Los complementos directos
Direct Object Pronouns
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 Take notes in your Spanish notebook.
 Think of three questions that you can ask me.
 You will ask them in the Google form that follows the
tutorial.
What is a pronoun?
 In both English and Spanish, pronouns replace nouns.
 Example:
 Sara went to the store. She bought many things
there.
 Sara is the subject and SHE is the pronoun (subject
pronoun in this case.)
 To avoid being redundant, we replaced Sara’s name
with SHE.
What is a Direct Object?
 The direct object is the object of the sentence that is
DIRECTLY affected by the action of the verb.
 Example:
 I bought the sweater.
 The sweater is the direct object of the sentence
because it is DIRECTLY affected by my action of
buying it.
What is a Direct Object Pronoun?
 A Direct Object Pronoun (DOP) is a pronoun that
REPLACES the direct object (noun).
 Example:
 I bought the sweater. I bought it yesterday.
 I replaced the word “sweater” with the pronoun “it”.
 It would have been redundant for me to use the word
sweater again.
What are the DOPs in Spanish?
 ¡Buena Pregunta!
 There are four Direct Object Pronouns in Spanish.
 They agree in number and in gender with the noun
they are replacing.
EL
LA
LOS
LAS
Where do the DOPs go in the
sentence?
 The placement of DOPs is different than in English.
 There are a couple of rules to follow:
DOPs are placed:
1) BEFORE a conjugated verb.
2) On the end of an infinitive.
3) On the end of the present participle (ando/iendo)
4) On the end of an affirmative command.
5) BEFORE a negative command.
Before a conjugated verb:
Yo compré el suéter.
Lo compré en la tienda ayer.
On the end of an infinitive:
Tengo que leer los libros.
Tengo que leerlos esta noche.
On the end of Present Participle:
Estoy comprando las galletas.
Estoy comprándolas para mi amiga.
** = Accents needed. Count three vowels
from the end of the word and add the accent.
¡Uno, dos, tres, accento!
On the end of an Affirmative
Command:
Dame la falda negra, por favor.
¡Dámela, ahora!
** = Accents needed. Count three vowels from the
end of the word and add the accent. ¡Uno, dos, tres,
accento!
Before a Negative Command:
¡No me des la falda! (Don’t give me the skirt!)
¡No me la des! (Don’t give it to me!)
Otros Ejemplos:
 Direct Object Pronouns can be used for
people as well.
 Yo invité a mi amiga a la fiesta. La invité ayer.
 Tú llamaste a tus amigos. Los llamaste esta
mañana.
Más ejemplos:
 Tuve que llamar a mi mamá. Tuve que llamarla hoy.
OR
 La tuve que llamar hoy.
 Estoy llamando a mi mamá. Estoy llamándola ahora.
OR
 La estoy llamando.
¡Pero!
What if I just said:
Lo busqué por la red anoche.
 I’ve properly used the DOP in front of a conjugated verb.
 I’ve conjugated the verb correctly.
 What’s the problem with the context of this sentence?
¡Eso es!
 That’s right!
 It’s out of context!
 In order to use a DOP in a sentence, the noun or
subject needs to have been mentioned in a previous
sentence or in the conversation beforehand.
 What did the LO refer to? Who knows! The sentence
was out of context.
Mejor así…
 Busqué el libro en la biblioteca.
 Pero lo encontré por la red (the internet).
¡Ahora!
 Fill out the Google Form that follows this tutorial.
 ¡Nos vemos en clase!
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Los complementos directos