Los complementos directos
Direct Object Pronouns
While viewing/Mientras miras…
 Take notes in your Spanish notebook.
 Think of three questions that you can ask me.
 You will ask them in the Google form that follows the
What is a pronoun?
 In both English and Spanish, pronouns replace nouns.
 Example:
 Sara went to the store. She bought many things
 Sara is the subject and SHE is the pronoun (subject
pronoun in this case.)
 To avoid being redundant, we replaced Sara’s name
with SHE.
What is a Direct Object?
 The direct object is the object of the sentence that is
DIRECTLY affected by the action of the verb.
 Example:
 I bought the sweater.
 The sweater is the direct object of the sentence
because it is DIRECTLY affected by my action of
buying it.
What is a Direct Object Pronoun?
 A Direct Object Pronoun (DOP) is a pronoun that
REPLACES the direct object (noun).
 Example:
 I bought the sweater. I bought it yesterday.
 I replaced the word “sweater” with the pronoun “it”.
 It would have been redundant for me to use the word
sweater again.
What are the DOPs in Spanish?
 ¡Buena Pregunta!
 There are four Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish.
 They agree in number and in gender with the noun
they are replacing.
Where do the DOPs go in the
 The placement of DOPs is different than in English.
 There are a couple of rules to follow:
DOPs are placed:
1) BEFORE a conjugated verb.
2) On the end of an infinitive.
3) On the end of the present participle (ando/iendo)
4) On the end of an affirmative command.
5) BEFORE a negative command.
Before a conjugated verb:
Yo compré el suéter.
Lo compré en la tienda ayer.
On the end of an infinitive:
Tengo que leer los libros.
Tengo que leerlos esta noche.
On the end of Present Participle:
Estoy comprando las galletas.
Estoy comprándolas para mi amiga.
** = Accents needed. Count three vowels
from the end of the word and add the accent.
¡Uno, dos, tres, accento!
On the end of an Affirmative
Dame la falda negra, por favor.
¡Dámela, ahora!
** = Accents needed. Count three vowels from the
end of the word and add the accent. ¡Uno, dos, tres,
Before a Negative Command:
¡No me des la falda! (Don’t give me the skirt!)
¡No me la des! (Don’t give it to me!)
Otros Ejemplos:
 Direct Object Pronouns can be used for
people as well.
 Yo invité a mi amiga a la fiesta. La invité ayer.
 Tú llamaste a tus amigos. Los llamaste esta
Más ejemplos:
 Tuve que llamar a mi mamá. Tuve que llamarla hoy.
 La tuve que llamar hoy.
 Estoy llamando a mi mamá. Estoy llamándola ahora.
 La estoy llamando.
What if I just said:
Lo busqué por la red anoche.
 I’ve properly used the DOP in front of a conjugated verb.
 I’ve conjugated the verb correctly.
 What’s the problem with the context of this sentence?
¡Eso es!
 That’s right!
 It’s out of context!
 In order to use a DOP in a sentence, the noun or
subject needs to have been mentioned in a previous
sentence or in the conversation beforehand.
 What did the LO refer to? Who knows! The sentence
was out of context.
Mejor así…
 Busqué el libro en la biblioteca.
 Pero lo encontré por la red (the internet).
 Fill out the Google Form that follows this tutorial.
 ¡Nos vemos en clase!

Los complementos directos