Los complementos indirectos
Me trae un…. por favor
1. Indirect object pronouns
• The indirect object pronouns indicate for whom /
to whom
• The pronouns are:
me (to /for me)
nos (to / for us)
te (to /for you)
os (to / for you-informal-plural)
le (to /for him)
les (to / for them-mixed group)
le (to /for her)
les (to / for them-females only)
le (to /for you)
les (to / for you-formal-plural)
2. Using indirect object
pronouns
Spanish speakers commonly use both an
indirect object pronoun and the preposition
“a” followed by the pronoun/noun to which it
refers in the same sentence. This is done to
emphasize and clarify to whom the me, te,
le, nos os, les refers.
a mí me gusta el helado
3. Placement
Indirect object pronouns are usually placed
before the conjugated form of the verb.
In negative sentences the pronoun is placed
between no and the conjugated verb.
When a conjugated verb is followed by an
infinitive or the present progressive, the indirect
object pronoun may be placed before the
conjugated verb or attached to the infinitive or
present participle.
¡Atención! The only problem is that, when an
indirect object pronoun is attached to a present
participle, an accent mark is added to maintain
the proper stress.
The irregular verbs gustar, encantar (to
really like), faltar, fascinar, traer, dar (to
give), as well as decir, are often used with
indirect object pronouns.
… And, there are many more….
for
someone
A person else
does something
for someone else
Yo
te
traigo papas
a ti
Tú
me
traes el papel
a mí
Ella
nos
trae el tenedor
a nosotros
Nosotros
les
traemos ensalada
a ellos
Ellos
nos
traen almuerzo
a nosotros
Vosotros
me
traéis la ensalada
a mí
Use the cues in parentheses to provide the indirect
object pronoun for the sentence.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Juan _____ trae un sándwich. (to Elena)
María _____ prepara un café. (for us)
Beatriz y Felipe _____ traen un vaso de agua. (to me)
Marta y yo _____ traemos unos dulces. (for them)
Los señores_____ traen comida. (to you, fam. sing.)
La mesera_____ trae la sal. (to us)
Yo _____ traigo la carne. (to you, familiar, plural)
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Los complementos indirectos