Wuthering Heights Notes Emily Bronte • Emily Bronte was born July 30, 1818 • Yorkshire, England • Her father, Patrick Bronte – – – – had been educated at Cambridge rector of a church in the small town of Haworth married Maria Branwell, six children: Maria, Elizabeth, Charlotte, Branwell, Emily, and Anne. – In 1821 Maria Bronte died – children were left much to themselves, spending much time reading and writing. – The children were educated at home most of the time. – Emily (and some of the other girls) did spend some time at a girl’s school. – Emily Bronte took a teaching position for a short time – She became homesick and returned home. – Emily and Charlotte also entertained plans to start a school – In 1845 Charlotte found poems written by Emily and discovered, in fact, that she, Emily, and Anne all wrote poetry. – In 1846 they published a volume of their poetry, but only two copies of the book were sold. – The girls wrote under pseudonyms: Charlotte as Currer Bell, Emily as Ellis Bell, and Anne as Acton Bell. – In 1847 Charlotte Bronte’s novel Jane Eyre was published and was extremely successful. – Wuthering Heights was published in December, 1847, but was not well received at that time – it was considered too savage and animal-like. – Laterit was recognized as one of the finest novels in the English language. – Soon after the publication of her only novel, Emily’s health failed; she died of tuberculosis in 1848. Characteristics of Romanticism • Emphasis on emotion (a reaction to the emphasis on reason of the preceding period). Glorification of the imagination: This group rejected the previous period’s treatment of man as a limited being restricted by reason, and therefore, bound by tradition. The imagination became equated with creativity as contrasted to the imitative process followed by the previous neoclassicists. Emphasis on subjectivity and individuality: Romanticists believed that everyone was unique and different. This eventually led to an appreciation for introspection, reverie, and melancholy. The brooding, solitary dreamer became a popular literary figure. Love, a preeminent theme: Romantic writers often wrote about love, but their vision of love was usually spiritual in nature. They believed that for every person, there was a perfect soulmate— the person in the world who provided his “other half” and made him a more complete person. Love, in other words, was a spiritual communion. Worship of nature: Romanticists often set their poems or stories in the countryside and appreciated the rustic person who was close to nature and unspoiled by civilization. This cult of nature eventually led to the development of the theory of Pantheism, a theological belief that equates God with nature. Idealism: This group believed that life could be made better and were often politically active in trying to bring about change, and many also believed that heaven could be found on earth—or nowhere. Chapters 1-5 Notes Chapters 1-5 1. 2. 3. 4. List details describing Heathcliff. List details describing Lockwood. Describe Wuthering Heights. Identify: a. Mrs. Heathcliff b. Hareton c. Joseph d. Zillah e. Catherine 5. Setting: What is effect of the snowstorm? How does the snowstorm help to reveal characters? Symbolism of snowstorm???? 6. Narrators: a. b. Quotes 1-5 • • • • Wuthering Heights ch. 1-5 quotes Not anxious to come in contact with their fangs, I sat still; but, imagining they would scarcely understand tacit insults, I unfortunately indulged in winking and making faces at the trio, and some turn of my physiognomy so irritated madam, that she suddenly broke into a fury and leapt on my knees. I flung her back, and hastened to interpose the table between us….I was constrained to demand, aloud, assistance from some of the household, in reestablishing peace. Identify speaker; describe this scene. Her position before was sheltered from the light: now, I had a distinct view of her whole figure and countenance. She was slender, and apparently scarcely past girlhood: an admirable form, and the most exquisite little face that I have even had the pleasure of beholding: small features, very fair; flaxen ringlets, or rather golden, hanging loose on her delicate neck; and eyes—had they been agreeable in expression, they would have been irresistible—fortunately for my susceptible heart, the only sentiment they evinced hovered between scorn and a kind of desperation, singularly unnatural to be detected there. Quotes 1-5 • Identify speaker; whom is speaker describing? • This time, I remembered I was lying in the oak closet, and I heard distinctly the gusty wind, the driving of the snow; I heard, also the fir-bough repeat its teasing sound…..’I must stop it, nevertheless!’ I muttered, knocking my knuckles through the glass, and stretching an arm out to seize the importunate branch: instead of which, my fingers closed on the fingers of a little, ice-cold hand!...’Let me in---let me in!’ • Identify people; what is happening??? • … putting her arms round his neck before we could hinder her. The poor thing discovered her loss directly—she screamed out— ‘Oh, he’s dead, …. He’s dead!” And they both set up a heartbreaking cry. I joined my wail to theirs, loud and bitter,; but Joseph asked what we could be thinking of to roar in that way over a saint in heaven. • Identify characters; what is the problem? Chapters 6-9 Notes Chapter 6-9 1. When Cathy returns from the Lintons, what direct evidence do we get of her love for Heathcliff? 2. How does the hot applesauce incident and the dramatic aftermath show the love Catherine and Heathcliff have for each other? 3. How do we know Heathcliff loves Catherine? 4. In chapter 8 Cathy quarrels with Healthcliff and with Edgar. How does each quarrel reflect the emotional tension she is feeling as a result of her attachment to both of these men? 5. What reasons does Cathy give to Nelly for deciding to marry Edgar? What does Nelly think of the reasons? What conflict within Cathy causes her serious worry and unhappiness over her decision? 6-9 Continued 6. What is the emotional effect of Cathy’s confessions upon the eavesdropper, Heathcliff? 7. Cathy’s “split” personality is the result of two deeply seated drives. What two strongly conflicting desires has Cathy so far revealed in the story? How does Heathcliff fulfill one of these? How does Edgar fulfill the other? 