Unidad 7 Lección 1
Argentina
“En el cibercafé”
In this lesson you will learn to…
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Talk about technology
Talk about a series of events
Say what you did
Talk about indefinite or negative situations
USING…
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Preterite of regular –er and –ir verbs
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Affirmative and negative words
Recuerdas?
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Affirmative tú commands
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Telling time
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Foods and beverages
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Preterite of regular –ar verbs
Presentación de Vocabulario
la cámara digital
conectar a internet
la dirección electrónica
estar en línea
hacer clic en
el icono
mandar
el mensaje instantáneo
navegar por internet
la pantalla
quemar un disco compacto
digital camara
to connect to the internet
e-mail address
to be online
to click on
icon
to send
instant messaging
to surf the internet
screen
to burn a CD
Presentación de Vocabulario
el ratón
el sitio Web
el teclado
tomar fotos
anteayer
el año pasado
entonces
luego
más tarde
por fin
la semana pasada
hoy
ayer
mouse
Web site
keyboard
to take pictures
the day before yesterday
last year
then, so
later, then
later on
finally
last week
today
yesterday
Presentación de Gramática
Preterite of regular –er and –ir verbs
ENGLISH GRAMMAR CONNECTION: Remember
that the preterite is a tense used to express an action
completed at a definite time in the past (see pg. 138). In
English, regular verbs in the past tense end in –ed.
Regular –er and –ir verbs follow a pattern similar to
regular –ar verbs in the preterite. How do you form the
preterite of regular –er and –ir verbs?
LOOK on the next page…
Preterite of regular –er and –ir verbs
HERE is how…
In the preterite, -er and –ir verb endings are
identical.
Vender  to sell
vendí
Vendiste
Vendió
vendimos
vendisteis
vendieron
escribir  to write
escribí
escribiste
escribió
LET’S look on the next page for more details…
escribimos
escribisteis
escribieron
Preterite of regular –er and –ir verbs
The yo forms and the usted /el /ella forms take accents.
Vendí la computadora.
I sold the computer.
Tomas escribió un correo electronico.
Tomas wrote and e-mail.
The nosotros(as) form of regular –ir verbs is the same in both the present and
the preterite. Use context clues to determine the tense of the verb.
Salimos a las ocho anoche.
We left at eight o’clock last night.
The word anoche tells you that salimos is in the past tense.
Pronunciación
la combinación qu
You already know that c before a, o, u, and consonants
makes the sound of the English k. To make this sound
before e and i in Spanish, use qu.
que  queso
pequeño
raqueta
quemar
qui  tranquilo
quince
quiero
equipo
¿Quieres ir al parque?
Affirmative and Negative Words
ENGLISH GRAMMAR CONNECTION: A double
negative is the use of two negative words to express a
negative idea.
Double negatives are considered
incorrect in English. In Spanish, they are sometimes
required.
There’s nobody at the door.
No hay nadie en la puerta.
Affirmative and Negative Words
Use an affirmative or a negative word when you want to talk about an
indefinite or negative situation.
HERE is how…
Affirmative Words:
algo
alguien
algún / alguno(a)
o…o
siempre
también
something
someone
some, any
either … or
always
also
Affirmative and Negative Words
Negative Words:
nada
nadie
ningún / ninguno(a)
ni … ni
nunca
tampoco
nothing
no one, nobody
none, not any
neither … nor
never
neither, not either
Affirmative and Negative Words
Alguno(a) and ninguno(a) must match the gender of the noun they replace or modify.
They have different forms when used before masculine singular nouns.
alguno becomes algún
¿Conoces algún sitio Web cómico?
Do you know any funny Web sites?
ninguno becomes ningún
No conozco ningún sitio Web cómico.
I do not know any funny Web sites.
Affirmative and Negative Words
If a verb is preceded by no, words that follow must be negative. A
double negative is required in Spanish when no precedes the verb.
No queremos nada.
We do not want anything.
No me gusta ninguna cámara digital.
I do not like any digital camara.
Affirmative and Negative Words
However, if the negative word comes before the verb, there is no need
to use no.
Mi padre nunca usa la computadora.
My father never uses the computer.
Nadie navega por internet ahora.
No one is surfing the Web now.
This Concludes Unit 7 Lesson 1
See you in Unit 7 Lesson 2!
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