Gramática
Preterite
El pretérito (the preterite)
 Used
to talk about:
what happened at a specific point in time
 what someone did at a specific point in time

 Por
ejemplo:
She ate the cheese burger.
 We went to bed at 9:00.
 The play started.

Common ‘hint’ words






ayer
anteayer
el lunes (el martes, etc.)
un día (un verano, un invierno, etc.)
de repente (suddenly)
la semana pasada
Preterite –ar endings
é
aste
ó
amos
aron
Preterite –ar verbs



Yes, the nosotros preterite ending looks
just like the present tense nosotros ending.
Use the context to decide which tense the
speaker is using.
Stem-changing –ar verbs do NOT stemchange in the preterite.
Práctica – Write the following verbs in
the preterite according to the subject.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
alquiló un
alquilar
unvideo
video (Miguel)
cenarcon
cené
conamigos
amigos (yo)
ayudar en casa
ayudamos
en casa
(mi hermana y yo)
comprar ropa
compraste
ropa
(tú)
escuchar música
escucharon
música
(mi mamá y papá)
Preterite of ir


To say where
someone went at a
certain time in the past
ir is irregular in the
preterite.
fui
fuimos
fuiste
fue
fueron
Preterite of ir

Use adónde to ask where someone went.



¿Adónde fuiste ayer? Where’d you go
yesterday?
Fui al cine. I went to the movies.
Use a + infinitive after ir to say why
someone went somewhere.

Fuimos a la librería a comprar libros.
We went to the bookstore to buy books.
Preterite of –ar verbs with reflexive
pronouns

**Reminder: Use the preterite to talk about




what happened at a specific point in the past and
to narrate a sequence of events in the past
Ayer fui al cine con mis amigos, regresé tarde a
casa y me acosté.
Remember to use the correct reflexive
pronoun when necessary.
Ej: Preterite reflexives
levantarse (to get up)
me levanté
nos levantamos
te levantaste
se levantó
se levantaron
Práctica – Put the following verbs into the
preterite according to the subject in parenthesis.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
me levanté(yo)
levantarse
cepillarse
te
cepillaste
(tú)
comprar (Ud.)
compró
bañarse
nos
bañamos
(nosotros)
ir (ellos)
fueron
acostarse
se
acostó (mi hermano)
encontrar (mis amigos)
encontraron
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Gramática 2