Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Warm-up Questions
English Song — Money, Money, Money
Who’s Who
Detailed Reading
A Debate
Background Information
Salvation Army
The Red Kettle Christmas Campaign
Wal-Mart
Personal Income Tax in the US
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Warm-up Questions
1. Do you think rich people must be happier than poor
people? Why?
Detailed Reading
2. Watch the video clip
“Money Can’t Buy Happiness”.
1) What cannot be bought according to the woman?
True love, the moon.
2) What can also happen to wealthy people?
Divorces, suicides and murders.
3. Do you think a poor person can have a life full of riches?
How?
4. How would you show your value if you were rich enough?
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
English Song — Money, Money, Money
I work all night, I work all day, to pay
the ____
bills I have to pay
Detailed Reading
Ain’t it sad
And still there never seems to be a single
_____
penny left for me
That’s too bad
______ I have a plan
In my dreams
_______ man
If I got me a wealthy
____
I wouldn’t have to work at all, I’d fool
around and have a ball
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
English Song — Money, Money, Money
Money, money, money
Must be funny
Detailed Reading
In the rich man’s world
Money, money, money
Always sunny
In the rich man’s world
Aha-ahaaa
All the things I could do
If I had a little money
It’s a rich man’s world
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
English Song — Money, Money, Money
A man like that is hard to find but I can’t get him ___
off
my mind
Detailed Reading
Ain’t it sad
And if he happens to be free
___ I bet he wouldn’t fancy me
That’s too bad
So I must _____
leave , I’ll have to go
To Las Vegas or Monaco
And win a fortune
______ in a game, my life will never be the
same
_____
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
English Song — Money, Money, Money
Money, money, money
Must be funny
Detailed Reading
In the rich man’s world
Money, money, money
Always sunny
In the rich man’s world
Aha-ahaaa
All the things I could do
If I had a little money
It’s a rich man’s world
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Who’s Who
Match the person with his name and identity.
Person
Detailed Reading
1
2
3
Name
A. Li Ka-Shing
B. Ingvar Kamprad
C. Samuel Moore Walton
D. Kushal Pal Singh
E. Warren Buffett
4
5
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Identity
a. one of the most successful investors in the world,
primary shareholder and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway
b. Chairman of Hutchison Whampoa Limited (HWL) and
Detailed Reading
Cheung Kong Holdings;
the world’s largest operator of
container terminals and the world’s largest health and
beauty retailer
c. Chairman of the Board, DLF Universal Limited, India’s
largest real estate developer
d. a Swedish entrepreneur; the founder of the home
furnishing retail chain IKEA
e. an American businessman and entrepreneur; founder
of the American retailer Wal-Mart
(1)-(C)-(e); (2)-(D)-(c); (3)-(A)-(b); (4)-(E)-(a);
(5)-(B)-(d)
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
A Debate
Who’s more important to the world?
Detailed Reading
VS
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Directions:
1. Before class, students are asked to collect relevant
materials of participation in charity work by Bill Gates or
Mother Teresa. Detailed Reading
2. In class, students form two camps to debate the
following issue: Mother Teresa has no money, but she
took care of the poor in Calcutta until her death. Bill
Gates gave a lot of money to charity, but he seldom
works in the “frontline” with the poor. Does the world
need more love like Mother Teresa’s or more money like
Bill Gates’?
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Salvation Army
☆ a Christian charity and social services
organization
Detailed Reading
☆ founded
by William Booth and his wife
Catherine Booth in London in 1865
☆ got the name because of a popular
saying that “The Christian Mission is a
volunteer army.”
☆ Nearly 33 million Americans receive
help from it annually.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
It is a Christian charity and social services organization
founded by William Booth and his wife Catherine Booth in
London in 1865, which later expanded around the world.
Detailed Reading
Originally known as “The Christian Mission”, the
organization was renamed “Salvation Army” in 1878 thanks
to a popular saying that “The Christian Mission is a
volunteer army.” Nearly 33 million Americans receive
assistance from The Salvation Army each year. People can
help by donating money, used cars, airline mileages, used
clothes and furniture for sale at Salvation Army’s thrift
stores, and time.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
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After Reading
Supplementary Reading
The Red Kettle Christmas Campaign
Detailed Reading
Volunteers put a red kettle at a prominent place of public
gathering and ring a bell to urge passers-by to drop money
into the kettle in the spirit of Christmas.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
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Supplementary Reading
It was first started in San Francisco in 1891, the
campaign, during which volunteers put a red kettle at a
Detailedgathering
Reading
prominent place of public
such as the entrance to
a shopping mall and ring a bell to urge passers-by to drop
money into the kettle in the spirit of Christmas, has
traditionally been The Salvation Army’s most prominent fundraiser.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Wal-Mart
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Founder
Founding time
Characteristics
Guiding
philosophy of the
founder
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Samuel Moore Walton (Sam Walton)
1962
Detailed Reading
The largest private employer and
the largest grocery retailer in the
United States
To offer customers a wide selection of
goods at a discounted price
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Founded by Sam Walton in 1962, Wal-Mart stores,
Inc. is an American public corporation that runs a chain of
large, discount department
stores. Now the company is the
Detailed Reading
largest private employer and the largest grocery retailer in
the United States. Sam Walton’s guiding philosophy for his
stores from the beginning was to offer customers a wide
selection of goods at a discounted price. Wal-Mart
expanded into other countries in the 1990s, including
Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Indonesia and China.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Personal Income Tax in the US
a progressive tax on the taxable income
Detailed Reading
from the
federal government of the US
individual
personal income taxes from some state and
municipal governments
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Personal Income Tax in the US
The federal government of the United
States imposes a progressive tax on the
Detailed Reading
taxable income of individuals. Some state
and municipal governments also impose
personal income taxes. A progressive tax
is a tax by which the tax rate increases as
the taxable amount increases, where
people with more disposable income, or
people in a higher income bracket, pay a
higher percentage of that income in tax
than those with less income, or in a lower
income bracket.
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Part Division of the Text
Further Understanding
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
Before Reading
Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Further Understanding
For Part 1 Table Completion
For Part 2
Scan and Match
True or False
Questions and Answers
For Part 3 Blank Filling
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Part Division of the Text
Parts
Para(s).
Main Ideas
1
1~2
The writer’s encounter with a
boy who raised the question
“Are you poor?”
2
3~12
In search of an answer the writer
finds that not having expensive
possessions doesn’t make him
feel poor mainly because he
enjoys life in many other ways.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Parts
3
Global Reading
Para(s).
