Unit 1 Changes in the Way
We Live
Think about some stories in our life:
 Wang Qingsong (王青松)
 1979-1985 Peking University with M.A. in law
 1985-1990 at Beida, teaching regimen (养生法)
 1990-1994 at Beida, with ups-and-downs in
applying for PhD, dream broken;
 1994-2000 faculty at Beida, farming in a
mountainous Heibei with his wife Zhang Mei
(1998 left Beida) and a son;
 2000-now totally a farmer on a 2500 mu farm
Another case
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广州“猪肉大王”的陈生,北京大学经济学学士,
清华大学EMBA。高声唱着“卖肉比卖电脑还有技
术含量” ,做大了猪肉事业,现任广东天地食品
集团总裁、董事长,曾任职于广州市委办公厅和湛
江市经委,先后创办湛江市新光辉房地产开发有限
公司、广东龙虎豹酒业有限公司、广东天地壹号饮
料有限公司、茅台镇老伙记酒业有限公司、广东天
地食品有限公司、资产和年销售额数亿元。
Facts in real life
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Question: Why so many people try their
best to to move to big cities, and to find
a job in the governments (2010,1.2mln),
but many others go the opposite way?
Urbanization-- immigration from
countryside to cities;
Deurbanization—escape from cities
Serious questions
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What are the standards of success?
What are the values of a human life?
Materialism and Fortune are what we
have to follow?
A means to make a living is sort of
secularity (世俗),but why some
people give it up?
Debatings
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How to understand a conversion to
Buddhism? (“遁入空门,消极避世”与
“不能报效社会,就是人才浪费”之争)
Retreat to Bubbhism is an escape from social
responsibility or to pursue and develop
traditional Bubbhist culture?
“出家不是消极避世,而是更积极的人生选
择。” 妙真法师(李娜)
From A Genius to Hermit
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2009 Maths genius Liu Zhiyu (柳智宇)
gave up full scholarship by MIT and
retreated to Longquan Temple (as
Kulapati)at Xishan Beijing;
At 16 as President of Student Science
Academy of No 1 Middle School attached
to Normal University of Central China,
2006, recommended to Beida as the 34th
Intl Maths Olympiad medalist;
湖北籍北大数学天才---柳智宇
An answer?
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“孔老师,孟老师啊,教教弟子吧。弟
子一直在向上仰慕和希求,愿冷漠、
孤独、伤害离我们远去,愿善良、仁
慈、忠诚、智慧的光辉遍洒人间。”
(柳智宇给中学语文老师周文涛的《观
功念恩日记》)
More cases
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2007 Zhang Zhenshi(张振实),a PhD
holder from Qinghua University to
Longquan Temple;
2006 Deng Wenqing(邓文庆)converted at
Longquan Temple
1997 singer LiNa (李娜)retreated to Wutai
shan Temple as a Nun ‘Changsheng’
著名歌手李娜
No.1 Prodigy in China
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Ning Bo (宁铂)--2003 officially converted to
Buddhism
1st prodigy to be taken in by a key university in
China;
1978-1982 China University of Science and
Technology
1982-2002 teacher at his alma mater
2002 retreated to Wutaishai Temple, but taken
back to Hefei;
2003 converted at Nanchang, capital city of
Jiangxi
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中
国
第
一
位
少
年
大
学
生
宁
铂
Cases still farther back
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Li Shutong (李叔同) (Master Hongyi) (1880-1942)
from a master of arts to a master of Buddhism;
from a professor at Hangzhou No.1 Normal
School/Nanjing Higher to Hupao Temple at
Hangzhou (1918 Jan.)
At 13 he wrote:人生尤似西山月,富贵终如草上霜
His experience affected him much: much fortune
was lost during Sino-Japanese war in late 1890; His
father died at 73 when he was 5 (his mother at 25),
his mother remarried for him; His mother also died
young (at 45);
Mystery: escape of wordliness
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李叔同的入门弟子漫画大师丰子恺:
“我以为人的生活,可以分作三层:一
是物质生活,二是精神生活,三是灵魂
生活。物质生活就是衣食,精神生活就
是学术文艺,灵魂就是宗教。‘人生’
就是这样的一个三层楼。”
Back to the reality
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1. urban life vs country life?
2. are you happy with the aspects of
your life? (family life, campus life,
majoring pursuit)
3. do you have a plan to make a
change?
4. what hinders you from further
steps for a change?
Text A A Dream Life
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Write and live on a farm
Something much like the poem Drinking
Wine by Tao Qian (Yuanming):
《饮酒》
结庐在人境,而无车马喧。
问君何能尔?心远地自偏。
采菊东篱下,悠然见南山。
山气日夕佳,飞鸟相与还。
此中有真意,欲辩已忘言。
古今中外 文人雅士 寄情山水
Drinking wine
Tao Qian
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-translated by Xu Yuanchong(许渊冲)
In people's haunt I build my cot;
Of wheel's and hoof's noise I hear not.
How can it leave on me no trace?
Secluded heart makes secluded place.
I pick fenceside asters at will;
Carefree I see the southern hill.
