Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Exercises W B T L E ENTER Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Extension I. Oral work II. Quiz III.Writing IV. Listening lab V. Supplementary reading W B T L E Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Oral Work I. List 1. Group discussion 2. Sayings about faith 3. Debating W B T L E Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Oral Work I. Please list at least three figures who played important roles in history. And give their main feats respectively. What do you think make them remembered by people? Do you think faith is vital to one’s success? If it is possible, please give some examples. What qualities do you think people need when they want to achieve success in their career? W B T L E The end of group discussion. Brainstor m in groups. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Oral Work I. • Faith is like radar that sees through the fog. ~Corrie Ten Boom, Tramp for the Lord • Reason is our soul's left hand, Faith her right. ~John Donne • Faith is reason grown courageous. ~Sherwood Eddy • Doubt is a pain too lonely to know that faith is his twin brother. ~Kahlil Gibran • Fear knocked at the door. Faith answered. And lo, no one was there. ~Author Unknown W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Oral Work I. • If there was no faith there would be no living in this world. We couldn't even eat hash with safety. ~Josh Billings • Faith, to my mind, is a stiffening process, a sort of mental starch. ~E.M. Forster • Faith is spiritualized imagination. ~Henry Ward Beecher • Faith is a passionate intuition. ~William Wordsworth • To me faith means not worrying. ~John Dewey • Faith is courage; it is creative while despair is always destructive. ~David S. Muzzey W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Oral Work I. • Every tomorrow has two handles. We can take hold of it by the handle of anxiety, or by the handle of faith. ~Author Unknown • Faith is the bird that sings when the dawn is still dark. ~Rabindranath Tagore • Faith is raising the sail of our little boat until it is caught up in the soft winds above and picks up speed, not from anything within itself, but from the vast resources of the universe around us. ~W. Ralph Ward • In faith there is enough light for those who want to believe and enough shadows to blind those who don't. ~Blaise Pascal W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Oral Work I. • Faith enables persons to be persons because it lets God be God. ~Carter Lindberg • Weave in faith and God will find the thread. ~Author Unknown • A little faith will bring your soul to heaven, but a lot of faith will bring heaven to your soul. ~Author Unknown • Faith is believing in things when common sense tells you not to. ~George Seaton • Feed your faith and your fears will starve to death. ~Author Unknown W B T L E The end of Sayings about faith. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Oral Work I. Topic for debating: It is worthwhile to sacrifice one’s life for one’s career. W B T L E Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz II. List 1. Quiz 1 2. Quiz 2 3. Quiz 3 W B T L E Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 1 II. the entrance hall of a house seedling to remove; to get rid of warder a young plant hallway in the end cell a small room inside prison where inmates live enduring lasting eventually the head of a prison eliminate W B T L E The end of Quiz 1. Match the items in the two columns. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 2 II. 1. There’s little chance that mankind would __ a nuclear war. a. retain c. maintain b. endure d. survive 2. In the past, most foresters have been men, but today, the number of women __ this field is climbing. a. engaging b. devoting c. registering d. pursuing W B T L E To be continued on the next page. d d Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 2 II. 3. In previous times, when fresh meat was in short ______, pigeons were kept by many households as a source of food. a. store c. reserve b. provision d. supply 4. ____ she wondered if she had made a mistake. a. Not until long afterwards that b. Not long until afterwards c. It was not until long afterwards that d. It was long afterwards until W B T L E To be continued on the next page. d c Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 2 II. 5. Humidity is so intense in some parts of the tropics that Europeans find they are unable to __ it. a. maintain c. endure b. persist d. sustain c 6. She once again went through her composition carefully to __ all spelling mistakes from it. a. withdraw b. diminish c. abandon d. eliminate W B T L E To be continued on the next page. d Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 2 II. 7. Those people __ a general understanding of the present situation. a. lack of b. are lacking of c. lack d. are in lack 8. Since last year, the crime rate in Chicago has sharply __. a. declined b. lessened c. descended d. slipped W B T L E To be continued on the next page. c a Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 2 II. 9. Crisis would be the right term to describe the __ in many animal species. a. minimization c. descent b. restriction d. decline 10. A disagreement about boundaries is ___ the heart of the two country’s dispute. a. at b. of c. in