8. In what way has Cathy’s dream revealed her subconscious state of mind? 9. How can Cathy’s illness be explained on a physical basis? On a psychological basis as well? 10. What does Cathy mean when she says, “Nelly, I am Heathcliff”? 11. How does Cathy relate her love for Heathcliff to the concept of life after death? 12. How does Cathy explain her love for Heathcliff as the element in her life which serves as a connecting link to all the universe? Quotes 6-9 1. “The devil had seized her ankle, Nelly; I heard his abominable snorting. She did not yell out ---no! She would have scorned to do it, if she had been spitted on the horns of a mad cow. I did, though, I vociferated curses enough to annihilate any fiend in Christendom, and I got a stone and thrust it between his jaws, and tried with all my might to cram it down his throat. A beast of a servant came up with a lantern, at last, shorting-“Keep fast, Skulker, keep fast!” Identify “she” and “I”. What has happened? 2. Afterwards, they dried and combed her beautiful hair, and gave her a pair of enormous slippers, and wheeled her to the fire, and I left her, as merry as she could be dividing her food between the little dog and Skulker, who nose she pinched as she ate; …..I saw they were full of stupid admiration; she is so immeasurable superior to them—to everybody on earth; is she not, Nelly?” Identify “they” and “she”… What is happening and why? 3. “You needn’t have touched me!” he answered, following her eye and snatching away his hand. “I shall be as dirty as I please, and I like to be dirty, and I will be dirty.” Identify speaker. What is scene? 4. He ventured this remark without any intention to insult; but Heathcliff’s violent nature was not prepared to endure the appearance of impertinence from one whom he seemed to hate, even then, as a rival. He seized a tureen of hot apple sauce, the first thing that came under his gripe, and dashed it full against the speaker’s face and neck—who instantly commended a lament that brought Isabela and Catherine hurrying to the place. Why did Heathcliff throw the applesauce? Whom did he hit? Why? 5. He told his wife the same story, and she seemed to believe him; but one night, while leaning on his shoulder, in the act of saying she thought she should be able to get up tomorrow, a fit of coughing took her—a very slight one—he raised her in his arms; she put her two hands about his neck, her face changed, and she was dead. Who is “he”? Who is “she?” What had happened right before this? 6. “The crosses are for the evening you have spend with the Lintons, the dots for those spent with me. Do you see? I’ve marked every day.” “Yes—very foolish; as if I took notice!.....and where is the sense of that?” “To show that I do take notice…” Identify speakers. 7. “You’ve made me afraid, and ashamed of you,” he continued. “I’ll not come here again!” Her eyes began to glisten and her lids to twinkle. “And you told a deliberate untruth!” he said. “I didn’t!” she cried, recovering her speech. “I did nothing deliberately—“ “Well, go, if you please—get away! And not I’ll cry---I’ll cry myself sick!” She dropped down on her knees by a chair and set to weeping in serious earnest. Identify speakers. What caused this scene? 8. “Why do you love him, Miss Cathy?” “Nonsense, I do---that’s sufficient.” “By no means; you must say why.” “Well, because he is handsome, and pleasant to be with.” “Bad,” was my commentary. :And because he is young and cheerful.” “Bad, still.” “And because he loves me.” “Indifferent, coming there.” “And he will be rich, and I shall like to be the greatest woman of the neighbourhood, and I shall be proud….” To whom is Cathy talking? About whom is Cathy talking? 9. “I wonder where he is---I wonder where he can be! What did I say, Nelly? I’ve forgotten. Was he vexed at my bad humour this afternoon? Dear! Tell me what I’ve said to grieve him: I do wish he’d come. I do wish he would!” Identify speaker and “he.” What had she said to “grieve him?” • Hindley comes home for funeral with wife. She cries to Nellie about fear of black and dying; she seems delicate in health. • Hindley has grown thin. Wife is excited at first then grows peevish. Hindley grows tyrannical. She did not like Heathcliff; Hindley drives Heathcliff away. • Catherine teaches Heathcliff then; they love to play in moors. Hindley locks Catherine and Heathcliff out of house at night. • Heathcliff returns without Catherine; she’s at Thrushcross Grange. Heathcliff tells about going to Lintons, looking in on Edgar and Isabella. Catherine falls and hurts ankle; they let dogs loose; servant carries Catherine inside. Lintons thought they were robbers. Heathcliff describes looking in window at Catherine’s treatment. Nellie scolds him. Mr. Linton comes next day to lecture Heathcliff. Heathcliff threatened with dismissal if he continues to see Catherine. Chapters 10-12 • • • • • • • • What did Heathcliff do and how did he change during these three years? What is Linton’s attitude towards Heathcliff? What had Heathcliff originally planned to do immediately upon his return? Why? Why didn’t he do so? Where is Heathcliff staying now? Why do you suppose he is doing this? What happens to Isabella? What does Cathy tell Isabella about Heathcliff? Does this seem odd coming from Catherine? Explain. What does Heathcliff ask Cathy about Isabella? What is the significance of this question? (What is Heathcliff planning to do?) In chapter 11 what is Heathcliff doing to Hareton? • • • • • • • • • • • About what do Cathy and Heathcliff argue? What happens between Heathcliff and Edgar? What does Cathy threaten to do if she can’t see Heathcliff? What choice does Edgar demand Cathy make? What is her reaction? What does Edgar tell Isabella? In chapter 12 what does Nelly think of Cathy’s illness? What does Cathy imagine herself saying to Heathcliff? On her way to get the doctor, what does Nelly find? Who probably did this? Why? (What early episode concerned a pet dog?) Where has Isabella gone? What is Edgar’s reaction? 1. “I have waited here an hour,” he resumed, while I continued staring; “and the whole of that time all round has been as still as death. I dared not enter. You do not know me? Look, I’m not a stranger!” A ray fell on his features; the cheeks were sallow, and half covered with black whiskers; the brows lowering, the eyes deep set and singular. I remember the eyes. Identify speaker. To whom is he speaking? What is scene? 