Living and Working in Sweden
Living and Working in Sweden
Ylva Papp
EURES Adviser
Sundsvall
[email protected]
Linda Daugaard
EURES Adviser
Uppsala
[email protected]
Facts About Sweden
• Sweden is the third largest country in EU 25 and has
96 000 km coastline.
• 9 million inhabitants, 85% live in the southern parts.
• Sweden has been a member of EU since 1995.
• Currency: Swedish Crown (SEK) 9.30 SEK = 1 € (May 2008)
www.sweden.se
Kiruna
Kiruna
21 Counties
Umeå
1574 km
20 inhabitants / km2
Stockholm
Göteborg
Malmö
Ystad
290 Municipalities
Right to work in Sweden
Citizens
Residence
Residence
Residence
right
card
permit
Nordic
-
-
-
EU/EEA*
X
X
(X)
Family members
Swiss
X
Non-EU, long-
X
Work permit
-
term resident
Non-EU
* workers, self-employed, students, ”sufficient funds”
X
Language skills
• In Sweden we speak Swedish
• The Scandinavian languages are similar
– Swedish, Norwegian and Danish
• English skills are important in many professions
• Language skills in labour shortages and surpluses
Labour Market Statistics
• 80,8 % of men and 76,2 % of women aged 16-64 are in
employment. Good child care facilities make this possible.
• Unemployment rate 2,9 % (April 2008)
• Unemployment rate 6,0 % (age 15-74)
Working in Sweden
• Temporary or Permanent contracts
• 6 months probationary employment
• Full time, 40 hours per week
• 25 days vacation per year (right to take 4 consecutive
weeks holiday in the summer)
• Average wage: SEK 26,600 (men) SEK 22,000 (women)
• No national minimum wage. Collective agreements in
most occupations ensure fair wages.
Finding a Job
• Public Employment Services
Platsbanken and
Söka jobb / Länkar
www.arbetsformedlingen.se
• EURES
www.eures.europa.eu
• Swedish newspapers
www.onlinenewspapers.com/sweden.htm
• Adecco
• Lernia
• Manpower
• Proffice
www.adecco.se
www.lernia.se
www.manpower.se
www.proffice.se
• Company websites
Other ways to a job
Open application
www.gulasidorna.se
www.foretagsfakta.se
CV database
• www.arbetsformedlingen.se (Swedish)
• www.eures.europa.eu
Applying for Work in Sweden
• E-mail is frequently used and accepted.
• Applications should be typewritten in Swedish or English.
• Generally you do not enclose a photo.
• An application consists of:
- personal letter (no more than 1 page, often less)
- your CV (1-2 pages)
- References (can also be given at the interview)
• You may be asked to present evidence of professional
qualifications and diplomas later on.
• Recognition of foreign diplomas
Public Employment Services
when you are a resident in Sweden
Service through:
- Internet www.arbetsformedlingen.se (24 hour service)
- by telephone via Customer Service Centres (7 day
service) 0771-416 416
- The Public Employment Office – “Arbetsförmedlingen”
(over 300 offices)
Taxes
• Council Tax between 26-34 %, average 31 %.
• State Tax
+ 20% of the income over 328 800 SEK
+ 25% of the income over 495 000 SEK
Example:
20 000 SEK  net income of 14 997 SEK
30 000 SEK  net income of 21 366 SEK
Tax deductions includes social insurance and pension
fees, but not unemployment benefits
www.skatteverket.se
Unemployment Benefits
•
Are not a part of the Social Benefits scheme.
•
Consist of two parts:
1. Basic insurance (Alfakassan): For all workers after a
qualifying period: No membership requirement, max
320 SEK/day
2. Voluntary insurance: For members of an
Unemployment Insurance Fund. After the qualification
period, 80% of earlier income, max 680 SEK/day
•
300 days, 5 days per week. Tax will be deducted.
www.iaf.se
Health care
and sickness benefits
Patient fee
100 – 300 SEK
Children < 20 years
free
Hospital fee
max. 80 SEK/day
Medicine (prescriptions)
max. 1 800 SEK/year
Sick pay/sickness benefit 80 % of the income*
21 – 654 SEK/day
First day = no pay
*income < 307 500 SEK/year
Family benefits
Parental benefit:
390 days with 80 % of income (max. 872 SEK/day)
+ 90 days with 180 SEK/day to be shared equally
between both parents (apart from 60 days)
+ 10 days to the father of new-born baby
Temporary parental benefit:
60 + 60 days per child and year
Child allowance
and Child care
•
1 child
1 050 SEK/month
•
2 children
2 200 SEK/month
•
3 children
3 604 SEK/month
•
4 children
5 514 SEK/month
Municipalities are obliged to provide
childcare to children aged 1 -12 years.
“Maxtaxa”
Educational System
Universities and
university colleges
Age 18-
Advanced vocational
education (KY)
Age 18-
Upper secondary
school
Age 16-20, 3 years
Compulsory school
Age 7-16, 9 years
www.skolverket.se
Pre-school
Age 1-5, volontary
Pre-school class
Age 6, 1 year
Accommodation
•
Rent an apartment or house
1 bedroom apartment, average rent 4,595 SEK/month, 68 m2
•
“Buy” an apartment
•
Buy a house
Accommodation costs vary greatly
Food Costs
(€)
Sweden
Holland
France
Germany
Norway
1 kg butter
4,72
5,09
6,60
5,13
7,37
1 l milk
0,77
0,79
1,03
0,95
1,49
1 kg cheese
8,27
8,40
12,23
9,85
10,82
1 kg chicken
3,22
4,27
3,58
4,96
7,65
13,87
17,80
16,71
29,74
22,13
1 kg bread
2,35
1,48
4,36
1,78
3,05
1 kg potatoes
1,32
0,66
1,29
0,99
1,11
1 kg apples
2,47
1,38
2,38
2,48
3,08
1 kg coffee
5,15
5,53
6,27
8,53
9,35
1 kg roast beef
A Typical Swedish Work Place
• “Flat” organisations
• Team work
• You must be able to take initiatives and adapt to
new situations.
• ”Du” – first name basis – informality!
• Gender equality
• Strong Trade unions
Sweden and Swedes
•
Fresh air, clean water, untouched wilderness, open
space – “Right of Public Access”
•
Personnummer! 650604-6435
•
“Fikapaus”
•
Shoes off indoors
•
Systembolaget
Sweden and Swedes
• Tend to avoid conflicts…
• Sweden “closes” for the summer
• Between April – September Swedes become sun
worshippers
• Internet – VERY important in the Swedish society
• “Normal”
Thank You
for Your Attention!
Brochure: Looking for work in Sweden?
www.arbetsformedlingen.se under Other languages
Descargar

Bild 1