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The Acts of The Apostles
-The 1st church history
Presented by Mary Tinuke Jagun
General Outline
Background
Content
Lessons learned
Personal application
Background
 Author: Generally accepted as Luke, a gentile physician and the writer of the third
Gospel.
Why? (review of the book report on the Gospel of Luke)
 Address of Book to the same man as in the third Gospel, Theophilus
 The assumption that the reader is aware of the happenings in the third Gospel.
 The remarkable similarity in the author’s style E.g. tender regard for the gentiles and concept
that the Gospel is for all men; special treatment of the role of women, etc
 Date
 The abrupt ending allows for an early date for the writing suggesting that perhaps it was
written during the 2 years Paul spent preaching in Rome which were from 62AD- 64 AD
 Title
 It’s not a book about the all the acts of all the apostles as the name might suggest, but just
some of the acts of some of the apostles
 Purposes
 A biblical history record
 To reassure next generation Christians of the truth of Christianity
 Interesting suggestion was made by some theologians that it is a trial brief for the apostle
Paul to be presented to Theophilus who might have some power to facilitate apostle Paul’s
release from house arrest in Rome
Key Verse:
Acts 1:8
“But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you will be my
witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the ends of the
earth.”
Outline of the Content (ways of breaking the book into
parts)
Luke’s style  Multiple-Concentric Model
i.e. the development of 3 distinct but overlapping motifs all at the same time
Prologue + Geographical outline
propagation of the Gospel from Jerusalem, to Judea and Samaria, to the ends of the earth)
 MY APPROACH
Prologue + Personal Outline
(centered on the apostles,
Peter, then Paul)
Prologue + Progressive Outline
( centered on Luke’s
seven “progress reports”)
This fact poses the challenge one faces when presenting this book
Outline of Content
Prologue
The coming of the promised Holy Spirit:
Pentecost
Trailblazing Effects of the Holy Spirit
Witnesses in Jerusalem
In Judea and Samaria
To the ends of the earth: journey to Rome
Prologue
 Jesus’ post-resurrection/pre-ascension instructions to the apostles
 Acts 1:4-5 “Do not leave Jerusalem, but wait for the gift my Father promised,
which you have heard me speak about. For John baptized with water, but in a
few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.”
 Why wait? Rely on God’s Spirit not human effort. For this reason, some have suggested
that this book be titled, “The Acts of the Holy Spirit”
 Key verse 8 “But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and
you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the
ends of the earth.”
 Why Jerusalem, then Judea and Samaria, then the ends of the earth? Think globally,
but act locally. When we are faithful in Jerusalem, then faithful in Judea and Samaria,
we are trained by God to grow and bear the cross of the mission of carrying the gospel
to the ends of the earth.
 Their response to Jesus’ instructions
 Acts 1:14 “They all joined together constantly in prayer, along with the women
and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers.”
 The appointing of Judas’ replacement
 Matthias is prayerfully chosen heavy dependence on Scripture
 Ps. 69 and Ps. 109 do not directly refer to Judas but since David was regarded as
a type of Messiah, his enemies were regarded as typical of the enemies of Jesus.
The Pentecost (Acts 2)
 Pentecost (means fiftieth) = Feast of weeks
Old Testament History (Lev. 23:15-23)

What?
 Solemn Jewish festival (one of the seven main annual feasts including the Passover, Feast of
Unleavened bread, the Feast of the Firstfruits, etc)

When?

Why?
 observed on the seventh Sabbath (50 days) after the harvest of the firstfruits
 Purpose is to remember the giving of the law at M. Sinai which meant that God had entered into
covenant with the Jewish nation.
 Note that the expression “the poor and alien” in Lev. 23:22 refers to Gentiles, so the coming of the Holy Spirit
would not be exclusively for the Jews but for Gentiles as well
New Testament Fulfillment of prophecy

What?
 Violent wind, tongues of fire settling on each, filled with the Holy Spirit, speaking in other tongues
understood by residents (Jews and Gentile converts) of Asia, Arabia, Northern Africa and even Rome
who were in town for the festival

When?