2. “We were quarrelling like cats about you….and I was fairly beaten in protestations of devotion and admiration; and, moreover, I was informed that if I would but have the manners to stand aside, my rival, as she will have herself to be, would shoot a shaft into your soul that would fix you for ever, and send my image into eternal oblivion!” Identify “we” and “you”. What has been happening? 3. “I’d wrench them off her fingers, if they ever menaced me,” he answered, brutally, when the door had closed after her. “But what did you mean by teasing the creature in that manner….you were not speaking the truth, were you?” “I assure you I was,” she returned. “She has been pining for your sake several weeks; and raving about you this morning….” Identify two speakers. About whom are they talking? 4. He raised his missile to hurl it; I commenced a soothing speech, but could not stay the hand. The stone struck my bonnet, and then ensued, from the stammering lips of the little fellow, a string of curses which, whether he comprehended them or not, were delivered with a practiced emphasis, and distorted his baby features into a shocking expression of malignity. Identify “he” and “I”. What is importance of this scene? 5. I was standing by the kitchen window, but I drew out of sight. He then stept across the pavement to her, and said something: she seemed embarrassed, and desirous of getting away; to prevent it, he laid his hand on her arm: she averted her face; he apparently put some questions which she had no mind to answer…the scoundrel had the impudence to embrace her! Identify “I” -- “he” -- “she”. Why is this scene upsetting? 6. “This is insufferable!” he exclaimed. “It is disgraceful that she should own him for a friend, and force his company on me! Call me two men out of the hall…[she[ shall linger no longer to argue with the low ruffian---I have humoured her enough.” Identify speaker. Identify “she” and “him” 7. “No, she’s a sly one,” he remarked, shaking his head. “She keeps her own counsel! But she’s a real little fool. I have it on good authority, that last night (and a pretty night it was!) she and [he] were walking in the plantation at the back of your house, above two hours; and he pressed her not to go in again, but just mount his horse and away with him! Identify “she”. What has happened? 8. “She went of her own accord,” answered the master. “She had a right to go if she pleased---trouble me no more about her---hereafter she is only my sister in name: not because I disown her, but because she has disowned me.” Identify speaker and “she”. Chapter 10 Summary • Heathcliff has come to call on Lockwood who has been ill…brings grouse. • Lockwood has Nellie come up to finish tale (Catherine had • wed Edgar)…Heathcliff leaves for 3 years. Lockwood convinces Nellie to continue; she really doesn’t know what Heathcliff had done in those 3 years. • Nellie went to TG with Catherine; Edgar has fear of “ruffling her humour” and tells Nellie to be careful how she speaks to Catherine. Nellie tries to be better. Catherine is gloomy and silent some. Nellie believes they are happy. Yet, it ended when each though the other was not the most important. • One day outside Nellie meets Heathcliff. He had waited an hour to see her. She remembers the eyes! He wants to speak to Catherine. Nellie is worried about how Catherine will take it. Nellie has to go in and tell Catherine that Heathcliff is back. Linton is NOT happy!!! Catherine is jubilant; Edgar wants her to calm down. Catherine takes Heathcliff and Edgar’s hand together. Heathcliff: tall, athletic, well-formed man—looked intelligent—eyes full of black fire, dignified. Catherine is excited! Heathcliff said he came back to see her face and to settle score with Hindley. He was going to WH on Hindley’s invitation???? Catherine wakes Nellie in night because she wants company and cannot sleep. Nellie questions praising Heathcliff to Edgar. Catherine mentions Isabella—see jealousy. Heathcliff visits some. Isabella (18) is interested in Heathcliff, but is sickly. Catherine sends her to bed and gets doctor. Tension rises between women. Catherine warns her about Heathcliff; Nellie warns Isabella, too. • Edgar is gone one day and Heathcliff comes to visit; Catherine embarrasses Isabella by telling him she loves him. Nellie wishes Heathcliff were gone! Heathcliff is interested in Isabella’s money. Chapter 11 Summary • Nellie describes favorite spot of hers and Hindley—thinks she sees him as a child and she longs to be at WH. She goes by WH and is shocked to see Hareton; he is unfriendly and throws something at her and curses. Nellie demands to know who taught him the bad habits==Heathcliff!! Heathcliff pays Hindley back and lets Hareton do whatever and say whatever. Nellie wants to see Hindlby, but Heathcliff comes and she runs. • She will try to keep Heathcliff and Isabella apart. • Heathcliff comes over and embraces Isabella outside (Nellie watches from kitchen window). Catherine tries to tell him to leave Isabella alone! NO way!! Heathcliff tells Catherine she treated him badly— they argue. • Edgar comes home and plans to do something—tells Heathcliff he cannot come again. Edgar signals to Nellie to get help, but Catherine locks door! Catherine throws key into fire. Edgar hits Heathcliff in throat and leaves. Catherine tells Heathcliff not to come back (Edgar is outside with help in case.) • Edgar asks, is it me or him??? Catherine has nervous fit and goes to room; he stays in library. Edgar threatens to end marriage if Catherine does not give up Heathcliff. Chapter 12 • Isabella, Edgar, Catherine all mope around. After 3 days, Catherine unbars door and asked for water…asks about Edgar. Nellie becomes alarmed by Catherine’s mood (mentions “former illness” and “not be crossed”) • Catherine arranges bird feather on pillow. • Catherine imagines being home at WH and gets scared “..fiery Catherine not better than wailing child…” goes to window and thinks she sees WH. Edgar comes in and is speechless at Catherine’s appearance. • Edgar, Nellie, Catherine get into argument1 • Nellie leaves and goes outside. Isabella’s dog is hanging—hears horses feet (2AM) • Nellie brings doctor back. He says Isabella is a little fool and has been seen at night with Heathcliff. • Nellie goes to Isabella’s room = empty. • Doctor hints at mental insanity for Catherine. Maid finds Isabella gone—said someone told they had seen Isabella and Heathcliff running away. Nellie asks should we go after her? • Edgar said Isabella has disowned him first; he disowns her and orders to send all her property to WH. Chapters 13-16 1. “I’m tired with my journey, and I want to go to bed! Where is the maidservant? Direct me to her, as she won’t come to me!” “We have none,” he answered; “you must wait on yourself!” Who is tired? Who is “he”? What is happening? 