Srta. Forgue
El 8 de noviembre de 2010
Ahora mismo
• Mirar los tutoriales de gramática y tomar
apuntes
Inspección de tarea y los cinco
puntos del día
• La tarea de anoche fue pág. 100, ej. 1
• Cinco puntos:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
A tiempo
Ropa
Cuaderno/carpeta
Libro
Bolígrafo
Objetivos
• Aprender las diferencias entre el imperfecto y
el pretérito para hablar de eventos en el
pasado
– págs. 102-103
• Estudiar ejemplos comunes de los dos
tiempos verbales
El pretérito y el imperfecto
•
Now that you have learned the forms of the
preterite and the imperfect, you will learn more about how
they are used. The preterite and the imperfect are not
interchangeable. In Spanish, the choice between these two
tenses depends on the context and on the point of view of
the speaker.
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-5
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-6
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-7
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-8
Uses of the preterite
• To express actions or states viewed by the
speaker as completed
Compraste los muebles
hace un mes.
Mis amigas fueron al centro
comercial ayer.
You bought the furniture a
month ago.
My friends went to the mall
yesterday.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
3.3–9
• To express the beginning or end of a
past action
La telenovela empezó a
las ocho.
El café se acabó en seguida.
The soap opera began at
eight o’clock.
The coffee ran out right away.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
3.3–10
• To narrate a series of past actions
Me levanté,me arreglé
y fui a clase.
Se sentó, tomó el bolígrafo y
escribió.
I got up, got ready, and went
to class.
He sat down, grabbed the pen,
and wrote.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
3.3–11
Uses of the imperfect
• To describe an ongoing past action without
reference to beginning or end
Se acostaba muy temprano.
Juan tenía pesadillas
constantemente.
He went to bed very early.
Juan constantly had
nightmares.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
3.3–12
• To express habitual past actions
Me gustaba jugar al fútbol los
domingos por la mañana.
Solían comprar las verduras en
el mercado.
I used to like to play soccer on
Sunday mornings.
They used to shop for
vegetables in the market.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
3.3–13
• To describe mental, physical, and emotional
states or conditions
José Miguel sólo tenía quince
años en aquel entonces.
Estaba tan hambriento que quería
comerme un pollo entero.
José Miguel was only fifteen
years old back then.
I was so hungry that I wanted to
eat a whole chicken.
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Learning. All rights reserved.
3.3–14
• To tell time
Eran las ocho y media de la mañana.
Era la una en punto.
It was eight-thirty a.m.
It was exactly one o’clock.
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Learning. All rights reserved.
3.3–15
Here are some useful sequencing expressions.
primero
first
al principio
in the beginning
antes (de)
before
después (de)
after
mientras
while
entonces
then
luego
then; next
siempre
always
al final
finally
la última vez
the last time
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Learning. All rights reserved.
3.3–16
Different meanings in the imperfect and preterite
• The verbs querer, poder, saber, and conocer have
different meanings when they are used in the preterite.
Notice also the meanings of no querer and no poder in
the preterite.
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Learning. All rights reserved.
3.3–17
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Learning. All rights reserved.
3.3–18
Uses of the preterite and imperfect together
• When narrating in the past, the imperfect describes what was
happening, while the preterite describes the action that interrupts
the ongoing activity. The imperfect provides background information,
while the preterite indicates specific events that advance the plot.
Mientras estudiaba, sonó la alarma contra incendios. Me levanté de un salto
y miré el reloj. Eran las 11:30. Salí corriendo de mi cuarto. En el pasillo
había más estudiantes. La alarma seguía sonando. Bajamos las escaleras
y, al llegar a la calle, la alarma dejó de sonar. No había ningún incendio.
While I was studying, the fire alarm went off. I jumped up and looked at
the clock. It was 11:30. I ran out of my room. In the hall there were more
students. The alarm continued to blare. We rushed down the stairs and,
upon getting to the street, the alarm stopped. There was no fire.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher
Learning. All rights reserved.
3.3–19
• The preterite and the imperfect often appear
in the same sentence. In such cases the
imperfect describes what was happening,
while the preterite describes the action that
“interrupted” the ongoing activity.
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-20
• You will also see the preterite and the imperfect together in narratives
such as fiction, news, and retelling of events. The imperfect provides
background information, such as time, weather, and location, while the
preterite indicates the specific events that occurred.
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-21
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-22
Elige el pretérito o el imperfecto para completar la historia.
Explica por qué se usa ese tiempo verbal en cada ocasión.
1.
Eran (Fueron/Eran) las doce.
_____
2.
_____(Hubo/Había) mucha gente en la calle.
3.
A las doce y media, Tomás y yo _____ (entramos/entrábamos) en el
restaurante Tárcoles.
4.
Todos los días yo _____ (almorcé/almorzaba) con Tomás al
mediodía.
5.
El camarero _____ (llegó/llegaba) inmediatamente, para darnos el
menú.
6.
Nosotros _____ (empezamos/empezábamos) a leerlo.
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Learning. All rights reserved.
1.2-23
Elige el pretérito o el imperfecto para completar la historia.
Explica por qué se usa ese tiempo verbal en cada ocasión. (cont.)
7.
Yo _____ (pedí/pedía) el pescado.
8.
De repente, el camarero _____ (volvió/volvía) a nuestra mesa.
9.
Y nos _____ (dio/daba) una mala noticia.
10. Desafortunadamente, no _____ (tuvieron/tenían) más pescado.
11. Por eso Tomás y yo _____ (decidimos/decidíamos) comer en otro
lugar.
12. _____(Llovió/Llovía) mucho cuando (salimos/salíamos) del
restaurante.
13. Así que _____ (regresamos/regresábamos) al restaurante Tárcoles.
14. Esta vez, _____ (pedí/pedía) el arroz con pollo.
Tarea
• pág. 104, ej. 1: Una cena especial
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La clase de español III