Unit 2 The Teddy Stoddard Story Lesson 1 Overview • Pre-reading questions • New words & expressions • Background • A global picture Pre-reading Questions • Who is your favorite teacher? What do you remember him/her for? • What qualities do you expect of a good teacher? New Words & Expressions Reading loud (Pronunciation) Understanding the meaning Word derivation Word differentiation Understanding the Meaning • slump slump down in a chair Understanding the Meaning • unkempt – messy, having untidy clothes and hair The man with greasy ~ hair left her a very bad impression. Understanding the Meaning • bold – bold character – boldfaced Understanding the Meaning • Making bold X’s and marking the F at the top of the paper with a broad red pen Understanding the Meaning • sullen – She’s rather ~. 她总是闷闷 不乐的。 – The ~ child refused to answer my question. Understanding the Meaning • inquisitive – Don’t be so ~; I’m not telling you what I’ve promised not to say. – The boy examined inquisitively with a magnifying glass. Understanding the Meaning • withdraw – She withdrew ￡50 from her bank account. – She has made several withdrawals from her account recently. Understanding the Meaning • withdrawn <adj.> Habitually quiet and often seeming more concerned with one’s own thoughts than other people 孤僻的； 离群的；内向的 – After the accident, he withdrew into himself and refused to talk to either his family or friends. Understanding the Meaning • tardy – We apologize for our ~ response to your letter. The ~ student is being blamed. Understanding the Meaning • rhinestone • bracelet 手镯；臂镯 Understanding the Meaning • cologne light perfume • Cologne – a city in North Germany on the River Rhine – It is a port and an industrial center. – Its German name is Koln. Understanding the Meaning • stifle – She is trying to ~ her laughter. – We ~d in the heat of the city. 我们在城市的炎热中透不过气来。 Understanding the Meaning • exclaim – She ~ed in delight when she saw the presents. Understanding the Meaning • dab – She put a ~ of perfume behind her ears. – She ~bed She ~bed a little some cream perfume on her wrists. on her face. Understanding the Meaning • pew Understanding the Meaning confetti • bride & groom (bridegroom) Word Derivation V. venture withdraw N. venture withdrawal joy A. venturesome withdrawn V. exclaim assure N. exclamation assurance A. exclamatory assured enjoy joyful/joyous/ joyless broaden broadness broad Word Derivation V. slump N. slump A. constant N. constancy review review bold boldness dab dab sullen sullenness groom groom inquisitive inquisition/ inquisitiveness stifle tardy stifling <a.> tardiness Fill in the blank with the appropriate form of the word given. • • • • • I don’t have very much to feel ___________ joyful (joy) about at the moment. Several hundred people were crammed into the stifling ___________ (stifle) room. inquisition The police subjected him to an ______________ (inquisitive) that lasted 12 hours. He has become more _____________ venturesome (venture) this season with dress designs that incorporate a variety of ethnic influences. She turned her back to him and stared ________ sullenly (sullen) out of window. Fill in the blank with the appropriate form of the word given. • • • • • There’s been a _________ (slump) in the slump demand for new cars. Now that the finance has been secured, the production of the film is _________ assured (assure). The bank became suspicious after several large ____________ withdrawals (withdraw) were made from his account in a single week. constancy How do they maintain the ______________ (constant) of temperature inside the plane? My uncle is known for his ___________ tardiness (tardy) in paying his bills. Word Differentiation • Venture vs. Adventure • The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn are both written by Mark Twain. There are many joint ________ ventures in Suzhou Industrial Park. Nobody ventured _______ to speak to the angry king. The book is about the adventures _________ of Sinbad the Sailor. • • • Word Differentiation • Alike, Liking, Like etc. • • • • • • alike Friends and family _______ were devastated by the news of her death. Was the meal to your _________, sir? liking I like all kinds of music, jazz, rock and the ____. like We all have different likes and dislikes. 