Living and working
in Poland
Marcin Lewko
EURES Adviser
Genova 5-7.11.2014
Poland in Europe
Administrative division
Baltic Sea
Russia
Lithuania
Bielarus
Germany
Ukraine
Czech Republic
Slovakia
General information
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Full country name: Republic of Poland;
Population: 38.1 million;
Capital city: Warszawa (Warsaw) – population 1.7 million;
Official language: Polish;
Currency: 1 Zloty (PLN) = 100 Groszy, 1 EUR approx. 4,22 PLN
(27.10.2014);
Time: GMT+1h;
Nationalities: 98.5% Polish, 0.6% Ukrainians, 0.5% Germans, 0.4%
others;
Religion: 90.7% Catholics, 1.4% Orthodox, 7.9% others
The biggest cities: Warszawa, Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań,
Gdańsk, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Białystok (listed according to the
number of inhabitants);
General information
• Public Holidays:
• 1 January: New Year’s Day,
• 6 January: Three King’s Day
• Easter Sunday and Monday (first Sunday after the first
spring full moon),
• 1 May: Labour Day,
• 3 May: Constitution Day,
• Corpus Christi: (Thursday of the ninth week after Easter),
• 15 August: Assumption of Virgin Mary, Polish Army Day,
• 1 November: All Saints’ Day,
• 11 November: National Independence Day,
• 25, 26 December: Christmas.
Labour market situation
•The average gross monthly pay in year 2014
3.941 PLN = 934 EUR
•The lowest gross monthly pay in 2014
1.680 PLN = 398 EUR
Currency – the Polish zloty (PLN)
€ 1 buys PLN 4.22 (27.10.2014)
UNEMPLOYMENT RATE BY VOIVODSHIPS (REGIONS)
END OF FEBRUARY 2014
(POLAND 10,0 %)
Unemployment rate in EU/EEA
Wielkopolska, Poland
• Area: 29 825,6 km2
(9,5% of total territory of
Poland)
• Population: 3 385 800
(09.2007)
(38 132 000 total population of
Poland)
• Unemployment rate 7,9 %
(entire country – 10,0 %) 02.2014
• Capital of region – Poznań
(population: 567 882, 5th biggest
city in Poland)
Poznań… and Wielkopolska
• concentration of
enterprises
• high level of education
• third cultural centre in
country
• good geographic
location
Labour market: surpluses & shortages
In the area of surpluses and shortages in our labour
market the situation is complicated.
We have 100 vacancies and 300 unemployed
bricklayers who work in black market because of
high costs of employment.
The same refers to cooks, carpenters, shop
assistants, drivers. There ale also people with
qualifications but no skills, as they haven’t worked
for a long time…or high qualification but no
language skills
Summary - problems
remaining unemployed have problem with:
• lack of motivations
• languages
• utility of qualifications
How to find a job?
• The real problem is not unemployment, but
underpayment, so people are looking for a job
abroad. Unfortunately many of them don’t know
foreign languages.
• You can also use PES to find a job but it’s offer is
less attractive because no employer looks for a
good specialist in a labour office now.
Job search
• The Public Employment Services – Local and Regional
Labour Officers (EURES adviser, assistant);
• www.oferty.praca.gov.pl/
• www.eures.europa.eu
• www.eures.praca.gov.pl
www.psz.praca.gov.pl
• Private agencies (check the legality!); www.kraz.praca.gov.pl
• Local newspapers.
• Internet
Job search
• Labour Offices
– 16 Regional (Voivodship) Labour Offices
– 338 Local Labour Offices
– Vocational courses, on-the-job training, CVs, Cover
Letters, job-psychologist and advisers help
– Free registration
– www.psz.praca.gov.pl
EURES in Poland:
• National EURES Manager in Ministry of Labour
and Social Policy
www.eures.praca.gov.pl
• 16 Regional Labour Offices:
16 EURES Line Manager
Over 59 EURES Advisers
• EURES „Assistants” in 343 Local Labour Offices
Commercial websites:
www.praca.interia.pl
www.praca.gazeta.pl
www.pracuj.pl
www.jobspot.pl
www.pracadlaciebie.pl
www.praca.wp.pl
www.praca.onet.pl
www.jobs.pl
www.jobpilot.pl
www.cvonline.pl
www.jobcenter.com.pl
At work
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Full time = 40h/week or individual agreement
Overtime = paid 150% or time off
Salary – paid monthly
Social Security – employer submits employee
Taxes, contributions – deducted from salary
Holidays – 20-26 working days
Working time
– 8:00 – 16:00 most public companies
– 8:30 at latest… - private companies
Income taxes – Poland
Which income will be taxed in Poland?
Live in Poland? You must pay tax on your worldwide income there.
(criterion: you lived there for at least 183 consecutive days during the tax
year or your life is centred there)
Live in Poland but for less than 183 days? You are not considered tax
resident and pay tax only on the income earned in Poland.
