GRAMMAR
Reflexive Verbs
Do you remember your
Indirect Object Pronouns (IOP)?
me (to or for me)
nos (to or for us)
te (to or for you)
le
(to or for him,
her, it)
les (to or for them,
you all)
Placement of IOP?
• Indirect Object Pronouns,
me, te, le, nos, and les are
placed either before a
conjugated verb or
attached to the end of an
infinitive.
Before the verb or after the infinitive:
Before the verb:
• Le vas a dar el libro a Elena?
• Sí, le voy a dar el libro a Elena.
After the infinitive:
• Vas a darle el libro a Elena?
• Sí, voy a darle el libro a Elena.
Reflexive Verbs
• Reflexive verbs are used to tell
that a person does something
to or for him- or herself.
• Reflexive verbs have two parts:
a reflexive pronoun (me, te, se,
nos, se) and a verb form.
Reflexive Verbs
Lavar: To wash
LAVARSE : to wash oneself
Verb
Form
Reflexive
Pronoun
• In English, we really don’t identify
with reflexive verbs. So these will
seem strange to you.
• In English, a sentence using a “so
called” reflexive verb might be…
• Lauren brushes her hair.
• Scott bathes himself.
Reflexive Verbs
• You must remember that these
are actions being done to
oneself, by oneself.
For example: Lavar: To wash
I wash my (my own) hair.
T: Me lavo el pelo
Reflexive Pronouns
me
te
se
nos
se
LAVARSE: TO WASH ONESELF
•
•
•
•
•
I wash myself = LAVARME
You wash yourself = LAVARTE
He, She, It washes himself = LAVARSE
We wash ourselves = LAVARNOS
They wash themselves = LAVARSE
What’s another way to say it?
LAVARSE
me lavo
nos lavamos
te lavas
se lava
se lavan
• They can either go before a
conjugated verb or after an
infinitive.
Before the verb:
• Me voy a lavar el pelo.
After the infinitive:
• Voy a lavarme el pelo.
Let’s do more verbs!
CEPILLARSE=to brush oneself
*Yo me Cepillo
*Cepillarme
*Nosotros nos cepillamos
*Cepillarnos
*Tu te cepillas
*Cepillarte
*El/Ella se cepilla
*Cepillarse
*Ellos/Ellas se cepillan
*Cepillarse
DUCHARSE=to shower oneself
*Yo me ducho
*Ducharme
*Nosotros nos duchamos
*Ducharnos
*Tu te duchas
*Ducharte
*El/Ella se ducha
*Ducharse
*Ellos/Ellas se duchan
*Ducharse
VESTIRSE=to dress oneself
*Yo me visto
*Vestirme
*Nosotros nos vestimos
*Vestirnos
*Tu te vistes
*Vestirte
*El/Ella se viste
*Vestirse
*Ellos/Ellas se visten
*Vestirse
GRAMMAR
Ser Vs. Estar
SER VS. ESTAR
• You already know the verbs
SER and ESTAR. They both
mean “to be”
• SER is an irregular verb,
just like ESTAR, so you must
memorize all its forms.
SER = to be
Yo
soy
Tú
eres
Ud.
Él
Ella
es
Nosotros
somos
Uds.
Ellos
Ellas
son
ESTAR = to be
Yo
estoy
Tú
estás
Ud.
Él
Ella
está
Nosotros
estamos
Uds.
Ellos
Ellas
están
• There are certain occasions in which you
will use either SER or ESTAR.
Estar
-Location
-Temporary
Condition
Ser
-Time and Date
-Nationality
-Profession
-Characteristic
-Nouns(compare)
Examples for ESTAR
*El libro está en la mesa= LOCATION
T: The book is on the table
*Eduardo está ocupado= T.C
T: Eduardo is busy
*Yo estoy en Guatemala= LOCATION
T: I am in Guatemala
*Ana y Luisa están enfermas= T.C.
T: Ana and Luisa are sick.
Examples for SER
*Son las dos y media = T&D
T: It is two thirty
*Yo soy americana = Nationality
T: I am american
*Es el veinte de noviembre= T&D
T: It is the twentieth of November
Examples for SER
*Tú eres de Costa Rica = Nationality
T: You are from Costa Rica
*Rebeca es muy alta = Characteristic
T: Rebeca is so tall
*Garfield es un gato= Noun
T: Garfield is a cat
*Tú eres estudiante = Profession
T: You are a student
GRAMMAR
Possessive Adjectives
• In Spanish there are NO
apostrophes.
• You cannot say: Jorge’s dog
• You must say:
The dog of Jorge
*Which is not correct in English
but correct in Spanish, like this:
• El perro de Jorge.
• The concept of showing possession
is when using “de + noun.”
For example:
*Tengo el letrero de Felipe.
T: I have Felipe’s sign.
* El hermano de Maria usa el gel .
T: Maria’s brother uses the gel.
Possessive Adjectives
• Adjectives DESCRIBE nouns,
correct? Well, they can also show
possession.
• Here are the possessive adjectives
in English: my, your, his, her, our,
and their.
• It like saying “my dog, your house,
his notebook, etc.”
Posessive Adjectives
singular
mi / mis (my)
plural
nuestro a, os, as
(our)
tu / tus (your)
su / sus (his,her)
or (your f.)
su / sus (their)
The possessive adjective must be
singular if the noun is singular
and plural if the noun is plural.
Some examples:
mi hermano
tu abuela
su hijo
nuestro tío
su tía
mis hermanos
tus abuelas
sus hijos
nuestros tíos
sus tías
Let’s practice….
S:Mi prima es alta.
P:Mis primas son altas.
S: Te importa la talla?
P: Te importan las tallas?
S: Me importa mi estilo
P: Me importan mis estilos
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Reflexive Verbs