14:20-21 Thinking Tongues is
important is Childish!
Paul first establishes the purpose of
tongues,
then shows
how =
to
recognize
Jesus’
favorite
question,
“What
do youa
Negative
Present
Imperative
“Stop
false
tongue,
will give
rules
for
think...?”
being…
childish.”now
Implies
thatthe
they
were
howas
tochildren,
allow thebut
practice
tongues,
which
acting
must
stop
it now!
Prov
23:7,
“For
as
he
thinks
within
by themselves are useless.
It is the gift
NAU
soimmaturity
hethat
is.” is edifying
“Their
loveless
and carnality
ofhimself,
translation
(14:5), a
caused
their
theological,
spiritual
and
distinct
but
complimentary
gifttheir
(12:10,30)
People
mature
by changing
moralTHINKING,
problems, “…be
including
their misuse
transformed
by and
counterfeiting
gifts.”
MacArthur
renewing of
your
mind
(thinking)” (Rom
12:2)
Corinthians were advanced and mature in sin:
Naive, innocent and ignorant with little or no
teleios,
Most manifestations
of flesh
were common
(Gal“complete,
5:19-23), full-grown” Translated
knowledge
of things
“perfect” in 1 Cor 13:10.
“I cannot speak to you as to spiritual men, but to men of flesh, as infants in Christ” (1
The goal of gifted leaders is to develop “a
Cor 3:1),
mature man…” (Eph 4:13) through
“…children, tossed here and there by waves,
andand
carried
about by
every wind of
teaching
“equipping”
(4:12)
doctrine, by the trickery of men, by craftiness in deceitful scheming” (Eph 4:14). 14
20 Brethren, do not
be children in your
thinking; yet in evil be
infants, but in your
thinking be mature.
14:22 Purpose of Tongues: a
SIGN
AFree
signtranslation
of Judgment:
of Isa 28:11-12.
21 In the Law it is written, "BY
MEN OF STRANGE TONGUES
AND BY THE LIPS OF
STRANGERS I WILL SPEAK TO
THIS PEOPLE, AND EVEN SO
THEY WILL NOT LISTEN TO ME,"
says the Lord.
22 So then tongues are for a sign,
not to those who believe but to
unbelievers; but prophecy is for a
sign, not to unbelievers but to
those who believe.
15
The
yrsJews
before
of Isaiah’s
Pentecost
prophecy
When
driving
to
a town,
the signs
the
recognized
Especially
Assyrians
unbelieving
the
had
fulfillment
destroyed
Jews
ofIsrael
their
say
100 miles,
a little
later,
50
because
prophecy
who
would
of of
unbelief
recognize
amiles.
language
and
the
apostasy.
sign.
miles,
then
10
Once
you
The
significance
prophet
of
Judah
signneed
ofof of a
arrive
there iswarns
nothe
more
similar
coming
judgment.
judgment,
Hewhich
spoke
to
mileage
sign,
because
the should
them
motivate
as children
a change
“just
orweaned
objective
has
been
reached.
from
repentance
milk” using “line on line, a
little here, a little there” (28:9-10).
Now they would listen to foreign
languages as a sign of impending
judgment (Ac 2:7-11) –
Italics indicate
is not later
in thein
Judgment
came 14it years
Greek,
butover
implied
by Jews
70 AD
where
1 million
however,
it seems
weretranslator;
slaughtered
by Titus.
unwarranted: Prophecy is not
Afterseen
the destruction
of Jerusalem
as a sign, but
a means of
15
there
was no more
need of a sign!
edification
of believers.
14:23 Tongues are Ineffective
in Evangelism
23 Therefore if the whole
church assembles
together and all speak in
tongues, and ungifted
men or unbelievers
enter, will they not say
that you are mad?
A hypothetical hyperbole (exaggerated
possibility), to illustrate the extreme
attitude that the gift of tongues is
suppose to be for everyone is
idiotes, in
common
soldier
rather than an
ineffective
evangelism
(previously
officer;
in the in
NT,
an unlearned,
seen
ineffective
worship).
illiterate or unskilled.
This did not occur in the Jewish context
of Pentecost: they understood the sign
and the literal languages spoken (16
mentioned in Acts 2:11)
mainomai, “frenzied rage, beside
oneself in anger”, would think it was just
another wild and meaningless ritual like
paganism, a congregation of lunatics.
16
14:24-25 Reasons Prophecy is
Superior to Tongues
24 But if all prophesy,
and an unbeliever or an
ungifted man enters, he
is convicted by all, he is
called to account by all;
25 the secrets of his
heart are disclosed; and
so he will fall on his face
and worship God,
declaring that God is
certainly among you.
