Repaso: Los
mandatos
informales
Informal Commands
Español 3
When you want to tell
someone what to do:
 You
need to be able to make a
command.
 In English, a command is when you tell
someone, “Sit down.”, “Don’t smoke.”,
etc.
To make an informal (tú)
positive command in Spanish:
 For
regular commands:
 Take the tú form.
 Drop the “s”.
 For example:
Hablas►habla
Comes►come
Duermes►duerme

You may notice this is the same as the
3rd person singular form (él/ella/usted)
 1.
Sleep now!
Práctica
 ¡Duerme
ahora!
 2.
Speak!
 ¡Habla!
Irregular positive“tú”
commands:
 Unfortunately,
there is a list!
 They
correspond to
verbs that have an
irregular “yo” form:
There is a pattern:
 Ten
 Ven
 Pon
 Sal
 Haz
 Di
 Sé
 Ve
 Tener
(tengo)
 Venir (vengo)
 Poner (pongo)
 Salir (salgo)
 Hacer (hago)
 Decir (digo)
 Ser (soy)
 Ir (voy)
Luckily, there is also a song:
 It
goes to the tune of
“Hava Nagila”, the
Jewish wedding song.
Remember from
Wedding Crashers?
 Ten
 Ven
 Pon
 Sal
 Haz
 Repeat
 Di
 Sé
 Ve
 The
words are:
Now for negative “tú”
commands:
 There
are a couple
of easy rules:
 Take the “yo”
 Drop the “o”
 Add the opposite
ending.
 Put a “no” in front
and an “s” at the
end.
 (The
opposite
ending is an “e” for
–ar verbs and and
“a” for –er & –ir
verbs.
Por ejemplo
 Comer►como►
 Com►
 Coma►
 Hablar►hablo►
¡
No comas!
 Habl►
 Hable►
 Asistir
 ¡No
 Asist►
hables!
►asisto►
 Asista►
 ¡No
asistas!
A couple of notes:


When the command
is positive, and the
verb is reflexive, the
reflexive pronoun is
placed at the end,
hanging on to the
command.
First conjugate the
verb into a
command, then put
the pronoun at the
end.
 Relajarse►
 Relaja►
 ¡Relájate!
For negative commands with
reflexives:
 The
reflexive
pronoun goes
BEFORE the
conjugated verb.
 Relajarse►
 Relajo►
 Relaj►
 Relaje►
 No
relajes…and
finally:
 ¡No te relajes!
Más práctica
 3.
Don’t smoke!
 ¡No
fumes!
 4.
Relax!
 ¡Relájate!
 5.
Take care of
yourself!
 5.
¡CuÍdate!
 6.
Alleviate stress!
 6.
¡Alevia el estrés!
 7.
Don’t live a
hectic life!
 7.
¡No lleves una
vida agitada!
 8.
Take things
calmly!
 8.
¡Toma las cosas
con calma!
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Repaso de mandatos informales 97