Why?
 It happened 50 days after the resurrection of Jesus
 Tongues were of temporary purposes, especially for unbelieving Jews see 1Cor. 14:21, 22 “Tongues,
then, are a sign, not for believers but for unbelievers”
 God was entering into a covenant with all those who believed in Jesus, His Son; the speech in other
tongues symbolizes that language was to be no barrier in the spread of the gospel.
 Only 3 times are tongues spoken in Acts (2:1-4; 11:15; 19:6,7) each time, it was a sign that God had brought
the Gentiles into the family of believers on the same basis as the Jews.
Clearly, the feast was a foreshadow of the coming of the Holy Spirit
Trailblazing Effects of the Holy Spirit
1. The First Christian Sermon (14-41) “a masterpiece”
 Appeal to the works of Jesus
 The crowd’s guilt in nailing Jesus to the cross
 The resurrection of Jesus and promise of the forgiveness and the Spirit to those who
repent and believe
 Three thousand people were “cut to the heart”, believed
his message and were baptized.
 When the Holy Spirit moves, Bible students are cut to the heart and
there’s no limit to what God can do. Even America can be a
“Kingdom of Priests and a Holy Nation”
2. The Attitude of the Fellowship of the Believers
 Verse 42 “They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to the fellowship, to
the breaking of bread and to prayer.”  4 extremely important aspects of one’s New
Life in Christ.
 Verse 46 “Everyday they continued to meet together in the temple courts. They broke
bread in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts”
 I thought we had too many meetings in UBF, but I see that there is no such thing as
too many meetings, but perhaps meetings can become cumbersome because of a
lack of the Holy Spirit.
Witnesses in Jerusalem
 Healing of the crippled beggar + sermon
 Arrest and witness before the Sanhedrin
 Church life, Ananias and Sapphira
 Harmony among believers, “all the believers were one in heart and mind.” (4:32)
 Strict dealings with dishonest members.
 Miraculous escape and witness before the Sanhedrin
 Appointment of Greeks as leaders
 An example of how sometimes, co-working problems can arise where there is close
fellowship among believers and the way to solve it is through prayer and delegation.
 Martyrdom of Stephen
 Paints a picture of Christ in his…
 Full-proof, Spirit-filled and unarguable knowledge about the Scripture and the fulfillment of it through
Christ
 His dying words as he was being stoned, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit…Lord, do not hold this sin
against them.”
Summary statement
The church in Jerusalem was a happening place, they enjoyed each other’s favor, they
were highly regarded among the people and they were fruitful. When you have
beautiful fellowship, no one wants to go out, but…
The propagation of the ministry was as a result of persecution Acts 8:1
“On that day a great persecution broke out against the church at Jerusalem, and all
except the apostles were scattered throughout Judea and Samaria.”
In
Judea
and
Samaria
 Philip and the Ethiopian Eunuch
 a positive response to the gospel in Samaria
 Paul’s conversion (Acts 9)
 In revelation to the disciple Ananias, God says in verse 15, “This is my chosen instrument to
carry my name before the Gentiles…”
 Healings by Peter
 Raising of Tabitha “Dorcas”, a disciple back to life
 Conversion of Cornelius, a centurion: Holy Spirit to the Gentiles (they heard them
speaking in other tongues)
 Peter Defends the conversion of Gentiles in Jerusalem
 Church (Greek, ecclesia means assembly) at Antioch in Syria
 The ministry was moving out from Judea and Samaria to the neighboring vicinity of Antioch
but at first, most preached to other Jews. It was something like a Korean missionary to
America only fishing Korean students in America, but soon after, some preached to non-Jews
and they had a successful ministry.
 They no longer saw themselves in light of their nationalities but an assembly of people from
all nations who have come together in the name and mission of Christ
 First reference to the believer’s as Christians (Christ’s men/followers) because they had
Jesus’ name on their lips so much.
Ongoing propagation of the ministry
Acts 13:3
“The Holy Spirit said, ‘Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which
I have called them.’ So after they had fasted and prayed, they placed their
hands on them and sent them off.”
To the ends of the earth( “The Birth of the Gentile Church”) Now, they
began to have a broad vision/ World Mission Vision




