The Holy Spirit
God’s Provision
For Mission Today.
Looking beyond the
nuts and bolts.
The Holy Spirit is the Executor of
the Godhead……….
When Jesus ascended after His death He left his last
will and testament with His disciples...Matt 28 : 18-20.
The Holy Spirit became the executor of this
Jesus was not foolish leaving His mission in the
hands of 12 disciples. He trusted the Holy Spirit.
Jesus knew that the Holy Spirit would come and
guide, coach, teach, comfort, lead and empower the
disciples to accomplish His mission.
This was the Father’s plan…..Jesus obeyed in every
detail…..the Holy Spirit obeyed in every detail too!
The Holy Spirit directed the
Church to be planted in Cities.
The Urban Church Planting Mission
started in Jerusalem, spread to Antioch
in Syria, then to the Cities of Asia and
then onto Rome.
The Church quickly became multicultural and had to respond to the many
cultures of the Mediterranean region, as
well as African and European.
The Holy Spirit in
urban mission
- A quick review
Guiding principles:
*Mission shapes the Church
* Context shapes the Mission Mode.
God’s Mission for His Church.
For us to join with Jesus in His Mission.
“All authority in heaven and on earth has been
given to me. Go therefore and make disciples
of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the
Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and
teaching them to obey everything that I have
commanded you. And remember, I am with
you always, to the end of the age.”
Matthew. 28:18-20
Our mission context.
Post Christendom. Christendom Rejected
Post Modern. Modernity Rejected
Diverse, pluralist with few commonalities.
Relocated / transient. ‘Exilic’
Spiritually curious, hungry & searching.
Dogmatically suspicious and often hostile.
Officially disinterested / hostile to Christianity.
It looks so simple !
The Mission Objectives being pursued
Conditions and demands of context
Shape and Mode of Church
Couldn’t this apply to any human enterprise?
Does God do it differently?
Are we Christians or Deists?
Is it all good strategy and human kindness?
What role does God play?
How does God enable His Mission?
How does God work through His people?
Where is God in history
Looking on from a distance?
Closed system
Dissolved and incorporated
Indistinguishable from system
Deism - believes in God but has no relationship with God
Eastern- Hinduism – ultimately inclusive of all concepts of God
Separate and sustaining
Creator standing outside creation, able to intervene.
Judeo-Christian – able to be involved with God
Is there something else?
For the kingdom of God depends not on
talk but on power.
1 Corinthians 4:20
Jesus said to them, “Truly I tell you,
there are some standing here who will
not taste death until they see that the
kingdom of God has come with power.”
Mark 9:1
Where is God’s power today?
Let’s take a closer look at the
Twentieth Century
What has God been doing?
Where has the Power been at work?
How is the Holy Spirit working?
Some reflections
1901, A fresh outpouring.
Bethel Bible College, Topeka, Kansas, USA
Charles Parham and others, seeking holiness
Opens Bethel Bible School with 40 students, a faith
community seeking God’s provision through prayer and
Prayer was central with a 24 hour prayer tower vigil.
3 days before 1-1-1901 Parham asked students to study
baptism in Holy Spirit, especially in Acts and search for
objective, biblical evidence where by a person could know
for certain they had in fact received the baptism of the Holy
Spirit. On New Year’s Eve he returned.
What did he find?
Parham Wrote:
“To my astonishment they all had the
same story, that while there were different
things that occurred when the Pentecostal
Blessing fell, the indisputable proof on
each occasion was that they spoke with
other tongues.”
And then?
In the watch night service (1900-1901) later
that evening, the Holy Spirit manifested
Himself with unusual intensity. At about
11:00 p.m., Agnes Ozman (1870-1937),
asked Parham to pray for her that she
might receive the baptism of the Holy
Spirit as observed in their study.
What happened?
Parham wrote:
“Humbly in the name of Jesus, I laid my hand
upon her head and prayed. I had scarcely
repeated three dozen sentences when a
glory fell upon her, a halo seemed to
surround her head and face, and she began
speaking in the Chinese language and was
unable to speak in English for three days”
Significance ?
This was a spiritual breakthrough.
The Bible would never be read the same way
The Holy Spirit was coming in from the cold.
