Commands Notes
Powerpoint
¡Escucha
como usar los
mandatos!
©Spanishplans 2012
To tell someone to do something you always use
an AFFIRMATIVE command aka positive
command. This is different from a negative
command which tells them NOT to do
something.
positive command = “drink the milk”,
negative command= “don’t drink the milk”
You use this with anyone you would address as
tú (sibling, friend, parent to child).
Usted commands are different.
A command tells someone to do something: Eat.
Drink.
Remember, the infinitive means to do
something,
the tú forms means you do something.
Ej. Comer = to eat. Comes = You eat.
“Come” is the command which means “Eat”
(Keep in mind that not every verb can be used
as a command. Example: Poder)
For most verbs, in order to form the command you USE
THE ______
PERSON _____________
3rd
SINGULAR CONJUGATION
which is the ______,
_________,
________
form.
él
ella
usted
The command, to tell someone to
“TALK” would be Habla
The command, to tell someone to
“DRINK” would be Toma
Write the command for the following words:
Run!
Rest!
Study!
Sing!
Write!
Dance!
Cook!
Cut!
Mix!
¡Corre!
____________
¡Descansa!
____________
¡Estudia!
____________
¡Canta!
____________
¡Escribe!
____________
¡Baila!
____________
¡Cocina!
____________
¡Corta!
____________
¡Mezcla!
____________
¡Qué fácil!,
¿no?
And of course……
IRREGULAR COMMANDS
Decir
Ser
Hacer
Ir
Di
Sé
Haz Ve
______ Pon
______
Say
Be
Do
Command______ _______ ________
______
Inglés _______ _______ ________
______
Go
______
Poner
Put
Tener
Venir
Salir
Ten
Ven
Sal
_______ ______ y
Have Come Leave
_______ _______ ______
Es el cordero de Mary.
NOW SOLVE THE FOLLOWING IRREGULARS :
1) Hacer la tarea
___________________________
2) Ir a la clase todos los días
___________________________
3) Salir de la casa
___________________________
4) Venir conmigo a la clase
___________________________
5) Ser buen estudiante
___________________________
6) Tener cuidado ( to be careful ) ___________________________
7) Poner la mesa
___________________________
8) Decir la verdad (truth)
___________________________
Negative Commands
• To state the don’ts- negative (tú)
commands
– Switch the –as ending to –es and the –es
endings to –as
STATEMENT
COMMAND
(tú) fumas
¡No fumes! Don’t smoke!
(tú) corres
¡No corras!
Don’t run!
(tú) duermes
¡No duermas! Don’t
sleep!
Let’s work on negative
commands…
• Don’t buy pizza!...
- Verb comprar
- Put comprar in the tú form= compras
- Change the –as to –es= compres
¡No compres la pizza!
Let’s work on negative
commands…
• Don’t open the door!...
- Verb abrir
- Put abrir in the tú form= abres
- Change the –es to –as= abras
¡No abras la puerta!
Let’s work on negative
commands…
• Don’t drink soda!...
- Verb beber
- Put beber in the tú form= bebes
- Change the –es to –as= bebas
¡No bebas los refrescos!
Verbs with spelling
changes…
There are several verbs that change spelling when
made into negative commands to keep their sound…
1. Jugar- ¡No juegues!
- g changes to gue to keep the hard g sound
2. Verbs ending in –car like
Practicar - ¡No practiques!
-c changes to a que to keep the hard k sound
Let’s work on negative
commands…
• These next verbs have spell
changes…
– Either g changes to gue OR c changes
to a que
Don’t play in the house!
- Verb jugar- in tú form = juegas
- Change –as to –es and remember
spelling change!= juegues
¡No juegues en la casa!
Let’s work on negative
commands…
Don’t arrive late!
¡No llegues tarde!
Don’t touch the piano!
-Verb tocar in tú form = tocas
-Change –as to –es and
remember the spelling change!= toques
¡No toques el piano!
Te toca a ti…
Eat more fruit!
¡Come más frutas!
Sleep 8 hours a day!
¡Duerme ocho horas al día!
Te toca a ti…
Don’t run in the house!
¡No corras en casa!
Don’t open the book!
¡No abras el libro!
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negative command= “don`t drink the milk”