好恶；爱憎 Life can be likened _______ to a journey with an unknown destination. He voted for the change and he expected his colleagues to do __________. likewise Word Differentiation • Constant; continual; consistent; continuous • Her work is sometimes good, but the problem is she’s not consistent __________. constant insults • Foreigners have to suffer ________ from the local population. • Aging is a continuous __________ process. • His plane went down after continual __________ attacks. Word Differentiation • Broad vs. Board • The hijackers boarded ________ the plane at London Airport. The boy flashed a broad _______ grin at us. board some students from She arranged to _______ the university. The news soon spread _______. abroad (=everywhere) The boat is ready to leave. All________! aboard The plane crashed, killing all 200 people _______. aboard • • • • • Word Differentiation • Bold vs. bald • When he took off his hat, we saw that he bald as a coot! was as ______ Bold words denote chapter headings. • ______ bold enough to take • No journalist was ______ on the Prime Minister. • His hair was combed forward to hide a bald patch. growing ______ Word Differentiation • Dab vs. Dub • • • • I’d rather watch a film with subtitles than one dubbed ______ into English She dabbed _______ (at) the wound with a wet cloth. It is an American film dubbed _______ in Chinese. Cf: caption: words printed above or below a picture to say what it is about or give further information Word Differentiation • Assure; ensure; insure; reassure • “Don’t worry, you car will be ready assured him. tomorrow,” the mechanic ________ • Make sure you insure ______ your home contents for an adequate amount. • Careful planning is needed to ensure ______ the smooth running of the event. reassured him. • A squeeze of her hand _________ Word Differentiation • Pew vs. Dew • The grass was wet with early morning dew _____. • Groom vs. Gloom gloom and doom • There is widespread ______ about the company’s future. •Groomed _______ for the wedding, the young man awaited his bride. Word Differentiation • Quit, Abandon, Resign • He resigned _________ his post because he had been offered a better job. He __________ abandoned his wife and children. You must resign _____ yourself to waiting a bit longer. The game had to be abandoned __________ because of crowd trouble. He seems quite resigned ________ to his fate. 他似乎相当听天由命。 • • • • Word Differentiation • Claim vs. Exclaim • “Good heavens!” he exclaimed _________. “It’s six o’clock already.” claim Did you ________ on the insurance after your car accident? If no one claims _______ the lost bike, the person who found it can keep it. He exclaimed __________ at the size of the bill. They ______ claim to have discovered a cure for the disease. • • • • A Global Picture • How do you understand the title? • How is “The Teddy Stoddard Story” different from “The Teddy Stoddard’s Story”? • Refer to note 1 on page 18. • How do you understand the italicized sentences at the beginning of the text? • Why are they used? Theme of the Text A good teacher makes a good student. It is the teacher who teaches with his/her heart/care rather than his/her instructions that makes a confident and successful student, both in study and in life. A Global Picture • What is the author’s purpose of writing? • To tell the readers how a teacher’s attitude towards a pupil can affect his/her life. • How many parts does the text fall into? • Five. • What is the main idea of each part? Structure of the Text • Part One (para.1-5) – Mrs. Thompson’s general impression about Teddy from her observation. • Part Two (para.6-8) – What Mrs. Thompson learned of Teddy from his records. • Part Three (para.9-12) – A description of how Teddy’s Christmas present touched Mrs. Thompson, which is the turning point of the whole story. Structure of the Text • Part Four (para.13-14) – Mrs. Thompson’s special care and encouragement to Teddy — the changes in both Mrs. Thompson and teddy after Christmas • Part Five (para.15-20) – the five successive notes by Teddy at important stages of his study life Thank you! To be continued. Lesson 2 Overview • Word review • Text analysis •Comprehension •Language points •Sentence highlights Define the following words: • sullen • inquisitive • • • • • withdraw stifle slump tardy exclaim • silently showing dislike or bad temper • always wanting to find out the details about things and people • to (cause to) not to take part in • to prevent from happening • to sink down; depress • slow in action • to cry out or speak suddenly and loudly Text Analysis • Comprehension questions • Language points • Sentence highlights Comprehension (Para.1-5) • What lie did Mrs. Thompson tell her children? • Why was it a lie? • What did Teddy look like? • Why did Mrs. Thompson take delight in Marking Teddy’s papers? Language Points (Para.1-5) • Make impact on (foreword) – The computer has made a great impact on modern life. – The nuclear experiment has made a major impact on world peace. • Actions (foreword) – Actions speak louder than words. – The police had to take firm