Unit One
Personal
Relationships
All of us are involved with personal
relationships. Some of these are related to
family, some with fellow students or workers,
and others of a variety of types. Most of
these are happy, positive relationships, but
not all of them, though we might wish it were
not so.
Oral Practice I

Work in pairs to list different
kinds of personal relationships.
Those who get the most will be
winners.
Neighbors
Neighbors are dearer than distant relatives
Fellow team members
Classmates
Pop stars and fans
Rivals
Comrades
Enemies
Strangers
Lovers
Friends
Oral Practice II
• Brainstorming : Tell the class any
words you know to describe the
qualities of a true friend.
reliable
helpful
honest
faithful
considerate
thoughtful
understanding
generous
sincere
Oral Practice III
Friend and friendship
Who is your best friend in this new
class? Describe him or her briefly.
Your opinion about friend and friendship
When you and your friend are both in
danger, will you lay down your life for
him?
Having friends reflects having a good
personality. The more friends you have, the
better personality you have and more
sociable you are. Your life will be better if you
have more friends, and will be worse without
friends. One needs a friend to help him or her
out when difficulties occur, and one needs a
friend to give emotional support in times of
trouble. And what’s more, one needs a friend
to offer financial support when there’s a lack
of money. So in other words, one cannot be
without friends in his or her life.
There are different stages in friendships, starting
with very casual (an acquaintance) and running the
gamut to a very deep and close friendship, such as
the life-long friends. When a person meets someone
else for the first time, each person will not know
how this new friendship will evolve.
Some friendships, which are very deep while the
people are living in the same community, or
experiencing a similar lifestyle, such as going to the
university or working for the same company, will
change. When the circumstance changes, many times
this friendship usually will also change because the
daily contact is no longer occurring.
Proverbs and Sayings
Friendship in China
In China most people expect their friends to
help them when they are in need. There is an
obligation to a friendship. We have a lot of
Chinese sayings concerning friendship. Now
try to translate or explain the meaning of the
following Chinese proverbs and sayings.
1. 有难同当,有福共享。
People can not only share bitterness, hardship but
also happiness with their friends.
2. 一个篱笆三个桩,一个好汉三个帮。
As one fence needs three stakes, a good guy needs
three fellows.
3. 在家靠父母,出门靠朋友。
It is your parents that you can rely on at home, but
it is your friends that you can count on when out in
the society.
4. 为朋友两肋插刀
People can take any risks, even risk of their lives to
help their friends in trouble.
5. 君子之交淡如水,小人之交甘如醴。
The friendship between men of virtue is like water,
yet affectionate; the friendship between men
without virtue is sweet like wine, yet easily broken.
Friendship in the States
In general, Americans have casual, friendly
relationships with many people, but deeper,
closer friendships with only a few. Friendship
requires time and commitment. In English,
we can find lots of proverbs and saying
concerning friendship. Now try to translate
the following ones.
1.
A life without a friend is a life without a sun.
人生没有朋友,犹如生活没有了太阳。
2.
In prosperity our friends know us; in adversity we
know our friends.
---John Churton Collins
在顺境中,朋友结识了我们;在逆境中,我们了解
了朋友。
3.
Youth gives love and roses; age still leaves us
friends and wine.
---Thomas Moore
青春赋予了我们爱情和玫瑰,岁月带给我们朋友和
酒。
The Gift of Life
Listening
Activities
 Listening Passage:
Friendship
 Video Clip:
Lion King
Forrest Gump
 Leisure Time: A Song
Your Raise Me up
Listen to a passage and answer questions:
Words you need to know:
acquaintance 熟人
intimate 亲密的
harmonious 和谐的
tolerate 容忍
Questions :
1. According the passage, what is the word “friend”?
 It covers a wide range of meanings as a classmate, a nodding
acquaintance, a coworker, etc.
2. Why does everyone need friendship?
 We need help from, and also give help to, others.
3. Why do modern people attach more importance to friendship?
 As life is full of difficulties and conflict, we need friends to support
and help us and give us warnings against danger.
We Need Friends
The word, “friends”, covers a wide
range of meanings. It can be a nodding
acquaintance, a classmate, a partner, a
playmate, or an intimate colleague.
Everyone needs friendship. No one can
sail the ocean of life single-handed.
We need help from, and also give help
to, others.
In modern times, people attach more
importance to relationships and
connections. As life is full of
difficulties and conflict, we need
friends to support and help us. Our
friends give us warnings against danger.
Our friends offer us advice with regard
to how to deal with various situations.
True friends share not only our joys but also
our sorrows. With friendship, life is happy
and harmonious. Without friendship, life is
sad and unfortunate. With friends, we know
what to treasure, what to tolerate and what
to share. I will never forget my old friends
and keep making new friends. I will show my
concern for them, even if it is only a
comforting word.
• Watch the video twice and decide
whether the following statements are
true or false. Give reasons or examples
to support your judgment.
Now watch the video
Lion king 3.rm
1. Simba doesn’t want to leave because he wants to live in a beautiful
place.