Cyprus conversion of the Roman proconsul, even the highest ranks of society changed by the Gospel
Pisidian Antioch (a Roman colony) John Mark left (modern day Jonah), but the Gospel was honored by the Gentiles
here
Iconium, Lystra and Derbe  a great number of Jews and Gentiles believed here, but there was also persecution
Philippi (leading city of Macedonia (14:11-40))  considered because of the vision of the man of Macedonia




Thessalonica and Berea  some acceptance of the gospel in Thessalonica but less so than in Berea where there was an
unequaled eagerness for the gospel.
Athens (Acts 17:21)




In Troas, a young man named “Eutychus” whose name means “one who had good fortune” is raised from the dead after he
falls asleep and falls 3 stories down during Paul’s preaching.
Return to Jerusalem why? he was compelled by the Spirit (20:22)


Priscilla and Aquila First pioneering “House Church” mentioned.
Troas


A University environment: “All the Athenians and the foreigners who lived there spent their time doing nothing but talking
about and listening to the latest ideas”
The city was full of idols, but in the Areopagus, after hearing the Gospel of the “Unknown God”, few men became followers
Corinth church established and nurtured by Paul himself
Ephesus (18:18-28)


Lydia’s heart opened to the Gospel she and her household were baptized and whose house became the location of a small church
Imprisonment and Miraculous prison “shake-up” leading to their release, an apology from authorities and proper escort out of prison
Paul’s imprisonment and Life testimony
Journey to Rome exciting sea adventure all part of God’s plan to use it as an opportunity for Paul to gain the respect of
the Romans through his shepherding. As a result, Paul had his own personal body guard and preached freely in Rome.

Shipwreck and the island Malta
Summary statement There’s the misconception that Paul is just jumping from ministry to ministry but it is evident
that he is not just randomly spreading the word as he desired, but being carefully led by the Holy Spirit and
raising up leaders wherever he went. Similar to M. Paul Oh.
Acts 28:31
“Boldly and without hindrance he preached the kingdom of God and taught about the Lord Jesus Christ.”
kinda makes you wonder if it really might be a trial brief in defense of Paul

Fitting action packed ending to a book titled “Acts”
Map Showing
Showing Overview
of Regions
Map
the spread
of the into
gospel
the Gospel
inwhich
the early
daysspread in the Early
Days
Lessons Learned
Jesus sends
The Holy
Spirit
Apostles
Teaching
(The Bible)
Fellowship and
harmony
Among believers
Breaking
Of
Bread
1. A fruitful Church that is pleasing to God
2. Witnesses of Jesus in Jerusalem, Judea and
Samaria and to the ends of the earth
Prayer
Application
Jesus Sends
The
Holy Spirit
Friday
Group Bible
Study
Fellowship
And Harmony
Among Members
Communion
and
Eating Fellowship
Early Morning
Prayer
1. A fruitful University Bible Fellowship ministry that is
pleasing to God
2. Witnesses of Jesus to UMCP, 206 East Coast Campuses
and 33 Latin American countries and to the ends of the
earth (Moslem and Communist countries)
Personal Application
Through a personal relationship
With Jesus Christ,
I can have
Power from the Holy Spirit
Daily Bread
Faithful Personal
Bible study
Harmony with
YDJ and Fellowship
Members
Communion
and
Eating Fellowship
Early morning
Prayer
Medical
School at UMAB
1. Fruitful shepherdess
2. Witness of Jesus to UMCP, UMAB and to the ends of the earth as
a Doctor Missionary, like the author, Luke!
THE END
Questions and Answers
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