13
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Main Ideas
In conclusion, the writer thinks
he’s grown to understand more
about himself because of the
boy’s question.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Supplementary Reading
Table Completion
About the question the author was asked
Who asked the question?
A boy.
Are you poor?
What was the question?
What was the author’s
reply?
Well, I have more than some
people, but not as much as
others.
What did the mother do
after the question was
asked?
She scolded her son.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
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After Reading
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Scan and Match
What does the
author have?
A. A high-end TV.
B. Good health.
C. A modest apartment.
D. The gift of creativity.
E. A 2003 car.
F. Outdoors clothes.
G. A life full of riches.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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True or False
1. The author has taken just two vacation trips in the
( F )
past 35 years.
The author has taken just one vacation trip in the
past 35 years.
2. One of his main sources of enjoyment is to talk with
many actor friends.
( F )
One of his main sources of enjoyment is to talk with
many interesting writer friends.
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Values
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3. The author feels quite natural about not being focused
on material goods. ( T )
4. Only a small part of people in the world would consider
the author’s lifestyle to be affluent. ( F )
Many people throughout the world would consider the
author’s lifestyle to be affluent.
5. The author has a sense of belonging as he put on the
Salvation Army’s red apron. ( T )
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
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After Reading
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Questions and Answers
1. How does the author think of attaining the material
things?
He thinks it is just a passing whim.
2. When does the author feel rich inside?
He feels rich inside when he writes a beautiful line
of poetry, or fabricates a funny joke.
3. How did the author think of the girl before he took
her to his apartment?
He thought the girl was so special that he
could share life with.
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Global Reading
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After Reading
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Questions and Answers
4. What is something that the author feels deeply
connected to?
People helping people.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
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After Reading
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Blank Filling
1. The author has come to understand more about
himself because of the question over the ____
four
______
2007 .
years from 2003
____ to ____
2. He is most thankful for his _______
tangible and ________
intangible
good fortune.
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
A Life Full of Riches
Karl R. Green
It was early December 2003, my first
season as a Salvation Army bell ringer,
when I was confronted with the question.
I was standing just outside the doorway
of a Wal-Mart, offering a “thank you”
and a smile to each person who dropped
a donation into my red kettle.
A neatly dressed woman and her young son walked up to
the kettle stand. While she searched her purse for some
cash, the boy looked up at me.
I can still see the
confusion and curiosity in his eyes as he asked, “Are you
poor?”
Unit 22 Values
Values
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“Well,” I stammered, trying to think, “I have more
than some people, but not as much as others.”
His
mother scolded him for the social no-no, and they hurried
off to do their shopping. His question, however, did not
leave me.
I’ve never thought of myself as
“poor,” but I can’t deny certain facts.
Every time I fill out my 1040 form, I
fall into one of the lowest income
brackets. In the past 35 years, I’ve
taken just one vacation trip. My TV is
a black-and-white set that someone
gave me eight years ago.
Unit 22 Values
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Yet I feel nothing more than a passing whim to attain
the material things so many other people have. My 1999 car
shows the wear and tear of 105,000 miles. But it is still
dependable. My apartment is modest, but quiet and relaxing.
My clothes are well suited to my work, which is primarily
outdoors. My minimal computer needs can be met at the
library.
In spite of what I don’t have, I don’t feel
poor. Why? I’ve enjoyed exceptionally good
health for 53 years. It’s not just that I’ve been
illness-free, it’s that I feel vigorous and
spirited. Exercising is actually fun for me. I
look forward to long, energizing walks.
And
I love the “can do” attitude that follows.
Unit 22 Values
Values
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I also cherish the gift of creativity. When I write a
beautiful line of poetry, or fabricate a joke that tickles
someone, I feel rich inside. I’m continually surprised at
the insights that come through my writing process. And
talking with so many interesting writer friends is one of
my main sources of enjoyment.
But there is one vital area of my life where I am not
so well off. In a society that spends so much emotional
energy on the pursuit of possessions, I feel out of place.
Unit 22 Values
Values
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After Reading
Supplementary Reading
When I was younger, there was an exceptionally
interesting person I dated. What was most important to
her, she told me, was “what’s on the inside.” I thought I
had found someone special to share my life with. Then I
took her to see my apartment. At
the time, I lived in a basement
efficiency with a few pieces of
dated furniture. The only new,
comfortable chair was the one at
my desk. Shortly after her visit,
our relationship went straight
south.
Unit 22 Values
Values
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The seemingly abrupt change in her priorities was jolting.
It remains a most memorable turning point in my personal
journey.
In contrast to relationships, stuff just doesn’t mean that
much to me. I think most people feel the same way —
except when there are social consequences to not having
particular items. There is a commercial on the radio that
begins, “Everybody wants a high-end TV …” The pressure to
purchase is real. It may be true that everybody wants a
high-end TV. After all, nobody wants to be a nobody.
But I’m happy to live without one. In fact, not being
focused on material goods feels quite natural to me. There
are many people throughout the world who would consider
my lifestyle to be affluent.
Unit 22 Values
Values
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After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Near the end of the year, when I put on the Salvation
Army’s red apron, something changes inside me. Instead of
feeling out of place economically, I begin to feel a genuine
sense of belonging. As I ring my bell, people stop to share
their personal stories of how much it meant to be helped
when they were going through a rough time.
People helping people is something I feel
deeply connected to. While I’m ringing the
bell, complete strangers have brought me
hot chocolate, leaving me with a lingering
smile. Countless individuals have helped to
keep me warm with the sentiments of the
season: “Thank you for ringing on such a cold
day.”
Unit 22 Values
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“Can I get you a cup of coffee?” “Bless you for your
good work.” December is the time of year I feel
wealthiest.
Over the past four years, I’ve grown to understand
more about myself because of a single question from a
curious child. As I’ve examined what it means to be poor,
it has become clear to me what I am most thankful for:
both my tangible and my intangible good fortune.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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After Reading
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It was early December 2003, my first season as a Salvation
Army bell ringer, when I was confronted with the question.
What does a Salvation Army bell ringer do?
To ring the bell and ask people to donate money to
help the poor.
Translate this sentence into Chinese.
首次面对这个问题,是在2003年12月初我第一次为救世
军摇铃募捐的时候。
Unit 22 Values
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I can still see the confusion and curiosity in his eyes as he
asked, “Are you poor?”
Why did the boy ask such a question?
Because he was confused and curious.
How much did the boy know about the Salvation Army
bell ringer?