action to deal with the riots. Language Points (Para.1-5) • Lack of (foreword) – The building was never finished because of a ~ of money. (n.) – He lacks common sense. (v.) • Venture (foreword): an activity or undertaking involving risk or uncertainty – He thought the ~ was too risky and didn’t want to become involved. – Venture capital 风险投资 Venturer 风险投资人 Language Points (Para.1-5) • On the very first day (para.1) – You are the very man I want. (=just; exactly) – We were there from the very beginning. • Take delight in (para.5) – I took delight in watching him making a fool of himself. – He seems to take great delight in teasing his sister. Sentence Highlights (Para.1-5) • …there in front of her, slumped in his seat on the third row, was a little boy named Teddy Stoddard. (para.2) • This is a periodic sentence, in which the most important information is postponed to achieve end-focus and create a suspense. Sentence Highlights (Para.1-5) • Mrs. Thompson had watched Teddy the year before and noticed he didn’t play that well with the other children, that his clothes were unkempt and that he constantly needed a bath. (para.3) Note: The verb “notice” is followed by three object clauses. Sentence Highlights (Para.1-5) • It got to the point during the first few months that she would actually take delight in marking his paper… (para.4) • It (Her dislike for Teddy) had developed to such an extent/extreme during the first few month that it was in fact a kind of joy for her to mark his paper… Language Points (Para.4) • To the point: to the particular time or stage – It was so confusing that eventually it got to the point where no one knew what was going on. – Their family situation decayed to the point that they argued with each other all the time. – It goes to the point where communication is simply not possible. Comprehension (Para.6-8) • From the teachers’ comments, what changes could be noticed in Teddy? • What caused Teddy to change from a “bright, inquisitive boy” to “a sullen little boy”? • What was Mrs. Thompson’s reaction when she read Teddy’s file? Why? Language Points (Para.6-8) • Record (para.6): – A person’s medical ~s are confidential. – He is well known to the police and has a long criminal ~. A student’s academic record → Language Points (Para.6-8) • File (para.6): written records that are kept about a particular person or subject – The police have opened a file on local burglaries. – I’ll keep your record on file. Language Points (Para.6-8) • Be in for (para.6): be about to have – We’re in for some trouble if we don’t finish it quickly. – It’s pretty stormy! I think we’re in for a rough flight. • Ready (para.6): willing; quick – I gave a ~ consent. – He has a ~ tongue. – I have no ~ answer for the question. Language Points (Para.6-8) • Be hard on (para.7): treat unfairly – Don’t be so ~ on him — he’s new to the job. – My husband travels frequently. His absence is really ~ on our children. – Children are very ~ on their shoes. (=wear out quickly) • Take steps (para.7): take action, to do what is necessary – We have taken steps to prevent such unpleasant things from taking place again. – We must take steps to help those homeless children. Sentence Highlights (Para.6-8) • When she opened his file, she was in for a surprise. (para.6) • When she opened his file, she was about to have / experienced a surprise. Sentence Highlights (Para.6-8) • “Teddy is a bright, inquisitive child with a ready laugh…” (para.6) • “Teddy is a clever child who is curious and prepared to laugh...” • “Teddy is a bright and cheerful child who likes asking questions…” Sentence Highlights (Para.6-8) • …but his mother’s death has been hard on him. (para.7) • …but his mother’s death has had a negative impact on him. • …but his mother’s death has affected him greatly. Sentence Highlights (Para.6-8) • He is tardy and could become a problem. (para.8) • He is often late for school and could become a problematic/difficult student. Comprehension (Para.9-12) • When and how did Mrs. Thompson begin to focus on Teddy? • How did Mrs. Thompson react to Teddy’s Christmas presents? • Why did Mrs. Thompson cry after the children left that day? Language Points (Para.9-12) • Except for (para.10): <used only before noun> – In New York City, ~ for government-subsidized construction, the only rental units being built are luxury units. – I was naked ~ for my socks. • Clumsily (para.10): awkwardly; without skill – The boy cut the cake ~ into two halves. Language Points (Para.9-12) • presents in beautiful ribbon and bright paper vs. present in brown paper Language Points (Para.9-12) • grocery bag (para.10) • A scissored grocery bag: a bag used for carrying groceries has