E-Learning - A vehicle to
Distributed
Educational Opportunity
Workshop on National Knowledge Network
C-DAC, Hyderabad’s Experience
03rd Nov, 2008
Knowledge Society
“In the 21st century , a new society is emerging
where knowledge is the primary production
resource instead of capital and labour. For a
nation to attain the stage of a knowledge
society, it should be able to effectively deal
with knowledge creation and knowledge
deployment”.
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
Quotable Quotes
"Today we must look for new methods of knowledge, new
society, new sources of knowledge and then only we can produce
brilliant brains and knowledge people –”
Dr Sam Pitroda
“Achieving sustainable human security is a priority task. This
will call for harmony with nature and with each other. Knowledge
connectivity within and among countries will help to achieve this
goal. This is why we should make 'Mission 2007: Every Village
Knowledge Centre' a success.”
Dr.M.S. Swaminathan
Issues specific to Educational Opportunity
 Education Quality at all levels
 Drop-out percentage
 Availability of well trained and knowledgeable
teachers
 Availability of Expert knowledge
 Lack of exposure to knowledge sources
 Infrastructure issues (Building, power, ICT etc. )
 Multi-Lingual and multi cultural requirements
From Instructor-Centric:
To learner-Centric:
Three key Areas in e-Learning
Framework for Technology based learning
R&D projects in e-Learning Framework
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National Resource Centre for on-line learning at C-DAC, Mumbai
Vasistha - An Instruction Delivery Framework for Online Learning
Veda - An On-line Testing System
Vyasa - A Generative Question Authoring System
Vishwas - A Plagiarism Detection System
Chaatra The student monitoring project aims to analyse student
data, develop learner profiles and customize the instruction
delivered to the student based on his/her profile.
Acharya - Intelligent Tutoring System
Component based functionality to e-Learning tools (e-Sikshak an
LMS) by C-DAC, Hyderabad
Interactive multi-media Information services over a broadcast
digital TV and Internet, IIT Kanpur
Content delivery tools – IIT, Kanpur
Competency enhancing of IT teachers and Industry professionals,
KRESIT-IIT, Bombay
R&D projects in e-Learning content development
Content development projects
BITSP- Multimedia courseware
CDAC, Hyderabad – Cyber security
CDAC, Kolkata – IT courseware in Bengali
IITD – Content for Engg. Students
IGNOU – PG diploma in IT (Virtual campus initiative)
Jadovpur Uni – Multi-modal distance education
(Courseware design)
 Training of Teachers in e-Learning- DOEACC
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“You can't teach people everything they need to
know. The best you can do is position them where
they can find what they need to know when they
need to know it”
Seymour Papert
C-DAC, Hyderabad in e-Learning
• e-Learning Frameworks (e-Sikshak)
• Quality Assurance Framework analytical tools
• U-Learning (U-Sikshak)
• Grid based e-Learning
• Involved in e-Learning Standards recommendation committee of BIS
• Standards compliance content development (CCCS)
• Offer on-line courses like CCSPM, CCCS, Local language courses
• Through e-Sikshak on www.elearn.cdac.in
• Concept Paper preparation for e-Learning
• Extensive promotion through Seminars/ Workshops/ Training programs
Architecture of e-Sikshak
User
Interface
Server side
Technologies
Application
Components
Core
Components
External
Resources
e-Sikshak
Course on Cyber Security conforming to SCORM Standards
 Aimed at providing comprehensive knowledge on
Network Security
 E-learning mode of delivery to provide any time, any
where learning
 Course content authored by experts
 Comprehensive coverage with a wide range of talks
 Video lectures from experts
 Animated flash demonstration to illustrate key
concepts
 Question bank for self assessment
On line courses
Certificate Course on Cyber Security
Workshop/Seminar
 National level e-Learning and e-Learning Technologies,
7-8 August, 2001
 National level e-Learning and e-Learning Technologies,
8-9 August, 2005
 India-ASEAN Seminar on e-Learning and e-Learning
Technologies 6-7 November, 2006
 Workshops on e-Learning tools and content
development Standards
 Training for Teachers in e-Learning (TOTELearning)
Centre for Development of Advanced
Computing
24
Pedagogy & Instructional Design
Content Development, Delivery and Tools
e-Learning and Its Societal Impact
Learning Grids & New Technologies
Case Studies
Quality Assurance, Standards and Open Source
Quality Assurance Framework for e-Learning
Ubiquitous Learning
Botanical garden as an ubiquitous
Content
Server
environment
Internet
WAN
Back Bone
LAN
LAN
Access
Point
Bluetooth enabled PDA
Laptop with
802.11b