Income from other EU countries? Check you never pay tax twice on the
same income.
How much will you pay?
Income tax is progressive — the more you
earn, the higher your rate. In 2013 the tax
rates for individuals are 18% and 32%.
Bracket
Annual income
Rate
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up to 3091 PLN
0%
2
3091-85.528 PLN
18%
3
over 85.528 PLN
32%
Take into account any:
•tax allowances
•deductions you are entitled to for certain types of expenditure.
When and how do you pay?
Your employer deducts income tax and social-security contributions from
your salary. After the tax year, you must file an annual return by 30 April.
If your salary is your only source of income and you submit a special form
to your employer, you are not obliged to file an annual tax return.
How to appeal / complain
If you disagree with your tax assessment, you can appeal to the director of
the tax chamber. If your appeal is rejected, you may take your case to the
administrative court.
Read your tax assessment letter carefully to find out exactly which
department you should send your appeal to, which time limits apply and
which procedures you need to follow.
Own business – 1st step
• Registration in the City Hall or Mayor Office
– Application form
• Company and owner name
• Address of the owner and company
• Type of activities – according to the Polish Classification of
Activities
• Expected date of starting activities
– Fee – 100 zł (~23,6 €)
– Waiting period – till 10 working days
– You can apply for REGON and NIP at City Hall or
Mayor Office or do it yourself
– You can apply for free of charge registration
Own business – step 2
• REGON – information system considering
running business
– Apply in Regional Statistical Office
– Within 14 days from receiving registration certificate
– Must bring ID and registration certificate
Own business – step 3
• Tax Office registration
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NIP (number of personal tax identification)
Application NIP-1
Copy of registration certificate
Copy of REGON decision
VAT – registration 170 PLN (40,2 €) – your choice – if
incomes > 10.000 € it’s obligatory to apply
Own business – last steps
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Own / company seal
Bank account
Social Insurance Office (ZUS)
If catering – SANEPID (district
sanitary - epidemiological office)
• National Work Inspection – if hired
employees
Cost of living
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Bread – 4 PLN ~ 1€
Butter – 4 PLN ~ 1 €
Yogurt – 2 PLN ~ 0,50 €
1,5 l water – 2 PLN ~ 0,50 €
1 l orange juice – 4 PLN ~ 1€
1 kg ham – 30 PLN ~ 7 €
1 beer – 3 - 10 PLN ~ 0,70 - 2,35 €
Cinema ticket – 24 PLN ~ 6 €
Airports in Poland
Transportation
• Polish Railways PKP - http://rozklad-pkp.pl/en
• Polish Coaches/Bus service
– PKS - Only in Polish
– Eurolines - http://www.eurolines.pl/pl/
– Rent a car
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www.avis.pl
www.budget.pl
www.europcar.pl
www.hertz.pl
www.sixt.pl
Accommodation
• Hotels and accommodation
– www.staypoland.com
– www.polska.travel.pl
– www.tripadvisor.com
– www.best4hostels.com
– www.polhotels.com
– www.hrs.com
Emergency phone numbers
#112
Police 997
Ambulance 999
Fire Brigade 998
Important websites
in Poland
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Information about Poland: www.poland.gov.pl
President of the Republic of Poland: www.prezydent.pl
Polish legal service: www.lex.pl
Ministry of Labour and Social Policy: www.mpips.gov.pl
Ministry of Justice: www.ms.gov.pl
Ministry of Foreign Affairs: www.msz.gov.pl
Ministry of Health: www.mz.gov.pl
Poland company browser (company directory – Panorama
Firm): www.panoramafirm.pl/
What should you do to find good job in Poland?
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Avoid agents – work they offer could be illegal!
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Check employer: EURES, labour offices, City Hall, Embassies,
Chambers etc
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Learn Polish or at least try to find mulitculture/language company
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Protect yourself - Typical „before you go” – extra money,
accomodation, how to get… etc
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Good CV, references, certificates – also scanned!
What should you do to find good workers in
Poland?
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Cooperate with Eures in
Poland to have:
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job interviews, meetings,
initial screening done
professionally.
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Organize language courses for
future employees.
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Create working teams with at
least one foreign language
speaking Pole.
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Help with accommodation
and daily problems to make
them trust you and work
better
DON’T
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Try to find employees
yourself as it might be
difficult and time consuming
(language, emotional
barriers).
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Change the contract
conditions for the worse –
Poles will feel cheated
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Be reliable, enduring
and punctual
I do recommend PES/EURES services for
several reasons:
• Firstly, we are experienced.
• Secondly, we have efficient and well organized
infrastructure and procedures.
• You don’t pay for our services.
Thank you for your attention
Marcin Lewko
[email protected]
EURES Adviser
Wojewódzki Urząd Pracy w Poznaniu
/Regional Labour Office in Poznań
Polska/Poland
tel.+48 61 846 38 08
fax +48 61 846 38 20
www.wup.poznan.pl
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