The mountain air's fresh day and night;
Together birds go home in flight.
What revelation at this view?
Words fail if I try to tell you.
An American farm
George Bush’s Farm in Texas
Global understanding (Text A)
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1. The writer’s life in the country as a selfreliant and satisfying one (1-3);
2. Life in the country is good yet often times
hard(4-7);
3. with a reduced income after quitting his
job, the writer and his family managed to
get by in the country(8-11);
4. a tolerance for solitude and lots of energy
have made it possible for the family to enjoy
their life in the country(12-15).
Happiness vs hardships
1. Growing fruits and
vegetables;
2. canoeing, picnicking,
cycling, etc.;
Working hard in winter
and summer;
Harsh environment and
weather condition;
3. Keep warm inside the
Anxious moments after
house in winter;
quitting his job;
4. Writing freelance articles; Cutting back on daily
expenses;
5. Earning enough money
while maintaining a happy
family life
solitude
Language focus
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To get by
If you can get by with what you have, you
can manage to live or do things in a
satisfactory way.
a. I'm a survivor. I'll get by...
b. Melville managed to get by on a small
amount of money.
c. It is a little difficult for the old couple to
get by on such a small pension.
frustrate,to be frustrated,
frustration
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If something frustrates you, it upsets or
angers you because you are unable to do
anything about the problems it creates.
a. These questions frustrated me much.
b. Doesn't it frustrate you that audiences in the
theatre are so restricted?
c. Roberta felt frustrated and angry.
d. The results show the level of frustration among
hospital doctors.
e. a man fed up with the frustrations of everyday
life.
content, contents, contented,
contentment
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If you are con’tent with something, you
are willing to accept it, rather than wanting
something more or something better.
a. I'm perfectly content with the way the
campaign has gone.
b. Not content with rescuing one theatre,
Sally Green has taken on another.
c. He says his daughter is quite content.
d. He wisely contented himself with his
family and his love of nature.
More examples
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e. Most manufacturers content themselves
with updating existing models.
f. Whenever he returns to this place he is
happy and contented.
g. She was gazing at him with a soft,
contented smile on her face.
h. I cannot describe the feeling of
contentment that was with me at that time.
cultivate a land/corn
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a. She also cultivated a small garden
of her own.
b. Cultivating a positive mental
attitude towards yourself can reap
tremendous benefits.
c. Estonia has done much to cultivate
the friendship of western European
countries.
weed the field/strawberry
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To weed the garden/field
To weed strawberries
To weed strawberries in the field
给…除草 weed + N
给…浇水 water + N (field/flowers)(给
花浇水=浇花)
给…施肥 fertilize + N (soil/wheat)
Prep+N+VP VP+N
(semantic merge)
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在上海大剧院亮相
亮相上海大剧院
在上海滩登陆
登陆上海滩
对某某某钟情
钟情某某某
与某某恋爱
恋爱某某
与某某结婚
结婚某某
Prep + Nloc+ V
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到上海来
到北京去
往纽约飞
在食堂吃饭
在地板上睡觉
V+Nloc
来上海
去北京
飞纽约
吃食堂
睡地板
Zero verb
(nominalization/deadjectivization)
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To
To
To
To
To
spray the orchard (with spray)
weed the garden (without weed)
paint the barn (with paint)
plant the garden (with plant)
clean the hen house (make clean)
Language chunks
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Indoor plumbing 室内排水设施
Freelance articles 自由撰稿文章
Demanding schedule 繁忙的工作日程
Usual household routine 日常家务
Flower beds 花圃
Under wave after wave of produce
一波又一波农产品潮涌而来
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Preserves 腌渍食品
Heating oil 燃油
The timing was terrible. 时机的选择很糟
With sb’s blessings 带着某某的祝福
Sports Illustrated 《体育画报》
Not making anywhere near as much as I did 远比
不上以前的收入
To generate enough income 挣到足够的钱
To handle mortgage payments 偿付抵押贷款
Usual expenses 日常开销
Dental bills 牙医帐单
College costs 上学花费
Poor man’s major-medical policy 低收入者重大医
疗项目保险
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Medial fees 医药费用
Be covered against catastrophe 投保意外险
Standard of living 生活水准
To patronize local restaurants 惠顾当地餐馆
A tolerance for solitude 忍受孤寂
Tight budget 手头拮据,财政困难
A little 3-horsepower rotary cultivator 三匹马力的
小型旋转耕耘机
Chain saw 链锯
With a feeling of sorrow 带着一种伤感
With a sense of pride 带着一丝自豪
To make a fair profit on sth. 在。。上赚一大笔钱
Strong demand 需求旺盛
Group Assignments
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1. Translate the passage (lines 26-32) into
Chinese.
2. Translate the Chinese (p.23) into English.
3. to be sent with group identities for
comments to my email:
[email protected]
4. computer-aided writing assignments
Individual assignments
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1. Finish all the rest of the exercises
attached to Integrated Course Book
(ICB) unit 1;
2. Reading Course unit 1;
3. Fast Reading unit 1
4. get ready for ICB unit 2
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