Gothenburg, Sweden
- in the heart of Scandinavia
is located on the west coast and is the second
largest city in Sweden. The city has always
served as a major port, and for many years
shipbuilding was one of its most important
industries. Today, areas historically used for
shipbuilding are being transformed into
modern residential neighborhoods.
It is easy to get to Gothenburg. Connections
are extensive with express trains, ferries from
Denmark, Norway and Germany, and daily
flights from all major European airports.
is known for its coastline, waterways and the ferries linking the many
offshore islands.
It is a city with broad avenues, canals, a living harbour and wellpreserved buildings. The sea is always present, in the shape of
Scandinavia’s largest port and in the river that runs through the city.
The archipelago with its smooth rocky shore and countless small
islands has a unique appeal and is a must for every visitor.
Gothenburg has many green spaces in the central parts of the city:
the 19th century park Trädgårdsföreningen, the Botanical Garden
and Slottsskogen.
The city centre is a concentrated area of hotels and restaurants, culture and
entertainment, tourist attractions, event arenas and a congress hall, all within easy
walking distance. The central location of Gothenburg makes it a favorite host city for
large international events, and has hosted highlights as the World Championships in
Athletics, the Three Tenors Opera and the European Summit.
The Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Sweden’s national orchestra, has reached world
fame. The Opera House is renowned for its modern programme of performances, its
architecture and central harbour location. The shopping mall Nordstan in the city centre
is Scandinavia’s largest shopping mall with over 200 shops.
Trade and Industry
Gothenburg is renowned for its rapid
growth of research and expertise
Several of the most renowned industrial
companies in Scandinavia, such as Volvo,
founded in Gothenburg in 1927, SKF,
Mölnlycke Health Care and Hasselblad,
operate from and have their head offices
Gothenburg has four distinct seasons. Despite its northern latitude, temperatures are
mild throughout the year and much warmer than places in similar latitude, because
of the warm Gulf Stream.
Summers are warm and pleasant and with sunny and bright evenings. During
summertime Swedes get 18 hours of daylight, compared to only around 8 hours in
late December.
Winters are usually mild but can occasionally get cold, with periods of snow
although with clear, sunny days.
The Beautiful West Coast
Gothenburg is the gateway to Sweden’s west coast and its
archipelago of 8,000 islands. The people of the West
Coast love the sea, and it is one of the region’s with most
boats per inhabitant in the world – there are 8 people per
boat. Old fishing villages with wooden houses in many
colors are scattered across the area.
Its coastal location and closeness to the North Sea makes
Gothenburg a paradise for those who enjoy fish and
shellfish. Enjoy prawns, oysters, lobster and fish of
highest quality. Gothenburg's fish and seafood restaurants
take well care of their ingredients - five Gothenburg
restaurants have a star in the Guide Michelin.
Sweden has 9.5 million inhabitants. More than one third of the population lives in the three
largest cities Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. Member of the EU since 1995.
Capital: Stockholm
Language: Swedish, English is compulsory in all Swedish schools.
Currency: 1 krona=100 öre
Area: 450,000 km² (174,000 sq mi)
Political system: Parliamentary Democracy
The Nordic languages Swedish, Danish, Norwegian and Icelandic are closely related.
Finnish, on the other hand, is not a Germanic language, and is completely different.
Externa relationer
Sweden is the fifth biggest country in Europe. The extreme distance from north to
south is 1,600 km - if you turn Sweden around at the southern end, you will see the
north end up in Naples in Italy!
With only 9,5 million inhabitants it is not a surprise that Sweden is dominated by
nature. It is perfect for those who love space, clean air, beautiful landscapes and
outdoor activities.
Lapland is often called the last wilderness in Europe, with high mountains, swamps
and wild rivers, treeless highlands and birch forests. In this part of Sweden the Saami
live, one of the last nomad peoples in Europe.
Externa relationer
Sweden as a kingdom was founded in the
13th century, and has since then been a
constitutional monarchy, in which King
Carl XVI Gustaf is head of state, but
royal power has long been limited to
official and ceremonial functions.
Ever since 1980 the oldest child inherits
the crown: no matter if they are male or
Externa relationer
The country is characterized by its long
coastlines, large forests and numerous lakes.
There are over 95 000 lakes and 2700 km of
coastline. The Swedish archipelago consists
of more than 60 000 islands. Half of the land
surface is covered with forest and less than
10% is farmland.
The Swedish countryside is open to everyone,
based on the Right of Public Access
(Allemansrätten). You are allowed to walk,
jog, cycle, ski, pick berries, flowers and camp
everywhere, even on other people’s land,
provided that you don’t cause any damage.
Swedish Export
Sweden is an export-oriented mixed economy. Timber, hydropower
and iron constitute the base of an economy heavily oriented toward
foreign trade.