Simputer
Bluetooth enabled
Mobile
PAN
Blending of Grid and Ubiquitous Environments
Walk-in e-Learning technology laboratory
 A laboratory with solutions (Mostly Open Source)
 To easlily Integrate e-Learning environments by
the end users
 To develop content and use Content Management
Tools,
 Tp use Learning Management Systems to offer
courses
 To learn on tools offering Multi-media content
specifically video streaming servers to provide
Video on low bandwidth connection,
 To Learn e-learning Standards and quality
assurance systems
Knowledge Warehouse with Quality Assurance
KC KC
KC
System
A
User
KC KC
KC
User
System
B
QAF
Knowledge Warehouse
Quality
Report
Training – A Massive Exercise
 Basic ICT training to all walks of people at appropriate
level
 Training the teachers
 Training the new class of people – e-Learning managers
or e-Learning leaders
 Training programs for tiny industries, vocational courses
E-Learning courses for masses
 Conduction of e-Learning awareness programmes
Open Educational Resources
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Content experts
Reward to the content developers
IPR protection
Content availability in local languages and electronic
form
Tools and fonts
Content Standards
Bandwidth availability
Creating Virtual Labs for Science and Engineering
subjects at National level
Some C-DAC’s Tools
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eSikshak
- An e-Learning Framework
ECKO
– Content Development Framework
Vyapar
– Online Trading Solution
Vartalaap
– Multilingual Virtual Classroom
E-Kamps
– Healthcare Assistant
E-Forms
– Data Collection Tool
BharateeyaOO – Office Suite in Indian Languages
Matrubhasha – Text-to-Speech for Indian Languages
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Mantra
- Machine Assisted translation
“I Never try to teach my students anything…
I only try to create an environment where they
can learn.”
Albert Einstein
New Technologies and Trends
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E-Learning can leverage upon the evolving technologies in the field of
Information Technology to provide better educational services
Development of interoperable e-Content
Datamining Techniques
Voice over IP
Voice recognition Techniques
Text to Speech
Mobile Technologies like GPRS, EDGE and futuristic 4G technologies
for better bandwidth services
 Quality Assurance Framework for E-Learning tools
 Education Grid
 U-Learning
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E-Learning: an ECO system
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Multi disciplinary
 IT expertise
 Educationists
 Multimedia expertise
 Networking & bandwidth
 Frame works
 Local language content
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Learner-centered designers
 Learner-centered designers ask (and find answers to)
questions like these:
 What are the preferred learning styles of our target
population?
 How do they currently learn this kind of information?
 When and where will they do online learning? What are
their time constraints?
 What motivates them to participate in this online
learning?
Recommendations
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Encourage e-Learning for Quality content, higher skill generation, and Life
long learning
Set up a National body of e-Learning practitioners and experts to arrive at
e-Learning standards, which helps to address the issues like interoperability
Establishment of E-Learning Grid (Garuda Grid) and Networked Learning
Knowledge Warehouses creation
E-Learning mechanisms as part of formal teacher training courses (B.Ed and
M Phil courses)
Content creation tools development in local languages
Content creation in local languages
Content Consortium for validation of content
Open Courseware
Accreditation body to certify the e-Learning courses
Craetion of Knowledge Portals
An e-Learning National level portal and magazine covering Internet
pedagogy and andragogy – Instructional design, interactivity, Content
development standards, Featured Columns; Quizes; Technical Articles By
Experts from Academia, Professionals from Industry, Selected Student
Articles, Potential Areas, Ask an expert, Quality assurance mechanisms, Job
Opportunities, e-Learning Success Stories, Business models etc.
C-DAC’s Role in NKN
•Natural Choice to be part of NKN with its HPC and
Grid applications for Science, Engineering and
Education domains
•E-Learning being a killer application and to meet the
needs of scientific and engineering education NKN
becomes an ideal platform
•C-DAC can contribute in the development of suitable
tools to offer e-Learning courses, Virtual labs etc. to
take advantage of high-end Gigabit Network
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Concept Paper - Kanwal Rekhi School of Information