d. by W B T L E To be continued on the next page. d a Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 2 II. 11. ____heart—things can only get better. a. Have b. Pluck c. Take d. Lose 12. The teachers said his work was _____but there was still room for improvement. a. satisfied b. satisfactory c. grateful d. gratified W B T L E To be continued on the next page. c b Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 2 II. 13. At midnight, he drove through streets ____of traffic. a. empty b. lacking c. lack d. crowded 14. His time at university ____period of her life. a. eventual b. enduring c. eventually d. eventful W B T L E was the To be continued on the next page. most a d Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 2 II. 15. He was cut ______ in his prime by cancer. a. off b. down c. out d. up 16. My boss asked me to answer the phone, to take all messages, and ______some letters. a. to type b. typing c. type d. typewrite W B T L E To be continued on the next page. b a Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 2 II. 17. In the future, the discovery which will most change the lives of people, most affect the health of the world, and ______the drug industry is the cure for the common cold. a. most change b. most changing c. with most change on d. most change of 18. The role of the party system in American politics has always been ______. A. not dividing but a union b. not to divide but to unite c. a unity instead of dividing d. unifying instead of a division W B T L E To be continued on the next page. a b Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 2 II. 19. “Did you see any foreigner present at the party?” “He was the only foreigner ______I saw at the party.” a. whom b. that c. who d. which 20. “What of Micheal?” “After tonight, he would never be the same man ______he was before.” a. what b. who c. as d. but W B T L E The end of Quiz 2. b c Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Quiz 3 II. 1. 2. He did not offer any constructive _________criticism— just complained he did not like it. (construct) removal He consented to the _______ of the flags. (remove) 3. We found the answer by a process of elimination __________. (eliminate) 4. He was posing as a wealthy gambler who legalize casinos in wanted lawmakers to _______ Arizona. (legal) organizational We were impressed by her ___________ 5. ability. (organize) W B T L E The end of Quiz. Fill out the blanks with the proper form of the given words. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Writing III. Describe what you have learnt from text about Mandela’s life in prison which is helpful to you in about 150 words. W B T L E The end of Writing. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Listening Lab IV. Committee has decided to The Norwegian Nobel _________ award the Nobel Peace Prize for 1993 to Nelson R. Mandela and Frederik Willem de Klerk for their work for the _________ termination of the peaceful __________ regime, and for laying the apartheid foundations for a new democratic South Africa. From their different points of ________, departure Mandela and de Klerk have reached agreement on the principles for a transition to a new political _______ based on the tenet of one order man-one vote. By looking ahead to South African reconciliation instead of back at the deep _______ wounds of the past, they have shown personal W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Fill out the blanks while you are listening. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Listening Lab IV. integrity and great political ________. courage Ethnic disparities cause the ________ bitterest conflicts. South Africa has been the symbol of raciallyconditioned suppression _________. Mandela's and de Klerk's constructive policy of peace and reconciliation also points the way to the peaceful ________ of similar deep-rooted conflicts resolution elsewhere in the world. The previous Nobel Laureates Albert Lutuli and Desmond Tutu made important _________ contributions to progress towards racial equality in South Africa. Mandela and de Klerk have taken the process a W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden Listening Lab IV. major ____ step further. The Nobel Peace Prize for 1993 is awarded in _________ recognition of their efforts and as a pledge of support for the forces of good, in the hope that the ______ advance towards equality democracy will reach its goal in the very near and ________ future. W B T L E The end of Listening Lab. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading Long Walk to Freedom (excerpt 1) We were driven to the old jail, an isolated stone building, where we were ordered to strip while standing outside. One of the ritual indignities of prison life is that when you are transferred from one prison to another, the first thing that happens is that you change from the garb of the old prison to that of the new. When we were undressed, we were thrown the plain khaki uniforms of Robben Island. W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading Apartheid's regulations extended even to clothing. All of us, except Kathy, received short trousers, an insubstantial jersey, and a canvas jacket. Kathy, the one Indian among us, was given long trousers. Normally Africans would receive sandals made from car tires, but in this