Los verbos reflexivos
Objective:
•To be able to talk about your daily
routine.
•Getting ready for a special event.
REFLEXIVE VERBS

In this presentation, we are going
to look at a special group of verbs
called reflexive verbs

Let’s start out by thinking of the
English verb to wash.
HUH?


There are two ways to
talk about washing in
Spanish
First, to wash something
else



I wash my clothes
I wash the car
Second, to wash part of
one’s body.


I wash my hands
I wash my hair
TO WASH THE CAR…

I can wash things that
are not part of me.

In Spanish, we say:

Yo lavo el carro.
…AND…

I also wash my body
and things on my
body: hands, face,
hair…

I wash my hands.
In spanish we say:

Me lavo las manos.
THE POINT IS…

If you are washing
something that is
attached to your
body, you need to
use reflexive
pronouns.
WHAT ARE THE REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS?
me
te
se
nos
os
se
LET’S CONJUGATE LAVARSE
me lavo
nos lavamos
te lavas
os laváis
se lava
se lavan
The endings are still the same. In this case
these are endings for regular “ar” verbs in the
present tense.
NOTICE THE PLACEMENT OF THE
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS IN SPANISH:
Sue bathes herself.
subject
Sue
reflexive
pronoun
Sue se baña.
subject
reflexive
pronoun
NOTICE THE PLACEMENT OF THE
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS IN SPANISH:
Joe
Joe shaves himself.
subject
reflexive
pronoun
Joe se afeita.
subject
reflexive
pronoun
The
reflexive pronoun goes
before the conjugated verb.
How to conjugate reflexive verbs
 Start with the verb.
 1 Drop “se”
 2. Determine what kind of verb it is “ar”, “er, or
“ir”
 3. Put the appropriate -ar, -er or -ir “ending” of
the verb
 4. Put the correct “reflexive pronoun” in front
of the “conjugated” verb.

DORMIR VS. DORMIRSE



The verb forms are the same: duermo, duermes,
duerme, dormimos, duermen
The difference in form is the addition of the reflexive
pronouns: me, te, se, nos, se
The difference in meaning is:
Dormir
:
Dormirse :
to sleep
to fall asleep
DORMIR
DORMIRSE
duermo
me duermo
duermes
te duermes
duerme
se duerme
TO SLEEP
TO FALL ASLEEP
dormimos
nos dormimos
dormís
os dormís
duermen
se duermen
A MORNING ROUTINE

Todos los días, yo ____1.____ (levantarse) a las
7:00. ___2.____(lavarse) la cara, y
_____3._____ (afeitarse). Luego ____4.____
(vestirse (e-i)) y ____5.____(comer) un poco de
desayuno. Por fin, ____6.____ (cepillarse) los
dientes.
RESPUESTAS

Todos los días yo 1.me levanto a las 7:00. 2.Me
lavo la cara y 4.me afeito. Luego 5.me visto y
6.como un poco de desayuno. Por fin, 7.me
cepillo los dientes

A verb followed by a reflexive verb:
Remember that in a sentence when there are 2 verbs
next to each other, you conjugate the first verb and
leave the second verb in its infinitive form.
EX: Yo necesito estudiar.
 The rule is a little different when a verb is followed by
a reflexive verb.
 Instead of placing the reflexive pronoun in front of the
verb, you will leave it attached to the infinitve, BUT
CHANGE IT to AGREE with the subject.


Some examples:

Yo necesito levantarme.

Tú necesitas despertarte.

Nosotros queremos bañarnos.
Place the reflexive pronoun BEFORE the
CONJUGATED verb
 OR
 ATTACHED to the INFINITIVE


When you have two verbs next to each other
conjugate the first one only.
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Reflexive verbs intro ppt