Obviously he knew nothing about that.
Unit 22 Values
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“Well,” I stammered, trying to think, “I have more than
some people, but not as much as other.”
How did the author think of the question?
He thought it was difficult to answer.
What does the author’s answer mean?
This means he is neither poor nor rich.
Unit 22 Values
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His mother scolded him for the social no-no ...
What is “social no-no”?
Something that is socially inappropriate.
Why did the mother scold her son?
Because the author looked poor, the question was
socially inappropriate to ask.
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Yet I feel nothing more than a passing whim to attain the
material things so many other people have.
What do many other people have?
The material things.
Please paraphrase this sentence.
However, I have only occasionally felt the urge to go
after the material things so many other people have.
Unit 22 Values
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And I love the “can do” attitude that follows.
What is the “can do” attitude?
That is self confidence.
How do you understand this sentence?
And I love the feeling of self confidence brought by
brisk exercises.
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Shortly after her visit, our relationship went straight south.
What was their relationship after her visit?
Their relationship went sour. That is to say, they
were no longer boyfriend and girlfriend.
Why there was such a change in their relationship?
Because the girl actually paid much attention to
material things although she claimed that she was
interested in what was on the inside, and after she
went to the author’s apartment, she found he was
really poor.
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Global Reading
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After Reading
Supplementary Reading
There is a commercial on the radio that begins, “Everybody
wants a high-end TV …” The pressure to purchase is real. It
may be true that everybody wants a high-end TV. After all,
nobody wants to be a nobody.
What is “a high-end TV”?
A TV that is expensive and of high quality.
What can be inferred from this part about what role
commercials can play in society?
Commercials can put people under pressure to
purchase more than is really necessary.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
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After Reading
Supplementary Reading
December is the time of year I feel wealthiest.
Why does the author think so?
Because December is the time for him to work for
the Salvation Army as a bell ringer, which gives him
a genuine sense of belonging and brings him
happiness in helping others.
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Over the past four years, I’ve grown to understand more
about myself because of a single question from a curious
child.
How has the boy’s question affected the author?
The boy’s question has helped him realize that, despite
his lack of expensive possessions, he is rich in many
other ways and should be thankful for that.
Translate this sentence into Chinese.
由于一个好奇的孩子提了一个简单问题,我在过去的四年
中对自己的了解进了一步。
Unit 22 Values
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confront: vt.
1) (of a problem, difficulty, etc.) face (sb.) threateningly
The difficulties that confront us seem insuperable.
A major difficulty that confronts international students
is how best to judge the quality of a program in a
foreign university.
2) (of a person) face and deal with (a problem,
difficulty, etc.)
军人必须面对危险和死亡。
A soldier has to confront danger and
death.
Astronauts have to confront the unknown.
Unit 22 Values
Values
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be confronted with: be brought face to face
The prisoner was confronted with his accusers.
conclusions that can be confronted with experience
Unit 22 Values
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donation: n. money or goods given for a good cause
The hospital receives a good deal of money in donations.
他们对慈善事业慷慨捐助。
They made a generous donation to charity.
Collocation:
a blood donation
献血
make/give a donation
捐赠
promise a donation
允诺捐助
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confusion: n. a state of uncertainty about what sth.
means, etc.
The enemy retreated in great confusion.
他们的突然到来打乱了我们的计划。
Their unexpected arrival threw
our plan into confusion.
Collocation:
covered with confusion
非常慌张
in confusion
乱七八糟,处于混乱状态
throw into confusion
使狼狈,使慌乱
N.B. 该词的动词为confuse,confusing意思是“令人困惑、
迷惑的”, confused意思是“糊涂的、混杂的”。
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curiosity: n. a strong desire to know about sth.
We burned with curiosity over what was in the box.
Just to satisfy my curiosity, how much did you pay
for your car?
Collocation:
from/out of curiosity
在好奇心驱使下
in open curiosity
公然出头过问与自己无关的事
Curiosity killed a cat.
好奇伤身。
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stammer: v. speak with a tendency to repeat rapidly
the same sound or syllable
It’s cruel to make fun of people who stammer.
他结结巴巴地道了谢。
He stammered his thanks.
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deny: vt.
1) say that sth. is not true
There is no denying the fact that Japan began to
invade China as early as the early 1930’s.
2) refuse to admit or accept
He denied knowing anything about their plans.
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fill out: add information such as your name and address
in (a form or document)
It took me quite a while to fill out the questionnaire.
请把附表填好。
Please fill out the attached blank.
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fall into: belong to (a particular group of things that have
similar qualities)
理事会成员们意见相左,分成自由和保守两个阵营。
The council members disagreed, falling into liberal and
conservative camps.
All whales fall into two groups, those
with teeth and those without.
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nothing more than: only, just
Happiness is nothing more than good health and a
bad memory.
这只不过是个杜撰的故事而已。
It is nothing more than a made-up story.
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attain: vt. succeed in achieving, esp. after a lot of effort
我决心不惜任何代价达到目的。
I’m determined to attain my purpose at any cost.
She attained her ambition of becoming a pilot.
Collocation:
attain one’s goal
达到目的
attain the age of
有…岁了
attain the top of a moutain
到达山顶
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CF: get, gain, obtain & attain
这四个词都是动词,都有“得到”、“获得”之意。
get 是最普通的用语,可指通过任何方式的获得,多用于
口语中。例如:
She got the highest score in fancy rope jumping.
她在花样跳绳中得分最高。
gain 多指在竞争中获得,所得的东西往往是有用的或是所期
待的。例如:
I hope you will gain the victory this time.
我希望你这次获得胜利。
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obtain 是书面语,指靠他人或自己努力而得到,强调结果
或目的。例如:
By this method, we obtained a good result.
我们用这种方法获得了好结果。
attain 强调达到完美的地步。例如:
Such a condition is very difficult to attain.
这样的情况是很难达到的。
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minimal: adj. very small in size or amount; as small as
possible
暴风雨只造成极轻微的损失。
The storm did only minimal damage.
The Ford CEO offered to work for a minimal salary of
one dollar a year.
N.B. 该词的动词为minimize。
反义词为maximal。
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Supplementary Reading
cherish: vt. love (sth./sb.) very much and protect them
Riding horses with my mother when I was a kid has
become a cherished memory.
She cherished the child as though he were her own.
Collocation:
cherish fond dreams of
做…的美梦
cherished desire
夙愿
cherish a deep love for
热爱…
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fabricate: vt. make up (a story, a piece of information,
etc.) in order to deceive people
Have you ever lied a little, or fabricated a story about
yourself, to impress someone you meet the first time?
