This group is made up of a head teacher and her staff.
Detailed Reading
小组成员由一位教师负责人和她的教员组成。
After Reading
The school staff are expected to watch over school meals.
Quit
学校的教职员应监督学校的膳食。
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exchange
vt.1. give sth. and receive sth. (from another person) in
return 交换;互换;交流
They exchanged glances.
他们互相使眼色。
The two men exchanged blows.
两个人打架。
2. give or receive sth./sb. (of the same kind or value) in
place of another 交换
He exchanged the blue shirt for a red one.
Global Reading
他把蓝色的短上衣换成了一件红的。
Detailed Reading
The enemy countries exchanged prisoners.
After Reading
敌对国家交换了战俘。
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inform
v.1. (of, about) give sb. knowledge (of sth.); tell sb.
通知;告诉;报告
Keep me informed about what happens.
随时向我报告情况。
I wasn't informed of / about the decision until too late.
有人通知我这个决定的时候, 已为时太晚。
He informed the police that some money was
missing.
他通知警方有些钱不见了。
2. (0n) give evidence or make a charge against sb.
(to the police) 控告
After Reading
One of the prisoners informed on the rest of his
group.
Quit
一个罪犯告发了犯罪团伙的其他成员。
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sympathy
n. (ability for) sharing the feelings of others; feeling of
pity and sadness (for sb.)
同情;怜悯
She never expressed any sympathy when I was hurt.
我受伤时,她从来没表示过任何同情。
Before Reading
Out of sympathy for the homeless children he gave
them a bed for the night.
Global Reading
出于对无家可归的孩子们的怜悯,他让他们留宿过夜。
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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interrupt
vt. 1. stop (sb.) from speaking, etc., or (sth.) from
happening by speaking oneself or by causing some
other sort of trouble
打扰(通过插话或其他形式的干扰,打断某人的谈话
或其他正在发生的事情。)
Don't interrupt the speaker now; he will answer
questions later.
现在不要打断演讲人的话,过一会儿他 将回答问题。
Don't interrupt me while I'm busy!
在我忙着的时候,不要打扰我!
2. break the flow (of sth.) for a period of time
使中断
Trade between the two countries was interrupted by
the war.
战争使两国间的贸易中断了。
We interrupt this program to bring you a news flash.
我们中断这个节目,给您插播一条新闻电讯。
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startle
vt. give a sudden shock or surprise to (a person or
an animal); cause to move or jump suddenly (from
surprise)
使大吃一惊;使惊跳起来。
I was startled to hear his news.
听到他的消息我大吃一惊。
The sudden noise in the bushes startled her horse.
灌木丛中突然发出的怪声使她的马惊跳起来。
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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exit
vi. to go out; (esp. of an actor) leave (the stage)
退出;(尤指演员)退场
We exited from the party as soon as we could.
我们尽快退出了聚会场所。
At the end of the third scene the actress exits.
第三幕结束时,那位女演员退场。
n.[C] a way out
出口
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
How many exits are there from the cinema?
这家电影院有多少出口处?
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turn out
happen to be; be found to be in the end
结果是, 证明是
The film turned out to be a great success.
这部影片结果大获成功。
It turned out that his statement was false.
他这番话后来证明是虚假的。
Turn the light out (= Turn the light off) before you leave.
你离开前, 请把灯关了。
Huge crowds turned out to see the foreign visitors.
一大群人蜂拥而出, 去看外宾。
Detailed Reading
This factory can turn out 100 cars a day.
After Reading
这家工厂每天生产100辆汽车。
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with that
after doing that
接着, 于是
She threw the book on the table, and with that
ran angrily out of the room.
她 "砰" 一下把书丢在桌子上, 生气地走出房间。
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
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on one's way to
in the course of the journey that one is making
somewhere
在路上
Lynn was on her way home when she was hit by a car.
