La clase de español II
Srta. Forgue
martes el 5 de octubre
Ahora mismo
 Cantar una canción
An Imperfect Song... (tune of Bowling for Soup – 1985)
Yo cantaba: “I would sing”
Tú cantabas means “you would sing”
El - ella - cantaba
(The same form as yo cantaba)
Nosotros cantábamos
(Don't forget the crazy accent, yo)
Y ellos cantaban and
That's the - end of
An imperfect song
Inspección de 5 puntos y tarea de anoche
La tarea de anoche fue _________________________
5!
Los cinco puntos:
1) A tiempo
2) Ropa
3) Libro
4) Cuaderno/Carpeta
5) Bolígrafo
Objetivos
 Aprender más sobre el imperfecto y usarlo para
hablar del pasado
 Terminar repaso del imperfecto (págs. 28-29)
 Completar CP 4 en grupos
 Aprender las diferencias fundamentales entre el
imperfecto y el pretérito (págs. 32-33)
 Completar INTÉNTALO juntos (pág. 33)
 Usar el pretérito y el imperfecto en una
conversación practicable
Repaso del imperfecto (págs. 28-29)
¡Atención! Note that the imperfect endings of -er and -ir
verbs are the same. Also note that the nosotros form of
-ar verbs always carries an accent mark on the first a of
the ending. All forms of -er and -ir verbs in the imperfect
carry an accent on the first i of the ending
 There are no stem changes in the imperfect.
1) Yo me ________________ (doler) el tobillo.
2) Tú _________________ (cantar) en la ducha.
3) Nosotros ___________________ (escribir) unas
cartas a nuestros tíos.
4) La chica __________________ (tener) ojos muy
grandes.
5) Ellos __________________ (comer) la cena en el
restaurante china.
1.1-6
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
 The imperfect form of hay is había (there was;
there were; there used to be).
 ¡Atención! Ir, ser, and ver are the only verbs that are irregular in the
imperfect.
1)
2)
3)
4)
1.1-7
Claudia y yo _________________ (ir) al parque.
Hector y Juan __________________ (ser) guapos.
Mis padres _____________________ (ver) la tele.
___________________ (haber) mucha gente en la plaza.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
Uses of the imperfect
 As a general rule, the imperfect is used to describe actions
which are seen by the speaker as incomplete or
“continuing,” while the preterite is used to describe actions
which have been completed. The imperfect expresses what
was happening at a certain time or how things used to be.
The preterite, in contrast, expresses a completed action.
1.1-8
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
 These expressions are often used with the imperfect because they
express habitual or repeated actions: de niño/a
(as a child), todos los días (every day), mientras (while).
1.1-9
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
Un anuncio
•¿De qué se trata
este anuncio?
•¿Por qué dice el
hombre que
“siempre dormía
mal” y no dice “yo
dormí mal”?
Acciones repetidas
 These words and expressions are often used with the
imperfect because they express habitual or repeated
actions: de niño/a (as a child), todos los días (every
day), mientras (while), siempre (always).
De niño vivía en un suburbio de Madrid.
As a child, I lived in a suburb of Madrid.
Todos los días iba a la casa de mi abuela.
Every day I went to my grandmother’s house.
¿Cómo
eras de
niño tú?
Siempre escuchaba música mientras corría en el parque.
I always listened to music while I ran in the park.
El imperfecto y el pretérito
 Spanish has two simple tenses to indicate actions in
the past: the preterite and the imperfect.
 The preterite is used to describe actions or states
that began or were completed at a definite time in
the past.
 Unlike the preterite, the imperfect tense in Spanish
is used to narrate past events without focusing on
their beginning, end, or completion.
 The imperfect tense narrates what was going on at
a certain time in the past. It often indicates what
was happening in the background.
El imperfecto y el pretérito
Now that you have learned the forms of the
preterite and the imperfect, you will learn more about how
they are used. The preterite and the imperfect are not
interchangeable. In Spanish, the choice between these two
tenses depends on the context and on the point of view of the
speaker.

1.2-13
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-14
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-15
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-16
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Learning. All rights reserved.
 The preterite and the imperfect often appear in the
same sentence. In such cases the imperfect describes
what was happening, while the preterite describes the
action that “interrupted” the ongoing activity.
1.2-17
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
 You will also see the preterite and the imperfect together in
narratives such as fiction, news, and retelling of events. The
imperfect provides background information, such as time, weather,
and location, while the preterite indicates the specific events that
occurred.
1.2-18
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-19
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Learning. All rights reserved.
Elige el pretérito o el imperfecto para completar la historia.
Explica por qué se usa ese tiempo verbal en cada ocasión.
1.
Eran (Fueron/Eran) las doce.
_____
2.
_____(Hubo/Había) mucha gente en la calle.
3.
A las doce y media, Tomás y yo _____ (entramos/entrábamos) en el
restaurante Tárcoles.
4.
Todos los días yo _____ (almorcé/almorzaba) con Tomás al
mediodía.
5.
El camarero _____ (llegó/llegaba) inmediatamente, para darnos el
menú.
6.
Nosotros _____ (empezamos/empezábamos) a leerlo.
1.2-20
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
Elige el pretérito o el imperfecto para completar la historia.
Explica por qué se usa ese tiempo verbal en cada ocasión. (cont.)
7.
Yo _____ (pedí/pedía) el pescado.
8.
De repente, el camarero _____ (volvió/volvía) a nuestra mesa.
9.
Y nos _____ (dio/daba) una mala noticia.
10. Desafortunadamente, no _____ (tuvieron/tenían) más pescado.
11. Por eso Tomás y yo _____ (decidimos/decidíamos) comer en otro
lugar.
12. _____(Llovió/Llovía) mucho cuando (salimos/salíamos) del
restaurante.
13. Así que _____ (regresamos/regresábamos) al restaurante Tárcoles.
14. Esta vez, _____ (pedí/pedía) el arroz con pollo.
Tarea
Descubre pág. 34, ej. 1
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el imperfecto