她缺席的借口显然是瞎编的。
The excuse for her absence was obviously fabricated.
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tickle: v.
1) amuse and interest
The comedian tickled the crowd with his jokes.
It tickled her to think that her boss would dress up as a
clown at the New Year party.
2) move one’s fingers on a sensitive part of another’s body
in a way that makes them laugh
She tickled the boy’s feet and made him laugh.
婴儿喜欢呵痒和拥抱。
Babies like to be tickled and hugged.
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vital: adj. very important, necessary, or essential
This point is vital to my argument.
The leader’s vital and cheerful manner filled his men
with courage.
Pattern:
be vital to …
对…极为重要
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well off: rich, or having enough money to live well
The Communist Party of China will lead the Chinese
people in building a well-off society.
如果他年轻时多努力一点,现在就能过得舒服些。
If he had worked harder when young, he would be well
off now.
Unit 22 Values
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emotional: adj. connected with people’s feelings
His emotional language reduced many of the
audience to tears.
Nature has programmed us all with both physical and
emotional needs.
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pursuit: n. the act of looking for or trying to find
我们为追求幸福生活而努力工作。
We work hard in pursuit of happy life.
He exercises every day in pursuit of health.
Collocation:
daily pursuits
educational pursuit
pursuit of profit
日常事务
教育事业
追逐利润
in one’s pursuit of happiness 追求幸福
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out of place: feeling uncomfortable or not suitable in a
particular situation
Your jokes are out of place on such a solemn
occasion.
在正式的舞会上,我感到局促不安,很不自在。
At the formal party I felt very awkward and out of
place.
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in contrast to: when a contrast is made to
In contrast to his brother, he is always considerate
of others.
In contrast to her sister, she is very tall.
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consequence: n. a result of sth. that has happened
Jimmy experienced severe headache as a
consequence of heavy drinking the night before.
这样一种错误可能导致灾难性的后果。
Such a mistake would perhaps lead to disastrous
consequences.
Collocation:
as a consequence
in consequence
in consequence of
of consequence
take the consequences
因而,结果
因此,结果
…的结果,因为…的缘故,由于
有势力的,重要的
自食其果,承担责任
Unit 22 Values
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CF: effect, result & consequence
这三个词都是名词,都有“结果”之意。
effect 表示由某种原因直接产生的某一结果或状况。
result 表示某一事件的发生或某一行为所造成的结
果,有“最终的结果”之意。
consequence 表示由于逻辑推断得出的结果,或由于某种
原因、一些必要的条件而造成的结果。
Unit 22 Values
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Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above.
Change the form where necessary.
1. The dilemmas that parents find themselves in today is a
consequence
___________ of changes in society.
2. I tried to persuade him, but with little or no ______
effect .
3. One of the ______
effects of this illness is that you lose your
hair.
result of ten years’ labor.
4. It represents the _____
5. The high level of unemployment has produced harmful
social consequences
___________ .
Unit 22 Values
Values
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commercial:
1. n. an advertisement on TV or radio
Supplementary Reading
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TV commercials today are more imaginative than they
were 20 years ago.
2. adj. relating to business
He left the commercial world to become a government
official.
商业函件
commercial correspondence
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focus: v. concentrate (one’s attention, etc.) on (sth.);
concentrate (on sth.)
You should focus your attention on your work.
The only way to attain your goals is to stay focused
and work hard.
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affluent: adj. rich enough to buy things for pleasure
自然资源丰富的土地
land affluent in natural resources
In an affluent society people can afford to strike a
balance between work and life.
CF: rich, wealthy & affluent
这三个词都是形容词,都有“丰富”、“富有”之意。
rich 意为“有钱的”、“富有的”,其程度超过正常需要
的,语气强烈;形容人时,指拥有大量金钱、财产,
其引申义为“富于…”。例如:
The rich get richer while the poor get poorer.
富人更富,穷人更穷。
Unit 22 Values
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wealthy 指人、家庭或国家富有、安康、富裕;语气较缓,
程度可大可小。尤指拥有大量财产、财富。例如:
Some wealthy people are likely to be philanthropists.
有些富人往往是慈善家。
affluent 意为“富裕的”、“富足的”,尤指家庭和社会,
在
这一点上相当于wealthy,是较正式用语。例如:
It’s our duty to build an affluent and civilized society
in the new century.
在新世纪建设一个富裕文明的社会是我们的义务。
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genuine: adj. real, true
他真心诚意地愿意帮助我们。
He has a genuine desire to help us.
It appears to be genuine, but I have my suspicions
about it.
CF: real, true & genuine
这三个词都是形容词,都有“真的”、“真正的”之意。
real 普通用语,指真实的或与事实相符的。
true 强调客观事实与实际情况相符合,兼有real的含义。
genuine 指真实性是有据可查的。
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Directions: Fill in the blanks with the words above.
Change the form where necessary.
1. It is ____
true that the earth is round.
2. Is this a _______
genuine Ming vase?
real life.
3. This is a story of ____
4. A mirage is not a ____
real object.
genuine silver
5. _______
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go through: experience (sth. difficult or unpleasant)
He’s amazingly cheerful considering all that he’s gone
through.
孩提时代, 他经历了一个又一个的艰难困苦。
When he was a child, he went through
one hardship after another.
Unit 22 Values
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Supplementary Reading
Directions: Choose the appropriate the translation for
the expression “go through” in the following sentences.
A. 检查、审查、搜查
B. 完成、做完
C. 遭受、经历
D. 看完
__
D 1. How long will it take to go through the book?
C 2. I’m flattered that you went through all this trouble
__
just for me.
A 3.They went through our luggage at the customs.
__
B 4. With great concentration she went through the
__
movements.
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linger: vi
1) last or continue for a long time
Before leaving Suzhou, we took a last lingering look at
the beautiful view.
The beautiful melody is lingering in my mind.
2) take a long time to leave or disappear
He lingered outside the school after everybody else
had gone home.
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CF: stay, remain & linger
这三个词都是动词,都有“停留”、“逗留”之意。
stay 是本组词中最普通的用语。或长期或短期,或永远或暂
时地停留。例如:
My car stays in the garage most of the week.
我的车子一周大部分时间都停放在车库里。
remain 强调维持原来的状态,表示“逗留”时比stay更正
式些。例如:
Little of the original architecture remains.