2. “Look here!” he replied, pulling from his waistcoat a curiously constructed pistol, having a double-edged spring knife attached to the barrel…..I cannot resist going up with this every night, and trying his door. If once I find it open, he’s done for!” Identify speaker . What is problem? 3. “Before you leave this house, I must exact a promise from you, that you’ll get me an interview with her—consent, or refuse, I will see her! What do you say?” Identify speaker. Who is being spoken to? What is scene? 4. “You must let her have a maid to keep things tidy about her, and you must treat her kindly….you cannot doubt that she has a capacity for strong attachments, or she wouldn’t have abandoned the elegancies, and comforts, and friends….” Identify “you” and “her”---explain problem. 5. “I reflected as the good woman descended to receive the doctor; and not exactly of a kind which I should have chosen to amuse me; but never mind! …..I should be in a curious taking if I surrendered my heart to that young person, and the daughter turned out a second edition of the mother!” Identify speaker. 6. “….the thing that irks me most is this shattered prison, after all. I’m tired, tired of being enclosed here. I’m wearying to escape into that glorious world, and to be always there…” Identify speaker. 7. He flung himself into the nearest seat, and on my approaching hurriedly to ascertain if she had fainted, he gnashed at me, and foamed like a mad dog, and gathered her to him with greedy jealousy. Identify “he”. What has happened? 8. “I was weeping as much for him as her: we do sometimes pity creatures that have none of the feeling either for themselves or others…” Identify speaker. Who is “him” and “her”? 9. He dashed his head against the knotted trunk; and lifting up his eyes, howled, not like a man, but like a savage beast getting goaded to death with knives and spears. Identify “he” What is happening? I twisted the two, and enclosed them together. Identify speaker. What is happening? Chapter 13 • • • • • • • • Isabella and Heathcliff gone for 2 months. Catherine=brain fever. Edgar takes care of her. Even with flowers to cheer her, she cries. They want to give her a change of scenery by fireplace and window. Isabella sends Edgar a note (after 6 weeks absence). Her marriage is dry and cold and offers obscure apology and wants to be reconciled. Edgar did not reply Then Nellie gets long letter from Isabella: she wants to see Edgar again How did you remain sane here at WH? B. Is Heathcliff a man? Is he mad? Devil? Please come see me—don’t write! Bring something from Edgar. Describes when came to WH and sees Hareton; he swears at her. She walks around, tries to get Joseph to help her; then runs into Hindley; he gets her to come into his room. She longs for TG. Wants help!! She wonders where she’ll sleep; Hindley tells her to lock her door! He shows her a pistol with a knife attached to it. If he finds Heathclliff’s door open, Hindley will kill him. Isabella says Hindley on verge of madness. Isabella has to fix her own oatmeal Isabella throws down try, sits down at head of stairs, and cries! Joseph wishes Heathcliff would catch her tantrum. Skulker, her old dog, domes up to her. When dog hears Heathcliff, he fides. Heathcliff terrifies her when she asked about key to “OUR” room. Asks Nellie not to tell anyone and begs her to visit!! Chapter 14 • • • • • Nellie tells Edgar about Isabella’s letter of apology; he refuses to forgive her and will not write a note. Nellie goes to see Isabella and notices her looking through lattice— dreary house!! Isabella looks terrible. When Nellie went in, Heathcliff was friendly. He realizes Nellie may have brought letter, but only message is “No communication!” Heathcliff begins to ask about Catherine. Nellie tells him it’d be better to leave her alone. Heathcliff demands Nellie set up an interview with Catherine. He calls Isabella a slut. Nellie wants Isabella to have a maid and to be treated kindly. Heathcliff says he did not lover her! Isabella makes Nellie promise that she won’t tell Edgar how badly she is treated. Isabella wants to die or see Heathcliff dead! He says she is insane and he must be her guardian! Heathcliff has been coming to TG garden at night and threatens to come in. Nellie protests; Heathcliff won’t let her leave!! He thinks Edgar can’t care for Catherine. Nellie finally agrees to take letter to Catherine and to let him know when Edgar leaves. Nellie goes home sad. Doctor comes; Nellie goes to meet him; Lockwood has final note— wonders about young Catherine. Chapter 15 • Lockwood is sick another week; He continues to tell Nellie’s story: • Nellie senses Heathcliff’s presence outside TG. Three days later family goes to church and Nellie gives Catherine letter; leaves doors open and unlocked. Sends servant off for oranges. Catherine has vacant look—reads letter; hears Heathcliff coming in. He grasps her in his arms for 5 minutes and kisses her. He has trouble looking at her; he realizes she won’t recover) and can’t disguise his despair. • Catherine says you and Edgar have broken my heart! Grabs his hair and keeps him down. She keeps some of his hair in her hand. Catherine is tired of this shattered prison and tries to get up. Heathcliff catches her; he wants to know why she left him??? Both week; servant returns. • Nellie sees Edgar returning and begs Heathcliff to leave; Catherine faints. They all finally revive her; Heathcliff reluctantly leaves. Chapter 16 • Baby Catherine is born that night; Catherine dies 2 hours later. • Nellie asks Lockwood if people are happy in other world? She doesn’t answer. • Nellie goes out to see Heathcliff and tells him Catherine’s dead; he already realized it. • Nellie weeps for Heathcliff, too; he wants to know how Catherine dies. Wishes she’ll wake in torment; he dashes head against tree and howls. • Heathcliff comes inside to see body; Nellie knows he has been their: drapery has been moved and light curl of hair is on floor. Heathcliff puts his own black hair in locket; • Nellie twisted the two and puts together. • Hindley invited to funeral but never came; Isabella not asked. Catherine is buried in corner4 of church yard (odd). Chapters 17-20 1. …when he flung himself on Earnshaw’s weapon and wrenched it from his grasp. The charge exploded, and the knife, in springing back, closed into its owner’s wrist….The ruffian kicked and trampled on him, and dashed his head repeatedly against the flags, holding me with one hand….. Identify speaker. What is happening? 