(F) Reasons or examples: He wants to live his own life.
2. Great changes have taken place in Pride Rock since Mufasa’s death.
(T) Reasons or examples: Everything’s destroyed.
3. Simba has forgotten his sad past.
(F) Reasons or examples: Simba doesn’t want to recall his past.
4. Simba will be welcomed by everyone if he returns home.
(F) Reasons or examples: They really need Simba at home.
5. Only Simba can save Pride Rock.
(T) Reasons or examples: Simba is the only hope there.
6. Nala leaves Pride Rock in order to find a better place to live.
(F) Reasons or examples: Nana leaves to find help.
Task One
Watch the video twice and take notes of
the main information about each
character.
New words:
Bulldoze: (用推土机)推平;lieutenant: 中尉
Forrest Gump
a. Jenny
died on ____________, and was placed
__________________. Her father’s house was
____________________________.
b. Little Forrest
_______________________everyday, and
asked his father to ______________________.
c. Forrest
doesn’t know if ___________ or if
________________; doesn’t know either if
________________ or if _____________, but
thinks_________________________________
Forrest Gump
a. Jenny
died on the Saturday morning, and was placed under the
tree. Her father’s house was bulldozed to the ground.
b. Little Forrest
combs his hair, brushes his teeth and reads a book
everyday, and has asked his father to bring a letter to his
mum.
c. Forrest
doesn’t know if Momma was right or if it’s Lieutenant Dan;
doesn’t know either if we each have a destiny, or if we’re all
just floating around accidental-like on a breeze, but thinks
both is happening at the same time.
Transcript
Forrest: You died on a Saturday morning and I had you
placed here under our tree. And I had that house of your
father bulldozed to the ground. Mama always said that
dying was a part of life. I sure wish it wasn’t . Little Forrest
is doing just fine. About to start school again soon. And I
make his breakfast, lunch and dinner everyday. I make
sure he combs his hair and brushes his teeth everyday.
Teaching him how to play ping-pong. He’s really good.
(Forrest, you go.)
We fish a lot. And every night, we read a book, and he’s so
smart, jenny. You’d be so proud of him. I am. He, Uh, wrote
you a letter, and he says I can’t read it. I’m not supposed to,
I ‘ll just leave it here for you. Jenny, I don’t know if Momma
was right or if, if it’s Lieutenant Dan. I don’t know if we each
have a destiny, or if we’re all just floating around accidental
–like on a breeze, but I , I think maybe it’s both. Maybe
both is happening at the same time. I miss you, Jenny. If
there’s anything you need, I wont’ be far away.
Task Two
Dub the voice of Forrest. Pay attention to your
pronunciation and intonation.
Leisure Time: A Song
Your Raise Me Up
Listen to the following song and fill in the
blanks with the missing words.
You Raise Me up
----By Westlife
When I am down and, oh my soul, so ________;
When troubles come and my heart _________ be;
Then, I am still and wait here in the ________,
Until you come and sit a while with me.
You raise me up, _________________________;
You raise me up, _________________________;
I am strong, _____________________________;
You raise me up… ________________________.
(repeat)
You Raise Me up
----By Westlife
When I am down and, oh my soul, so weary;
When troubles come and my heart burdened be;
Then, I am still and wait here in the silence,
Until you come and sit a while with me.
You raise me up, so I can stand on mountains;
You raise me up, to walk on stormy seas;
I am strong, when I am on your shoulders;
You raise me up… To more than I can be.
Unit One
Reading Activities
Background Information
• the Vietnam War
In 1954, Vietnam became independent as
two countries, the pro-Western South
Vietnam and the communist North Vietnam.
Attempts to unite the two countries led to the
Vietnam War.
The Vietnam War (1954-1975) is a long civil
war between South Vietnam and the
Vietcong and North Vietnam, ending in
Communist victory.
• The United States was fully involved in the Vietnam
War, which had a deep and lasting effect on US
society and on the way that Americans thought about
their own country. This is shown, for example, in
many films made about the war, such as Forrest
Gump. At first most people supported the war, but
opposition gradually increased, especially among
college students and other young people, as more
US soldiers were killed, and as the television news
showed terrible pictures of ordinary Vietnamese
people being killed and injured. There were large
protest marches, many popular protest songs and
sayings became popular. Military failures and loss of
public support eventually forced the government to
bring US forces back from Vietnam in 1973.
Text Structure
In-Class Reading: The Gift of Life
After-Class Reading: Love Thy Neighbor
The Gift of Life
Part I: (para.1~2)
When:
in Vietnam War
Where: in a small village
Who:
several children, including one young girl
What:
Bombs landed in the orphanage and some
children were wounded.
Part II: (para. 3-18) What happened next?
•
Medical help arrived and they found the young girl needed blood.
(para.3)
2)
Only several children had the correct blood type. (para.4)
3)
Because of language barrier, they had difficulties in asking the
children for blood. (para.5)
4)
Heng was willing to give blood but he was always sobbing and then
crying silently during the operation. (para.6 ~ Para.13)
5)
Under the help of Vietnamese nurse, the Americans knew the reason.