instance we were given shoes. Kathy, alone, received socks. Short trousers for Africans were meant to remind us that we were “boys”. I put on the short trousers that day, but I vowed that I would not put up with them for long. W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading The warders pointed with their guns where they wanted us to go, and barked their orders in simple one-word commands: "Move!" "Silence!" "Halt!" They did not threaten us in the swaggering way that I recalled from my previous stay, and betrayed no emotion. The old jail was only temporary quarters for us. The authorities were in the process of finishing an entirely separate maximum-security structure for political prisoners. While there, we were not permitted to go outside or have any contact with other prisoners. W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading That first week we began the work that would occupy us for the next few months. Each morning, a load of stones about the size of volleyballs was dumped by the entrance to the courtyard. Using wheelbarrows, we moved the stones to the center of the yard. We were given either four-pound hammers or fourteen-pound hammers for the larger stones. Our job was to crush the stones into gravel. We were divided into four rows, about a yard-and-a-half apart, and sat cross-legged on the ground. We were W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading each given a thick rubber ring, made from tires, in which to place the stones. The ring was meant to catch flying chips of stone, but hardly ever did so. We wore makeshift wire masks to protect our eyes. Warders walked among us to enforce the silence. During those first few weeks, warders from other sections and even other prisons came to stare at us as if we were a collection of rare caged animals. The work was tedious and difficult; it was not strenuous enough to keep us W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading warm but it was demanding enough to make all our muscles ache. June and July were the bleakest months on Robben Island. Winter was in the air, and the rains were just beginning. It never seemed to go above forty degrees Fahrenheit. Even in the sun, I shivered in my light khaki shirt. It was then that I first understood the cliche of feeling the cold in one's bones. At noon we would break for lunch. That first week all we were given was soup, which stank horribly. In W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading the afternoon, we were permitted to exercise for half an hour under strict supervision. We walked briskly around the courtyard in single file. W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading Long Walk to Freedom (excerpt 2) Visits and letters were restricted to "first degree" relatives. This was a restriction we not only found irksome but racist. The African sense of immediate family is far different from that of the European or Westerner. Our family structures are larger and more inclusive; anyone who claims descent from a common ancestor is deemed part of the same family. In prison, the only thing worse than bad news about one's family is no news at all. It is always harder to cope with the disasters and W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading tragedies one imagines than with the reality, however grim or disagreeable. A letter with ill tidings was always preferable to no letter at all. But even this miserable restriction was abused by the authorities. The anticipation of mail was overwhelming. Mail call took place once a month, and sometimes six months would go by without a letter. To be allowed one letter in six months and then not to receive it is a great blow. One wonders: What has happened to my wife and children, to my mother and my sisters? When I did not receive a letter I felt W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading as dry and barren as the Great Karroo desert. Often the authorities would withhold mail out of spite. I can remember warders saying, "Mandela, we have received a letter for you, but we cannot give it to you." No explanation of why, or who the letter was from. It required all my self-discipline not to explode at such times. Afterward, I would protest through the proper channels, and sometimes get it. When letters did arrive, they were cherished. A letter was like the summer rain that could make even the desert bloom. When I was W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading handed a letter by the authorities, I would not rush forward and grab it as I felt like doing, but take it in a leisurely manner. Though I yearned to tear it open and read it on the spot, I would not give the authorities the satisfaction of seeing my eagerness, and I would return slowly to my cell as though I had many things to occupy me before opening a letter from my family. During the first few months, I received one letter from Winnie, but it was so heavily censored that not much more than the W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading the salutation was left. The island's censors would black out the offending passages in ink, but they later changed this when they realized we could wash away the ink and see what was underneath. They began to use razors to slice out whole paragraphs. Since most letters were written on both sides of a single piece