now been cut with scissors to be turned into a present wrapper Language Points (Para.9-12) • a bottle that was one-quarter full of cologne (para.10) – The currency has been reduced to a quarter of its former value. (=a fourth part of a whole) – I waited a quarter of an hour and then went home. (=15 minutes) Sentence Highlights (Para.9-12) • Teddy Stoddard stayed behind just long enough to say,… (para.11) • Teddy Stoddard stayed behind but he left as soon as he had said,… Comprehension (Para.13-14) • What change did Mrs. Thompson make in her teaching? • What was the remarkable change in Teddy’s study after Mrs. Thompson had changed her attitude towards him? • Why would Mrs. Thompson remember that cologne on days when there was an important test? Language Points (Para.13-14) • Come alive (para.14): become active – The meeting really came alive when she stood up to make her speech. – The office comes alive at eight a.m. • Vow (para.14): declare; swear; promise – She ~ed that she would take the matter to court. – Priests ~ their lives to the service of the church. Sentence Highlights (Para.13-14) • On that very day, she quit teaching reading, writing and speaking. Instead, she began to teach children. (para.13) • Starting from that very day, she stopped regarding her pupils as mere “objects” of her instruction in reading, writing and speaking. Instead, she treated them as human beings and gave them more care and encouragement. Sentence Highlights (Para.13-14) • … he had also become the “pet” of the teacher who had once vowed to love all of her children exactly the same. (para.14) • …he had also become the most adored / favorite pupil of the teacher who had once promised to love all her children just the same. Comprehension (Para.15-20) • How many notes or letters did Mrs. Thompson receive from Teddy? • What were the occasions on which Teddy sent the notes? • What was the consistent message in all the notes or letters? • Why did Teddy ask Mrs. Thompson to attend his marriage ceremony? Language Points (Para.15-20) • While (para.17): although – While a Rolls Royce is a very nice car it is extremely expensive to run. – While I understand that you’re busy at the moment, I really think you ought to see these notes. • Stick with (para.17): continue in spite of difficulty – You gave me the courage to ~ with my reform to the end. Language Points (Para.15-20) • M.D. (para.18) = Doctor of Medicine Note: the change from “Teddy” to “Theodore” Language Points (Para.15-20) • Reserve for (para.19): set apart for – Japanese food has been presented as expensive and ~ for special occasions. – A place was ~ for her in the front row. – We’ll ~ the ticket for you till tomorrow noon. • I bet (para.20): to state sth. confidently – I bet that it will rain tomorrow. – I bet you she won’t agree. Sentence Highlights (Para.15-20) • …she got another letter, saying that while things had been tough at times, he’d stayed in school, had stuck with it… (para.17) • …she got another letter which told her that, although he had had difficulties occasionally, he had kept moving on in school and had never given up… Sentence Highlights (Para.15-20) • Teddy said he’d met his girl and was to be married. (para.19) • be to do sth:表示按计划安排即将发生的 动作 – A meeting is to be held as 3 o’clock this afternoon. Background Information • The touching tale is one of pure invention. • The story was penned by Elizabeth Silance Ballard in 1976 and published that year in Home Life magazine. • Originally, the story was entitled “Three Letters from Teddy” and the main character’s name was Teddy Stallard. Besides, there are two extra paragraphs for the ending. Background Information • Two extra paragraphs as follows: • (Paragraph 21) They hugged each other, and Dr. Stoddard whispered in Mrs. Thompson’s ear, "Thank you Mrs. Thompson for believing in me. Thank you so much for making me feel important and showing me that I could make a difference." Background Information • Two extra paragraphs as follows: • (Paragraph 22) Mrs. Thompson, with tears in her eyes, whispered back. She then said, "Teddy, you have it all wrong. You were the one who taught me that I could make a difference. I didn’t know how to teach until I met you.” Background Information • The child in the story has been variously named “Teddy Stallart,” “Teddy Stoddart,” or “Teddy Stallard”. • Some versions in circulation even conclude Teddy Stoddard as being a doctor now at Iowa Methodist in Des Monies, which is in fact not true. Thank you! To be continued. Lesson 3 Overview •Duty report •Review • Translation practice • Grammar exercises • Word expansion • Oral practice Wedding Ceremony Participants (Bridal Party) • • • • • • • • • Bride