2. “Oh, if God would but give me strength to strangle him in my last agony, I’d go to hell with joy…” Identify speaker. 3. He often asked about the infant, when he saw me; and on hearing its name, smiled grimly, and observed: “They wish me to hate it too, do they?” “I don’t think they wish you to know anything about it,” I answered. “But I’ll have it,” he said, “when I want it. They may reckon on that!” Identify speakers. What are they discussing? • • • • • • • • • • • • 4. I could not hinder myself from pondering on the question-“Had he had fair play?” Whatever I did, that idea would bother me: it was so tiresomely pertinacious that I resolved on requesting leave to go to Wuthering Heights, and assist…” Identify speaker: What is happening? 5. “Now, my bonny lad, you are mine! And we’ll see if one tree won’t grow as crooked as another, with the same wind to twist it!” Identify speaker. What is meaning? 6. I entered, and beheld my stray lamb, seated on the hearth, rocking herself in a little chair that had been her mother’s, when a child.” Who is “I”? Who is “stray lamb”? 7. “…Aunt Isabella sent papa a beautiful lock of his hair; it was lighter than mine---more flaxen, and quite as fine. I have it carefully preserved in a little glass box; and I’ve often thought what pleasure it would be to see its owner…” Identify speaker: Identify scene: 8. A pale, delicate, effeminate boy, who might have been taken for my master’s younger brother, so strong was the resemblance; but there was a sickly peevishness in his aspect…: Who is this boy? 9. “God! What a beauty! What a lovely, charming thing!” he exclaimed. “Haven’t they reared it on snails, and sour milk, Nelly? But that’s worse than I expected---and the devil knows I was not sanguine!” Identify speaker. What is happening? 10. “I despise him for himself, and hate him for the memories he revives!” Identify “I” and “him”. 11. “Don’t leave me! I’ll not stay here! I’ll not stay here!” Identify speaker. What is meaning? Chapter 17 • • • • Late 1784, after Catherine’s death. Nellie turns parlor into a nursery. Suddenly, Isabella runs in and wants a carriage to take her to Gimmerton + clothes; she was a mess! Takes wedding ring off and throws on floor and then in coals. Isabella rants on—talks of Hindley’s drunken life and not going to Catherine’s funeral. Heathcliff is gone a lot now; comes back and Hindley plans to shoot him as he enters. Isabella warns him. Heathcliff gets in and tackles gun from Hindley. Heathcliff holds Isabella while fighting Hindley; Hindley is wounded. Heathcliff demands Isabella retell story. Hindley wishes for strength to kill Heathcliff. Isabella describes abuse. Heathcliff throws knife at her; she escapes. After tea with Nellie, Isabella leaves on carriage and goes to Longon and has baby, Linton. Heathcliff often asks about baby---says he’ll have it! Isabella dies 13 years after Catherine does; Linton is about 12+ Nellie tells Edgar that Isabella has left. Edgar has little to do with Cathie. Edgar dies 6 months after Catherine. HIndley dies a drunk at 27 years old. Nellie wants to go to WH to check on Hareton & funeral details for Hindley. Now Hareton is Heathcliff’s !! Nellie wants him. Chapter 18 • Next 12 years are happy for Nellie; baby Cathy grows (looks like Lintons with spirit of Earnshaws) reminds Nellie of her mother=capacity for intense attachments. Cathy had not been beyond park by 13 years. She asks questions about going out? Edgar finally lets her go out with Nellie and he is gone 3 weeks. • Cathy plans excursion & Nellie fixes food –she does not return. • Nellie goes to WH and finds her talking with Hareton (18). Cathy finds out Hareton is her cousin. Edgar had gone to get Linton at London. Hareton had shown Cathy around area. Chapter 19 • Nellie gets letter from Edgar, announcing his return; plan for nephew’s arrival, too. Cathy is excited and puts on new black dress. Linton is 6 months younger than Cathy. Cathy waits impatiently. Linton: pale, delicate, effeminate. Edgar tells them not to bother Linton. Kids are introduced. He wants to go to bed! Joseph is at door and wants to speak to Edgar. He has come for Linton! Nothing Edgar could do; he sends him over in the morning. Chapter 20 • Nellie takes Linton to WH—must not tell Cathy. Linton does not want to go. Nellie has to get Edgar to help her get Linton to go. Nellie tries to describe Heathcliff to Linton. He questions why Heathcliff has not visited him if he is his father. • Heathcliff comes to see Linton. Linton looks scared; Heathcliff makes fun of Linton’s looks. Tells him his mother was a slut!! Heathcliff tells Nellie he hates Linton for the memories he revives; he is disappointed in the whining wretch. Linton is not impressed with oatmeal. As Nellie leaves, Linton is pleading not to leave him!!!!!!!!!! Chapters 21-24 1. “…Mr. Linton has a prejudice against me; we quarreled at one time of our lives, with unchristian ferocity; and, if you mention coming here to him, he’ll put a veto on your visits altogether. Therefore, you must not mention it….” Identify speaker. What is the scene? 2. “He does not know his letters,” he said to his cousin. “Could you believe in the existence of such a colossal dunce?” “Is he all as he should be?...or is he simple…not right?” Who are speakers? About whom are they talking? 3. “I’m not crying for myself, Ellen,” she answered, “it’s for him---He expected to see me again tomorrow, and there, he’ll be so disappointed—and he’ll wait for me, and I shan’t come!” Who is “she”…..”he”? 4. One day, as she inspected this drawer, I observed that the playthings and trinkets, which recently formed its contents, were transmuted into bits of folded paper. Who is “she”? What is now in drawer? 5. “…and he’ll be under the sod before summer, unless you restore him!” Explain. 