Los pronombres - pronouns
What is a pronoun?
A pronoun replaces a noun.
You can have subject pronouns: eg I, you, he,
she, we, they
Direct object pronouns: eg me, you, him, her, us,
them
Indirect object pronouns: eg to me, to you, to
him, to her, to us, to them
Direct object pronouns in Spanish
Me
me
nos
us
Te
you
os
you
Lo
him, it
los
them (m)
La
her, it
las
them (f)
Question:
What is a direct object?
Direct object pronouns in Spanish
The object that directly receives the action of the
verb is called the direct object.
Bill hit the ball.
"Ball" receives the action of the verb "hit."
Sherry reads the book.
"Book" receives the action of the verb "reads.“
The direct object can also be a person.
Sherry hit Bill.
(DO=Bill)
Direct object pronouns in Spanish
The direct object answers the question "what?" or
"whom?" with regard to what the subject of the
sentence is doing.
Bill hit the ball.
Bill hit what?
Bill hit the ball.
Sherry hit Bill.
Sherry hit whom?
Sherry hit Bill.
Direct object pronouns in Spanish
Often, it is desirable to replace the name of the
direct object with a pronoun.
Example 1
Paul bought the flowers. He took the flowers
home and gave the flowers to his wife.
Example 2
Paul bought the flowers. He took them home
and gave them to his wife.
Direct object pronouns in Spanish
In an affirmative statement with one verb, the
direct object pronoun comes immediately before
the conjugated verb.
Tengo = I have
Tengo la pluma. = I have the pen.
La tengo. = I have it.
Notice that if the subject of the sentence changes,
this does not affect the direct object pronoun.
Juan la tiene.
Juan tiene = John has
Juan tiene la pluma. = John has the pen.
Juan la tiene. = John has it.
Direct object pronouns in Spanish
You usually put the object pronoun before the
verb. In English we put it after the verb.
Ejemplos:
Me gusta esa falda. La llevo.
I like that skirt. I’ll take it.
Mi amigo está allí. ¿Lo ves?
Mi friend is there. Can you see him?
Indicate the direct object in each sentence.
1. Yo tengo el lápiz.
el lápiz
2. Ana quiere la camisa rosada.
la camisa rosada
3. Nosotros tomamos la prueba.
la prueba
4. Ignacio y Pablo ven a la chica.
la chica
Now, make new sentences with the DO pronoun.
1. Yo tengo el lápiz.
el lápiz
Yo lo tengo.
2. Ana quiere la camisa rosada.
la camisa rosada
Ana la quiere.
3. Nosotros tomamos la prueba.
la prueba
Nosotros la tomamos.
4. Ignacio y Pablo ven a la chica.
la chica
Ignacio y Pablo la ven.
los compras.
Tú compras los refrescos. Tú _____
las
Tú y yo comemos las papas fritas. Tú y yo _____
comemos.
lo miran.
Ellos miran el gato. Ellos _____
los invito.
Yo invito a mis amigos. Yo _____
la ve.
Roberto ve a Berta. Roberto _____
lo quieren.
Esos señores quieren el libro. Ellos _____
la anda.
José anda la patineta. Él _____
But watch out!
You put the object pronoun after the verb in the
following cases:
•After an infinitive – eg Voy a darlo a John – I’m going
to give it to John
•After a gerund (-ing) – eg Estoy poniéndolos en las
mesa – I’m putting them on the table
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Bill