原来的建筑现在留存很少了。
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CF: stay, remain & linger
这三个词都是动词,都有“停留”、“逗留”之意。
linger 意思是“逗留”、“徘徊”,尤指迟迟不愿离开的样
子。例如:
He should have gone out, but lingered over his meal
till it was too late to catch the train.
他本该出门了,可还慢腾腾地吃饭,以致来不及赶火
车了。
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individual:
1. n. person considered separately from their society
个人权利
rights of individuals
The welfare of the individual is bound up with the
welfare of the community.
2. adj. of or for one person
A good coach knows how to take best
advantage of the strength of each
individual player on the team.
She has her own individual way of walking.
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tangible: adj. that can be clearly seen to exist; that you
can touch and feel
Sculpture is a tangible art form.
Tangible assets refer to those assets that have a
physical form, such as machinery, buildings and land.
NB: 该词的反义词为intangible。
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Useful Expressions
Compound Dictation
Sentence Translation
Group Discussion
Writing Practice — Starting an essay with an anecdote
Talk about the Pictures
Proverbs and Quotations
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
Writing Practice
Introduction
Sample
Homework
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Useful Expressions
1. 面临,遭遇
be confronted with
2. 仰头向上看
look up at
3. 填写
fill out
4. 属于
fall into
5. 仅仅,不多于,不强于…
nothing more than
6. 转瞬即逝的念头
a passing whim
7. 磨损,损耗
wear and tear
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8. 虽然,尽管
in spite of
9. 期望,盼望
look forward to
10. 富裕的,有钱的
well off
11. 不自在,格格不入
out of place
12. 陈旧的家具
dated furniture
13. …之后不久
shortly after
14. 走下坡路,失败
go south
Supplementary Reading
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15. 转折点
a turning point
16. 与…形成对比
in contrast to
17. 对…予以注意,致力于
focus on
18. 归属感
a sense of belonging
19. 遭遇困难
go through a rough time
20. 久不消逝的微笑
a lingering smile
21. 为…感恩
be thankful for
22. 收入最低的档次
the lowest income bracket
23. 创作才能
the gift of creativity
24. 对物质财富的追求
the pursuit of possessions
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Compound Dictation
Directions: You will hear a passage three times. When the
passage is read for the first time, you should listen
carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read
for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks
numbered from 1 to 7 with the exact words you have just
heard. For the blanks numbered from 8 to 10, you are
required to fill in the missing information. You can either
use the exact words you have just heard or write down
the main points in your own words. Finally when the
passage is read for the third time, you should check what
you have written.
Unit 22 Values
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He’s the most famous
______ businessman in the world. Many
pageswritten about how he has dominated the
_____
have been
_________
revolution in personal
. Butcomputing
we know little
familiar
_______
about him as a person. Here’s a
anecdote
which
may show his personality: when Bill Gates was in the
sixth
____ decided that he needed some kind of
grade, his parents
help. He was at war with his mother Mary, an extrovert
woman who believed that he should do what she told him.
She would call him to
from his bedroom,
dinner which
______
she had given up trying to make him clean, but he
respond
wouldn’t
. “What
are you doing?” she once asked
_______
him. “I’m thinking,” Bill answered. “You’re thinking?”
“Yes, Mom, I’m thinking,” he said aggressively.
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“Have you tried thinking?” Finally, his parents decided to
send him to a psychologist . The psychologist concluded
______________________
After a one year
that Bill was extremely intelligent. _______________
session and a large amount of tests , the psychologist
_____________________________
told Bill’s parents: “You’re going to lose. You had better
adjust to it because there’s no use trying to punish him.
A lot of computer
It’s useless to try to compete with him.” _______________
companies have concluded the same .
______________________________
Unit 22 Values
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Sentence Translation
1. The pressure to purchase is real. It may be true that
everybody wants a high-end TV. After all, nobody wants
to be a nobody.
购买这种电视机的压力千真万确。也许每个人真的都想
要一台高档电视机,毕竟没有人想做一个无名之辈。
2. I was standing just outside the doorway of a Wal-Mart,
offering a “thank you” and a smile to each person who
dropped a donation into my red kettle.
当时我就站在沃尔玛商场入口处门外,对每一位向我的
红壶里投入捐款的人都报以一声“谢谢”和一个微笑。
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3. My 1999 car shows the wear and tear of 105,000 miles.
But it is still dependable.
我的汽车是1999年的产品,到现在开了十万五千英里,
已经很破很旧了,但是它依然可靠。
4. But there is one vital area of my life where I am not so
well off. In a society that spends so much emotional
energy on the pursuit of possessions, I feel out of place.
但是在我生活中,有一个重要方面我并不那么富有。
在一个对物资财富的追求投入如此之多心力的社会中,
我觉得很不自在。
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5. 然而,想要得到其他那么多人都有的物质的东西, 对我来说,
只不过是转瞬即逝的念头而已。
Yet I feel nothing more than a passing whim to attain
the material things so many other people have.
6. 五十三年来我一直非常健康。我不但不生病,而且精力充
沛,情绪饱满。
I’ve enjoyed exceptionally good health for 53 years.
It’s not just that I’ve been illness-free, it’s that I
feel vigorous and spirited.
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7. 当我写出美丽的诗句,或编造出能把人逗乐的笑话,我内心
感到很富有。通过写作而获得的洞察力,不断地令我惊奇。
When I write a beautiful line of poetry, or fabricate a
joke that tickles someone, I feel rich inside. I’m
continually surprised at the insights that come through
my writing process.
8. 她对我说,对她而言,最重要的是“一个人的内心”。我
以为我找到了非同一般的生活伴侣。
What was most important to her, she told me, was
“what’s on the inside.” I thought I had found
someone special to share my life with.
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Group Discussion
Imagine that you and three friends in your class have, as a
group, just won RMB 1,000,000 in a lottery. You have
decided to have a meeting to help and advise each other on
how best to share and use the money. Make a plan of how
you personally think the money should be used. It could
include:
 Immediate personal needs
 Help for family and friends
 Ideas for investment
 Extravagances and luxuries
 Donations to charity
Meet with the other three. Compare plans and try to reach
some agreement.
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Introduction
Using a short anecdote is another way to start your
essay. If you have a relevant anecdote ready, using it in
the introduction will make your essay more interesting
and attract the attention of your reader. Be sure your
anecdote is short, to the point and relevant to your topic.
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An Example
Sarah Johnson remembers coming across her first
auction twenty years ago, while out for a weekend drive in
the country. She pulled into a crowded dirt lot and
wandered into the crowd. There was a mouth-watering
smell of barbecued pork and fried dough, set to the
background music of the auctioneer’s sing-song chanting.
