America: A Cultural
Chapter 1, Section 2
The American Identity
What has America been called?
 Define Immigrants.
 Immigrant have brought to America
customs and different traditions from their
homelands. Because we are a nation of
immigrants our nation is a very diverse
The American Identity
A Melting Pot?
– What does this term reflect?
– Manny immigrants have continued to speak
their native languages at home and follow
their native customs. Where do you see this?
– Does this mean that America has melted
The American Mosaic
– What is a Mosaic?
European Americans
Europeans were among the first to immigrate to
 They sought religious freedom, political freedom,
and the opportunity to have their own farms and
 In 1600s and 1700s the majority of the
immigrants came from England, Ireland, and
 With them the brought the English language,
traditions, and their government- which as we’ll
see later influenced the shaping of our nation.
European Americans
Other Europeans Arrive
– Many other settlers arrived from Germany, France,
Netherlands, and Scandinavia.
– Most were of what religion?
– Between 1830 and 1920 many Central and Eastern
European migrated to America.
– Many of them were________.
– Why did Irish, Italians, and Greeks come to America?
– What were the things that these immigrants had that
were different?
Hispanic Americans
Hispanics or Latinos share a common language
and culture from Spanish speaking countries.
 Hispanics can be of any race.
 As the United States expanded in the 1800s it
took land that had been once conquered by the
 Texas, Arizona, New Mexico, California, and
Today where do the Hispanic immigrants come
Hispanic Americans
Latino Culture
– Spanish speakers are the largest minority in the
United States.
– Hispanic foods, music, and architecture have greatly
influenced the U.S. culture. What are some examples?
– For Hispanics it has been easier to find a place in the
U.S. than for others.
– Those with professional training adapt quicker. Those
that cannot speak English have a harder time
African Americans
African Americans unlike those cultures
who have come by choice were brought to
this country as slaves in colonial times.
When did slavery end?
 Define discrimination.
African Americans
Struggle for Equality
– For many years what were African Americans
barred from doing?
– Define Racism.
– From the 1960s to today many have been
inspired by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. who
called attention to the unequal treatment of
African Americans
African Americans Today
– Equal treatment is a goal that has not yet
been completely achieved.
– Many live in poverty due to lack of
– However, the number of African Americans
graduating high school and college are
steadily raising. Also home ownership and
owned business.
Asian Americans
The first to come to America were young men
from villages of southeastern China.
Why did they come?
Many set up small businesses to supply miners’
Later arrivals found work in building the
railroads of the West and on farms and in
Japanese workers also began to arrive and the
too entered into the farming business.
Asian Americans
Why did many resent the Asians?
 What laws were passed in 1882 and 1907?
 When was the last of these laws passed?
After 1972, immigrants from the
Southeast Asia began arriving because of
wars and revolutions.
Today how many Asians live in the United
Native Americans
European Settlement
– As Europeans arrived they began to compete
with Native Americans for land.
– After bloody battles Native Americans were
eventually pushed west.
– The lands they were pushed into were many
times poor farming and hunting areas.
– By the 1800s as a result of the wars with
settlers and diseases thousands of Indians
Native Americans
Living in Modern America
– Today Native Americans have developed
mineral resources on their lands.
– Other groups have turned to tourism.
– Many tribes are are pressing the government
to have greater control of their lands and for
payment of the lands that were taken from
– Higher education among Native Americans
has steadily been increasing.
Our Population Today
Define Census.
 In 1990, 20% of the population were nonwhite.
 That number increased in 2000 to 25%.
 The number of Hispanics grew from 9% to
12% in 2000. For the first time the
number of Hispanics grew larger than that
of the African American population.
Why is America so diverse?
Independent Assignment
Analyze Maps and Graphs
 Questions A & B on Pages 12 - 13.
 Questions 1 & 2 on Page 15.
Group Assignment
Venn Diagram:
Group Assignment
 Why the group came to America?
 When the group came to America?
 Whether there is still a large group living in
America and where?
 What were the group’s contributions?
 How have their contributions changed America?
 How is the group different today than it is when
they first arrived?
 What are some examples of this groups culture?
 What political achievements have the group made?

America: A Cultural Mosaic