Activator
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Find the Absolute Location
41 N, 12 E
26 S, 28 E
Islamabad, Pakistan.
Chicago, Illinois, USA
Find the Relative Locations
Tokyo, Japan
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Mexico City, Mexico
Khartoum, Sudan
Identify Four Geographic Terms
List the 3 Characteristics Responsible for a Regions
Geography:
5 Themes of Geography
What are the five themes?
Tools geographer’s use to study
features on earth.
1. Location
2. Place
3. Human/Environment Interaction
4. Movement
5. Region
Enrichment Links
Location
Describes where places are at on earth.
Types of Location:
– ABSOLUTE: exact location on earth (fixed)
• Doesn’t change
– Latitude/Longitude
– Hemispheres
Grid System
– Address
– RELATIVE: compared to other places (variable)
• Changes dependent upon where you are comparing
it to.
– Direction
Absolute Location
Find:
Rome, Italy
– 41 N, 12 E
Johannesburg, South Africa
– 26 S, 28 E
33 N, 73 E
– Islamabad, Pakistan.
42 N, 88 W
– Chicago, Illinois, USA.
Relative Location
Give Two Examples for Each:
– Tokyo, Japan
East of South Korea
South East of Russia
– Buenos Aires, Argentina
East of Chile & West of Uruguay
– Mexico City, Mexico
South of Texas & Northwest of Guatemala
– Khartoum, Sudan
West of Ethiopia & West of Chad
Place
A place is defined by its unique
characteristics.
– Physical characteristics
– Cultural characteristics
Physical Characteristics
Specific to THAT place, not generic.
– Things made by nature.
Identify Four Geographic Terms.
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Archipelago, Badlands, Bay, Butte, Canal
Canyon, Cape, Delta, Geyser, Glacier
Gulf, Isthmus, Jungle, Lagoon, Lake, Mesa
Ocean, Plain, Peninsula, River, Sea
Sound, Swamp, Tundra, Valley
List the 3 Characteristics Responsible for a
Regions Geography:
– Temperature
– Precipitation
– Natural Vegetation
Human (Cultural)
Characteristics
Specific to THAT place, not generic.
– Things made by human.
Man-made or invented.
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Language
Unique buildings
Religious Practices
Celebrations/traditions/holidays
Examples:
– Portuguese is the official language of Brazil.
– Many Mexicans are Catholic.
– Mayan ruins are located in Mexico.
Human/Environment
Interaction
How humans depend on, adapt to, and
modify the environment
Consequences to those actions depend
upon how people choose to interact with
the world and use their resources.
– Positive/Negative
– Intentional/Accidental
– Favorable/Destructive
Human/Environment
Interaction
Questions
1. How humans depend on the environment?
2. How humans adapt to the environment?
3. How humans modify the environment?
Current Environmental Issues:
– Climate Change (global warming)
– Energy Resources
– Water Conservation
– Deforestation
Movement
How do humans interact on earth?
– Places do not exist in isolation.
Today: “globalization”
– Four categories: People, Goods (products), Ideas
(intangible items), and Services.
Examples
– Immigration from Latin America to US.
– War in Iraq (troops, supplies, ideas, people)
– MySpace, Facebook (ideas)
Regions
Areas that are similar in terms of physical and
cultural characteristics
Questions
– How is the country similar to any of its neighbors:
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Religion
Languages
Vegetation
Climate
Types:
– Physical
– Cultural
Landforms
 Government
 Industries
 Culture
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Physical Regions
Includes the features
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Landforms
Climate
Soil
Natural vegetation
Examples
– Ukraine is an agricultural region because the
vegetation is tropical.
– Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama)
– Latin America (Spanish-speaking nations)
– Tropics (countries located near equator)
Cultural (Human)
Regions
Includes the features:
– Political
– Religions
– Languages
Examples:
– Tokyo and Detroit are both automobile
manufacturing regions because that is where cars
are produced.
– Hollywood
– Havana, Cuba
Perceptual Regions
Groups of areas that provoke a certain
stereotype or feeling.
Examples:
– The Bronx
– The “ghetto”
– China town
Enrichment Assignment
“What does each theme look like?”
Use the graphic organizer to visually
represent each of the fives themes of
geography. (Think Comic Strip)
– You may ONLY use words to label each circle.
– Your pictures should clearly describe the
theme.
– Be creative, colorful, and thoughtful.
Enrichment Links
Serious Five Themes Video: Geography Tutor
YouTube Video: Five Themes of Geography Song
YouTube Video 2: Five Themes of Geography Cartoon
Scholarly Website: University of Northern Alabama Website
Scholarly Website 2: University of Nebraska-Omaha Website
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5 Themes of geography