Unidad 6
U6E1
GRAMÁTICA
U6E1 Learning Targets
1.
2.
3.
4.
Tell what happened
Make suggestions to a group
Describe city buildings
Talk about professions
Grammar Concepts Needed to Meet Learning Targets:
1. Use preterite of regular –er and-ir verbs
2. Use preterite verbs with the y spelling change
3. Use the preterite of hacer, ir ser
U6E1 Gramática #1
Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs
Grammar Objective: Form the
preterite of –er and –ir verbs
Learning Target: Tell what
happened
U6E1 Gramática #1
Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs
The preterite is a verb tense that is
used to express a completed
action from the past.
In English, these are verbs that end
in –ed
U6E1 Gramática #1
Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs
You already learned the verb endings for –ar verbs
in the preterite.
-
-é
-amos
aste
-asteis
-ó
-aron
U6E1 Gramática #1
Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs
 Regular –er and –ir verbs follow a similar pattern to regular –ar verbs
in the preterite.
 Preterite –er and –ir verb endings are IDENTICAL
-er
-ir
-í
-iste
-imos
-isteis
-ió
-ieron
-í
-iste
-ió
-imos
-isteis
-ieron
U6E1 Gramática #1
Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs
vender – to sell
escribir – to write
vendí
vendimos
escribí
escribimos
vendiste
vendisteis
escribiste
escribisteis
vendió
vendieron
escribió
escribieron
U6E1 Gramática #1
Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs
 The yo forms and the él, ella, usted forms have accents
 Ej:
 Vendí la computadora.
• I sold the computer.
 Tomás escribió una carta.
• Thomas wrote a card
 The nosotros(as) form of regular –ir verbs is the same in both the
presentand the preterite. Use context clues to determine the tense of the
verb
 Salimos a las ocho anoche
The word anoche tells
you that salimos is in the
 We left at eight o’clock last night
past tense
U6E1 Gramática #1
Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs
¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?
Conjugate the following verbs in the preterite from
for the subject given.
1. tú / comer
2. él / beber
3. vosotros / recibir
4. Uds. / asistir
5. yo / correr
U6E1 Gramática #1
Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs
¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?
Conjugate the following verbs in the preterite from
for the subject given.
1. tú / comer
tú comiste
2. él / beber
el bebió
3. vosotros / recibir vosotros recibisteis
4. Uds. / asistir
Uds. asistieron
5. yo / correr
yo corrí
U6E1 Gramática #1
Preterite of –er and –ir Verbs
LEARNING TARGET
I can tell what happened using
preterite forms of –er and –ir
verbs.
Gramática #2
VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE
Grammar Objective: Form the
preterite of –er and –ir verbs
with a y spelling change
Learning Target: Tell what
happened
Gramática #2
VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE
oír – to hear
 To write the third person
(singular and plural) preterite
forms of –er and –ir verbs with
stems that end in a vowel,
change the í to a y.
oí
oímos
oíste
oísteis
oyó
oyeron
leer – to read
 All the preterite forms require
an accent, except the ellos,
ellas, ustedes form.
leí
leímos
leíste
leísteis
leyó
leyeron
Gramática #2
VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE
creer – to believe
 Try it with the verb creer:
creí
creímos
creer – to believe
creíste
creísteis
creyó
creyeron
Gramática #2
VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE
¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?
Conjugate the following verbs in the preterite from
for the subject given.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
tú / oír
él / leer
vosotros / creer
Uds. / oír
yo / leer
Gramática #2
VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE
¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?
Conjugate the following verbs in the preterite from
for the subject given.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
tú / oír
él / leer
vosotros / creer
Uds. / oír
yo / leer
tú oíste
él leyó
vosotros creísteis
Uds. oyeron
yo leí
Gramática #2
VERBS WITH A Y SPELLING CHANGE
LEARNING TARGET
I can tell what happened using
preterite forms of –er and –ir
verbs with a y spelling change.
Gramática #3
IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE:
HACER, IR, SER
Grammar Objective: Form the
preterite of irregular –er and –
ir verbs.
Learning Target: Tell what
happened
Gramática #3
IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE:
HACER, IR, SER
English Grammar Connection: Irregular
verbs do not follow the pattern of regular
verbs. In English, irregular verbs in this
tense do not end in –ed.
She went to the aquarium.
Ella fue al acuario.
Gramática #3
IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE:
HACER, IR, SER
Ir, ser and hacer are irregular in the
preterite tense.
The verb ir is irregular in the preterite. Its
preterite forms are exactly the same as
the preterite forms of ser.
Hacer also has irregular preterite forms.
These verbs don’t have any accents in the
preterite.
Gramática #3
IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE:
HACER, IR, SER
ir – to go
ser –to be
hacer – to do/make
fui
fuimos
fui
fuimos
hice
hicimos
fuiste
fuisteis
fuiste
fuisteis
hiciste
hicisteis
fue
fueron
fue
fueron
hizo
hicieron
Gramática #3
IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE RETERITE:
HACER, IR, SER
The preterite forms of ir and ser are
exactly the same. Use context clues
to determine which verb is being
used. Which sentence below used the
verb ir and which sentence used the
verb ser? How do you know?
Fuimos a la escuela.
¡Fue un día fenomenal!
We went to school.
It was a phenomenal day!
Gramática #3
IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE:
HACER, IR, SER
¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?
 Complete the following sentences with the
correct preterite forms of hacer, ser, or ir.
Then, tell whether you used ser or ir.
1.
Nosotros ___________ la tarea; ____________ muy fácil.
2.
Yo ________ a la playa. __________ esquí acuático.
3.
¿ _____________ellos al parque? ¿ Y qué __________ allí?
Gramática #3
IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRETERITE:
HACER, IR, SER
¡PARA Y PIENSA! Did you get it?
 Complete the following sentences with the
correct preterite forms of hacer, ser, or ir.
Then, tell whether you used ser or ir.
1.
Nosotros hicimos la tarea; fue muy fácil.
2.
Yo fui a la playa. Hice esquí acuático.
3.
¿ Fueron ellos al parque? ¿ Y qué hicieron allí?
U6E1 Gramática: Irregular Preterite Verbs:
hacer, ir and ser
LEARNING TARGET
I can tell what happened using
preterite forms of irregular –er
and –ir verbs.
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Unidad 6 Power Point