of paper, the material on the other side would also be excised. They seemed to relish delivering letters in tatters. The censorship delayed the delivery of mail because warders, some of whom were not proficient in English, W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading might take as long as a month to censor a letter. The letters we wrote were censored as well; they were often as cut up as the letters we received. At the end of August, after I had been on the island less than three months, I was informed by the authorities that I would have a visitor the following day. They would not tell me who it was. Walter was informed that he, too, would have a visitor, and I suspected, I hoped, I wished--I believed that it would be a visit from Winnie and Albertina. W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading Walter and I were called to the visitors' office in the late morning and took seats at the far end of the room. I waited with some anxiety, and suddenly, filling out the glass on the other side of the window was Winnie's lovely face. Winnie always dressed up for prison visits, and tried to wear something new and elegant. It was tremendously frustrating not to be able to touch my wife, to speak tenderly to her, to have a private moment together. We had to conduct our relationship at a distance under the eyes of people we despised. W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading I could see immediately that Winnie was under tremendous strain. Seeing me in such circumstances must have been trying. Just getting to the island itself was difficult, and added to that were the harsh rituals of the prison, the undoubted indignities of the warders, and the impersonality of the contact. Winnie, I later discovered, had recently received a second banning order and had been terminated from her job at the Child Welfare Office as a result. Her office was searched by the police shortly before she was fired. The W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading authorities were convinced that Winnie was in secret communication with me. Winnie loved her job as a social worker. It was the handson end of the struggle: placing babies with adoptive parents, finding work for the unemployed and medical help for the uninsured. The banning and harassment of my wife greatly troubled me: I could not look after her and the children, and the state was making it difficult for her to look after herself. My powerlessness gnawed at me. W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading Our conversation was awkward at first, and was not made easier by the presence of two warders standing directly behind her and three behind me. Their role was not only to monitor but to intimidate. Regulations dictated that conversation had to be in either English or Afrikaans—African languages were forbidden and could involve family matters only. Any line of talk that departed from the family and verged on the political might mean the abrupt termination of the visit. If one mentioned a name unfamiliar to the warders, W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading they would interrupt the conversation, and ask who the person was and the nature of the relationship. This happened often, as the warders were generally unfamiliar with the variety and nature of African names. It was frustrating to spend precious minutes of one's visit explaining to a warder the different branches of one's family tree. But their ignorance also worked in our favor: it allowed us to invent code names for people we wanted to talk about and pretend that we were referring to family members. W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading That first visit was important, for I knew that Winnie was anxious about my health: she had heard stories that we were being physically abused. I quickly informed her that I was fine and she could see that I was fit, though a bit thinner than before. She, too, was thinner, something I always attributed to stress. After a visit in which Winnie's face looked drawn or tense, I would urge her to put on a bit of weight. She was always dieting, and I was always telling her not to. I inquired one by one W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading about all the children, about my mother and sisters, and Winnie's own family. Suddenly, I heard the warder behind me say, "Time up! Time up!" I turned and looked at him with incredulity. It was impossible that half an hour had passed. But, in fact, he was right; visits always seemed to go by in the blink of an eye. For all the years that I was in prison, I never failed to be surprised when the warder called, "Time up!" Winnie and I were both hustled from our chairs and we waved a W B T L E To be continued on the next page. Lesson 7 - Mandela's Garden V. Supplementary Reading quick farewell. I always felt like lingering after Winnie left, just to retain the sense of her presence, but I would not let the warders see such emotion. As I walked back to the cell, I reviewed in my head what we had talked about. Over the next days, weeks, and months, I would return to that one visit again and again. I knew I would not be able to see my wife again for at least six months. As it turned out, Winnie was not able to visit me for another two years. W B T L E The end of Supplementary Reading.