Hours later, she came back to her car, lugging a chest full
of vintage fabrics and a life-long love of auctions. “It’s an
addiction,” says Sarah, a high school teacher, and one of a
growing number of auction devotees. (This anecdote,
which is not necessarily about a real person, is the
introduction to an article about auctions.)
Unit 22 Values
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Homework for Writing
You are required to start an essay entitled Help the
Homeless with an anecdote. In this essay, you will try to
persuade your readers that people should have sympathy
for the homeless because many of them suffer from
misfortune and need help.
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I know that many of you think the homeless are a lost
cause and that they are lazy, good for nothings. Well, of
course, that might be true for some of them, but let me
tell you about Dave. I went to school with Dave for three
years until Grade 6. It was just before our exams when
Dave’s mum and dad hit problems! From then on, Dave’s
life began to fall apart. He just wasn’t able to cope. By the
time he was eighteen, when I was sitting for my college
entrance examination, Dave was on the streets ...
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Talk about the Pictures
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
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Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
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After Reading
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Unit 22 Values
Values
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Detailed Reading
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Proverbs and Quotations
1. Poverty is not a crime.
贫非罪。
2. Little wealth, little care.
财富少,烦恼也少。
3. Money makes the mare go.
有钱能使鬼推磨。
4. That man is richest whose pleasures are the cheapest.
— Henry Thoreau, American writer
能处处寻求快乐的人才是最富有的人。
—— 美国作家 亨利·梭罗
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5. It’s better to live rich than to die rich.
— Samuel Johnson, British writer
与其死时握着一大笔钱,还不如活时过得丰富多彩。
—— 英国作家 塞缪尔·约翰逊
6. Money is a good servant and a bad master.
— Francis Bacon, British philosopher
金钱是善仆,也是恶主。
—— 英国哲学家 弗朗西斯·培根
Unit 22 Values
Values
Unit
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Global Reading
Detailed Reading
Culture Notes
Reading
Comprehension Tasks
After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Unit 22 Values
Values
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After Reading
Supplementary Reading
Rolls-Royce
☆ any of the large, expensive, comfortable cars made by
the British company Rolls-Royce
☆ The company was formed in 1905-1906 by Charles
Rolls (1877-1910) and Henry Royce (1863-1933).
☆ Rolls-Royce Motor Cars was sold to Volkswagen in 1998.
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Unit 22 Values
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Supplementary Reading
Rolls-Royce
Rolls-Royce refers to any of the large, expensive,
comfortable cars made by the British company Rolls-Royce.
Many people recognize them by the small metal statue on
the hood front of every Rolls-Royce car. The company was
formed in 1905—1906 by Charles Rolls (1877—1910) and
Henry Royce (1863—1933). However, Rolls-Royce Plc. today
is no longer a car manufacturer. It has four main business
sectors — civil aerospace, defense aerospace, marine and
energy. Rolls-Royce Motor Cars was sold to Volkswagen in
1998, although BMW holds the rights to the name and the
marque for use on Rolls-Royce cars.
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Dime store
It’s a store offering a wide assortment of inexpensive
items, formerly costing five or ten cents, for personal and
household use.
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Ford Motor Company
☆ a large US company that makes cars
☆ established in Detroit in 1903 by Henry Ford
☆ It has produced the Lincoln since 1922 and the Mercury
since 1938.
Ford Motor Company is a large
US company that makes cars. It was
established in Detroit in 1903 by
Henry Ford, and the first Model T
was sold in 1908. The company has
produced the Lincoln since 1922
and the Mercury since 1938.
Unit 22 Values
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Supplementary Reading
Forbes
Forbes is an American business magazine. It is noted for its
lists of the richest men and women in business.
Unit 22 Values
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Samuel Moore Walton
Life time
Identity
The first
Wal-Mart
March 29, 1918~April 5, 1992
founder of the American retailer Wal-Mart
opened on July 2, 1962 in Arkansas
Pioneering
1) The shelves were consistently stocked with
practice and
a wide range of goods at low prices
recipes for
2) The store stayed open later
success
than most other stores.
3) He practiced discount
merchandising to pass on
savings to his customers and
drive up his sales volume.
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Samuel Moore Walton
Sam Walton was born on March 29, 1918. He opened
his first variety store in 1945. There he pioneered many
concepts crucial to his success. Walton made sure the
shelves were consistently stocked with a wide range of
goods at low prices. His store also stayed open later than
most other stores, especially during the Christmas season.
He also pioneered the practice of discount merchandising
by buying wholesale goods from the lowest priced supplier.
This allowed him to pass on savings to his customers, which
drove up his sales volume. Higher volumes allowed him to
negotiate even lower purchase prices with the wholesaler
on subsequent purchases.
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Samuel Moore Walton
The first true Wal-Mart opened on July 2, 1962 in
Arkansas. Walton launched a determined effort to
market American-made products. Included in the effort
was a willingness to find American manufacturers who
could supply merchandise for the entire Wal-Mart chain
at a price low enough to meet the foreign competition.
He died on April 5, 1992.
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Does being rich mean you live a completely different
life from ordinary people? Not, it seems, if your name is
Sam Walton.
The Richest Man in America, Down Home
Art Harris
He put on a dinner jacket to serve as a waiter at the
birthday party of The Richest Man in America. He imagined
what surely awaited: a mansion, a “Rolls-Royce for every
day of the week,” dogs with diamond collars, servants
everywhere.
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Then he was off to the house, wheeling past the
sleepy town square in Bentonville, a remote Arkansas town
of 9,920, where Sam Walton started with a little dime
store that grew into a $6 billion discount chain called WalMart. He drove down a country road, turned at a mailbox
marked “Sam and Helen Walton,” and jumped out at a
house in the woods.
It was nice, but no palace. The furniture appeared a little
worn. An old pickup truck sat in the garage and a muddy
bird dog ran about the yard. He never spotted any servants.
“It was a real disappointment,” sighs waiter Jamie
Beaulieu.
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Only in America can a billionaire carry on like plain
folks and get away with it. And the 67-year-old discount
king Sam Moore Walton still travels these windy back
roads in his 1979 Ford pickup, red and white, bird dogs
by his side, and, come shooting season, waits in line like
everyone else to buy shells at the local Wal-Mart.
“He doesn’t want any special treatment,” says night
manager Johnny Baker, who struggles to call the boss by
his first name as a recent corporate memo commands.