It established for these first ‘Classical
Pentecostals’ speaking in tongues as the Biblical
evidence for baptism in the Holy Spirit.
experience provided the desired ‘objective’ proof.
New idea? In 4th Century Augustine and Chrysostom had
reached same conclusion.
Others sought to receive from Parham and revivals spread.
Seeking a personal Pentecost
Normal activities at Bethel were suspended all went to an
upper room and waited on the Lord for their personal
By January 3rd, 1901 all students and Parham had received a
powerful Pentecostal Blessing.
Parham’s own description: “There came a slight twist in my
throat, a glory fell over me, and I began to worship God in the
Swedish tongue, which was later changed to other languages
and continued so until the morning.”
In the following days sincere and curious seekers came, some
also received a Pentecostal blessing and took the witness out.
By Summer the buildings were sold and school closed.
 A spark had been lit .
Another ripple, William Seymour
312 Asuza Street Mission, Los Angeles, USA, 1906
William Seymour spent much of his time behind the
pulpit with his head inside the top shoe box of which
the pulpit had been made, praying.
One participants description: “Someone might be
speaking. Suddenly the Spirit would fall upon the
congregation. God himself would give the altar call.
Men would fall all over the house, like the slain in
battle, or rush for the altar enmasse to seek God.
… We simply prayed the Holy Ghost did the rest.”
A fire was being kindled.
Asuza Street, & the urban poor!
At last there was a church where black and
white could worship together.
Blacks were mostly poor, although some poor
whites where present as well.
Pentecostal experience was marginalized in
To gain respectability Pentecostals gradually
lost their appeal to the poor as the dominant
wealthier racist white class took control.
How to frame these events?
A First Wave of Pentecost for the 20th Century
 It featured:
Racial Diversity. Black and white praised God
together. Colour was washed in the blood
 Gender Diversity. Women preachers. Gal. 3 v 28
 Tongues as evidence of baptism in the Holy Spirit
Through the first decades of the 20th century
Similar outpourings were documented around the world:
Europe, India, China, Africa, South America etc. A new
out pouring seemingly orchestrated by the Holy Spirit.
An example from India, 1906
Pandita Ramabai (1858-1920) a well educated woman born of
an upper caste, had become a Christian in the latter part of
the 19th c. An astute scholar, she was recognised by the
Sanskrit scholars of Calcutta University who had conferred on
her the distinguished titles of Sarawatti and Pandita. She
mastered 7 languages and translated the Bible from Hebrew
and Greek into Marathi, her mother tongue. She authored
The high Caste Hindu Woman and A Life of Christ, as well as
numerous tracts distributed throughout India.
During a
severe famine in her region of India she opened a home for
girls and in this endeavour was totally dependent on God for
provision, and prayer was her lifeline.
An example from India, 1906
In January 1905 Ramabai began to speak about the need to
seek God for revival. Before long, 550 people, mostly women
and girls, were meeting twice daily, praying for revival and for
the endowment of power.
On June 30, Ramabai was
teaching the girls from John 8 when suddenly the Holy Spirit
fell as in the Book of Acts. Everyone in the room began to
weep and pray aloud. The revival had begun.
Ramabai suspended regular school activities, giving the Holy
Spirit free reign in their midst. At the outset, confession of sin
and repentance dominated, but then came glad singing,
wonderful praise and joy-filled dancing. Some experienced
visions and supernatural dreams. Many experienced baptism
in the Holy Spirit accompanied by speaking in tongues.
Another example from Kunming
James A Baker ran an orphanage in Kunming
South West China in the late 1800’s to early
1900’s. The story is in his book “Visions
Beyond the Veil”.
James Baker tells the story of a Holy Spirit
visitation where children from 3-10 years old
saw visions of heaven, and Angels, spoke in
tongues, and told adults in the streets there
sins, whereupon the adults repented.
A First Wave: 1901 - 1960.
By the third generation after Bethel
and Asuza Street, and many other
places the place of Pentecost had
become confused.
Spiritual Treasure in Clay Pots?
The Evidence of Pentecost?
To Pentecostals the evidence was the gifts
and signs of the Holy Spirit, and in particular
speaking in tongues.