6. No Catherine could I discover upstairs, and none below. The servants affirmed they had not seen her. I listened at Mr. Edgar’s door---all was silence. I returned to her apartment, extinguished my candle, and seated myself in the window. Identify speaker. What happens next? 7. “Miss Catherine! I can read yon, ah.” “Wonderful,” I exclaimed. “Pray let us hear you—you are grown clever!” Who can read? 8. I had brought some of my nicest books for him; he asked me to read a little of one, and I was about to comply, when [he] burst the door open, having gathered venom with reflection. He advanced direct to us, seized Linton by the arm, and swung him off the seat. Who comes through door? Explain actions. Chapter 21 • • • • • Cathy disappointed to find Linton is gone. Nellie finds out Heathcliff cannot stand to be in room with Linton. Linton=sickly (allergies?) Cathy as 16th birthday, but no celebration because it is also anniversary of her mother’s death. Cathy and Nellie go on adventure and get close to WH. Heathcliff gets mad because Cathie is bothering bird eggs. He wants them to come to his house. Nellie tells Cathy, “NO!” She goes anyway; Nellie is afraid of Heathcliff’s evil ulterior motives. He wants Cathy and Linton to fall in love and marry! Cathy is surprised to see Linton again. She asks Heathcliff if he is her uncle and why he does not visit TG more. Cathy turn on Nellie then. Heathcliff tells Cathy she may visit, but not to mention it to Linton. Heathcliff brings Hareton in. He empathizes with Hareton and Hareton lines Heathcliff. Cathy asks about inscription on door. Linton giggles when Hareton says he can’t read and makes fun of Hareton. Nellie begins to dislike Linton. On way home Cathy chastises Nellie’s not telling about Linton’s whereabouts. Cathy tells Edgar about trip. He tells her about family past. Cathy cries in room for Linton, who expects her tomorrow. Cathy asks Nellie to be able to send note=no! Nellie tucks her in and returns to find her with paper getting ready to write. Cathy sends notes by milkman. Nellie finds notes in kitchen drawer and suspects Heathcliff wrote them! Nellie intercepts note again with milkman. Nellie won’t give Edgar letters if Cathy swears to stop communicating. Nellie sends letter to Heathcliff telling him to stop letters! Chapter 22 • Cathy and Edgar take walks in fall; he gets sick. She cries at prospect of Edgar and Nellie dying and leaving her alone. (Nellie is 45.) While Cathy and Nellie are outside, • They run into Heathcliff. He says Linton is dying for her and says he’ll die before summer unless Cathy helps him. Nellie suspects Cathy is worried. Next day Nellie and Cathy go to WH. Chapter 23 • They go in and see Joseph first. Linton yells at Joseph for help; he looks sick. Linton and Cathy argue about family history. Cathy pushes chair and Linton falls on one arm and has coughing spell. As Nellie and Cathy leave, Linton screams. Cathy sits and sings while Linton leans on her knees. Cathy plans to return to care for Linton. Nellie is sick for 3 days; Cathy is good nurse. Chapter 24 • After 3 weeks Nellie is able to get out of bed. Cathy reads to her, then acts bored. Nellie finds no one in her room; she waits by window. Cathy comes home on pony. Nellie scares her as she sneaks in room. Cathy tells her of going to WH—gives groomer books to help her with horse. She describes their perfect days; they find balls to play with (“H” & “C”) • One time Hareton takes her horse and says he can read inscription. Nellie scolds her for reaction to Hareton. Cathy reads to Linton and Heathclliff comes in and makes Linton go to room. Heathcliff locks them out. Linton has coughing attack, blood from mouth, falls down. Cathy calls for Zillah. Heathcliff comes out and gets him. Cathy leaves, but Heathcliff comes out about 100 yards down road. She returns and Linton blames her!! • She returns again and tells Linton this is last meeting; he repents. • Nellie tells Edgar who says she cannot return to WH. Chapters 25-30 1. Yet, who knows how long you’ll be a stranger? You’re too young to rest always contented, living by yourself; and I some way fancy, no one could see Catherine Linton, and not love her. You smile; but why have you asked me to hang her picture over your fireplace? And why---“ Identify speaker. To whom are they talking? 2. “Stop, my good friend!” I cried. “It may be very possible that I should love her; but would she love me? I doubt it too much to venture my tranquility, by running into temptation; and then my home is not here. I’m of the busy world, and to its arms I must return.” Identify speaker. 3. “In his crossest humours, formerly, I liked him better than I do in his curious mood. It’s just as if it were a task he was compelled to perform---this interview---for fear his father should scold him.” “You think he is better in health, then?” I said. “Yes,” she answered; “because he always made such a great deal of his sufferings, you know. He is not tolerable well….” ”There you differ with me…..I should conjecture him to be far worse.” Identify two speakers. 4. “…..my life is in your hands; and you have said you loved me---and if you did, it wouldn’t harm you. You’ll not go, then…and he’ll let me die with you!” Identify speaker. Identify “you.” 5. “I can never re-enter that house,’ he answered. “I’m not to re-enter it without you!” Identify speaker. 6. “…he seized her with the liberated hand, and, pulling her on his knee, administered with the other, a shower of terrific slaps on both sides of the head, each sufficient to have fulfilled his threat, had she been able to fall.” Identify “he” and “she”---what is scene? 7. “Papa wants us to be married,” he continued, after sipping some of the liquid. “And he knows your papa wouldn’t let us marry now; and he’s afraid of my dying, if we wait; so we are to be married in the morning, and you are to stay here all night; and, if you do as he wishes, you shall return home next day, and take me with you.” Identify speaker. What is happening? 8. “Have you never loved anybody, in all your life…never? Ah! You must look once---I’m so wretched---you can’t help being sorry and pitying me.” Identify speaker. Who is “you”? 9. Five nights and four days I remained, altogether, seeing nobody but Hareton, once every morning, and he was a model of a jailer---surly, and dumb, and deaf to every attempt at moving his sense of justice or compassion. Identify speaker. What has happened? 