Few here think of his billions; they call him “Mr. Sam”
and accept his folksy ways. “He’s the same man who
opened his dime store on the square and worked 18 hours
a day for his dream,” says Mayor Richard Hoback.
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By all accounts, he’s friendly, cheerful, a fine
neighbor who does his best to blend in, never flashy,
never throwing his weight around.
No matter how big a time he had on Saturday night,
you can find him in church on Sunday. Surely in a
reserved seat, right? “We don’t have reserved seats,”
says Gordon Garlington III, pastor of the local church.
So where does The Richest Man in America sit?
Wherever he finds a seat. “Look, he’s just not that way.
He doesn’t have a set place. At a church supper the
other night, he and his wife were in back washing
dishes.”
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For 19 years, he’s used the same barber. John Mayhall
finds him waiting when he opens up at 7 a.m. He chats
about the national news, or reads in his chair, perhaps the
Benton County Daily Democrat, another Walton property
that keeps him off the front page. It buried the Forbes list
at the bottom of page 2.
“He’s just not a front-page person,” a newspaper
employee explains.
But one recent morning, The Richest Man in America
did something that would have made headlines anywhere
in the world: He forgot his money. “I said, ’Forget it, take
care of it next time,’” says barber Mayhall. “But he
said, ’No, I’ll get it,’ and he went home for his wallet.”
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Wasn’t that, well, a little strange? “No sir,” says
Mayhall, “the only thing strange about Sam Walton is that
he isn’t strange.”
But just how long Walton can hold firm to his folksy
habits with celebrity hunters keeping following him
wherever he goes is anyone’s guess. Ever since Forbes
magazine pronounced him America’s richest man, with
$2.8 billion in Wal-Mart stock, he’s been a rich man on the
run, steering clear of reporters, dreamers, and schemers.
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“He may be the richest by Forbes rankings,” says
corporate affairs director Jim Von Gremp, “but he doesn’t
know whether he is or not — and he doesn’t care. He
doesn’t spend much. He owns stock, but he’s always left
it in the company so it could grow. But the real story in
his mind is the success achieved by the 100,000 people
who make up the Wal-Mart team.”
He’s usually back home for Friday sales meetings, or
the executive pep rally Saturday morning at 7 a.m., when
Walton, as he does at new store openings, is liable to
jump up on a chair and lead everyone in the Wal-Mart
cheer: “Give me a W! Give me an A! Give me an LLouder!”
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And louder they yell. No one admits to feeling the
least bit silly. It’s all part of the Wal-Mart way of life as
laid down by Sam: loyalty, hard work, long hours; get
ideas into the system from the bottom up, Japanesestyle; treat your people right; cut prices and margins to
the bone and sleep well at night. Employees with one
year on board qualify for stock options, and are urged to
buy all they can.
After the pep rally, there’s bird hunting, or tennis on
his backyard court. But his stores are always on his mind.
One tennis guest managed to put him off his game by
asking why a can of balls cost more in one Wal-Mart than
another. It turned out to be untrue, but the move
worked. Walton lost four straight games.
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Walton set up a college scholarship fund for employees’
children, a disaster relief fund to rebuild employee homes
damaged by fires, floods, tornadoes, and the like. He
believed in cultivating ideas and rewarding success.
“He’d say, ’That fellow worked hard, let’s give him a
little extra,” recalls retired president Ferold F. Arend, who
was stunned at such generosity after the stingy employer he
left to join Wal-Mart. “I had to change my way of thinking
when I came aboard.”
“The reason for our success,” says Walton, in a company
handout, “is our people and the way they’re treated and
the way they feel about their company. They believe things
are different here, but they deserve the credit.”
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Adds company lawyer Jim Hendren: “I’ve never seen
anyone yet who worked for him or was around him for
any length of time who wasn’t better off. And I don’t
mean just financially, although a lot of people are. It’s
just something about him — coming into contact with
Sam Walton just makes you a better person.
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The Richest Man in America, Down Home
The text is adapted from The Reader’s Journal (1992). The
article first appeared in The Washington Post (1985).
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Rolls-Royce: any of the large, expensive, comfortable
cars made by the British company Rolls-Royce
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discount: n. amount of money which may be taken off
the full price
Traditional retailers who’ve opened cyber-stores may
offer special discounts to online shoppers.
尽管网上书店常有折扣,但不要期望能省多少。
Although online bookstores usually offer discounts,
don’t expect to save much.
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folk: n. people in general (You can refer to people as folk
or folks.)
These are the folks from the local TV station.
他们结了婚,有了孩子,像其他人一样生活。
They got married and had kids and lived like other folks.
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get away with: do sth. wrong or risky without being caught
or punished (In the text, it means “do sth.
without experiencing any problems or
difficulties”)
They claimed that they knew how to play the system
and get away with it.
艾里克偷税漏税好些年,都没碰到麻烦。
Eric has been getting away with tax fraud for years.
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Sam Moore Walton
Sam Walton died at the age of 74 in Little Rock, Arkansas,
on April 5, 1992.
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come shooting season: when the hunting season comes.
“come” (infml) here means “when (a particular time)
comes”
Come Friday, they will be in New York.
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local: adj. of or for a particular place
The plane was to take off at 6 a.m. and land at 7 a.m.
local time.
主办奥运会所需的四分之三的投资将由中央政府和当地
政府承担。
Three-quarters of the investment needed to host the
Olympics would be borne by central and local
government.
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corporate: adj. relating to large companies
The two companies decided to merge to take advantage
of similarities in their corporate cultures.
谷歌公司总部位于加州的山景城。
The corporate headquarters of Google Inc. is located in
Mountain View, California.
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by all accounts: according to what everyone says
The Chinese football team will play the Koreans tonight.
It should be a match worth watching, by all accounts.
大家都说汤姆是个很棒的老师。
Tom, by all accounts, is a superb teacher.
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blend: v. mix together
The singer is known for blending Latin pop and American
mainstream pop in her songs.
我们早饭吃什么?混合了香蕉、草莓、椰枣和芒果的水
果布丁。
What do we have for breakfast? A fruit pudding of
blended bananas, strawberries, dates and mangos.
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blend in/into: If sb. blends into a particular group or
situation, or if they blend in, they seem to belong there
or are not noticeable, because their behavior is similar to
that of the other people involved. (used in the patterns:
blend in; blend into sth.; blend in with sth.)
As a newly-appointed manager, he was not sure whether
he could blend in.
The painter blended in with the crowd at the art sale.
