Informal Commands
WALK!
SLEEP!
EAT!
In Spanish…
• When we want to tell a friend to do
something we use informal (tú) commands…
• ¡Come! – EAT!
• ¡Camina!- WALK!
• ¡Duerme!- SLEEP!
What looks familiar about these endings?
Positive Commands
• Commands are used for both do’s
and don’ts
• Lets begin with the do’s (positive
tú commands)
STATEMENT
(tú) caminas
(tú) comes
(tú) duermes
COMMAND
¡Camina!
Walk!
¡Come!
Eat!
¡Duerme!
Sleep!
Let’s work on positive commands…
• Open the window!…
– Verb Abrir
• Put it in the él, ella, usted form = abre
¡Abre la ventana!
(You) Open the
window!
Let’s work on positive commands…
• Speak now!...
- Verb hablar
- Put hablar in the él, ella, usted form = habla
¡Habla ahora!
Let’s work on positive commands…
• Drink water!...
- Verb beber
- Put beber in the él, ella, usted form = bebe
¡Bebe agua!
Negative Commands
• To state the don’ts- negative (tú) commands
1. Put the verb in the Yo form.
2. Drop the ‘o’ ending and add
- es for –ar verbs
- as for –er and –ir verbs
3. Put ‘no’ in front of the verb.
STATEMENT
(tú) fumas
(tú) corres
(tú) duermes
COMMAND
¡No fumes!
¡No corras!
¡No duermas!
Don’t smoke!
Don’t run!
Don’t sleep!
Let’s work on negative commands…
• Don’t buy pizza!...
- Verb comprar
-
Put comprar in the yo form = compro
Drop the ‘o’ = compr
It is an –ar verb, so add –es= compres
Put ‘no’ in front of verb = no compres
¡No compres la pizza!
Let’s work on negative commands…
• Don’t open the door!...
- Verb abrir
-
Put abrir in the yo form= abro
Drop the ‘o’ = abr
Abrir is an –ir verb, so add –as= abras
Put ‘no’ in front of the verb = no abras
¡No abras la puerta!
Let’s work on negative commands…
• Don’t drink soda!...
- Verb beber
-
Put beber in the yo form= bebo
Drop the ‘o’ = beb
Beber is an –er verb, so add –as= bebas
Put ‘no’ in front of the verb = no bebas
¡No bebas los refrescos!
Verbs with spelling changes…
-car/-gar/-zar
There are several verbs that change spelling when
made into negative commands to keep their sound…
1. Verbs ending in –gar like
Jugar- ¡No juegues!
- g changes to gue to keep the hard g sound
2. Verbs ending in –car like
Practicar - ¡No practiques!
-c changes to a que to keep the hard k sound
3. Verbs ending in –zar like
Empezar ¡No empieces!
-z changes to a ces
Te toca a ti…
Eat more fruit!
¡Come más frutas!
Sleep 8 hours a day!
¡Duerme ocho horas al día!
Te toca a ti…
Don’t run in the house!
¡No corras en casa!
Don’t open the book!
¡No abras el libro!
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Informal tú commands