在回家路上, 利恩被车撞了。
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
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吉林大学外语教学中心制作
Exercise
s
•Reading Aloud
•Translation
•Comprehension
of the Text
•Story Summary
•Vocabulary
•Text Structure
Analysis
•Grammar
•Structured Writing
Comprehension of the Text
XIII. Choose the best answer to each of the following questions.
1. The elderly man collapsed on a downtown Brooklyn street corner
__________.
A. when he was not with any relative
B. as he was knocked over by a car while crossing the street
C. because the road was covered with ice and he was unable to walk well
2. An emergency-room nurse found out that the old man's son was a Marine
__________.
A. by calling the Red Cross office in Brooklyn
B. because the old man repeatedly called for his son
C. from a letter found in the old man's pocket
3. When the son was found, __________.
A. he was setting out in an army vehicle with an officer
B. he was participating in a military exercise
C. he and his fellow soldiers were stuck in some marshes
4. When the son was rushed to the hospital, __________.
A. it was already midnight
B. the father knew him immediately
C. the son knew right away there had been a mistake
Comprehension of the Text
5. In the hospital __________.
A. the nurse stayed by the old man's bed through most of the night
B. the dying man said a few words to his son
C. the son offered love in the last few hours of the old man's life.
6. The young Marine told the nurse that he was not the real son of the old man
A. after the old man died
B. when the nurse sensed something strange
C. before the Marine came to the nurse's station
7. The mistake was due to __________.
A. the fact that the two Marines had the same name and looked very similar
B. carelessness on the part of someone in the personnel office
C. the wrong records kept in the North Carolina Marine Corps base.
8. The sentence "the wrong Marine had become the right son at the right time"
in the last paragraph means that __________.
A. the Marine was wrong in fooling the dying old man
B. the Marine made the right decision about what he should do
C. the Marine told the real story about him and the old man
Vocabulary
XIV. Spell the following words with the help of their meanings and
the first letter (s).
1. l ocate
___________ v. to find the position of; to place
parently
2. ap__________
ad. clearly, seemingly
3. l____________
a. not strong, straight or form
imp
terrupt
4. in___________
v. to stop, to disturb, to break the flow of an activity
5. s____________
a. only, being the only one
ole
Vocabulary
XIV. Spell the following words with the help of their meanings
and the first letter (s).
6. c___________
ollapse
v. to fall not able to help one's self or unconscious
7. oc_________
casionally ad. from time to time, sometimes, not regularly
taff
8. s__________
n. all the people employed by a company or in the armed
forces
form
9. in_________
v. to give information or knowledge of, to tell
tend
10. ex________
v. to move out; to make longer or greater
Vocabulary
XV. Now complete the following sentences with some of the
words used in the above exercises. Change the form where
necessary. There are 10 words but only 8 blanks need filling.
1. The ____________
sole
one person remaining after the car accident which
happened last night was a little baby.
extend
2. We will eventually ____________
the road as far as the railway station.
staff
3. That company has a fairly small ____________,
about fifteen to twenty
people.
4. The offices are conveniently ____________
in the centre of the city.
located
Vocabulary
XV. Now complete the following sentences with some of the words
used in the above exercises. Change the form where necessary.
There are 10 words but only 8 blanks need filling.
inform
5. They will ____________
him of any progress they make in the
experiment.
6. She's studying for an examination tomorrow, so you'd better not
interrupt
_____________
her.
collapsed
7. He felt as if his whole world had _____________
when his children
were killed in the air accident.
occasionally
8. This winter it has snowed _____________
but not enough for skiing.
Vocabulary
XVI. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the
expressions given in the brackets.
1. The government has demanded that there be an immediate
examination of the activities of the police. (to call for)
The government has called for an immediate examination of the
activities of the police.
2. We used medicine and in a few minutes Mrs. Johnson suddenly
recovered consciousness. (to come to)
We applied the medicine and in a few minutes Mrs.Johnson suddenly
came to.
3. My father has a huge lot of magazines to which I return sometimes.
(now and then)
My father has a huge lot of magazines to which I return now and then.
4. Whatever your reason, I shall remain true to my idea that people
should be allowed to have private lives. (to hold to)
Whatever your reason, I shall hold to my idea that people
should be allowed to have private lives.
Vocabulary
XVI. Rewrite each of the following sentences using the
expressions given in the brackets.
5. To our surprise we discovered that the stranger was an old friend of my
mother's. (to turn out)
To our surprise it turned out that the stranger was an old friend of my
mother’s.
6. He's not in the office; he's now traveling to London for a meeting. (to be
on one's way)
He’s not in the office; he’s now on his way to London for a meeting.
7. When starting off on a long walk, always wear suitable shoes. (to set
out)
When setting out on a long walk, always wear suitable shoes.
8. He was so disappointed by this lack of success that he would not try
again. (too...to)
He was too disappointed by this lack of success to try again.
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