Heng thought that he would die, but he still did it because she was his
friend. (para.14 ~ para.18)
Part III: (para.19) meaning of the story
There is no love greater than this, that person lay
down his/her life for a friend.
Structure: Love Thy Neighbor
P1 What is out of date now in U.S.A.?
︱
P2 What are changing ?
︱
P3 What’s people’s attitude toward their neighbors now?
︱
P4 What’s the best relationship with neighbors?
︱
P5 Why neighborhoods haven’t changed if their neighbors
changed?
︱
P6 Why is a community probably a better unit? (What’s the
difference between a community and a neighborhood?)
Unit One
Translating & Writing
Activities
Translating Activities
 Criteria for Translation
 Translation Practice
Criteria for translation
Speaking of translation, we tend to think of Yan Fu who
advocated for the first time the three words as translation
criteria, namely, “faithfulness, expressiveness and
elegance.”
Mr. Lu Xun, the greatest modern Chinese writer proposed
“faithfulness” and “smoothness” as translation standards
and attached importance to the preservation of the original
flavor.
Translation Practice
Task One:
Read the words of a song “ Lean on Me”, which
was sung at Clinton’s inauguration(总统就职仪式).
Then translate the song from English into Chinese.
Lean on Me
Sometimes in our lives we all have pain, we all have sorrow
But if we are wise, we know that there’s always tomorrow.
Lean on me when you’re not strong
And I’ll be your friend, I’ll help you carry on
For it won’t be long, till I’m going to need
Somebody to lean on.
Please swallow your pride if I have faith you need to borrow
For no on can fill those of your needs that you won’t let show.
You just call on me, brother, when you need a hand
We all need somebody to lean on.
I just might have a problem that you’ll understand
We all need somebody to lean on.
Lean on Me
依靠我吧
Sometimes in our lives we all have pain, we all have sorrow
生活中我们会有痛苦,会有悲伤
But if we are wise, we know that there’s always tomorrow
然而,聪明的我们明白总有明天(可指望)
Lean on me when you’re not strong
当你脆弱时,来依靠我吧
And I’ll be your friend, I’ll help you carry on
我会成为你的朋友,会助你继续向前
For it won’t be long, till I’m going to need
因为不会很久,我也会需要
Somebody to lean on.
有个人依靠
Please swallow your pride if I have faith you need to borrow
假如我的诚信你需要,请收起你的骄傲
For no on can fill those of your needs that you won’t let show.
因为没人能满足你那不表露的需要。
You just call on me, brother, when you need a hand
要帮忙时,找我就是了,兄弟
We all need somebody to lean on.
我们都需要有个人靠一靠。
I just might have a problem that you’ll understand
也许我有个问题正好你明白
We all need somebody to lean on.
我们都需要有个人靠依靠。
Translation Practice
Task Two
Translate the following sentences into
appropriate Chinese
1. Sino-Japanese relations are in the balance.
中日关系处于不稳定状态。
2. This book could not have been written or published without the help of
dozens of people, and I am deeply grateful to all of them.
这本书的写作和出版曾得到许多位友人的各种帮助,谨此一深表谢意。
3. Their request was met with wide-eyed silence.
对医生和护士的请求,孩子瞪大眼睛,一声不吭。
4. It is universally acknowledged that a single man of a good fortune must
be in want of a wife.
凡是有钱的单身汉,总要娶位太太,这已经成了举世公认真理。
5. She was a woman of mean understanding, little information, and
uncertain temper.
她是个智力贫乏,不学无术,喜怒无常的女人。
Task Three
Translate the following sentences into
appropriate English.
1. 国民生产总值稳步增长。
There is a steady increase in Gross National Product.
2.他回过头去看到了那个美女,他睁大了眼,嘴里留着口水
(用独立主格结构翻译)
He turned around and saw that beauty, his eyes opened
widely and his mouth watering.
3.他们采取快速行动阻止了恐怖袭击。
They took immediate action to stop the terrorist attack.
4.除了偶尔有阵雨,天气不错。
The weather is good except for the occasional shower.
5. 计划是否成功还拿不准。
The success of the plan hangs in the balance.
Writing Activities
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30
minutes to write a composition on the topic
“Friends”. You should write at least 120 words
following the outline given below in Chinese:
 朋友对我们非常重要。
 交友之道。
 交友不能失去自我。
Friends
We all know how important friends are in our lives. Friends support us
when we need encouragement, take our side, and advise us on important
decisions. Our worries are lessened and joys are intensified with friends.
To make friends we need to be honest and sincere. Lies may win us
temporary friends, but the relationship will not last long. We should be able
to be ourselves with our friends - that's actually where the true value of
friendship lies. Moreover, we should be willing to help when needed.
Friendship is just like a flower that needs watering and careful nurturing.
It's easy for a person who's weak-minded to lose himself in an intimate
relationship. Don't let that happen to you. Maintain your independence, and
help your friend maintain his, for great friendship helps you find and build
up yourself instead of submerging in it.
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Unit One