A contrasting hypothetical hyperbole
where everyone is receiving and
1. elegcho,
“to point
away from
sin to
proclaiming
God’s
revelations.
Three
implying
educative
results
would
3. “Hidden”
2.repentance”
anakrino,
thingsoccur:
are
“examine
made phaneros,
or
judge, enquire
discipline.
Rebuke
is a part
“visible,
into,
evident,
as a well
judge
known.”
holding
andof the
Jewish
idea of brotherly
love.ofItthe
has
Three-fold
response
to conviction
investigation,
showing
someone
that he
Sounds
like
2
Kings
22:10-13
when
Hilkiah
“For nothing
is hidden
that will
nota be
the
sense
of
“proof”
with
view
of
Spirit
understanding
of the
hasthrough
done something
wrong.
found
the
Scriptures
and
read
them
revealed,
and
nothing
concealed
thatbefore
will
“convincing”
Word:
King
Josiah.
He fell
on his
face,
tore
his
not
be
“These
made Jews
known
were
and
more
brought
open-minded
to light”
“Who
of you
convict
of
clothes
inasked,
anthose
acthis
ofinface”,
sorrow
and
repentance.
1.Jesus
“Falling
on
pipto,
“prostrate
(Like
8:17
than
NET)
Thessalonica,
forme
they
sin?”
(Jn
8:46) inadequate,
oneself,
become
come to
eagerly
received
the message,
Note:
It isif the
of God’s
“And
even
I amunderstanding
unskilled in speaking,
yet I
an
end”
examining
the
scriptures
carefully
Paul,
“mightily
convinced
the
Jews
…
attitude
toward
the Spirit uses
to
am
certainly
not sin
so that
in knowledge.
Indeed,
every
day
to
see
if these
things
were
showing
by
the
Scriptures
that
generate
repentance
and
transformation.
2. have
“Worshipping”
proskuneo,
we
made
this
plain
to
you“bowing
in Jesus
so” the
ActsChrist”
17:11 (Acts 18:26 NET)
was
down
in
and
obedience.”
everything
in reverence
every way”
(2 Cor
11:6 NET)
are “convicted
by
theconviction
lawinform
as of
“Declare”,
apaggello,
“publicly
Not3.aSinners
clairvoyant
experience,
but
transgressors”
(James
2:9)
what
is response
done or understood.”
the Spirit
in
to understanding
the
17
Word of God
14:26 Priority of Meaningful
Edification in the church
26 What is the outcome
then, brethren? When
you assemble, each one
has a psalm, has a
teaching, has a
revelation, has a tongue,
has an interpretation. Let
all things be done for
edification.
Paul has laid out the Doctrinal basis
for Christian behavior 14:1-25), now
This
a description
(notPractice
a command)
will is
begin
the Practical
of of
Acondition
reading orinsinging
of one
of the
the
the church
at Corinth.
tongues
and other
gifts (14:26-40).
OT Psalms
probably
memorized
oikodome,
lit. “house
building”
with the
didache,
They
were
“doctrine”
not
interested
probably
in
a
serving,
favorite
for the present:
assembly
imperative
“continually,
habitually”
apokalupsis,
a God-given
teaching
learning
ororpet
edifying.
subject
that they truth or
from
the
gift
of Prophecy
“Therefore
encourage
one
another,
and
wantedconcept
everyone
to believe
They
were
seeking
self-expression,
selfsingular, “language”.
Knowledge.
buildglossan,
uporone
another..”
1 Th 5:11 Though
glory
while competing
for attention
and
singular,
it is presumed
to be genuine
They
”pursuesince
the things
which
preeminence.
indid
thisnot
context,
it is a reference
maketofor
peace
andthat
theisbuilding
up of one
“each
one”,
individuals.
another” (Ro 14:19)
Necessarily associated with a
The one
thing for
building up others is the
translator
or interpretation.
revealed Word: “All Scripture is inspired by
God and is profitable for teaching, for
reproof, for correction, for training in
18
righteousness 2 Tim 3:16
14:27-29 Rules of Order for
Church Service
1 27 If anyone speaks in a tongue,
2
3
4
5
it should be by two or at the most
three, and each in turn, and one
must interpret;
28 but if there is no interpreter, he
must keep silent in the church;
and let him speak to himself and
to God.
29 Let two or three prophets
speak, and let the others pass
judgment.
glossa, sing., “language”, normally
Rule #1: Number of persons
refers to counterfeit tongue, but
speaking is limited to 2, or at the
here
singularmust
because subject is
Rule3is
#2:
most
perEach
reunion. speak in
singular.
turn,
never
Rule
#3: simultaneously
One must interpret.