To outsiders the evidence was that finally
there was a church with the power that could
break down the divisions between rich and
poor, black and white, upper class and lower
Sadly, this new found reconciliation among
society’s long standing divisions did not last
long in the Pentecostal Church.
Conclusion about the first wave?
When the Holy Spirit was moving unusually
and powerfully among the people, traditional
social divisions were healed.
As the Holy Spirit’s power receded the social
effect receded.
Pentecostal outpourings moved many poor
into the middle class and they largely forgot
their roots. The poor were attracted to the
power of Pentecost.
A few movements were started by poor
Pentecostals to the poor during the early
stages of the First Wave.
Personal comment from research
into outpourings of the Holy Spirit
Most outpourings are accompanied by unusual signs
that result in abnormal behaviour according to the
status quo of the middle and upper classes.
To participate in these outpourings is humbling for the
middle and upper classes.
The power of God manifested in the outpourings meets
the needs (especially healing) of the poor.
Pentecostal outpourings are more appealing to the poor
than the other classes.
Humility of heart leading to obedience is the goal of the
Spirit’s work.
A Second Wave: 1960-1983.
The Holy Spirit moved through the existing
Pentecost in the Mainline Churches.
Established denominations visited.
Episcopalians - Anglicans
In November 1959, while praying in his home,
Dennis Bennett, (1917-1992) Rector of St. Mark’s
Episcopalian Church, Van Nuys California had
received a Pentecostal Baptism in the Holy Spirit.
TIME magazine told the story in April 1960.
The Episcopal Church was not welcoming.
Bennett sent to St. Lukes ‘in the desert’ and made
it bloom. - Institutional disapproval.
By 1963 there were 2000 charismatic Episcopalians in
Ca. (Source: Christianity Today)
Some welcomed a new Pentecost
Roman Catholics
On October 11, 1962 80-old Pope John XXIII solemnly opened Vatican
II, the 21st Ecumenical Council and prayed:
"Divine Spirit renew your wonders in this our age
as in a new Pentecost, and grant that your Church
praying perseveringly and insistently with one
heart and mind together with Mary, the Mother of
Jesus, and guided by Blessed Peter, may increase
the reign of the Divine Savior, the reign of truth
and justice, the reign of love and peace. Amen."
Roman Catholic experience:
Vatican II allowed for dialog with others.
Roman Catholics open to joint prayer with
other Christians.
Cardinal Seunens championed role of
charismatic gifts in life of Church. This led
to open and positive attitude by Council.
Roman Catholic experience:
Event happened at Duquesne University Pittsburgh, Feb.
17-19, 1967 at a Professor’s Retreat
As these Catholic seekers prayed through to Pentecost
many things familiar to classical Pentecostals began to
take place. Some laughed uncontrollably “in the Spirit,”
while one young man rolled around the floor in ecstasy.
Shouting praises to the Lord, weeping and speaking in
tongues characterised this beginning of the movement
in the Catholic Church.
From here it spread, by 1970 A Catholic Conference at
Notre Dame attracted 30,000.
Second Wave,
Both blessings and problems:
Pouring New Wine into Old Skins?
USA high water mark 1977, 152,000 Pentecostal /
Charismatics met at Arrowhead Stadium, Kansas City.
denominational Pentecostals, Baptists, Methodists and
Messianic Jews. A tremendous celebration.
Problems upon returning to local parish.
Issue of authority between Institutional and Charismatic
ministry. Whom should yield to whom?
Personal point of entry - Parish Prayer Groups 1978.
Second Wave,
A summary:
According to Peter Wagner, then professor of Church growth
at Fuller Theological Seminary.
The ‘second wave’ had been particularly influential in the
more liberal denominations.
The fire of the Holy Spirit swept through Roman Catholic
South America and evangelical movements flourished
when opposition confronted Roman Catholics touched by
the fire.
In South America urban poor movements were birthed by
Pentecostal Churches in countries such as Brazil and
What happened here in your
Were there examples of first wave
outpourings of the Holy Spirit here?
Did these movements impact the poor?
How was the second wave received by
your denomination?
What is your view of tongues as a sign
of the Holy Spirit?
Second Wave,
An abiding question:
Why did God do this?
"There will be a new springtime for the Church
If people will welcome the promptings of the
Holy Spirit, The 21st Century will usher in a
new evangelization; and, a tidal wave of
conversions will sweep the earth."