10. “I am going to her, and you, darling child, shall come to us;”…None could have noticed the exact minute of his death….” Who is dying? 11. “You are miserable, are you not? Lonely, like the devil, and envious like him? Nobody loves you---nobody will cry for you, when you die! I wouldn’t be you!” Identify speaker. Identify “you.” 12. “I got the sexton…..to remove the earth off her coffin lid, and I opened it.” Identify speaker. What has happened? 13. “I’ll have her in my arms again! If she be cold, I’ll think it is this north wind that chills me; and if she be motionless, it is sleep.” Identify speaker. 14. Mrs. Heathcliff was seated by the bedside, with her hands folded on her knees. Her father-in-law went up, held the light to [his] face, looked at him, and touched him, afterwards he turned to her. “Now, Catherine, he said, “how do you feel?’ Identify “him”----what was Catherine’s answer? 15. …he put out his hand and stroked one curl, as gently as if it were a bird. He might have stuck a knife into her neck, she started round in such a taking. Identify “he”. What happens next? Chapter 25 • Nellie tells Lockwood these things happened last winter—suggests Lockwood might be interested in Catherine; he hangs her picture over fireplace. • Edgar asks about Linton; Nellie says he is delicate. Edgar becomes philosophical and doesn’t want to abandon Catherine to Linton. • On Catherine’s 17th birthday, Edgar doesn’t walk outside—raining; he writes note to Linton. Linton asks Edgar to ride with Catherine toward WH. Edgar cannot accompany Catherine. Heathcliff insists on reading every ling in letters. Linton’s health continues to fail. Nellie mentions Heathcliff is mistreating Linton. Chapter 26 • Catherine and Nellie go to see Linton: sultry, cloudy day. Finally see Linton lying on ground: feeble and pale. Catherine says he is thinner. Linton has hard time talking. Catherine is disappointed. He seems listless and apathetic and their visit seems a punishment to him. When Catherine wants to leave, it agitates Linton. He asks her to come next Thursday. Linton tells Catherine not to make Heathcliff angry. Catherine notices this visit seems like a task for Linton. Nellie and Catherine differ on how well Linton is. Catherine leaves Linton and says she has been disappointed. Nellie and Catherine leave. Edgar wants account of trip. Chapter 27 • • Edgar’s health is deteriorating. Cathy gets out of the house and sees Linton again. He says to hate his father, not him, for the bad situation. Linton convulses on ground and has tantrum about his life being in her hands. Linton said Heathcliff had threatened him. He weeps and kisses her hands. Heathcliff comes up suddenly; said he heard Edgar is dying and wants Edgar to die before Linton. Linton has trouble getting up. Heathcliff wants Catherine to walk home with them. She says Edgar has forbidden her to do so. Linton says he can’t reenter WH without her. When they go in WH, Heathcliff locks door. Cathy challenges Heathcliff and it reminds him of her mother! Heathcliff threatens to knock her down. Catherine uses her teeth to try to get key from him. Heathcliff grabs Catherine and slaps her on her head. Catherine runs to Nellie and cries. Heathcliff offers tea. Heathcliff wants them to be married in the morning! Nellie cannot believe it!! Heathcliff won’t let them leave until morning. Catherine begs Heathcliff to let Nellie go with message for her papa. Heathcliff says Edgar’s happiest days were only when she was born. Catherine begs to go. Three servants come from TG to check on them. At 7 am Heathcliff comes and gets Catherine; Nellie still locked up. Hareton brings food; Nellie stays locked up 5 days and 4 nights. Chapter 28 • On 5th morning Zillah comes to get Nellie out. Zillah thinks they were lost. Edgar is almost dead. As she leaves, Nellie sees Linton on hearth, coughing. Nellie tries to soften Linton and get Catherine. He tells how Heathcliff beat Catherine to get picture/chair. Nellie goes to TG; Edgar is 39; he looks older. Edgar wants to change will—attorney is delayed. Catherine comes to TG unexpectedly. (Is Papa alive?) Nellie wants her to tell Edgar she is happy; Edgar dies blissfully. Lawyer comes too late (Mr. Green) He orders everybody around. Linton had helped Catherine escape. Chapter 29 • After Edgar’s funeral, Nellie and Catherine hope she can remain at TG. Servant warns them Heathcliff is coming. 18 years before it was same room Heathcliff came in—now 32 years old. Heathcliff had come to get Catherine. Heathcliff yields all interest in Linton to Catherine. Catherine tells Heathcliff he has nobody to love and no one will cry when he dies. Nellie begs for Zillah’s job. Heathcliff tells Nellie how he got sexton to remove earth and opened Catherine’s coffin lid. Gets him to remove side so they’ll be together in death. He tells how he dug at Catherine’s grave and feels her presence. He feels her presence in moors. Cathy leaves Nellie and wants Nellie to visit; Heathcliff says NO! Heathcliff and Catherine walk toward WH arm in arm. Chapter 30 • Nellie tries to visit but is not let into WO. Zillah doesn’t like Catherine and relates story to Nellie. Catherine tries to get Linton help. Heathcliff would not get doctor; Linton dies. Heathcliff shows Catherine the will. Catherine finally comes down and sees books. Hareton helps her get them. Hareton touches her hair and Catherine yells. Catherine does not want any of their help!! • Lockwood is getting better and will go to WH to tell Heathcliff that he’ll be in London next 6 months and won’t sped another winter there. Chapter 31-34 1. He followed my example, and left the room, but presently reappeared, bearing half a dozen volumes in his hands, which he threw into [her]lap, exclaiming— “Take them! I never want to hear, or read, or think of them again!” Who is “he”? Why is he acting this way? 2. “It will be off, if I thwart myself!” he muttered, unconscious that I was behind him. “But, when I look for his father in his face, I find her every day more! How the devil is he so like? I can hardly bear to see him.” Identify speaker. Why is speaker upset? 3. I had neither to climb the gate, nor to knock---it yielded to my hand. That is an improvement! I thought. And I noticed another, by the aid of my nostrils; a fragrance of stocks and wall flowers, wafted on the air, from amongst the homely fruit trees. Both doors and lattices were open…. What is significance of scene? 