In Greek “one” is emphatic
indicating
single speaker
person is to
Rule
#4: Noatongue
interpret without
all tongues.
permitted
an interpreter.
Since
tongues pres.
is meaningless
diermeneuo,
Imp.,
an interpreter,
“habitually
translate.”
Towithout
show
impartiality,
thethey
same
were
forbidden
to
speak
until
rules apply to prophecy, with
a an
interpreter
with the gift or
additional
rule.
Rule
#5: Speakers
to be was
knowledge
of thewere
language
evaluated
bybe
other
prophets
known to
present.
according to known revelations.
diakrino, pres. Imp., “distinguish true
and false, discern” continuously or
19
habitually (1 Jn 4:1)
14:30-33 Limitations apply to
All Speaking Gifts
6
7
8
9
Rule #6: If someone received a
30 But if a revelation is made to revelation as a prophet (or tongues
another who is seated, the first NIV
speaker?)
was
James he
3:14
Butgiven
if youpreference
harbor
to speak
bitter
envyfirst.
and selfish ambition in your
one must keep silent.
hearts, do not boast about it or deny
If a new “part” of the revelation of
31 For you can all prophesy one the
truth. 15 Such "wisdom" does not
God’s Word or Will was disclosed it
down from heaven but is earthly,
by one, so that all may learn and come
was
so
important
that
everything
Rule
#7: The
of order
is to
unspiritual,
ofpriority
the devil.
16 For
where
took
second
place
to
its
hearing.
all may be exhorted;
assure
learning
and selfish
exhorting
can
you have
envy and
ambition,
take
the disorder
essence
ofuncontrolled
edification
Rule
#8:
There
is
to be no
thereplace:
you
find
and
every evil
32 and the spirits of prophets
Rule
#9: All
that
comes
from God
speakers
or
manifestations.
practice.
17
But
the
wisdom
that of,
manthano,
subj.
pres.,
“appraised
are subject to prophets;
The
Last
part
of
v.
33,
probably
produces
peace
in stead
of of all pure;
comes
from
heaven
is
first
increase
in
knowledge”
hupotasso,
“be
belongs indicative
to v. 34. Itpres.
doespass.
not make
confusion
33 for God is not a God of
then
peace-loving,
considerate,
obedient
submissive
to, under
senseto,
insubj.pres.,
v.
33, but does
in vs. 34.
akatastasia,
“disorder,
parakaleo,
“encouraged,
submissive,
full
of
mercy
and
good
confusion but of peace, as in all authority
of…” mob
There
is no such
thing as
disturbances,
frenzy.”
Where
appealed
to, motivated,
pleaded
with,
fruit,
impartial
and
sincere.
18
“out-of-mind”
experience.
Fruit
of
Spirit
the churches of the saints
there
istofrenzy,
self-glorying,
urged
specific
action,
Peacemakers
who
sow pleaded
in peacewith”
raise
is
“self-control”,
not ecstatic
bizarre
or
disharmony,
chaos,
discord,
the
a harvestexperience
of righteousness.
20
trancelike
as
the
pagans
Spirit is not in control, but the flesh
14:34-36 Limitation on Women
gynaikes, “women” in general
10
Rule #10:
are not to speak
(both
singleWomen
and married),
(in tongues oronly
prophecies
or in
by the context.
34 The women are to keep silent in distinguished
evaluating
prophets)
in the
Paul permitted
the
epitrepetai,
pres.pass.,
“to turn to,
This
context
appears
to
indicate
the churches; for they are not
hupotasso,
imp.
pres.
passive,
“place
churches
participation
of
other
women
to
entrust,
give
permission
to.”
Was
this
just
applied
to
“uncovered”
“married
women”:
“…ask their
own
yourself
under
the
authority
of another”
permitted to speak, but are to
who
were
properly
adorned
(1 to
women
who
would
bring
dishonor
sigao,
pres.imp.,
“be
concealed,
husbands…”
(v.35),
but
all
the
Women
could
not
speak
in
the
This
is
the
rule
in
all
the
churches
A description
of when
a married
woman.
Cor
11:2-16)
her
husband
they
prayedinor
subject themselves, just as the
hold
one’s
peace continually.”
passages
dealing
with
women
synagogues.
(v.
33)
This
verb
expresses
a
subordination,
prophesied
(11:5)?
Stronger
than
hesychia
1 Ti
the
church,
appear
torespect
bein“women”
Husbands
are
tohome
the
Law also says.
Driving
his
point
with
(but
not
inferior)
relationship.
