Global Good Samaritans:
Human rights foreign policy
August 2010
Australia
Why--Norms and globalization
 Moral
interdependence
 Strat. interdependence: “human security”
 Intl. community: intl. hr “regime”
 Identity: roles, scripts
 Governance: civil society, legitimacy
 Socialization: politics of persuasion
The intl. hr regime:
sometimes--“it takes a state”
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Multilateral: ICC
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Bilateral: S Afr sanctions
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peace promotion: CR C Amer
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Aid: Sweden c. $3 billion/year
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Refugees: Sweden>10,000
Iraqis
Research design
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Global map for necessary and sufficient
conditions
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Thresholds:
• democracy,
• development,
• Secure globalization
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Variables:
• Leadership,
• civil society,
• ideology
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Case selection

Leaders:
• high inputs, high outcomes = Sweden
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Laggards:
• high inputs, low outcomes = Japan

Least likely cases:
• low inputs, high outcomes = Costa Rica

Changes: NL, South Africa
Sources of Reconstruction
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States “most likely to succeed” (dozens)
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Small is beautiful; middle and regional powers
Secure: demilitarized, neutral, or sheltered
Global: Outward-oriented, linkages
Democracy—deep, Parliamentary, equity (esp. gender)
Regional placement: CR vs. Canada vs. Australia
Problems in any dimension pull down level of promotion
Activating the potential

Agents

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Charismatic leaders
Foreign policy professionals
Civil society:
• Cosmopolitan
• Connected to for. policy
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Ideas
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Universalism
Social democracy
Interdependence
Regional niche
Again, lacks lead to limits
Canada as Global Good Samaritan—
Inputs and outcomes
Globalized
Two-thirds
trade econ
Democratic
Parliament
Security
sheltered
Leadership
Trudeau,
Axworthy
Civil society
Ideology
Deep, cosmo,
Quebec
Charter, “other
America”
Multilateral
ICC, R2P
Bilateral
SA yes, China?
Transnatl
Kimberley
Aid
Low but Haiti,
demo %
Peace promotion
Afghanistan,
landmines
Refugees
Nos., open to S
Implications

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National interest can be
reconstructed
Some states build global
governance
But need:
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Eternal vigilance
Activate more laggards
Build “coalitions of the
caring”
Deepen global norms
Evaluate effectiveness
“Best practices”:
doing well at doing good

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Good-enough Samaritans: leverage inconsistency
Democracy begins at home: civil soc, equity
Coordinate policy: dev-security-hr
Fund from the bottom up
“It takes a Ministry”?:
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Where is hr placed? Level, mainstreaming, IO vs. policy
Foreign Ministry practices: rotations, country desks,
aid agency status: ind? Budget process
Refugees as poli vs. legal subjects, placement
Evaluate and learn
Venue-shop beyond borders
Institutionalize hr promotion; beyond charisma
Join “coalitions of the caring”
Australia:
“Waltzing Matilda”? (Lawler)
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Outputs:
 Multilateral and aid aspirations launched by Evans,
but consistent under conservatives (like Sweden)
 Bilateral tricky vis trade, transnatl (like Canada)
 Timor intervention; demo, stability, or hr?
 Refugee contradiction (like NL)
Inputs:
 Dev demo secure middle power w growing multicult
pop (like Canada)
 Commonwealth values; 2005 82% think Aus “good
international citizen”
 But regional barrier to universalism (like S Afr)
 Neo-liberal post-9/11 U.S. “humanitarianism lite”
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Global Good Samaritans: Human rights foreign policy