Pope John Paul II speaking about the Charismatic Renewal Movement.
A continuation of the pattern of
the end of the last two centuries?
In the late 1700’s William Carey and a new
European Evangelical Missionary movement
was birthed in prayer – mobilization took
place in the early 1800’s
In the late 1800,s a prayer movement
preceded the Pentecostal outpourings of the
early 1900’s. Another wave of evangelical
missions followed.
Will the unprecedented prayer movement of
the late 1900’s yield fresh movements as
Pope John Paul II predicts?
A Third Wave 1983- ???
John Wimber;
Wimber emerged as spokesperson for Third Wave and
founded Association of Vineyard Churches.
manifestations of the Holy Spirit similar to early
Pentecostals. Prophecy, tongues, being ‘slain’, shaking,
swooning as if seemingly drunk.
Third Wavers tended to stay within their denominations.
Had a different theological explanation seeing Baptism in
Holy Spirit as part of conversion-initiation process not a
second blessing.
(1934-1997) “A fat man trying to get to heaven”
Third Wave / Wimber’s legacy:
He taught us how to see God at work.
Interpret and discern what God is doing in the room.
Prayer Ministry changed from Second Wave
Less Touch
Less Talk
More time
Wimber made a prophetic visit to England in 1983.
Ministered in five key churches. Each was to become a
significant Church in following decade and to the present.
How are people being touched by God?
An American the English could learn from without pain.
He moved everyone on from the initial brashness yet kept
moving forward into God and into mission.
Third Wave
A summary, so far. . .
According to Peter Wagner, former Professor of Church Growth at
Fuller Theological Seminary.
The ‘Third Wave’ has been particularly influential on the more
conservative evangelical denominations.
Alpha may be recognised as a fruitful and significant outcome.
New Churches being planted in pagan England and elsewhere,
(some Anglican) may be seen as fruit. This is ongoing.
Meshing in with First and Second Wave the Third Wave sought
and ministered a basic spiritual experience of God.
consequence of this by 2000 over 25% of the World’s Christians
are Charismatic-Pentecostals. What will the 21st Century bring?
Fourth Wave ?
Is it too early to say?
Will the Urban poor be
impacted this time?
There will be more !
Some personal reflections:
Power Evangelism in today’s context
The model of Elijah on Mount Carmel [see I Kings 18.]
Being modelled in Africa by South African and West
African Evangelists
 Whose God is real in the post-modern, postChristian, cynical West ? Amongst Muslims?
 Perhaps only an undeniable experience of God’s
powerful presence will convict of truth.
Re-check the mission maths
The Mission Objectives Being Pursued
Conditions and Demands of Context
Shape and Mode of Church
Holy Spirit’s Empowerment
Fruitfulness as Jesus intended.
What does this mean for You?
What does this mean for
the urban mission among
the poor ?
 What does it mean for the
members of the
Encarnacao Alliance?
The Fruitful Church
1. The power of God’s Holy Spirit
2. Vessels (People) capable and available of being
continually filled with the power of the Holy Spirit.
3. Humility and compassion in carrying out its mission
4. Structural-Organisational flexibility allowing people to
engage and pursue mission as Holy Spirit empowered
The producer of this power point presentation is deeply indebted to;
James A Baker, Visions Beyond the Veil. Taiwan.
Dennis J Balcombe, Revival Church, HK.
David Garrison, Church Planting Movements. WIGTake. India.
Viv Grigg, Urban Leadership Foundation. NZ.
Philip Jenkins, The Next Christendom. Oxford University Press.
Eric H F Law, The Wolf Shall Dwell with the Lamb. Chalice Press.
Manuel Ortiz, One New People. IVP.
Lamin Sanneh, Whose Religion is Christianity? Eerdmans. UK.
P.G Vargis, Indian Evangelical Team. India.
The Vatican Council, Pope John Paul II, Rome.
George Verwer, Operation Mobilization. UK.
C. Peter Wagner, Monarch Publications. UK.
John Wimber, Vineyard Fellowships. USA
George Yancey, One Body, One Spirit. IVP.USA.
K.P.Yohannan, Revolution in World Misions.GFA Books. India.

God in 20th C - Urban Leaders