As
a
result
of
the
fall
the
original
1
Tim
2:12,
“I
do
not
permit
a
2:11-12
“woman
should
learn
in
general
intellectual
development
ofin
Or
when
they
evaluated
a
prophet
sarcasm,
Paul
seeks
to
motivate
of to
submissive
partnership
woman
teach
ormeans
to
have
35 If they desire to learn anything, design
quietness…”
which
their
wives
and
to
(14:29)?
submission
to
the Word:
No
was
distorted.
aischros,
“disgraceful,
sordid,
authority
(authenteo,
“govern,
“quietness,
absence
of
disorder.”
let them ask their own husbands at
progressively
train
them
believer
has
the
right
to
socially
over
a man;
sheshould
must
Ordomineer”)
if shameful,”
they
were
curious,
they
NET
laleo,
pres.,
“to
preach,
proclaim,
Gen
3:16
,
“To
the
woman
he
privately.
He
wants
them
to
overrule,
ignore,
alter
or disobey
home; for it is improper for a
unacceptable.
Opposite
of
be
silent”
(hesuchia,
“quiet,
not
ask
questions
in
the
meetings
(v.
address,
or
tell
a
message”
said,
I
will
greatly
increase
your
stop
interrupting
the
public
the
revealed
Word.
kalos,
“good,
beautiful”.
saying
very
little”).
woman to speak in church.
35)?
labor
pains; with pain you will give
teachings
Paul is asking ifYou
thewill
women
want from
to
Or alltoofchildren.
the above, restraining
36 Was it from you that the word of birth
have taken
the
place ofbut
thehe
control
your
husband,
any
subtle
attempt
to
be
authoritative
God first went forth? Or has it
Spirit or if they
could make up a
will
you.”
overdominate
the leadership
in the assembly?
revelation
as
if
from
God.
21
come to you only?
14:37 Sign of a Genuine Prophet
or a Spirit-filled person
37 If anyone thinks he is
a prophet or spiritual, let
him recognize that the
things which I write to
you are the Lord's
commandment.
38 But if anyone does
not recognize this, he is
not recognized.
The
contrast
in “consider,
context is between
dokeo,
pres.,
imagine,
the
giftsaof
prophecy and tongues;
have
reputation.”
thus, a parallel
appears
between
epiginosko,
accurately
or well”
The
authority“know
of an apostle
is identical
tongues
and
“spiritual”,
pneumatikos,
1Cor
8:3,
someone
loves
God,
the
prepositional
prefix
= he
towith
that
of“But
ourifLord!
They
hadepireceived
“onebywho
is spiritual” as opposed to
is the
know
God”
“really
know”
revelation
from the Lord and wrote it
one who is carnal.
down 4:6,
under
inspiration,
thus their
1 John
“We
are from God;
the person
writings
infallible!
who
knowsbecame
God listens
to us, but whoever
NAS “For
is 1not
from2:13,
God does
notthis
listen
to us.we
By
Thess
reason
this
weconstantly
know the Spirit
of
truth
and
the
also
thank
God
that
when
agnoeo,
pres. act., “to
be ignorant
of,
spirit
deceit.” the word of God which
youofreceived
disregard”
you7:22,
heard
from
youmany
accepted
it not
Matt
“On
thatus,
day,
will say
to
However
you
treat
the
Apostle’s
writings,
as‘Lord,
the word
men,we
but
for whatinit
me,
Lord,ofdidn’t
prophecy
you will
be
treated
equally!
By
Paul,
thealso
really
is, the
ofname
God,
which
your
name,
andword
in your
cast
out
churches,
and
God?
performs
work
in you
who believe.”
demons
anditsdo
many
powerful
deeds?”
Then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew
22
you. Go away from me, you lawbreakers!”
14:39-40 Speaking the
Revealed Truth is Priority
39 Therefore, my
brethren, desire
earnestly to prophesy,
and do not forbid to
speak in tongues.
40 But all things must be
done properly and in a
fitting and orderly way.
zeloo, pres.imp.plural, “be jealous for, be
deeply concerned about, make important.”
In the congregation prophecy should have
koluo, negative pres. act. imperative,
been the most respected and revered gift
“prevent, keep back, hinder.”
Naturally this is assuming that the
Ten Rules of Spiritual Gifts were
euschemonos,
“orderly behavior,
proper
taxsis,
“arrangement
forthey
temple
service,
practiced;
otherwise,
were
external
appearance,
sequence,
fixedtosuccession,
commanded
keep silent.wellregulated conduct.” The order should not
“In this way you will live a decent life before
be interrupted by spontaneous outbursts
outsiders and not be in need” 1 Thes 4:12.
23
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