Strasbourg History 12 B.C. Strasbourg was established as the Roman military camp on the Rhine named Argentoratum. History 1434-44: Johannes Gutenberg refines his printing press with moveable metal type while living in Strasbourg. History 1566 The Strasbourg University is founded. History 1681 Louis XIV and his troops take over Strasbourg, placing it under French control. History 1770-71 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, a German philosopher and poet, studies law in Strasbourg. History 1870 City of Strasbourg is handed over to the German Empire. History 1918 Strasbourg returns to France. History 1940 Germans occupy Strasbourg. History November 23, 1944 Strasbourg is liberated by French troops, led by General Leclerc. History 1949 Strasbourg is chosen as headquarters for the Council of Europe. Geography Strasbourg is located in the Northeastern part of France on the Franco-German border in Alsace. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. Geography Strasbourg is the capital of Alsace Population: 264,115 Languages: French, German, and Alsatian dialect Climate: Summers are hot and humid; Winters are raw and relatively cold; Spring and Autumn are pleasant. Geography Strasbourg is seat of the Council of Europe, European Parliament, and European Court of Human Rights. Industries: machinery, automobiles, aircraft, chemicals, metallurgy, electronics, textiles, food processing, tourism. Culture Alsace is famous for its wine, beer, and sauerkraut. For Saint Nicolas day on the 6th of December, bakeries prepare brioches, or « Maennele » as tradition. During Christmas time there are 15 different varieties of cookies that are called « Bredeles. » Traditionally, breakfast on New Year’s Day is celebrated with a « stolle » which is a special bread. Culture Houses: In typical houses during the 15th or 16th centuries, roofs were covered with flat shingles, and wooden boards covered the walls. Culture Traditional Strasbourg Costume. “La Belle Strasbourgeoise”Nicolas de Largillière : The Cathedral The city is organized around the cathedral. It was created during the Middle Ages and took almost three centuries to be completed. The spire is 142 meters tall and because of this, Notre Dame de Strasbourg was for a while the tallest building in the world when it was completed in 1439. “Little France” It’s the most picturesque quarter in Strasbourg. It’s also the original quarter for fishermen, tanners, and millers. Strasbourg Universities There are three universities in Strasbourg Strasbourg I – Université Louis Pasteur Strasbourg II - Université Marc Bloch Strasbourg III – Université Robert Schuman Strasbourg I – Université Louis Pasteur Enrolls more than 18,000 students Four main campuses Areas of study include health sciences: (medicine, pharmacy, etc) exact sciences: astronomy, biology, etc) social sciences: geography, psychology, education, etc.) Strasbourg II – Université Marc Bloch Located on the Rhine River Nearly 48,000 students Offers many humanities fields as a large research university (literature, sociology, philosophy, etc.) Strasbourg III – Université Robert Schuman Approx. 8,500 students Communications, journalism, law, business, political science, etc. Vauban Barrage Created by Taradein in 1690 with the plans of Vauban, a military engineer. They permit the flooding of the south quarter in the need of protection against enemies. The Gardens The Orangerie Park. It’s the oldest quarter in the city. Constructed in 1804 for the Impress Josephine, who often visited Strasbourg. Interesting Information France and Germany are interested in creating a shared region with a common administration, and with Strasbourg as the capital. Think of it as a European Washington D.C. with around 860,000 inhabitants.