El imperfecto de
subjuntivo
LWSDU
El imperfect de subjuntivo
To conjugate a verb in the imperfect
subjunctive, you must first remember the 3rd
person plural of the preterite. Instead of using
the infinitive for a stem, the imperfect
subjunctive uses the 3rd person plural of the
preterite (without the -ron).
Stem Example:
Imperfect Subjunctive Stem Formula:
imperfect subjunctive stem = 3rd person
plural preterite (without the -ron)
Ustedes hablaron ->
Ellos tuvieron
->
Ellas vieron
->
hablatuvievie-
Imperfecto de Subjuntivo endings for
–ar / er / -ir verbs:
–ra
–ras
–ra
–ramos
–rais
–ran
***The Nosotros form gets an accent on the
last vowel before the new ending
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El imperfecto de subjuntivo
The subjunctive mode in the imperfect uses the
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes form from the preterite.
Ejemplos:
Pretérito
Imperfecto de subjuntivo
Ellos hablaron
hablara, hablaras, hablara
Ellos hicieron
hiciera, hicieras, hiciera
Ellos tuvieron
tuviera, tuvieras, tuviera
Irregulares…..
Infinitive
hacer -decir -tener -estar -ir/ser --
3rd Person
Preterite Pl.
hicieron -->
dijeron -->
tuvieron -->
estuvieron -->
fueron -->
Imperfect
Subjunctive
hiciera
dijera
tuviera
estuviera
fuera
Usos…..
If the verb in the independent clause expresses wishes,
emotions, recommendations, possible non-realities, doubts,
denial, etc. and is in the preterite, imperfect or conditional
tense then the subjunctive verb in the independent clause will
be imperfect subjunctive.
Ejemplos:
Le dije que lavara los platos. (I told him to wash the dishes.)
Nosotros dudábamos que ella viniera. (We doubted that she
was coming.)
Usos…..
When we want to indicate or hope for unlikely or
impossible events using the expression "Ojalá" or "Ojalá
que" (means roughly "If only..."), the verb following it will
be imperfect subjunctive.
Ejemplo:
Ojalá que hiciera calor en invierno. (If only it were hot in
winter.)
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El imperfect de subjuntivo