他说的话坚定了我的信念,要和周围打成一片。
What he said reinforced my determination to blend in
with my surroundings.
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on the run: trying hard to hide or escape from sb.
Princess Diana died while on the run from paparazzi.
他在逃避警方的追捕。
He is on the run from the police.
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rank: v. put (sb./sth.) into a position according to their
size, importance, etc.
Jim was so sure of himself that he only applied to those
universities ranked in the top 10 on the annual U.S.
News & World Report issue on “America’s Best Colleges.”
搜索引擎按相关度对搜索结果进行排名,最先展现的是
最相关的记录。
This search engine ranks search results in order of
relevance, showing you the most relevant records first.
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make up: form, constitute
Women make up nearly 50% of university entrants.
这所大学由14个系和5个研究中心构成。
The college is made up of fourteen departments and five
research centers.
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rally: n. a large, usu. political public meeting
Overseas Chinese held rallies around the world on
Sunday and Monday to voice their support for the
Beijing Olympic Games.
巴拉克·奥巴马在集会上以“我们需要改变”这个口号
结束了演讲。
Barak Obama’s speech at the rally ended with the
slogan “Change we need.”
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liable: adj. likely (to do sth.)
It’s liable to snow heavily tomorrow.
由于天气恶劣,运动会可能推迟到下周。
The sports meeting is liable to be postponed until next
week because of the bad weather.
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lay down: establish (sth.) as a rule or principle
Conditions for membership are laid down in the soccer
club rules.
校方印发了新册子,规定了学生守则。
The school authorities have issued a new booklet laying
down regulations for students.
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loyalty: n. the quality of staying firm in your friendship
or support for sb. / sth.; a strong feeling that one wants
to be faithful to sb./sth. (followed by to)
My father is a soccer fan. His loyalty to the local team
has taken him all over the country to see them play.
一旦拿定了主意,李将军就没有动摇过对南方的忠诚。
Once his mind was made up, General Lee never changed
his loyalty to the South.
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cultivate: vt.
1) make a special effort to establish and develop (a
relationship, attitude, etc.)
Some students try to cultivate a love of art.
他们鼓励学生培养对理论物理的特殊兴趣。
They encourage students to cultivate special interests in
theoretical physics.
2) prepare land and grow crops on it
他们在郊区耕耘了500英亩土地。
They cultivated 500 acres in the suburbs.
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reward: vt. give sth. to (sb.) in return for work or
services (used in the pattern: reward sb. for
sth. with sth.)
The officer is to be rewarded for his efforts with
promotion to the rank of inspector.
如果你期末考试考得好,我奖励你一趟香港游。
If you do well in the final exams, I will reward you with
a trip to Hong Kong.
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stun: vt. shock and surprise
The minute the door opened, I felt too stunned to open
my mouth, staring at her scarred face under the glaring
lamp.
尸体在宁静的街道被发现,四周的街坊们说他们对这起
谋杀感到非常震惊。
Neighbors at the quiet street where the body was found
said they were stunned at the murder.
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generosity: n. kindness, esp. in giving things to people
Christmas is a season to show your generosity.
他能完成大学学业,多亏了叔叔的慷慨大方。
He was able to finish college thanks to the remarkable
generosity of his uncle.
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come into contact (with): communicate with; touch
The young Muslim came into contact with a terrorist
group in Leeds some years ago.
你什么时候初次接触到哈罗·品特?
When was the first time you came into contact with
Harold Pinter?
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Only in America can a billionaire carry on like plain folks
and get away with it.
Paraphrase the sentence.
Only in America can a very rich person live like ordinary
people without experiencing any problems.
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By all accounts, he’s friendly, cheerful, a fine neighbor
who does his best to blend in, never flashy, never
throwing his weight around.
Translate the sentence.
人人都说他为人友善,性情开朗,是个好邻居;他尽力与人
们融洽相处,从不炫耀,也不盛气凌人。
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But one recent morning, The Richest Man in America did
something that would have made headlines anywhere in
the world: He forgot his money.
Paraphrase the sentence.
But one recent morning, The Richest Man in America did
something to people’s surprise that would appear as a
piece of news: He forgot his money.
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But just how long Walton can hold firm to his folksy habits
with celebrity hunters keeping following him wherever he
goes is anyone’s guess.
Translate the sentence.
然而,沃尔顿所到之处专门报道名人的记者紧跟不舍,他的
平民习惯能保持多久,就很难说了。
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One tennis guest managed to put him off this game by
asking why a can of balls cost more in one Wal-Mart than
another. It turned out to be untrue, but the move worked.
Walton lost four straight games.
Translate the sentence.
一位来打网球的客人为了分散他打球的注意力,故意问了句
为什么一筒球在一家沃尔玛店卖得比别的沃尔玛店贵。此话
并非实情,但这一招真管用。沃尔顿连输四局。
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Listening Comprehension
1) What were employees offered at Wal-Mart stores?
They were offered stock options and store discounts.
2) What did Sam Walton believe?
He believed that “individuals don’t win, teams do”.
3) How many chain stores of Wal-Mart were there by
1991?
There were 1,700 stores then.
4) What plan did Walton introduce to his company in 1970s?
The “profit sharing plan”.
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Walton’s management style was popular with
employees and he founded some of the basic concepts of
management that are still in use today. After taking his
company public in 1970, Walton introduced his “profit
sharing plan”. The profit sharing plan was a plan for WalMart employees to improve their income dependent on
the profitability of the store. Sam Walton believed that
“individuals don’t win, teams do”. Employees at WalMart stores were offered stock options and store
discounts. These benefits are commonplace today, but
Walton was among the first to implement them. Walton
believed that a happy employee meant happy customers
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and more sales. Walton believed that by giving employees
a part of the company and making their success dependent
on the company’s success, they would care about the
company. By 1991, Wal-Mart was the largest U.S. retailer
with 1,700 stores. Walton remained active in managing the
company, as president and CEO until 1988 and chairman
until his death.
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Pair Work
Suppose you were interviewed by the local newspaper as
a senior clerk working with Wal-Mart. You were sharing
some anecdotes of Sam Walton with the reporter. You
may choose to talk about two of the following stories and
the words and expressions are for your reference. Just
exchange your roles after the interview.
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A. church service
B. hair cutting
C. pep rally
D. a tennis guest’s question
E. relief fund and rewarding mechanism
by all accounts blend in
hold to
celebrity
loyalty
system
cultivate
reward
come into contact with
barber
make up
on board
stun
employee
rally
court
generosity
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