4. “Contrary, then,” answered another in deep, but softened tones. “And now, kiss me, for minding so well.” “No, read it over first correctly, without a single mistake.” Identify speakers. 5. His gun burst, while out on the hills, by himself; a splinter cut his arm, and he lost a good deal of blood before he could reach home. The consequence was, that, perforce, he was condemned to the fire-side and tranquility, till he made it up again. Identify “he”---why is this important? 6. “Is the fool drunk?” asked Mr. Heathcliff. “Hareton, is it you he’s finding fault with?” What has happened? 7. “You must learn to avoid putting me in a passion, or I shall really murder you, some time!” Identify speaker. To whom are they speaking? 8. “Nell, there is a strange change approaching---I’m in its shadow at present—I take so little interest in my daily life, that I hardly remember to eat, and drink…” Identify speaker. 9. “Could it be hurtful to send for some one---some minister of any denomination, it does not matter which, to explain it, and show you how very far you have erred from its precepts, and how unfit you will be for its heaven, unless a change takes place before you die?” Identify speaker. To whom are they talking and why! 10. He sat by the corpse all night, weeping in bitter earnest. He pressed its hand, and kissed the sarcastic, savage face that every one else shrank from contemplating;… Who is “He”? Chapter 31 Lockwood talking; he visits WH. He takes note to Catherine from Nelly. Sees Hareton=handsome. Hareton takes him inside. Catherine is in bad mood. Lockwood drops note in Catherine’s lap and Hareton grabs it to show to Heathcliff. Cathy cries and Hareton returns it. Lockwood wants her to send note back to Nelly. Cathy says she has not paper. Heathcliff has destroyed her books; Hareton got them. Cathy fusses about Hareton not needing the books; he robs her of her favorite pieces. Hareton returns with books and throws in Cathy’s lap. She says she does not want them; they’ll remind her of Hareton! Cathy deliberately tries to hurt Hareton feelings; Hareton throws books into fire. Heathcliff returns and says he sees Catherine’e eyes in Hareton’s. Lockwood tells Heathcliff he is leaving for London and won’t need TG. Heathcliff orders Cathy to eat with Joseph. Lockwood eats with them and thinks WH is dreary— wonders what if he and Cathy had gotten together?? Chapter 32 • • • • Lockwood comes back to TG first—different servants there; he surprises them. Finds Nelly at WH—gate is easy to open and flowers smell good—doors and lattices open; fire in chimney. He heard Cathy and Hareton talking and reading and kissing. Lockwood goes to back door and finds Nelly sewing and singing. She tells him of Heathcliff’s death. Heathcliff died 3 months ago. Nelly begins story: she is summoned to WH soon after Linton left. Relates how Cathy is unhappy and picks on Hareton—teases him about efforts to learn to read. She puts book in his hand and he throws it down. Cathy tries to be nicer and reads aloud to Nelly when Hareton is present. Tells how Hareton had gun accident and hurt his arm and has to be by fire more to recuperate: Cathy enjoys it. Nelly hears Cathy teasing Hareton ; she breaks his pipe. She wants him to talk to her! Hareton resists! Nelly urges Hareton to be friends with his cousin. Hareton tells her he took her side against Heathcliff many times! Cathy kisses him on cheek. Cathy wraps book in paper and gives to Nelly to give to Hareton. If he takes it, she’ll teach him to read. Nelly looks back and sees them together looking at book. Nelly tells Lockwood she’ll be happy if Cathy and Hareton wed. Chapter 33 • Cathy persuades Hareton to clear ground for flower bed. Joseph will be made because it disturbs his black currant trees! When they are eating, Cathy teases and plays with Hareton. • Heathcliff tells Cathy not to stare at him. Joseph threatens to leave. Heathcliff and Cathy get into a fight over flower bed. Hareton does not want Cathy to talk badly of Heathcliff. • Heathcliff grabs Cathy by hair—finally releases her when looks in her eyes. Threatens to kill her if she angers him again. Nelly said they calmed down and Cathy and Hareton’s personalities complemented each other. • Hareton = 23; Cathy = 18 • They look up to see Heathcliff returning. Nelly mentions their eyes are similar=Catherine’s! Heathcliff says he is too tired to destroy them! • Heathcliff says something strange is happening. He says Cathy’s presence bothers him. He is surrounded by images of Catherine. Nelly asks if he is ill. Heathcliff wishes to dies. Chapter 34 For several days Heathcliff shuns them. He leaves one night and does not come back— still gone in the morning. Nelly and Cathy sit outside and enjoy smells/air. Heathcliff is coming. Cathy says he looks different: excited wild and glad! Nelly tries to talk to Heathcliff, but he wants to be left alone; his breathing is as fast as a cat!! Later, Heathcliff piles his plate with food; then suddenly stops and looks at window and leaves. Heathcliff walks in garden. He reenters later and seems to have (“It was unnatural”) joy. He tells Nelly for no one to bother him! He does not eat and eventually goes upstairs into THAT bedroom. Nelly wonders if he’s is ghoul, but remembers history with Heathcliff and realizes it is not true. She discussed Heathcliff’s headstone=no surname—just Heathcliff and date of death. Heathcliff comes down eventually, then leaves house again. Finally, returns at midnight. Heathcliff goes into room; Nelly can hear him pacing and saying, “Catherine!” At 4 a.m. he asks Nelly to build a fire. Heathcliff says he’ll send for lawyer at daybreak. Nelly tells him to rest. Nelly encourages Heathcliff to get preacher to repent of sinful life. Heathcliff tells her to have sexton follow his orders for his burial. Doctor comes; raining---window—open. Nelly has to go into check Heathcliff and he is dead! Nelly cannot close his eyes. Hareton is one who really suffers and sits by corpse all night, weeping. Funeral=Hareton + Nelly + sexton+ 6 pall bearers. Neighbors say they have seen his ghost. Nellie does not like to be out at night. Hareton and Cathy getting married New Years day and moving to the Grange Joseph stays at WH.