Sweden's engineering sector accounts for 50% of exports, but
telecommunications, the automotive industry and the
pharmaceutical industries are also of great importance.
Among Swedish companies that have reached fame world-wide are
Volvo, Ericsson, Vattenfall, Skanska, Sony Ericsson, SCA,
Electrolux, TeliaSonera, Scania, H&M, IKEA, Nordea,
Preem, Atlas Copco, Securitas, AstraZeneca, SAAB, and SKF.
The World Economic Forum competitiveness index ranks Sweden
the 4th most competitive economy in the world.
Sweden is one of the most highly developed welfare states and with a higher level of
social spending to GDP than any other nation.
After World War II a series of successive social reforms transformed the country into
one of the most equal and developed. To this day Sweden consistently ranks at the top
of league tables for health, literacy and Human Development.
Contributing to the welfare is also the fact that Sweden hasn’t been in war for over 200
years, although taking active part in conflict-solving.
Income is relatively flatly distributed,
Sweden has the lowest Gini coefficient (a
measure of inequality of income), 0.23, of
any other country. Total tax revenue was
47.8% of GDP, the second highest tax
burden among developed countries
Many of the companies founded by early pioneers still remain major
international brands - Gustaf Dalén founded AGA, Alfred Nobel
invented dynamite and instituted the Nobel Prize, Lars Magnus
Ericsson started the company Ericsson and Anders Celcius invented
the Celcius scale.
The traditional engineering industry is still a major source of Swedish
inventions, but pharmaceuticals, electronics and other high-tech
industries are gaining ground. Tetra Pak was an invention for storing
liquid foods, Losec, was the world's best-selling drug in the 1990s,
developed by AstraZeneca.
Alfred Nobel, inventor of
Carl Linnaeus, one of the fathers
of modern ecology
Today, Sweden owns the highest number of patents per million
inhabitants in the world, and only ten other countries hold more
patents than Sweden.
Anders Celsius, inventor of
the Celsius temperature.
Healthcare in Sweden is similar in quality to
other developed nations. Sweden ranks in
the top five with respect to low infant
mortality. It ranks no one in life expectancy
in Europe and second in the Human
Development Index.
Swedish women have their first child in
average at 30 years old, the oldest in Europe
together with Ireland and the Netherlands.
The health care is governed by the 21
“landsting” of Sweden and is mainly funded
by taxes, with nominal fees for patients.
Children aged 1–5 years old are guaranteed a place in a public kinder garden, and between
the age of 6 and 16 children attend compulsory comprehensive school. After completing
the 9th grade, 90% continue with a three-year upper secondary school. The school system
is largely financed by taxes and offers among other services free lunch, free bus transport,
and after-school centres open to all children with working parents, up to the age of 12.
There are a large number of universities in Sweden, the oldest and largest ones are situated
in Uppsala, Lund, Gothenburg and Stockholm.
All education is free for Swedish and EU students,
tuition fees were only recently imposed for university
studies for students from outside the EU.
Interest in fashion is big in Sweden and the country is headquartering famous brands
like H&M, J. Lindeberg, Acne, Gina Tricot, Lindex, Tiger of Sweden, Odd Molly,
Cheap Monday, Dr. Denim, Gant, Resteröds, Nudie Jeans, WESC, WAX and Filippa
K within its borders.
These companies, however, are composed largely of buyers who import fashionable
goods from throughout Europe and America, continuing the trend of Swedish
business toward multinational economic dependency like many of its neighbours.
Externa relationer
Swedes have been fairly prominent in the film area through the years, several successful
Swedish Hollywood actors can be mentioned: Ingrid Bergman, Greta Garbo, Max von
Sydow, Dolph Lundgren, Lena Olin, Britt Ekland, Maud Adams, Stellan Skarsgård, Peter
Stormare, Izabella Scorupco, Pernilla August, Anita Ekberg, Alexander Skarsgård, Ingrid
Thulin and Malin Åkerman.
Amongst several directors who have made internationally successful films can be
mentioned: Ingmar Bergman, Lukas Moodysson and Lasse Hallström.
Externa relationer
Sweden is the world’s third largest producer of pop
music, with ABBA, Roxette, Meja, the Ark, BWO, EType, Millencolin, Robyn, Europe, Hammerfall, Mando
Diao, the Knife, the Hives, In Flames, Ace of Base and
the Cardigans among its best-selling artists.
Swedish producers like Max Martin frequently records
and writes major hits for stars like Britney Spears, Celine
Dion, Bon Jovi, Backstreet Boys, Madonna, A-ha,
NSYNC, Usher, Pink, Katy Perry and Pitbull.
Welcome to Explore Sweden!

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