Groom Maid of honor Bridesmaids Best man Groomsmen Flower girls Page boys Ringbearer. British Wedding Custom continuity Optimism & hope Something old, something new Something borrowed, something blue And a silver sixpence in her shoe. good fortune financial security purity Wedding Anniversary • In many countries, one can receive a greeting from the monarch or the President for any wedding anniversary on or after the 50th. • Do you know any wedding anniversary and its related gift? Wedding Anniversary • • • • • • • • • 5th anniversary 10th anniversary 15th anniversary 20th anniversary 25th anniversary 30th anniversary 40th anniversary 50th anniversary 60th anniversary • • • • • • • • • Wooden → Daisy Tin → Daffodil Crystal →Rose China → Aster Silver → Iris Pearl → Lily Ruby → Gladiolus Golden →Yellow rose Diamond → Violet Translation Practice • • • • • Require Wonder Assure Lack of Take delight in • • • • • Put off Be in for Take steps Focus on Take pains Translation Practice • 这门课程需要老师懂两 门语言。 • 婚礼上要求穿正式的服 装。 • 所有乘客都被要求出示 车票。 • 系安全带是法律规定的。 • True marriage ~s us to show trust and loyalty. require • The course ~s the teacher to be bilingual. • The wedding ceremony ~s formal dress. • All passengers are ~d to show their tickets. • The wearing of seat belts is ~d by law. • 真正的婚姻要求双方彼 此忠诚和信任。 Translation Practice • 我不知道他是否赢得了 比赛。 • 我刚才正琢磨你上哪儿 去了。 • 她为自己的愚蠢而感到 惊讶。 • Sometimes he ~ed if other men ~ed the same things. wonder <v.> • I ~ if he has won the match/competition. • I was just ~ing where you were/had been. • She ~ed at her own stupidity. • 有时他纳闷，不知道别 人是否也想知道这些事。 Translation Practice • 绑架者向他保证他的女 儿是安全的。 • 她查了查确定那份文件 还在抽屉里。 • Victory would ~ them a place in the finals. • 我可以向你保证我们的 产品质量。 assure • The kidnapper ~d him of her daughter’s safety. • She ~d herself that the document was still in the drawer. • 这场胜利将确保他们进 入决赛。 • I can ~ you of the quality of our products. Translation Practice • 他唯一的问题就是缺乏 自信。 • 由于缺乏证据，那名犯 人被释放了。 • This young man displayed a complete ~ of courtesy. • 他因经验不足而遭到拒 绝。 lack of • His only problem is ~ of confidence. • For ~ of evidence, the prisoner was released. • 这个年轻人表现得极端 无礼。 • He was turned down for ~ of experience. Translation Practice • 我已经邀请他们吃饭了， 但是我不得不推迟请客， 因为我妈妈病了。 • 记者招待会推迟一周进 行。 • Never ~ off till tomorrow what you can do today. • He can’t ~ off going to the doctor any longer. put off • I’ve invited them to dinner, but I’ll have to ~ them off because my mother’s sick/ill. • The press conference has been ~ off for a week. • 今日事，今日毕。 • 他的病不能再拖了。 Translation Practice • 我们必须立即采取措施 帮助那些在事故中受伤 的人。 • The President took unusual ~s of altering his prepared speech in order to condemn the terrorist attack. • The country is taking its first tentative ~s towards democracy. take steps • We must take immediate ~s to help those who were injured in the accident. • 总统采取了不寻常的措 施，改变已经准备好的 讲话，以谴责这次恐怖 袭击。 • 这个国家正在尝试向民 主制度迈出第一步。 Translation Practice • 这对夫妇煞费苦心，对 计划守口如瓶。 • 她总是不厌其烦地摆弄 自己的头发。 • I took great ~s to distinguish cultured pears from genuine pearls. • 系主任花了很大功夫挑 选最佳人选。 take pains • The couple took great ~s to keep the plan secret. • She always took ~s with her hair. • 我花了很大力气学习辨认 天然珍珠和人造珍珠。 • The dean took great ~s to select the best staff available. Translation Practice • 今晚的节目集中在离 婚对孩子的影响上。 • 今年的会议集中探讨 妇女权益问题。 • The visit helped to ~ world attention on the plight of the refugees. • The astronomer ~d his telescope on the moon. focus on • Tonight’s program ~es on how divorce may affect the children. • This year our meeting ~es on the question of women’s rights and benefits. • 此次访问有助于使世界都 来关注这些难民的困境。 • 那位天文学家将天文望远 镜对准月球。 Grammar Exercises (pa.22) • As <conj.> vs. Like <prep.> as his father used • He is an honest person ____ to be. like everybody else. • He is just ______ like trying. • There is nothing _____ like • To an expert, rococo music is not much ____ baroque music. • Tom is very healthy, _____ as are his brothers. Word Expansion (pa.21) • contain; attain; obtain; retain; entertain; maintain; sustain (-tain = to hold) • recede; precede; intercede; antecede; intercede (-cede = to go; to proceed) • dispel; repel; expel (-pel = to drive away) • suspend; depend; append (-pend = to hang; to attach to) • include; conclude; exclude (-clude = to shut) • resist; assist; consist; insist; persist; subsist (-sist = to stand) Review — Retelling • Retell the story – from the point of view of Mrs. Thompson – from the point of view of Teddy – from a third person point of view Oral Practice • Do you know any famous teachers or great educators home and abroad? • What do you know about them? What similarities do you think they possess? Socrates Confucius Cai Yuanpei Mencius Ye Shengtao Tao Xingzhi Thank you!